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Abnormal Child and Adolescent Psychology,9780131539082
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Abnormal Child and Adolescent Psychology

by ;
Edition:
7th
ISBN13:

9780131539082

ISBN10:
0131539086
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2009
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $146.60
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Summary

This comprehensive, research-based introduction to childhood behavior disorders provides a sensitive and thorough examination of the field by covering its central issues, theories, and research methods, and providing descriptions and discussions of numerous disorders. Rich with illustrations and examples, it highlights the newest areas of research and clinical work, stressing supported treatments and the prevention of behavior problems. Sensitive to gender, cultural/race issues, and social influences, the newest edition ofBehavior Disorders of Childhoodcontinues to be the model book in the field.Topics include influences and risks in the developmental process, classification, assessment, and treatment, anxiety disorders, mood and conduct disorders, learning and language disorders, mental retardation, autism, and schizophrenia. An excellent reference resource for anyone employed in the field of child psychology, child psychopathology, or teachers of special education, child counselors, and those in social work.

Author Biography

Rita Wicks-Nelson West Virginia University Institute of Technology, Professor Emeritus Rockefeller Scholar, CSEGA, Marshall University Allen C. Israel University at Albany, State University of New York

Table of Contents

Preface xxi
Introduction
1(17)
Defining and Identifying Disordered Behavior
2(4)
Accent • The Faces of Problem Behavior
2(1)
Atypical and Harmful Behavior
3(1)
Developmental Standards
3(1)
Role of Culture and Ethnicity
4(1)
Gender and Situational Standards
5(1)
Role of Others in Identifying Problems
6(1)
Changing Views of Abnormality
6(1)
How Common Are Behavioral Disorders of Youth?
6(1)
How Are Developmental Level and Disorders Related?
7(1)
How Are Gender and Disorders Related?
8(1)
Methodological Issues, True Differences
9(1)
Historical Influences
9(6)
Progress in the Nineteenth Century
10(1)
Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalytic Theory
10(1)
Accent • Little Hans: A Classic Psychoanalytic Case
11(2)
Behaviorism and Social Learning Theory
13(1)
Mental Hygiene and Child Guidance Movements
13(1)
Scientific Study of Youth
14(1)
Accent • Mrs. Hillis: Improving Corn, Hogs, and Children in Iowa
15(1)
Current Study and Practice of Child and Adolescent Psychopathology
15(1)
Summary
16(1)
Key Terms
17(1)
The Developmental Psychopathology Perspective
18(20)
Perspective and Theory
19(1)
Theories of Psychopathology
19(1)
Developmental Psychopathology Perspective: An Overview
19(1)
Concept of Development
20(1)
How Development Occurs: Multicausality
21(1)
Searching for Causal Processes
21(2)
Pathways of Development
23(1)
Equifinality and Multifinality
24(1)
Risk and Resilience
24(5)
Risk
24(2)
Resilience
26(1)
Accent • The Timing of Risky Experiences
27(2)
Continuity and Change
29(1)
Normal Development, Problematic Outcomes: Four Examples
30(6)
Early Attachment
30(2)
Temperament
32(2)
Emotion and Its Regulation
34(1)
Social Cognitive Processing
35(1)
Summary
36(1)
Key Terms
37(1)
Influences and Risks in the Developmental Process
38(34)
Brain and Nervous System
38(2)
Brain Development: Biology and Experience
38(1)
Structure
39(1)
Neurotransmission
39(1)
Nervous System and Risk for Disordered Behavior
40(3)
Prenatal Influences
40(2)
Perinatal and Later Influences
42(1)
Accent • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: A Preventable Tragedy
42(1)
Genetic Context
43(3)
Single-Gene Inheritance
44(1)
Multiple-Gene Inheritance: Quantitative Methods
44(2)
Searching for Genes: Molecular Methods
46(1)
Gene-Environment Interplay
46(1)
Learning and Cognition
46(4)
Classical Conditioning
47(1)
Accent • Albert and Peter: Two Historic Cases
47(1)
Operant Learning
48(1)
Observational Learning
48(1)
Cognitive Processes
49(1)
Sociocultural Context: An Overview
50(1)
Family Context, Maltreatment, and Divorce
51(10)
Parent-Child Relationships
52(1)
Maltreatment
53(5)
Changes in Family Structure: Divorce
58(3)
Peer Influences
61(1)
Community and Societal Contexts
62(7)
School Influences
62(1)
Social Class and Poverty
63(2)
Neighborhoods
65(2)
Culture, Ethnicity/Race, Minority Status
67(2)
Summary
69(1)
Key Terms
70(2)
Research: Its Role and Methods
72(22)
Fundamentals of Research
72(4)
Selection of Participants
73(1)
Observation and Measurement
73(1)
Reliability of Research Findings
74(1)
Validity of Research Findings
74(1)
Accent • The Goodness of Measurement in Research
75(1)
Basic Methods of Research
76(8)
Case Studies
76(1)
Correlational Methods
77(1)
The Experiment
78(2)
Single-Case Experimental Designs
80(1)
Accent • Experiments of Nature
81(3)
Cross-Sectional, Longitudinal, and Sequential Strategies
84(1)
Cross-Sectional Research
84(1)
Longitudinal Research
84(1)
Sequential Research
84(1)
Retrospective and Prospective Strategies
85(1)
Epidemiology
86(1)
Accent • Epidemiology on the Isle of Wight
87(1)
Quantitative and Qualitative Strategies
87(2)
Examples of Qualitative Research
88(1)
Weaknesses and Strengths
89(1)
Ethical Issues in Research
89(3)
Voluntary Informed Consent
89(2)
Privacy
91(1)
Do No Harm and Do Good
91(1)
Balancing It All
92(1)
Summary
92(1)
Key Terms
93(1)
Classification, Assessment, and Treatment
94(29)
Classification and Diagnosis
94(10)
The DSM Approach
95(4)
Accent • Co-Occurrence: A Common Circumstance
99(1)
Empirical Approaches to Classification
100(2)
The Impact of Labels
102(2)
Assessment
104(7)
Conducting a Comprehensive Assessment
104(1)
The Interview
105(1)
Problem Checklists and Self-Report Instruments
106(1)
Observational Assessment
107(1)
Projective Tests
107(1)
Intellectual-Educational Assessment
108(2)
Assessment of Physical Functioning
110(1)
Treatment
111(7)
Treatment Modes and Settings
112(5)
Empirically Supported Treatments
117(1)
Clinical Work with Young Clients
118(2)
Interdisciplinary Approach
118(1)
Working with Parents
118(1)
Working with and for the Young Client
119(1)
Summary
120(1)
Key Terms
121(2)
Anxiety Disorders
123(38)
An Introduction to Internalizing Disorders
123(1)
Defining and Classifying Anxiety Disorders
124(2)
Normal Fears, Worries, and Anxieties
124(1)
Classifying Anxiety Disorders
125(1)
Specific Phobias
126(2)
Diagnostic Criteria
126(1)
Description
126(1)
Epidemiology
127(1)
Developmental Course
127(1)
Social Phobia
128(3)
Diagnostic Criteria
128(1)
Description
129(1)
Epidemiology
130(1)
Developmental Course
130(1)
Accent • Selective Mutism and Social Phobia
130(1)
Separation Anxiety and School Refusal
131(5)
Diagnosis and Classification
132(1)
Description
133(1)
Epidemiology
134(1)
Developmental Course
135(1)
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
136(2)
Diagnostic Criteria
136(1)
Description
136(1)
Epidemiology
137(1)
Developmental Course
138(1)
Panic Attacks and Panic Disorder
138(2)
Diagnostic Criteria
138(1)
Epidemiology
139(1)
Description and Developmental Pattern
140(1)
Reactions to Traumatic Events
140(6)
Diagnostic Criteria for Acute and Posttraumatic Stress Disorders
141(1)
Description
142(1)
PTSD and Child Abuse
142(1)
Epidemiology
142(2)
Developmental Course and Prognosis
144(1)
Accent • Terrorism and Posttraumatic Stress
145(1)
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
146(3)
Diagnostic Criteria
146(1)
Description
147(1)
Epidemiology
148(1)
Developmental Course and Prognosis
148(1)
Etiology of Anxiety Disorders
149(3)
Genetics
149(1)
Temperament
150(1)
Psychosocial Influences
150(2)
Assessment of Anxiety Disorders
152(1)
Interviews and Self-Report Inventories
152(1)
Behavioral Observations
153(1)
Physiological Recordings
153(1)
Treatment of Anxiety Disorders
153(5)
Psychological Treatments
153(3)
Pharmacological Treatments
156(1)
Treating Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
157(1)
Summary
158(1)
Key Terms
159(2)
Mood Disorders
161(33)
A Historical Perspective
161(1)
Definition and Classification of Mood Disorders
162(6)
Defining Depression
162(1)
The DSM Approach
163(1)
Depressive Disorders: The DSM Approach
164(1)
Depression: Empirical Approaches
165(1)
Description of Depression
165(1)
Bipolar Disorder: The DSM Approach
166(2)
Epidemiology
168(3)
Epidemiology of Depression
168(2)
Epidemiology of Bipolar Disorder
170(1)
Developmental Course and Prognosis
171(2)
Depression and Development
171(1)
Developmental Course of Bipolar Disorder
172(1)
Etiology of Mood Disorders
173(9)
Biological Influences
173(2)
Social-Psychological Influences
175(3)
Impact of Parental Depression
178(3)
Peer Relations and Depression
181(1)
Suicide
182(3)
Prevalence of Completed Suicides
182(1)
Suicidal Ideation and Attempts
183(1)
Suicide and Psychopathology
184(1)
Risk Factors
184(1)
Assessment of Mood Disorders
185(3)
Accent • Sexual Orientation and Suicide Risk
186(2)
Treatment of Mood Disorders
188(4)
Pharmacological Treatments for Depression
188(1)
Psychosocial Treatments for Depression
188(3)
Treatment of Bipolar Disorder
191(1)
Summary
192(1)
Key Terms
193(1)
Conduct Problems
194(46)
Classification and Description
194(9)
Empirically Derived Syndromes
195(2)
DSM Approach: Overview
197(1)
DSM Approach: Oppositional Defiant Disorder
197(1)
Accent • Fire Setting
198(2)
DSM Approach: Conduct Disorder
200(1)
Gender Differences: Relational Aggression
201(1)
Accent • Are Conduct Problems a Mental Disorder?
202(1)
Delinquency
202(1)
A Trio of Conduct-Related Behaviors: Violence, Bullying, Substance Use
203(9)
Violence
203(1)
Accent • Some Facts on Violence and Youth
204(1)
Bullying
205(1)
Substance Use
206(6)
Epidemiology
212(2)
Gender, Age, and Context
212(1)
Patterns of Co-Occurrence
213(1)
Developmental Course
214(3)
Stability of Conduct Problems
214(1)
Age of Onset
215(1)
Developmental Paths
216(1)
Etiology
217(10)
The Socioeconomic Context
218(1)
Aggression as a Learned Behavior
218(1)
Family Influences
219(4)
Accent • Maltreatment and Conduct Problems
223(1)
Peer Relations
224(1)
Cognitive-Emotional Influences
224(2)
Biological Influences
226(1)
Assessment
227(3)
Interviews
228(1)
Behavioral Rating Scales
229(1)
Behavioral Observations
229(1)
Treatment
230(7)
Pharmacological Intervention
230(1)
Parent Training
230(2)
Cognitive Problem-Solving Skills Training
232(2)
Functional Family Therapy
234(1)
Community-Based Programs
234(1)
Multisystemic Therapy
235(2)
Summary
237(2)
Key Terms
239(1)
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
240(30)
Evolving Ideas about ADHD
240(1)
DSM Classification and Diagnosis
241(1)
Description: Core Features
242(1)
Inattention
242(1)
Hyperactivity and Impulsivity
242(1)
Description: Secondary Features
243(3)
Motor Problems
243(1)
Intelligence, Learning Disabilities, Academic Deficits
244(1)
Cognition: Executive Dysfunction
244(1)
Adaptive Functioning
244(1)
Social Behavior and Relationships
244(1)
Sleep and Accident Risk
245(1)
DSM Subtypes
246(1)
ADHD and Co-Occurring Disorders
247(2)
Learning Disorders
248(1)
Externalizing Disorders
248(1)
Internalizing Disorders
248(1)
Epidemiology
249(2)
Gender
249(1)
Accent • Girls and ADHD
250(1)
Social Class and Culture
250(1)
Developmental Course and Prognosis
251(2)
Infancy and the Preschool Years
251(1)
Childhood
251(1)
Adolescence and Adulthood
252(1)
Variation and Prediction of Outcome
252(1)
Psychological Explanations of ADHD
253(2)
Sensitivity to Reward
253(1)
Aversion to Delay
253(1)
Working Memory
253(1)
Inhibition and Executive Functions
253(2)
Etiology
255(3)
Brain Structure and Activity
255(1)
Genetic Factors
255(2)
Prenatal Influences and Birth Complications
257(1)
Diet and Lead
257(1)
Psychosocial Factors
257(1)
Accent • TV Viewing and Attention Problems in Young Children
258(1)
Assessment
258(2)
Interviews
259(1)
Rating Scales
260(1)
Direct Observation
260(1)
Other Procedures
260(1)
Treatment
260(8)
Pharmacological Treatment
261(1)
Accent • Parental Attitudes about Medication Use
262(1)
Behaviorally Oriented Intervention
263(2)
Multimodal Treatment
265(2)
Comment on Care
267(1)
Summary
268(1)
Key Terms
269(1)
Language and Learning Disorders
270(33)
A Bit of History: Unexpected Disabilities, Unmet Needs
270(2)
Definitional Concerns
272(1)
Identifying Specific Disabilities
272(1)
Language Disorders
273(6)
Normal Language Development
273(2)
DSM Classification and Diagnosis
275(1)
Description
275(2)
Epidemiology and Developmental Course
277(1)
Underlying Cognitive Deficits
278(1)
Learning Disorders: Reading, Writing, Arithmetic
279(6)
DSM Classification and Diagnosis
279(1)
Reading Disorder
279(2)
Accent • Vulnerability and Reading in Different Languages
281(1)
Disorder of Written Expression
282(1)
Mathematics Disorder
283(2)
Co-Occurring Behavior Problems
285(2)
Accent • Nonverbal Learning Disabilities (NVLD)
286(1)
Social and Motivational Problems
287(2)
Social Relations and Competence
287(2)
Academic Self-Concept and Motivation
289(1)
Etiology of Language and Learning Disorders
289(3)
Brain Abnormalities
289(2)
Genetic Influence
291(1)
Psychosocial Influences
292(1)
Assessing Language and Learning Disorders
292(1)
Intervention for Language and Learning Disorders
293(4)
Accent • Some Clues for Identifying Reading Disorder
294(1)
Approaches to Intervention
294(1)
Effectiveness of Intervention
295(2)
Educational Services
297(3)
Benefits and Concerns
299(1)
Summary
300(2)
Key Terms
302(1)
Mental Retardation (Mental Disability)
303(32)
Definition and Classification
303(3)
AAMR Approach
303(2)
DSM and Past Approaches
305(1)
Nature of Intelligence and Adaptive Behavior
306(4)
Measured Intelligence
306(2)
Accent • Mental Disability: A History of Abusive Ideas
308(1)
Adaptive Functioning
309(1)
Description
310(1)
Behavioral Problems and Co-Occurring Psychopathology
311(1)
Epidemiology
312(1)
Developmental Course and Considerations
313(1)
Developmental Issues
313(1)
Etiology
314(6)
Organic Influences
314(5)
Multigenic Influences
319(1)
Psychosocial Influences
319(1)
Multifactor Causation
320(1)
Family Coping and Accommodation
320(3)
Living Arrangements
322(1)
Rewards and Satisfactions
323(1)
Assessment
323(3)
Tests of General Intelligence
323(1)
Accent • Family Context and Development
324(1)
Assessing Adaptive Behavior
325(1)
Other Approaches to Assessment
325(1)
Treatment
326(7)
Broadening of Opportunity
326(1)
Accent • Changing View of Mental Retardation
326(1)
Educational Services
327(2)
Behavioral Intervention
329(3)
Pharmacological Treatment
332(1)
Psychotherapy
333(1)
Summary
333(1)
Key Terms
334(1)
Autism and Schizophrenia
335(34)
A Bit of History: Autism and Schizophrenia
335(1)
Autistic Disorder
336(21)
DSM Classification and Diagnosis
336(1)
Description: Autism's Triad of Impairments
336(3)
Description: Autism's Associated Impairments
339(1)
Accent • Savant Abilities and Autism
340(1)
Epidemiology
341(1)
Developmental Course and Prognosis
341(1)
Underlying Psychological Deficits
342(1)
Accent • A Personal Account of Autism
342(3)
Neurobiological Abnormalities
345(1)
Etiology
346(2)
Asperger's Disorder and Other PDDs
348(4)
Assessment of Autism
352(1)
Treatment and Education
352(5)
Schizophrenia
357(10)
DSM Classification and Diagnosis
357(1)
Description
358(2)
Epidemiology
360(1)
Developmental Course and Prognosis
360(1)
Neurobiological Abnormalities
361(2)
Etiology
363(2)
Assessment
365(1)
Treatment
365(2)
Summary
367(1)
Key Terms
367(2)
Disorders of Basic Physical Functions
369(31)
Problems of Elimination
369(5)
Typical Elimination Training
369(1)
Enuresis
370(2)
Encopresis
372(2)
Sleep Problems
374(6)
Sleep Development
374(1)
Common Sleep Problems
374(1)
Sleep Disorders
374(2)
Accent • Sleep Apnea
376(2)
Treating Sleep Problems
378(2)
Problems of Feeding, Eating, and Nutrition
380(7)
Common Eating and Feeding Problems
380(1)
Early Eating and Feeding Disorders
380(2)
Obesity
382(1)
Accent • Obesity Epidemic? Certain Ethnic Groups at Particular Risk
383(4)
Eating Disorders: Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa
387(11)
Definition and Classification: An Overview
387(1)
Classification and Description: DSM Approach
388(1)
Epidemiology
389(1)
Developmental Course and Prognosis
390(1)
Accent • Being Buff: Weight and Shape Concerns in Young Men
391(1)
Etiology
392(4)
Treatment
396(2)
Summary
398(1)
Key Terms
399(1)
Psychological Factors Affecting Medical Condition
400(23)
Historical Context
400(1)
Psychological and Family Influences on Medical Conditions
401(3)
The Example of Asthma
401(3)
Consequences of Chronic Conditions
404(6)
Adjustment and Chronic Illness
404(4)
Cancer: Adapting to Chronic Illness
408(2)
Accent • The Impact of HIV/AIDS in Children and Adolescents
410(1)
Facilitating Medical Treatment
410(9)
Adherence to Medical Regimens
411(3)
Psychological Modification of Condition-Related Pain
414(1)
Reducing Procedure-Related Pain and Distress
415(3)
Preparation for Hospitalization
418(1)
Accent • Preventing Childhood Injury
419(1)
The Dying Child
419(2)
Summary
421(1)
Key Terms
422(1)
Prevention and Evolving Concerns for Youth
423(22)
Preventing Behavioral Disorder
423(9)
Conceptualizing Prevention
424(1)
Diverse Prevention Programs
425(1)
Prevention Programs Targeting Multiple Adverse Outcomes
426(1)
Accent • A Head Start for Children at Risk
427(3)
Prevention Programs Targeting Specific Adverse Outcomes
430(2)
Who Cares for Children: Family Issues
432(7)
Maternal Employment and Child Care
432(3)
Adoptive Families
435(1)
Foster Care
436(2)
Accent • Finding ``Forever'' Parents
438(1)
Mental Health Services for Youth
439(1)
Fragmentation, Utilization, Evaluation
440(1)
Youth in the Global Society
440(3)
Third World Poverty and Health
440(1)
Exposure to Armed or Sociopolitical Conflict
441(1)
Diversity and International Cooperation
442(1)
Summary
443(1)
Key Terms
444(1)
Glossary 445(7)
References 452(76)
Credits 528(6)
Name Index 534(25)
Subject Index 559


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