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ACSM's Health-Related Physical Fitness Assessment Manual

by Unknown
ISBN13:

9780781734714

ISBN10:
0781734711
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
3/31/2004
Publisher(s):
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

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Summary

This new text from the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) contains information necessary to develop skills for assessing an individual's health-related physical fitness. It provides the reader with a practical how-to-do-it approach for performing these assessment skills effectively, and an understanding of the theory behind and the importance of each skill or assessment. Reported errors associated with each test are also given, and a step-by-step instruction of the skills is provided in order for the reader to gain proficiency through practice. Illustrations and tables supplement the text and enhance learning.

Table of Contents

Preface v
Credits vi
Acknowledgments vii
Introduction
1(12)
Defining Physical Fitness
2(1)
Health-Related Physical Fitness
3(4)
Components of Health-Related Physical Fitness
4(1)
Total Physical Fitness
4(1)
Test for Components of Health-Related Physical Fitness
4(1)
Importance of Health-Related Physical Fitness
4(1)
Measuring Health-Related Physical Fitness
5(2)
Health-Related Physical Fitness, Exercise, and Physical Activity
7(1)
Testing and Measurement Primer
7(5)
Test Choice Considerations
8(1)
Pretest Instructions, Environment, and Order
9(1)
Testing Session Organization: Resting Versus Exercise Testing
9(1)
Test Score Interpretation: Criterion-Referenced Standards Versus Normative Data
10(2)
Summary
12(1)
Suggested Readings
12(1)
Pre-Activity Screening
13(14)
Pre-Activity Screening Guidelines
14(2)
Medical History/Health Habits Questionnaire
15(1)
Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire (PAR-Q)
15(1)
Medical/Health Examination
15(1)
Risk Stratification
16(6)
ACSM Guidelines: Risk Stratification Strata
16(1)
ACSM Coronary Artery Disease Risk Factor Thresholds Used With Risk Stratification
16(3)
ACSM Major Signs or Symptoms Suggestive of Cardiopulmonary Disease
19(1)
ACSM Recommendations for a Medical Examination and Exercise Test Based on Risk Stratification
20(1)
ACSM Risk Stratification Case Study
21(1)
Informed Consent
22(1)
Subject Interview/Orientation for Quiet Tests
22(1)
Explanation of Procedures
22(1)
Subject Interview/Orientation for Exercise Tests
23(1)
Explanation of Procedures
23(1)
Explanation of Other Fitness Tests
24(1)
Summary
24(1)
Laboratory Exercises
24(1)
Suggested Readings
25(2)
Resting and Exercise Blood Pressure and Heart Rate
27(16)
Defining Blood Pressure
28(1)
Defining Heart Rate
28(1)
Cardiovascular Hemodynamics
28(1)
Measurement of Blood Pressure
29(3)
Theory of Auscultation
29(1)
Korotkoff Sounds
30(1)
Instruments Used for Blood Pressure Measurement
30(1)
Calibration of an Aneroid Sphygmomanometer
31(1)
Procedures for Resting Blood Pressure Measurement
32(4)
Augmentation of Sounds of Korotkoff
35(1)
Norms for Resting Blood Pressure
35(1)
Exercise Blood Pressure Measurement
36(2)
Some Specific Suggestions for Measuring Exercise Blood Pressure
36(1)
Norms for Exercise Blood Pressure
37(1)
Blood Pressure Calculations
38(1)
Measurement of Heart Rate
38(2)
Palpation of Pulse
38(1)
Norms for Resting Heart Rate
39(1)
Measurement of Exercise Heart Rate
40(1)
Rate Pressure Product or Double Product
40(1)
Summary
41(1)
Laboratory Exercises
41(1)
Suggested Readings
41(2)
Body Composition
43(30)
Defining Body Composition
44(1)
Health Implications of Obesity
44(1)
Anthropometry--Body Composition
44(24)
Procedures for Height and Weight
47(1)
Body Mass Index (BMI)
47(1)
Waist-to-Hip Ratio (WHR)
48(2)
Circumferences (Girths)
50(3)
Skinfold Determination
53(13)
Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis
66(1)
Hydrostatic Weighing
67(1)
Summary of Body Composition Methodology
68(3)
Calculation of Ideal or Desired Body Weight
70(1)
Simple Weight Management: Application of Calorie Determination
71(1)
Laboratory Exercises
71(1)
Suggested Readings
71(2)
Muscular Fitness: Muscular Strength, Muscular Endurance, and Flexibility
73(14)
Defining Muscular Strength
74(1)
Defining Muscular Endurance
74(1)
Common Assessments for Muscular Strength
74(3)
Handgrip Test
74(1)
1-Repetition Maximum (RM) Bench Press Test
75(2)
Isokinetic Testing
77(1)
Common Assessments for Muscular Endurance
77(3)
Partial Curl-Up and Push-Up Tests
77(2)
YMCA Bench Press Test
79(1)
Defining Flexibility
80(3)
Sit and Reach Test (Trunk Flexion)
81(1)
YMCA Sit and Reach Test
82(1)
Recommended Equipment for Additional Tests
83(1)
Laboratory Exercises
84(1)
Suggested Readings
85(2)
Cardiorespiratory Fitness Measurement: Step Tests and Field Tests to Predict Cardiorespiratory Fitness
87(8)
The Continuum of Measurement of CRF
88(1)
Importance of Measurement of CRF
88(1)
Pre-Test Considerations
89(1)
Step Tests
89(2)
Queens College Step Test Procedures
90(1)
Field Tests for Prediction of Aerobic Capacity
91(1)
Walk/Run Performance Tests
91(1)
Standards for Maximum Oxygen Uptake: VO2max
92(1)
Summary
93(1)
Laboratory Exercises
93(1)
Suggested Readings
94(1)
Laboratory Submaximal Exercise Testing: YMCA Cycle Ergometer Test, Astrand Cycle Ergometer Test, and the Bruce Submaximal Treadmill Test
95(20)
Defining Submaximal Testing
97(1)
Submaximal Cycle Ergometry Calculations
97(1)
Cycle Ergometer
98(1)
Advantages of Cycle Ergometry in Exercise Testing
98(1)
Disadvantages of Cycle Ergometry in Exercise Testing
99(1)
Submaximal Prediction of Cardiorespiratory Fitness (CRF)
99(1)
Assumptions
99(1)
Sources of Error in Submaximal Prediction
100(1)
Submaximal Exercise Testing
100(2)
Test Termination Criteria
100(1)
Cycle Calibration
100(1)
General Procedures for Laboratory Submaximal Exercise Testing
101(1)
YMCA Submaximal Cycle Ergometer Test Procedures
102(6)
Multistage Protocol
102(2)
YMCA Submaximal Cycle Ergometer Protocol
104(2)
Prediction of CRF or Maximal Aerobic Capacity (VO2max) From YMCA Results
106(2)
Astrand Submaximal Cycle Ergometer Test Procedures
108(3)
Prediction of Maximal Aerobic Capacity (VO2max) From Astrand Results
109(2)
Bruce Submaximal Treadmill Exercise Test Procedures
111(2)
Summary
113(1)
Laboratory Exercises
113(1)
Suggested Readings
114(1)
Maximal Exercise Testing
115(14)
What Is the Purpose of a Maximal GXT?
116(1)
Who Should Have a Maximal GXT (and Current Medical Examination) Before Starting a Moderate (or Vigorous) Exercise Program?
116(1)
Should a Physician Be Present to `Supervise' the Maximal GXT?
117(1)
What Are the Personnel Needs for Conducting the Maximal GXT?
117(1)
Which Protocol(s) and Procedures Should Be Used With a Maximal GXT?
117(8)
Protocols
117(2)
Bruce Treadmill Protocol
119(1)
Balke-Ware Treadmill Protocol
120(1)
Ramp Protocols
120(1)
Individualized Protocols
120(2)
General Procedures
122(3)
What Are the Maximal GXT Contraindications and Test Termination Criteria?
125(1)
Prediction of Maximal Aerobic Capacity (VO2max) From Bruce Protocol Performance?
125(2)
VO2max From Total Test Time (TT)
125(1)
Prediction Equation Using Total Test Time Cubed (TT3)
126(1)
MET Cost Estimates of Each Minute
127(1)
Summary
127(1)
Laboratory Exercises
128(1)
Suggested Readings
128(1)
Interpretation of Assessment Results: Case Studies
129(18)
Introduction
130(1)
Case 1: Jane Slimmer
130(8)
Medical History (Health History Questionnaire)
130(1)
Health Behavior Habits (Health History Questionnaire)
131(2)
Pre-Activity Screening (ACSM Risk Stratification Table)
133(1)
Body Composition Data (Anthropometry Data Form)
133(2)
Muscular Strength, Muscular Endurance, Flexibility Data Form
135(1)
Cardiorespiratory Fitness Data
136(2)
Questions
138(1)
Case 2: John Quick
138(9)
Health-Related Physical Fitness Forms
139(6)
Calculating Test Results
145(2)
Appendix A Conversions 147(2)
Appendix B Risk Stratification Cases 149(12)
Appendix C Forms 161(14)
Index 175


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