9780205530748

Adolescent, The: Development, Relationships, and Culture

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  • ISBN13:

    9780205530748

  • ISBN10:

    0205530745

  • Edition: 12th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1/1/2008
  • Publisher: Allyn & Bacon
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Summary

The Adolescent: Development, Relationships and Cultureoffers an eclectic, interdisciplinary approach to the study of adolescence, presenting both psychological and sociological viewpoints as well as educational, demographic, and economic data. A treatment of the adolescent that offers current scholarship as well as an understanding of what it means to be an adolescent today. Physical, emotional, cognitive, and social development in adolescents. Adolescent Development

Table of Contents

Contents Featuresp. xi
Prefacep. xiii
Adolescence
Adolescents in Social Contextp. 1
Approaches to Studying Adolescencep. 3
The Changing Face of American Adolescencep. 4
Our Society in Revolutionp. 4
The Prolongation of Adolescencep. 7
The Revolution in Information Technologyp. 7
The Internetp. 7
Potential Hazards of Internet Usep. 8
The Revolution in the Workplacep. 9
Multiple Jobholders and Overtime Workp. 9
Working Womenp. 10
Adolescent Employmentp. 10
Advertising and Consumptionp. 11
The Education Revolutionp. 11
Educational Attainmentp. 11
Embracing the New Technologyp. 11
Innovations in Career Educationp. 12
The Family Revolutionp. 12
Changes in Marriage and Parenthoodp. 12
Changes in Family Dynamicsp. 14
The Sexual Revolutionp. 16
Positive Effects of the Sexual Revolutionp. 16
Negative Effects of the Sexual Revolutionp. 16
The Violence Revolution 17
Violent Crimep. 18
Violence in Societyp. 18
Violence in the Homep. 19
Violent Deathsp. 19
A Caveat to Understanding Adolescencep. 19
Adolescents in Theoretical Contextp. 24
Biological Views of Adolescencep. 26
G. Stanley Hall: Sturm und Drangp. 26
Arnold Gesell: Spiral Growth Patternsp. 27
Psychoanalytical and Psychosocial Views of Adolescencep. 27
Sigmund Freud: Individuationp. 27
Anna Freud: Defense Mechanismsp. 29
Erik Erikson: Ego Identityp. 30
Cognitive Views of Adolescencep. 32
Jean Piaget: Adaptation and Equilibriump. 32
Robert Selman: Social Cognitionp. 34
Lev Vygotsky: Social Influences on Cognitionp. 36
Social-Cognitive Learning View of Adolescencep. 37
Albert Bandura: Social Learning Theoryp. 37
Social-Cognitive Theoryp. 38
The Impact of Culture on Adolescentsp. 38
Robert Havighurst: Developmental Tasksp. 38
Kurt Lewin: Field Theoryp. 40
Urie Bronfenbrenner: An Ecological Modelp. 41
Margaret Mead and Ruth Benedict: Anthropological Viewsp. 42
Adolescent Diversity: Socioeconomic Status and Ethnicityp. 48
Adolescents of Low Socioeconomic Statusp. 50
Limitations of Low Socioeconomic Statusp. 51
Cycle of Poverty and Deprivationp. 51
Minority Adolescentsp. 55
African American Adolescentsp. 56
Latino Adolescentsp. 60
Native American Adolescentsp. 64
Asian-American Adolescentsp. 67
Immigrants and Refugeesp. 68
Southeast Asian Refugee Experiencep. 69
Physical
Body Issues: Sexual Maturation and Physical Growthp. 74
Biochemical Basis of Pubertyp. 76
The Hypothalamusp. 76
The Pituitary Glandp. 76
The Gonadsp. 77
The Adrenal Glandsp. 78
Sex Hormone Regulation in Malesp. 78
Sex Hormone Regulation in Femalesp. 78
Maturation and Functions of Male Sex Organsp. 79
Spermatogenesisp. 80
The Developing Penisp. 80
The Cowpers Glands 81
Nocturnal Emissionsp. 82
Maturation and Functions of Female Sex Organsp. 82
The Developing Vaginap. 82
Changes in the Vulva and Uterusp. 82
Ovarian Changesp. 82
Menarche and the Menstrual Cyclep. 82
Menstrual Concernsp. 86
Development of Secondary Sexual Characteristicsp. 87
Malesp. 88
Femalesp. 88
Results of Sexual Maturationp. 90
Growth in Height and Weightp. 90
Growth Trendsp. 91
Determinants of Heightp. 91
Other Physical Changesp. 91
Body Issues: Health-Related Behaviors and Attitudesp. 94
Health Statusp. 96
Mortalityp. 96
Health Decisionsp. 96
Adolescent Health in the Third Worldp. 98
Body Imagep. 98
Physical Attractivenessp. 98
Body Types and Idealsp. 99
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