9780534341985

Abuse in the Family : An Introduction

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780534341985

  • ISBN10:

    0534341985

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1997-08-13
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning

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Summary

In this practical, eye-opening book, author Alan Kemp uses an ecological approach to examine the widespread social problem of family maltreatment. By examining the complex relationships that exist on a macro, meso, and micro level, students will be better prepared to make a difference in a world confronted by this colossal and disheartening social problem and to answer the following questions: "Why does family maltreatment occur?," "What do its victims experience?," "How do they recover?," "What can we do to help them?," "How can we understand the perpetrators?," and "How might we reduce or prevent family abuse?"

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 Survey of the Family Abuse Landscape
1(38)
Family Abuse as a Matter of Public Concern
2(1)
Family Abuse as a Focus of Professional Attention
2(3)
Defining Abuses
5(6)
Considering Basic Human Needs
6(2)
Fuzzy Lines Between Types of Abuse
8(1)
Continuums of Abuse
8(2)
A Continuum in Child Sex Abuse Cases
10(1)
Family Abuse Spillover
10(1)
Using Social Science Methods to Study Abuse in the Family
11(4)
Social Science and Scientific Method
11(1)
Correlational Studies
12(1)
Descriptive and Inferential Statistics
13(1)
Some Key Research Issues
13(1)
Official Reports and Survey Data
14(1)
Confusion and Misuse of Research Data
14(1)
The Need for a Conceptual Framework
15(1)
Systems or Ecological Approaches
15(15)
A Systems-Oriented Model: General Systems Theory
16(2)
A Pioneering Ecological Model
18(1)
The Ecological Framework Adopted in This Text
19(1)
A Big Picture Look at Family Maltreatment: The Macro Level
19(4)
Family and Small Group Influences: The Meso Level
23(5)
Individualistic Explanations: The Micro Level
28(2)
Relationships Between Forms of Abuse
30(1)
Chapter Summary
31(8)
Legal and Ethical Concerns: Critical Thinking Questions
32(1)
Suggested Activities
33(1)
Review Guide
33(2)
Suggested Reading
35(1)
Chapter Glossary
35(4)
CHAPTER 2 Child Physical Abuse
39(31)
Social and Historical Context
41(2)
Defining the Problem
43(4)
Intent and Result
43(1)
Considering Culture when Defining Abuse
44(1)
Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act of 1974
44(1)
Toward a Working Definition
45(1)
Continuum of Abuse
46(1)
Overview of Major Types of Injuries
47(2)
Psychological Impacts
49(3)
General Psychological Impact of All Types of Child Abuse
50(1)
Psychological Impact Specific to Child Physical Abuse
50(1)
The Developmental Factor
51(1)
Intergenerational Transmission: The Violence-Begets-Violence Theory
52(4)
A Systems or Ecological Approach to Understanding Risk and Resiliency Factors
56(6)
Risk Factors
56(5)
A Blending of Factors
61(1)
Resiliency or Protective Factors
62(1)
A Special Category of Child Physical Abuse: Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy
63(1)
Chapter Summary
63(7)
Legal and Ethical Concerns: Critical Thinking Questions
65(1)
Suggested Activities
66(1)
Review Guide
66(2)
Suggested Reading
68(1)
Chapter Glossary
68(2)
CHAPTER 3 Child Psychological Maltreatment and Child Neglect
70(39)
Child Psychological Maltreatment
71(1)
What Is Psychological Maltreatment?
72(5)
Controversies
73(1)
Definitions
74(3)
What Do We Need to Know About Psychological Maltreatment?
77(15)
Basic Human Needs and Psychological Maltreatment
77(1)
Human Development and Psychological Maltreatment
78(3)
Research on the Impact of Psychological Maltreatment
81(4)
Explanations of Causes and Risk Factors
85(5)
Resiliency: Protective Factors
90(2)
Child Neglect
92(9)
Neglect of Neglect
92(1)
The Serious Nature of Child Neglect
93(1)
Some Possible Causes for the Inattention to the Problem
93(1)
Social Costs of Neglecting Neglect
94(1)
Definitions and Categories of Neglect
95(1)
Failure to Thrive Syndrome (FTT): A Special Category
96(1)
Explanations of Causes and Risk Factors
97(3)
Resiliency: Protective Factors
100(1)
Chapter Summary
101(8)
Legal and Ethical Concerns: Critical Thinking Questions
102(1)
Suggested Activities
103(1)
Review Guide
103(2)
Suggested Reading
105(1)
Chapter Glossary
106(3)
CHAPTER 4 Child Sexual Abuse
109(34)
The Problem
110(8)
Professional and Societal Neglect of the Issue
111(1)
Rediscovering Child Sexual Abuse
112(1)
How Big Is the Problem
113(5)
The Victims
118(7)
Basic Information about Victimization
118(3)
Impact of Child Sexual Abuse On Victims
121(3)
Indicators of Abuse
124(1)
Models of Victimology and Emerging Trends
125(11)
The Medical Model
125(1)
Psychiatric Diagnosis
126(3)
Diagnostic Labeling and Child Sexual Abuse
129(1)
The Four-Factor Traumagenic Model
130(2)
Abuse-Related Accommodation: An Emerging Model
132(3)
Current State of the Art in Victimology
135(1)
Chapter Summary
136(7)
Legal and Ethical Concerns: Critical Thinking Questions
136(1)
Suggested Activities
137(1)
Review Guide
138(1)
Suggested Reading
138(1)
Chapter Glossary
139(4)
CHAPTER 5 Child Maltreatment: Investigation, the Courts, and Intervention
143(45)
Reporting Suspected Child Maltreatment
144(1)
Child Protective Services Investigation and Interviewing Procedures
145(6)
Validated Interviewing Procedures
146(2)
The Issue of Multiple Interviews
148(1)
Videotaping Interviews
148(1)
The Use of Anatomically Detailed Dolls
149(1)
Classic Work on Investigatory Interviewing
150(1)
Risk Assessment
151(1)
Initial Intervention by CPS
152(1)
Juvenile Civil Court Action--Dependency Proceedings
153(3)
Social Service Intervention
156(1)
Child Abuse and Criminal Proceedings
157(8)
Coordinated Response and Law Enforcement Investigation
158(1)
Prosecution of Criminal Cases
159(1)
Testimony in Criminal Cases
160(5)
Sentencing
165(1)
False Memory/Repressed Memory Controversy
165(3)
Problems, Issues, and Trends in Intervention
168(10)
Traditional Interventions
168(1)
State-Funded Care: Problems and Issues
168(1)
The Family Preservation/Child Protection Controversy
169(3)
An Overview of Intervention Approaches
172(6)
Chapter Summary
178(10)
Legal and Ethical Concerns: Critical Thinking Questions
179(1)
Suggested Activities
180(1)
Review Guide
181(2)
Suggested Reading
183(1)
Chapter Glossary
184(4)
CHAPTER 6 Sexual Offenders
188(33)
Types of Offenders
190(2)
Psychiatric Diagnosis and Sexual Offenders
192(1)
Profile Models
193(3)
The Fixated-Regressed Profile Model
193(2)
The Situational-Preferential Profile Model
195(1)
The Four-Factor Offender Model
196(2)
The Addiction Model
198(2)
A Special Class of Offenders: Children and Adolescents
200(3)
Concluding Comments About Sexual Offenders
203(1)
Intervention and Treatment
203(9)
Federal Initiatives
203(1)
State Initiatives
204(1)
Local Initiatives
205(1)
Overview of Sex Offender Treatment
205(1)
Does Sex Offender Treatment Work?
206(2)
Comprehensive Treatment Approaches
208(4)
Chapter Summary
212(9)
Legal and Ethical Concerns: Critical Thinking Questions
213(1)
Suggested Activities
214(1)
Review Guide
214(2)
Suggested Reading
216(1)
Chapter Glossary
216(5)
CHAPTER 7 Domestic Violence
221(49)
A Brief Look at the Historical Context
222(3)
What Is Domestic Violence? A Working Definition
225(4)
How Common Is Domestic Violence? Incidence and Prevalence
229(3)
The Controversy About the Rate of Male and Female Domestic Violence
232(3)
What Is the Impact of Battering on Its Victims?
235(5)
Children Who Witness Abuse
238(1)
Toward a More Client-Friendly Approach to Understanding Victims
238(2)
The Cycle of Violence
240(2)
Why Do Women Stay?
242(1)
Explanations and Risk Factors
243(5)
The Macro Level--Broad Cultural and Social Factors
244(1)
The Meso Level--Family and Relationship Factors
245(1)
The Micro Level--Individual and Personality Factors
246(2)
Classifying Perpetrators
248(4)
Intervention
252(10)
Services for Victims
252(4)
Intervention with Perpetrators
256(4)
Perpetrator Treatment Issues
260(2)
Chapter Summary
262(2)
Legal and Ethical Concerns: Critical Thinking Questions
263(1)
Suggested Activities
264(1)
Review Guide
264(2)
Suggested Reading
266(1)
Chapter Glossary
267(3)
CHAPTER 8 Elder Maltreatment
270(38)
Historical Context
271(2)
What Is Elder Maltreatment?
273(1)
How Big Is the Problem?
274(3)
What Are the Indicators of Maltreatment?
277(3)
Behavioral Indicators of Elder Abuse
277(1)
Indicators of Suspected Physical Abuse
278(1)
Physical Indicators of Neglect
278(1)
Indicators of Financial or Material Exploitation
279(1)
What is The Impact of Elder Maltreatment?
280(2)
Explanations and Risk Factors
282(9)
The Macro Level--Broad Cultural and Societal Factors
282(1)
The Meso Level--Family and Relationship Factors
283(4)
The Micro Level--Individual and Personality Factors
287(3)
Concluding Words on Explanations and Risk Factors
290(1)
Efforts to Deal with Elder Maltreatment
291(9)
Federal Initiatives
291(2)
State and Local Efforts
293(1)
Intervention with Domestic Maltreatment
293(3)
When Maltreatment Is Defined as Domestic Violence
296(2)
Involuntary Services--Conservatorship and Involuntary Commitment
298(1)
Intervention with Institutional Maltreatment
298(2)
Chapter Summary
300(8)
Legal and Ethical Concerns: Critical Thinking Questions
301(1)
Suggested Activities
302(1)
Review Guide
303(2)
Suggested Reading
305(1)
Chapter Glossary
305(3)
References 308(19)
Index 327

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