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Academic Literacy : Readings and Strategies,9780618042722

Academic Literacy : Readings and Strategies

by Unknown
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780618042722

ISBN10:
0618042725
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
8/11/2000
Publisher(s):
Heinle
List Price: $57.33
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Table of Contents

To the Instructor xxiii
To the Student xxvii
PART 1: HANDBOOK FOR READING AND STUDYING STRATEGIES
Taking Control of Your Reading
3(32)
Assessing Your Academic Self-Esteem
4(2)
Survey of Academic Self-Esteem
4(2)
Assessing Your Academic Self-Esteem
6(1)
Taking Control of Your Learning
6(1)
Taking Control of Your Learning Environment
6(5)
Planning Your Time
6(1)
Creating a Schedule
7(3)
Learning about Your Instructor
10(1)
Taking Control of Your Comprehension
11(20)
Learning About Your Textbook
11(2)
Assessing Your Textbooks
13(1)
Preparing Yourself to Read
14(2)
Strategies for Preparing Yourself to Read
16(1)
Staying Mentally Active While You Read
17(1)
Taking Ownership of Ideas in Texts
18(1)
Identifying Essential Ideas in Sentences
18(2)
Identifying Essential Ideas in Sentences
20(1)
More about Predicates
21(1)
More about Clause Markers
21(2)
Finding Embedded Ideas in Text
23(2)
Finding Embedded Ideas in Text
25(1)
Rewriting Sentences
26(1)
Rewriting Key Sentences from Text
27(1)
Self-Monitoring Strategies
28(1)
Assessing Your Learning
28(2)
Postreading Assessment Strategies
30(1)
Using Outside Sources to Gain Background Knowledge
30(1)
Preparing for Tests
31(2)
Test-Taking Tips
32(1)
Chapter Summary
33(1)
Extended Application
34(1)
Using Context Clues and Other Strategies for Increasing Vocabulary
35(32)
How Will Context Help You Read Academic Text?
36(2)
Learning What Context Clues Can Do for You
36(2)
What Is the Process for Using Context Clues?
38(2)
What Are the Most Useful Types of Context Clues?
40(11)
Contrast or Antonym Clues
40(1)
Contrast and Antonym Clues
41(1)
Restatement or Synonym Clues
42(1)
Restatement and Synonym Clues
42(1)
Definition Clues
43(1)
Definition Clues
43(1)
Illustration or Example Clues
44(1)
Illustration and Example Clues
45(1)
Experience or Common-Sense Clues
46(1)
Experience and Common-Sense Clues
47(1)
Reviewing Context Clues
48(1)
Defining Words without Using a Dictionary
48(3)
Intelligent Use of the Dictionary
51(8)
Identifying Your Prior Knowledge about the Dictionary
52(3)
Recognizing Functions of Entries in Dictionaries
55(2)
Using the Dictionary to Define Words
57(1)
Using the Dictionary to Check Pronunciation
57(1)
Using the Dictionary to Check Spelling
57(1)
Using the Dictionary to Check Word Usage
58(1)
Personal Use of the Dictionary
58(1)
Word Structure: A Clue to Word Meaning
59(6)
Recognizing and Using Word Structure
59(2)
Your Conclusions about Word Structure
61(3)
Applying Your Knowledge of Word Structure
64(1)
Chapter Summary
65(1)
Extended Application
66(1)
Strategic Reading for Topics, Subtopics, and Main Ideas
67(31)
What Is the Topic of a Reading Selection?
68(1)
Recognizing Topics and Subtopics
69(8)
Narrowing Topics
69(2)
Recognizing Topics by Previewing
71(2)
Identifying Topic and Subtopic Relationships
73(1)
Chapter Subtopics
74(1)
Using Your Prior Knowledge to Make Predictions
74(1)
Looking for Repetition
75(1)
Composing Questions to Check Comprehension before and during Reading
76(1)
Just What is the Main Idea?
77(4)
Distinguishing between Topics and Main Ideas
78(1)
Progressing from Topics to Main Ideas
78(1)
Identifying Topics of Main-Idea Sentences
79(2)
Summing It Up
81(1)
Purposes for Creating Main-Idea Sentences
81(1)
The Process for Creating Main-Idea Sentences
82(2)
Other Considerations for Creating Main-Idea Sentences
84(7)
Main Ideas in Longer Selections
86(1)
Creating Main-Idea Sentences
86(3)
Creating Main-Idea Maps for Paragraphs
89(2)
Testing Your Main-Idea Sentences
91(5)
Distinguishing between General and Specific Sentences
91(3)
Testing Your Main-Idea Sentences
94(1)
Using Main Ideas to Raise Questions
95(1)
Chapter Summary
96(1)
Extended Application
96(2)
Understanding Details
98(24)
Why Are Details Needed?
99(3)
Adding Supporting Sentences to Paragraphs
99(2)
Describing the Process
101(1)
Understanding Types of Details
102(6)
Details That Offer Reasons or Arguments
102(1)
Details That Provide Description
103(1)
Details That Outline Steps or Procedures
103(1)
Details That Give Single or Multiple Examples or Illustrations
103(1)
Details That Cite Facts or Statistics
104(1)
Paragraphs That Combine Types of Details
105(1)
Recognizing Types of Details
105(3)
Details as Answers to Questions
108(5)
Predicting Details from Main-Idea Sentences
109(4)
Major and Minor Details
113(7)
Recognizing Major and Minor Details
114(5)
Understanding Your Thought Process
119(1)
Chapter Summary
120(1)
Extended Application
120(2)
Understanding Organizational Patterns in Academic Texts
122(41)
Reviewing What You Already Know
123(2)
Recognizing What You Already Know about Patterns
124(1)
How Can Patterns Be Identified?
125(12)
Simple Listing
125(2)
Definition and Explanation
127(1)
Comparison and Contrast
128(2)
Thesis and Proof or Opinion and Reason
130(2)
Cause and Effect
132(3)
Problem and Solution
135(2)
Relationships between Main Ideas and Patterns
137(1)
Recognizing Patterns of Organization
138(9)
Predicting Patterns
139(1)
Identifying Patterns in Text
140(5)
Patterns in Multiparagraph Essays
145(2)
Using Patterns to Help You Remember
147(14)
Concept Maps (for Key Vocabulary)
148(2)
Semantic Webbing
150(2)
Hierarchical Array
152(2)
Linear Array
154(1)
Visual Aids to Show Comparisons and Contrasts
155(6)
Chapter Summary
161(1)
Extended Application
162(1)
Strategies for Critical Reading and Thinking
163(49)
What Is Critical Reading?
164(5)
Critical Analysis of Three News Articles
164(4)
Your Conclusions about Content and Language
168(1)
Distinguishing Statements of Fact from Statements of Opinion
169(6)
Creating Fact and Opinion Descriptors
171(1)
Evaluating What You Know
171(1)
Personal Facts and Opinions
172(1)
Recognizing Statements of Fact and Opinion
172(2)
Recognizing Segments of Fact and Opinion in Sentences
174(1)
Reviewing Your Decision-Making Process
175(1)
Evidence for Statements of Opinion
175(4)
Expert Opinion
175(1)
Informed Opinion
176(1)
Unsupported Opinion
177(1)
Identifying Support for Opinions
178(1)
Additional Criteria for Judging Facts and Opinions
179(2)
The Author's Qualifications
180(1)
The Source of the Material
180(1)
The Author's Bias
180(1)
Recognizing Point of View
181(5)
Determining Point of View
183(2)
Personal Response to Point of View
185(1)
Reading to Make Inferences
186(1)
Inferences in Everyday Life
186(1)
Finding Support for Your Inferences
187(6)
Understanding How to Make Inferences
189(1)
Identifying Possible Inferences
189(4)
Contrasting Processes for Inferences and Main Ideas
193(1)
Identifying Author's Style, Mood, and Tone
193(1)
Identifying Author's Style
193(10)
Identifying Author's Style
195(3)
Inferring Mood and Tone
198(2)
Identifying Author's Mood and Tone
200(3)
Mood and Tone in Films
203(1)
Drawing Conclusions from Your Reading
203(7)
What Are Conclusions?
204(1)
Identifying Conclusions
205(3)
Reflecting on Drawing Conclusions
208(1)
Evidence for Conclusions
208(1)
Your Conclusions about Conclusions
208(2)
Chapter Summary
210(1)
Extended Application
211(1)
Strategies for Reading Visual Aids in Texts
212(43)
What Are Visual Aids?
213(1)
Determining the Value of Visual Aids
213(1)
What Are the Various Types of Visual Aids?
214(10)
Charts
214(1)
Graphs
215(4)
Tables
219(1)
Timelines
220(1)
Photographs
221(1)
Diagrams
222(1)
Your Prior Experience with Visual Aids
222(1)
Creating a Visual Aid Reference Table
223(1)
How Do Visual Aids Facilitate Comprehension?
224(3)
Responding to Visual Aids
225(1)
Assessing the Impact of a Photo
226(1)
What Are Effective Strategies for Reading Visual Aids?
227(1)
Previewing Visual Aids
228(8)
Previewing Graphs
228(2)
Previewing Tables
230(3)
Previewing Other Types of Visual Aids
233(2)
Sharing What You Know with Others
235(1)
Noting Details
236(4)
Understanding Details on Visual Aids
238(2)
Connecting Visual Aids to Text
240(6)
Connecting Visual Aids and Text
241(5)
Making Inferences from Visual Aids
246(2)
Applying Your Prior Knowledge About Inferences
246(1)
Making Inferences from Visual Aids
247(1)
Drawing Conclusions from Visual Aids
248(5)
Using Your Prior Knowledge about Drawing Conclusions
248(2)
Drawing Conclusions from Visual Aids
250(3)
Chapter Summary
253(1)
Extended Application
254(1)
Strategies for Active Listening and Notetaking
255(41)
Becoming a Good Listener
256(2)
Your Listening Habits
256(1)
How Good a Listener Are You?
257(1)
Analyzing Your Listening Strengths
258(1)
Indicators of Positive Listening
258(8)
Connecting with the Speaker
258(1)
Maintaining Concentration
259(2)
Listening with the Intent to Learn
261(2)
Controlling Your Listening Experience
263(1)
Analyzing Instructional Styles
264(2)
Effective Notetaking from Books and Lectures
266(1)
A Process for Effective Notetaking
267(1)
Identifying Usable Notes
267(4)
Your Notetaking Preferences
271(1)
Notetaking Basics
271(3)
Analyzing Your Notetaking Processes
273(1)
Notetaking Systems
274(6)
The Cornell Method
274(3)
The Outline Method
277(2)
Selecting a Notetaking System
279(1)
Creating Notes from Lectures and Textbooks
280(1)
Using Your Notes Effectively
280(4)
Edit Your Notes
280(1)
Cross-Reference Text Notes with Class Notes, and Vice Versa
281(1)
Check Your Notes for Accuracy
281(1)
Summarize Key Points
281(1)
Practice Distributed Review
282(1)
Formulate Questions from Your Notes
283(1)
Making Personal Decisions about Notetaking
284(1)
Making Notes Usable
284(1)
Preparing Graphics from Lectures and Texts
284(1)
Creating a Graphic from Lecture or Text Notes
285(1)
Underlining and Marking Textbooks
285(8)
Evaluating Notations
291(2)
Underlining and Marking Textbooks
293(1)
Chapter Summary
293(1)
Extended Application
294(2)
Assessing Your Knowledge
296(5)
Assessing Your Academic Self-Esteem
298(3)
PART 2: BACKGROUND ESSAYS FOR ACADEMIC LITERACY 301(282)
Cross-Reference to Handbook for Reading and Study Strategies
302(1)
Psychology
303(36)
Key Concepts for the Study of Psychology
304(1)
Studying Psychology
305(1)
Philip G. Zimbardo
Ann L. Weber
Preview
305(4)
To Think about Before You Read
305(1)
Terms to Know Before You Read
305(4)
Comprehension of the Discipline
309(2)
Critical Thinking: Reaction and Discussion
311(1)
Guidelines for Reading Psychology
312(3)
Is Everybody Crazy?
315
Sharon Begley
Preview
314(7)
To Think about Before You Read
314(1)
Terms to Know Before You Read
314(7)
Postreading Comprehension Development
321(5)
Sentence Rewrite
321(1)
Author's Main Idea
322(1)
Inferences, Metaphors, and Vocabulary in Context
322(2)
Recalling Details
324(2)
Critical Thinking: Reaction and Discussion
326(3)
The ``Perfect'' Trap
329
Monica Ramirez Basco
Preview
328(6)
To Think about Before You Read
328(1)
Term to Know Before You Read
329(5)
Postreading Comprehension Development
334(4)
Sentence Rewrite
334(1)
Author's Main Idea
335(1)
Inferences, Metaphors, and Vocabulary in Context
335(2)
Recalling Details
337(1)
Critical Thinking: Reaction and Discussion
338(1)
Using Technology for Further Understanding
338(1)
Sociology
339(53)
Key Concepts for the Study of Sociology
340(2)
The Sociological Perspective
342(1)
James M. Henslin
Preview
342(5)
To Think about Before You Read
342(1)
Term to Know Before You Read
342(5)
Comprehension of the Discipline
347(3)
Critical Thinking: Reaction and Discussion
350(4)
Sociology and ``Common Sense''
351(3)
Guidelines for Reading Sociology
354(3)
Blown Away by School Violence
357
Donna Harrington
Preview
356(4)
To Think about Before You Read
356(4)
Postreading Comprehension Development
360(5)
Sentence Rewrite
360(1)
Author's Main Idea
361(1)
Inferences, Metaphors, and Vocabulary in Context
361(2)
Recalling Details
363(2)
Critical Thinking: Reaction and Discussion
365(2)
Racist or Realistic?
367
Jill Nelson
Preview
366(5)
To Think about Before You Read
366(1)
Terms to Know Before You Read
367(4)
Postreading Comprehension Development
371(5)
Sentence Rewrite
371(1)
Author's Main Idea
372(1)
Inferences, Metaphors, and Vocabulary in Context
372(2)
Recalling Details
374(2)
Critical Thinking: Reaction and Discussion
376(2)
Pushing Mommy off the Track
378
Elinor Burken
Preview
377(9)
To Think about Before You Read
377(1)
Terms to Know Before You Read
377(9)
Postreading Comprehension Development
386(5)
Sentence Rewrite
386(1)
Author's Main Idea
386(1)
Inferences, Metahpors, and Vocabulary in Context
387(1)
Recalling Details
388(3)
Critical Thinking: Reaction and Discussion
391(1)
Using Technology for Further Understanding
391(1)
The Sciences
392(41)
Key Concepts for the Study of the Sciences
393(3)
American Association for the Advancement of Science, The Nature of Science
396
Preview
394(6)
To Think about Before You Read
394(1)
Terms to Know Before You Read
395(5)
Comprehension of the Discipline
400(3)
Critical Thinking: Reaction and Discussion
403(1)
Guidelines for Reading the Sciences
404(4)
What is the Truth about Global Warming?
408
Robert James Bidinotto
Preview
407(6)
To Think about Before You Read
407(1)
Terms to Know Before You Read
408(5)
Postreading Comprehension Development
413(6)
Sentence Rewrite
413(1)
Author's Main Idea
413(1)
Inferences, Metaphors, and Vocabulary in Context
414(2)
Recalling Details
416(3)
Critical Thinking: Reaction and Discussion
419(2)
To Be or Not To Be
421(1)
Mark Harris
Preview
421(7)
To Think about Before You Read
421(1)
Terms to Know Before You Read
421(7)
Postreading Comprehension Development
428(4)
Sentence Rewrite
428(1)
Author's Main Idea
428(1)
Inferences, Metaphors, and Vocabulary in Context
429(2)
Recalling Details
431(1)
Critical Thinking: Reaction and Discussion
432(1)
Using Technology for Further Understanding
432(1)
Business
433(37)
Key Concepts for the Study of Business
434(3)
Making Work Meaningful: Secrets of the Future-Focused Corporation
437
Roger E. Herman
Joyce L. Gioia
Preview
436(8)
To Think about Before You Read
436(8)
Comprehension of the Discipline
444(1)
Critical Thinking: Reaction and Discussion
445(1)
Guidelines for Reading Business
446(3)
McJobs
449
Ben Wildavsky
Preview
448(4)
To Think about Before You Read
448(1)
Terms to Know Before You Read
448(4)
Postreading Comprehension Development
452(3)
Sentence Rewrite
452(1)
Author's Main Idea
453(1)
Inferences, Metaphors, and Vocabulary in Context
453(2)
Recalling Details
455(1)
Critical Thinking: Reaction and Discussion
455(3)
The World Is Their Ashtray
458
Chris Tilly
Preview
457(6)
To Think about Before You Read
457(1)
Terms to Know Before You Read
458(5)
Postreading Comprehension Development
463(5)
Sentence Rewrite
463(1)
Author's Main Idea
464(1)
Inferences, Metaphors, and Vocabulary in Context
464(3)
Recalling Details
467(1)
Critical Thinking: Reaction and Discussion
468(2)
Using Technology for Further Understanding
469(1)
History
470(40)
Key Concepts for the Study of History
471(2)
Why History?
473
F. Otnes
Preview
472(8)
To Think about Before You Read
472(1)
Terms to Know Before You Read
472(8)
Comprehension of the Discipline
480(3)
Critical Thinking: Reaction and Discussion
483(1)
Guidelines for Reading History
484(4)
The Frontier
488
Richard Shenkman
Preview
487(6)
To Think about Before You Read
487(1)
Terms to Know Before You Read
488(5)
Postreading Comprehension Development
493(5)
Sentence Rewrite
493(1)
Author's Main Idea
494(1)
Inferences, Metaphors, and Vocabulary in Context
494(3)
Recalling Details
497(1)
Critical Thinking: Reaction and Discussion
498(2)
Kidnapped, Enslaved, and Sold Away c. 1756
500
Olaudah Equiano
Preview
499(5)
To Think about Before You Read
499(1)
Terms to Know Before You Read
499(5)
Postreading Comprehension Development
504(5)
Sentence Rewrite
504(1)
Author's Main Idea
505(1)
Inferences, Metaphors, and Vocabulary in Context
506(2)
Recalling Details
508(1)
Critical Thinking: Reaction and Discussion
509(1)
Using Technology for Further Understanding
509(1)
Literature
510(31)
Key Concepts for the Study of Literature
511(1)
Why I Write Novels
512(1)
T. Alan Broughton
Preview
512(4)
To Think about Before You Read
512(1)
Terms to Know Before You Read
512(4)
Comprehension of the Discipline
516(2)
Critical Thinking: Reaction and Discussion
518(1)
Guidelines for Reading Literature
519(3)
Puerto Rican Paradise
522(1)
Piri Thomas
Preview
522(4)
To Think about Before You Read
522(1)
Terms to Know Before You Read
522(4)
Postreading Comprehension Development
526(3)
Sentence Rewrite
526(1)
Author's Main Idea
527(1)
Inferences, Metaphors, and Vocabulary in Context
527(1)
Recalling Details
528(1)
Critical Thinking: Reaction and Discussion
529(3)
Wilshire Bus
532
Hisaye Yamamoto
Preview
531(4)
To Think about Before You Read
531(1)
Terms to Know Before You Read
531(4)
Postreading Comprehension Development
535(4)
Sentence Rewrite
535(1)
Author's Main Idea
536(1)
Inferences, Metaphors, and Vocabulary in Context
537(2)
Recalling Details
539(1)
Critical Thinking: Reaction and Discussion
539(2)
Using Technology for Further Understanding
540(1)
Political Science
541(42)
Key Concepts for the Study of Political Science
542(1)
Politics in Everyday Life
543(1)
Lewis A. Froman Jr.
Preview
543(5)
To Think about Before You Read
543(1)
Terms to Know Before You Read
543(5)
Comprehension of the Discipline
548(4)
Critical Thinking: Reaction and Discussion
552(1)
Guidelines for Reading Political Science
553(3)
What Should We Know about American Government?
556
James Q. Wilson
Preview
555(5)
To Think about Before You Read
555(1)
Terms to Know Before You Read
555(5)
Postreading Comprehension Development
560(5)
Sentence Rewrite
560(1)
Author's Main Idea
561(1)
Inferences, Metaphors, and Vocabulary in Context
561(2)
Recalling Details
563(2)
Critical Thinking: Reaction and Discussion
565(4)
The Case for Affirmative Action
569
Geraldine Woods
Preview
568(7)
To Think about Before You Read
568(1)
Terms to Know Before You Read
568(7)
Postreading Comprehension Development
575(4)
Sentence Rewrite
575(1)
Author's Main Idea
576(1)
Inferences, Metaphors, and Vocabulary in Context
577(2)
Recalling Details
579(1)
Critical Thinking: Reaction and Discussion
579(4)
Using Technology for Further Understanding
580(3)
Appendix Readability Levels for Essays 583(1)
Text Credits 584(2)
Index 586


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