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1989: Democratic Revolutions at the Cold War's End A Brief History with Documents



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Bedford/St. Martin's
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A series of democratic transformations in the 1980s ended the cold war and ushered in the present era. This volume by Padraic Kenney uses six case studies from this period Poland, the Philippines, Chile, South Africa, Ukraine, and China to explore common characteristics of global political change while highlighting the differing strategies and perspectives of the people who sought to free themselves from dictatorship. A general introduction to the volume examines key trends in the decades leading up to the changes, tracing the paths that dictatorships and opposition movements took in their fateful confrontations. The first chapter with documents surveys the central ideas of this age of democratic, nonviolent revolution, and sets a framework for considering the case studies in the chapters that follow. The documents in each case study give voice to celebrated and uncelebrated participants alike from Nelson Mandela and Mikhail Gorbachev to Chinese hunger strikers and an ordinary Filipino activist and provide students with an opportunity to compare histories. Photographs, document headnotes, a chronology, questions to consider, and a selected bibliography aid students' understanding of this transformative period.

Author Biography

Padraic Kenney (Ph.D., University of Michigan) is Professor of History at Indiana University, where he teaches courses on Eastern European and Polish History as well as on political protest and the experience of communism. His work as a writer and a teacher has been shaped by a desire to understand the dynamics of communist societies, in particular those of Eastern Europe. He has lived and researched in a number of countries, among them Poland, Ukraine, and South Africa. He is the author of many articles and books, including Wroclawskie zadymy (2007), The Burdens of Freedom: Eastern Europe Since 1989 (2006), A Carnival of Revolution: Central Europe, 1989 (2002), and Rebuilding Poland: Workers and Communists, 1945-1950 (1997).

Table of Contents

Forewordp. iii
Prefacep. v
List of Illustrationsp. xii
Introduction: Causes, Comparisons, and Connectionsp. 1
Origins of an Erap. 3
The Contours of a Revolutionary Wavep. 8
Whom Were They Fighting?p. 12
The Paths toward Revolutionp. 15
A Word about Comparative Historyp. 18
Conclusionp. 18
The Documentsp. 21
New Ideas of Democracy and Dissentp. 23
The Power of the Powerless, 1978p. 24
The Fifth Modernization: Democracy, December 1978p. 29
Change or Illusion? March 1980p. 34
Religion and Liberty 1983p. 38
Feminism's Time, 1983p. 43
In Quest of Democracy 1988p. 47
On Socialist Democracy, January 1987p. 51
Poland, 1980-1989p. 55
The Solidarity Program, October 1981p. 57
On Resistance, 1982p. 60
The Revolution of the Elves, June 1987p. 65
The Hardest Thing to Overcome Was Our Own Foolishnessą,June 1988p. 69
Instead of Revolution, March 8, 1989p. 73
The Philippines, 1983-1986p. 78
Primer of the "Justice for Aquino, Justice for All" Movement, September 1983p. 81
Guidelines on Christian Conduct during Elections, December 28, 1985p. 84
The Civil Disobedience Campaign, February 1986p. 88
The Revolution of 1986: A Personal Story, 1986p. 93
Chile, 1982-1988p. 100
The Contest, 1982p. 103
Movement against Torture, Protest against E1 Mercurio, November 21, 1983p. 109
Speech at Democratic Alliance Rally, November 21, 1985p. 114
Posters from the "No" Campaign, 1988p. 118
South Africa, 1983-1994p. 122
African National Congress, On Negotiations, October 9, 1987p. 125
United Democratic Front, Ya, the Community Is the Main Source of Power, March 1986p. 129
Purple Reign, November 1989p. 133
We Are Committed to Building a Single Nation in Our A Country, February 25, 1990p. 136
Ukraine, 1987-1991p. 140
Open Letter to Mikhail Gorbachev, 1987p. 143
Atomic Evil Out of Ukraine! November 1988p. 147
Founding Meeting of the Native Language Association, June 13, 1988p. 150
The Political Situation in Ukraine and Rukh's Task, October 1990p. 153
China, 1986-1989
Democracy, Reform, and Modernization, November 18, 1986
Government Representative Meet with Students, April 29, 1989p. 164
Hunger Strikers' Announcement, May 12, 1989p. 169
I Am Still Alive, June 8, 1989p. 172
A Chronology of Democratic Revolutions (1968-1995)p. 178
Questions for Considerationp. 181
Selected Bibliographyp. 183
Indexp. 189
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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