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Thoroughly optimistic,A 21st Century Ethical Toolbox,Third Edition, invites students to approach ethical issues with a reconstructive intent--to make room for more and better options than the rigid "pro" and "con" positions that have developed around tough problems like abortion and environmental ethics. Employing an accessible, consistently engaging writing style, Anthony Weston covers the skills that are vital to making real progress in ethics, including critical thinking, creative problem-solving, moral vision, genuine dialogue, and many more. Provocative selections from a wide range of philosophers, essayists, community activists, and students are interwoven with Weston's own discussions. The text is enhanced by extensive "Exercises and Notes" sections at the end of each chapter, new "Using Your Tools" sections after every two chapters, and a detailed guide for teachers as an appendix. Join instructors and students around the country who are using the experiential and applied activities inspired by this "toolbox" of skills to design interactive and collaborative ethics courses. NEW TO THIS EDITION * Nine new, extended exercises--"Using Your Tools"--integrate themes across multiple chapters and carry them farther into practice * A brand-new final chapter looks at the future of ethics, including a reading on intergenerational ethics and green design * A revised Part IV serves as a survey of various practical challenges in ethics * A more streamlined organization allows instructors to move more quickly into Part II: Moral Values * Updated readings, references, and sources throughout
Anthony Weston is Professor of Philosophy and Environmental Studies at Elon University. He is the author of twelve other books including A Practical Companion to Ethics, Fourth Edition (2010), Creativity for Critical Thinkers (2007), and Creative Problem-Solving in Ethics (2007), all published by Oxford University Press, and Mobilizing the Green Imagination (2012).
Table of Contents
Each chapter ends with "For Review" and "Exercises and Notes" sections. Preface PART I. EMBRACING ETHICS 1. Ethics as a Learning Experience What Is Ethics? Why Study Ethics? Readings: Alice Walker, "Am I Blue?" Ted Kerasote, from Bloodties 2. Ethics-Avoidance Disorders Flying by Instinct Offhand Self-Justification Dogmatism Relativism Using Your Tools #1: "Is Food the New Sex?" Readings: Mary Eberstadt, "Is Food the New Sex?" Maggie Castor, "Food and Sex Reconsidered" 3. Ethics and Religion An Approach to Religious Ethics Let the Stories Be Stories! Thinking for Yourself Reading: Jamal Rahman, "Making Peace with the Sword Verse" PART II. MORAL VALUES 4. Taking Values Seriously Varieties of Values Families of Moral Values Attending to Values Reading: Rayna Rapp, "XYLO" Using Your Tools #2: Values on the Edge Reading: Edward Abbey, "The Great American Desert" 5. The Ethics of the Person Valuing Persons Reading: Philip Hallie, "Le Chambon" Kant's Categorical Imperative Reading: Immanuel Kant, from Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals Rights, Equality, Justice Reading: The United Nations Declaration of Human Rights 6. The Ethics of Happiness Hedonism Reading: Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, from Flow Utilitarianism Readings: John Stuart Mill, from Utilitarianism Bertrand Russell, from "The Harm That Good Men Do" Can Utility Be the Single Measure of Value? Using Your Tools #3: A Utilitarian Approach to Poverty Reading: Peter Singer, "The Solution to World Poverty" 7. The Ethics of Virtue An Abundance of Virtues A Greek View of Virtue Reading: Aristotle, from Nicomachean Ethics A Chinese View of Virtue Reading: Lao Tzu, from the Tao Te Ching Cultivating the Virtues Reading: John Sullivan, from Living Large 8. The Ethics of Relationship Care Ethics Reading: Nel Noddings, from Caring Ethics and Community Reading: Kwasi Wiredu, from "The Moral Foundations of an African Culture" The Expanding Circle Reading: Aldo Leopold, from "The Land Ethic" Using Your Tools #4: Building a Student Code of Ethics PART III. SKILLS FOR ETHICAL PRACTICE 9. Critical Thinking Facts and Sources Inferences Definitions Quick Reference: Critical-Thinking Basics 10. Judging Like Cases Alike Consistency Is a Challenge How to Restore Consistency Hypothetical Cases Reading: Colin McGinn, "Speciesism" Quick Reference: Judging Like Cases Alike Using Your Tools #5: Exploring the Welfare Question 11. Dialogue How to Have a Fruitless Debate How to Have a Useful Discussion Readings: Mary Jacksteit and Adrienne Kaufmann, "The Common Ground Network for Life and Choice" Spoma Jovanovic, "Deepening Ethical Dialogue" Quick Reference: Ethical Dialogue 12. When Values Clash Right versus Right Integrating Values Big Decisions Reading: Roger Gottlieb, "Can We Talk? Understanding the 'Other Side" in the Animal Rights Debates" Quick Reference: When Values Clash Using Your Tools #6: Can We Talk . . . about Marriage," Martin Fowler 13. Creative Problem-Solving The Space for Inventiveness in Ethics Creative Explorations Creative Provocations Quick Reference: Creativity Basics 14. Reframing Problems Opening Up a Problem Reading: Fran Peavey, "Strategic Questioning" Three Methods Can the Abortion Debate be Reframed? Quick Reference: Reframing Problems Using Your Tools #7: Reframing Bioethical Issues: Or, Where Ethics Meets Politics 15. Moral Vision Working from a Vision Environmental Visions Reading: Bill Thomas, from What Are Old People For? Quick Reference: Moral Vision PART IV. CHALLENGES 16. Response-ability Self-Possession Sexual Choices Readings: Keith Clark, from Being Sexual and Celibate Carol Queen, from Real Live Nude Girl Eating Using Your Tools #8: Personal Ethical Mission Statements, by Nim Batchelor 17. Making a Difference The Power of One Becoming a Change-Maker Communities Making Change Joining a Change-Making Community 18. The Future of Ethics Three Doubts about Ethics Ethics Is Inescapable Turning Critical Reading: William McDonough, "Design for a New World" Using Your Tools #9: Ethical Change Projects The Toolbox in the Classroom Experiential Teaching in Ethics, by Sharon Hartline, Department of Philosophy and Religion, Radford University