9780824700188

Advances in Chromatography: Volume 40

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780824700188

  • ISBN10:

    082470018X

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2000-02-09
  • Publisher: CRC Press

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Summary

The 41st volume in the series Advances in Chromatography contains papers that take advantage of the properties of electroosmotic flow to explore capillary electrochromatography as an alternative to HPLC for nonvolatile analytes. The volume analyzes advances in biomembrane chromatography using reverse-phase HPLC for protein purification and biophysical studies of peptides and proteins at lipid-like surfaces and focuses on trace metal determination and speciation performed by liquid chromatography methods and more. The last chapter uses catechins in tea to illustrate concepts of chemical analysis.

Author Biography

Phyllis R. Brown is Professor of Chemistry at the University of Rhode Island in Kingston, where she has taught since 1973. Dr. Brown received the B.S. degree (1944) in chemistry from George Washington University, Washington, D.C., and the Ph.D. degree (1968) in chemistry from Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island. She did postdoctoral work in the Section of Pharmacology at Brown University. Eli Grushka is Professor of Analytical Chemistry at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel. Dr. Gruska received the B.S. degree (1963) from Long Island University, Brooklyn, New York, and the Ph.D. degree (1968) from Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. He did postdoctoral work at the University of Utah, Salt Lake City, with Dr. J. Calvin Giddings.

Table of Contents

Contributors to Volume 40 iii
Contents of Other Volumes xiii
Errata to Volumes 38 and 39 xxiv
Fundamental Interpretation of the Peak Profiles in Linear Reversed-Phase Liquid Chromatography
1(114)
Kanji Miyabe
Georges Guiochon
Introduction
Experimental
First Moment Analysis: The Equilibrium Constant and the Solvophobic Theory
First Moment Analysis: Results and Discussion
Second Moment Analysis: Measurement of Surface Diffusivity
Second Moment Analysis: Results and Discussion
Analysis of the Surface Diffusion Mechanism
Conclusion
Symbols
References
Dispersion in Micellar Electrokinetic Chromatography
115(44)
Joe M. Davis
Introduction
Theory
Methods and Procedures
Results and Discussion
Conclusions
References
In Search of a Chromatographic Model for Biopartitioning
159(72)
Colin F. Poole
Salwa K. Poole
Ajith D. Gunatilleka
Introduction
Methodology
Solvation Parameter Models for Biopartitioning Systems
Selection of Chromatographic Models to Emulate Biopartitioning Processes
Slope and Intercept Plots as Models of Biopartitioning in Reversed-Phase Liquid Chromatography
Conclusions
References
Advances in Physico-chemical Measurements Using Inverse Gas Chromatography
231(44)
Nicholas A. Katsanos
Fani Roubani-Kalantzopoulou
Introduction
Experimental
Theory
Results and Discussion
Appendix: Compact PC Program in GW-Basic for All Calculations Regarding Adsorption Energies and Related Quantities
References
Fundamental Aspects of Aerosol-Based Light-Scattering Detectors for Separations
275(40)
John A. Koropchak
Salma Sadain
Xiaohui Yang
Lars-Erik Magnusson
Mari Heybroek
Michael P. Anisimov
Introduction
General Principles of Aerosol-Based Light-Scattering Detectors
Evaporative Light-Scattering Detection
Condensation Nucleation Light-Scattering Detection
Conclusions and Perspective
References
New Developments in Liquid-Chromatographic Stationary Phases
315(44)
Toshihiko Hanai
Introduction
Electron Microscopic Analysis of the Silica Surface
Scanning Tunnel Microscopic Analysis of the Inside of Silica Particles
Impurities of Silica Gels
Measurement of Surface Activity of Chemically Modified Silica Gels
Stability of Chemically Modified Silica Gels
Development of Polar Bonded Phases
Further Development of Silica-Based Packing Materials
Spectroscopic Analysis of the Surface of Bonded Phases
Computational Chemical Analysis of Bonded Phases
References
Non-Silica-Based Supports in Liquid Chromatography of Bioactive Compounds
359(68)
Esther Forgacs
Tibor Cserhati
Introduction
Structures and Retention Mechanisms
Natural Compounds
Pharmaceuticals
Xenobiotics
Conclusions
References
Overview of the Surface Modification Techniques for the Capillary Electrophoresis of Proteins
427(40)
Marie-Claude Millot
Claire Vidal-Madjar
Introduction
Adsorption Methods
Mineral Coatings and Sol-Gel Technology
Derivatization Methods
Organic Polymer Capillaries
Conclusion
References
Continuous Bed for Conventional Column and Capillary Column Chromatography
467(36)
Jia-li Liao
Introduction
Factors That Cause Band-Broadening
Preparation of Continuous-Bed Media
Characterization of a Continuous Bed
Continuous-Bed Column and Applications
Continuous Bed for Capillary Chromatography and Capillary Electrochromatography
References
Countercurrent Chromatography: Fundamentally a Preparative Tool
503(36)
Alain Berthod
Beatrice Billardello
Introduction
The CCC Technique
Preparative CCC
References
Analysis of Oligonucleotides by ESI-MS
539(28)
Dieter L. Deforce
Elfriede G. Van den Eeckhout
Introduction
Methods
Selected Applications
Summary and Future Prospects
References
Determination of Herbicides in Water Using HPLC-MS Techniques
567(32)
G. D'Ascenzo
R. Curini
A. Gentili
F. Bruno
S. Marchese
D. Perret
Introduction
Techniques in LC-MS
Applications of LC-MS to Herbicide Analysis
Conclusions
References
Effect of Adsorption Phenomena on Retention Values in Capillary Gas-Liquid Chromatography
599(40)
Victor G. Berezkin
Introduction
Theoretical Fundamentals
Experimental Basis of the Additive Absorption-Adsorption Retention Theory in Capillary Chromatography
Invariant Relative Retention Values
Correlation Among Retention Indexes Obtained in Different Laboratories
Physico-Chemical Measurements by Capillary Gas-[Liquid-Solid] Chromatography
Conclusion
References
Index 639

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