9780120261482

Advances in Marine Biology

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  • ISBN13:

    9780120261482

  • ISBN10:

    0120261480

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2005-01-25
  • Publisher: Elsevier Science
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Summary

This new volume of Advances in Marine Biology contains reviews on a wide range of important subjects such as: long-term oceanographic and ecological research in the western English Channel; marine biofouling on fish farms and its remediation; interactions between behaviour and physical forcing in the control of horizontal transport of decapod crustacean larvae; comparison of marine copepod outfluxes: nature, rate, fate and role in the carbon and nitrogen cycles. Advances in Marine Biology has been providing in-depth and up-to-date reviews on all aspects of Marine Biology since 1963 -- over 40 years of outstanding coverage! The series is well-known for both its excellence of reviews as well as the strength of its thematic volumes devoted to a particular field in detail, such as 'The Biochemical Ecology of Marine Fishes' and 'Molluscan Radiation'. Radiation'. * Series Encompasses 40 Years of Coverage * Up-to-date Reviews on Wide-Ranging Topics

Table of Contents

Contributors to Volume 47 v
Series Contents for Last Ten Years ix
Long-Term Oceanographic and Ecological Research in the Western English Channel
Alan J. Southward
Olivia Langmead
Nicholas J. Hardman-Mountford
James Aiken
Gerald T. Boalch
Paul R. Dando
Martin J. Genner
Ian Joint
Michael A. Kendall
Nicholas C. Halliday
Roger P. Harris
Rebecca Leaper
Nova Mieszkowska
Robin D. Pingree
Anthony J. Richardson
David W. Sims
Tania Smith
Anthony W. Walne
Stephen J. Hawkins
Introduction and Historical Background
3(6)
MBA
9(47)
Temperature and salinity
13(3)
Currents and circulation
16(3)
Nutrients
19(5)
Phytoplankton and productivity
24(7)
Zooplankton, larval stages of fish, and pelagic fish
31(12)
Intertidal observations
43(5)
Demersal fish
48(6)
Benthos
54(2)
PML and the former IMER
56(5)
Series at station L4
56(2)
Bio-optics and photosynthesis
58(3)
SAHFOS
61(15)
CPR methods
63(7)
Consistency issues
70(2)
Plankton and mesocale hydrography
72(1)
Phytoplankton
73(1)
Zooplankton species routinely identified
74(1)
Zooplankton and ichthyoplankton not routinely identified
75(1)
Overview
76(33)
Data Availability
82(1)
Acknowledgements
83(1)
References
84(25)
Interactions Between Behaviour and Physical Forcing in the Control of Horizontal Transport of Decapod Crustacean Larvae
Henrique Queiroga
Jack Blanton
Introduction
109(4)
Definitions
113(5)
Larval Stages
113(3)
Types of Vertical Migration
116(1)
Ecological Categories
117(1)
Marine Physical Processes and Larval Transport Mechanisms
118(19)
Tides
119(1)
Wind-Induced Currents
120(1)
Buoyancy-Induced Currents
120(1)
Geostrophic Currents
120(1)
Cross-shelf Flow and Exchange
121(3)
Internal Waves
124(1)
Sea and Land Breezes
124(1)
Interaction of Migratory Behaviour With Tidal Currents
124(3)
Estuarine Transport
127(5)
Transport Regimes Along Continental Margins
132(3)
Frontal Zones as Sites of Larval Congregation
135(2)
Cyclic Vertical Migration in the Natural Environment
137(6)
Sampling Methodology
138(1)
Prevalence of Cyclic Vertical Migration According to Taxonomic and Ecological Category
139(4)
Ontogenetic Migration and the Extent of Vertical Movements
143(5)
Significance of Vertical Migration in Dispersal: Evidence from Field Studies
148(13)
Tidal Migrations
149(5)
Diel Migrations
154(5)
Ontogenetic Migrations
159(2)
Proximate Factors Controlling Vertical Migration: Environmental Factors and Endogenous Rhythms
161(3)
Tactic and Kinetic Responses by Estuarine and Marine Larvae
161(2)
Endogenous Rhythms
163(1)
Behavioural Control of Vertical Migration: Evidence from Laboratory Studies
164(22)
Responses to Environmental Factors
170(11)
Endogenous Rhythms
181(5)
Nonrhythmic Vertical Migration
186(1)
Mechanism for Depth Regulation
187(1)
Modifiers of Vertical Migration Pattern: Temperature, Salinity, and Food
188(2)
Vertical and Horizontal Swimming Velocities
190(2)
Measurements of Horizontal Transport
192(24)
Tagging
193(1)
Larval Velocity
194(2)
Acknowledgements
196(1)
References
196(20)
Marine Biofouling on Fish Farms and Its Remediation
R. A. Braithwaite
L. A. McEvoy
Introduction
216(2)
Nature and Extent of Problem
218(5)
Detrimental effects
219(2)
Beneficial effects
221(1)
Economic consequences
222(1)
The Fouling Community of Fish-Cage Netting
223(8)
Mediation by physical, chemical, and biological factors
223(1)
Community development
224(2)
Fouling taxa
226(5)
Antifouling Technology
231(10)
Toxic antifouling paints and materials
233(2)
Legislation
235(3)
Nontoxic ``alternative'' antifoulants
238(2)
Biological control
240(1)
Conclusions
241(13)
Acknowledgements
243(1)
References
243(11)
Comparison of Marine Copepod Outfluxes: Nature, Rate, Fate and Role in the Carbon and Nitrogen Cycles
C. Frangoulis
E. D. Christou
J. H. Hecq
Introduction
254(2)
Nature of Copepod Outfluxes
256(7)
Nature of excretion
256(2)
Nature of copepod particulate matter outfluxes
258(5)
Factors Controlling the Rate of Copepod Outfluxes
263(6)
Factors controlling the rate of copepod dissolved matter excretion
264(2)
Factors controlling the rate of copepod particulate matter outfluxes
266(2)
Relationships between the different outfluxes
268(1)
Vertical Flux
269(11)
Passive vertical flux
270(9)
Vertical migration and active vertical flux
279(1)
Role of Copepod Outfluxes
280(5)
Role of copepod dissolved matter outfluxes
280(2)
Role of copepod particulate matter outfluxes
282(3)
Discussion
285(26)
Acknowledgements
293(1)
References
293(18)
Taxonomic Index 311(6)
Subject Index 317

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