9780123739254

Advances in Quantum Chemistry

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  • ISBN13:

    9780123739254

  • ISBN10:

    012373925X

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2007-11-16
  • Publisher: Elsevier Science
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Summary

Advances in Quantum Chemistry presents surveys of current developments in this rapidly developing field that falls between the historically established areas of mathematics, physics, chemistry, and biology. With invited reviews written by leading international researchers, each presenting new results, it provides a single vehicle for following progress in this interdisciplinary area. * publishes articles, invited reviews and proceedings of major international conferences and workshops * written by leading international researchers in quantum and theoretical chemistry * highlights important interdisciplinary developments

Table of Contents

Contributorsp. ix
Prefacep. xvi
Magnetic Resonance Contributions to Other Sciencesp. 1
Introductionp. 2
Magnetic Resonance and Nuclear Magnetic Momentsp. 2
Magnetic Interactions in Moleculesp. 3
Nuclear Electric Interactions in Moleculesp. 3
Atomic Hyperfine Structure, Separated Oscillatory Fields and Atomic Clocksp. 4
Atomic Hyperfine Structure and QEDp. 4
NMRp. 5
Magnetic Resonance Imagingp. 5
Conclusionsp. 6
Referencesp. 6
A Single Quantum System: Evolution, Prediction, Observationp. 7
From "Gedanken" Experiments to Quantum Measurementp. 8
Evolution Frustrated by Observation?p. 10
Observations on a Driven Quantum Systemp. 12
Measurements on Single Ionsp. 16
An Alternative Strategyp. 20
Summaryp. 23
Referencesp. 24
The Quantum SI: A Possible New International System of Unitsp. 27
Introductionp. 27
International System of Unitsp. 28
The Kilogram and the Amperep. 29
Possible Redefinitions of the Kilogramp. 30
Relation Between the Avogadro Constant and the Planck Constantp. 32
Other Redefinitionsp. 33
Consequences for Other Fundamental Constantsp. 34
The Quantum SIp. 34
The Secondp. 35
Time Scale for Redefinitionsp. 35
Conclusionp. 36
Referencesp. 36
Studies of Light Halo Nuclei from Atomic Isotope Shiftsp. 37
Introductionp. 38
Theoretical Backgroundp. 39
Solution to the Nonrelativistic Schrodinger Equationp. 39
Relativistic Correctionsp. 43
QED Correctionsp. 44
Applications to Nuclear Size Measurementsp. 49
Summary and Conclusionsp. 54
Acknowledgementsp. 54
Referencesp. 54
Quantum Electrodynamics in One- and Two-Electron High-Z Ionsp. 57
The Ground-State Binding Energy in H-Like Uraniump. 58
Strong Field QED in He-Like Heavy Ionsp. 59
Summaryp. 64
Acknowledgementp. 65
Referencesp. 65
Precise Atomic Masses for Fundamental Physics Determined at SMILETRAPp. 67
Introductionp. 68
The SMILETRAP Facilityp. 69
Results and Discussionsp. 74
Conclusion and Outlookp. 80
Acknowledgementsp. 80
Referencesp. 81
HITRAP: A Facility at GSI for Highly Charged Ionsp. 83
The Present GSI Facilityp. 84
The HITRAP Projectp. 84
The HITRAP Facilityp. 86
Experiments at HITRAPp. 89
The New GSI Facilityp. 95
Acknowledgementsp. 97
Referencesp. 97
Structure of Vacuum and Elementary Matter: From Superheavies via Hypermatter to Antimatter-The Vacuum Decay in Supercritical Fieldsp. 99
Introductionp. 100
Cold Valleys in the Potentialp. 101
Shell Structure in the Superheavy Regionp. 102
Asymmetric and Superasymmetric Fission-Cluster Radioactivityp. 105
Extension of the Periodic System into the Sections of Hyper- and Antimatterp. 115
Clusters of Matter and Antimatterp. 124
Theoretical Frameworkp. 125
Structure of Light Nuclei Containing Antiprotonsp. 126
Doubly-Magic Lead with Antiproton and Anti-Alphap. 127
Systems with Total Baryon Number Zerop. 129
Life Time, Formation Probability and Signatures of SBNsp. 130
Cold Compression: Nuclear and Quark Matterp. 132
The Vacuum in Quantum Electrodynamicsp. 133
On Superheavy Element Formation and Beyondp. 136
Short Reflection on the Chemistry of Superheavy Elementsp. 145
Concluding Remarks-Outlookp. 146
Referencesp. 148
Asymptotic Behavior of MP2 Correlation Energies for Closed-Shell Atomsp. 151
Introductionp. 152
Theoryp. 154
Applicationsp. 165
Conclusionsp. 172
Acknowledgementsp. 174
Referencesp. 174
A Computer-Algebraic Approach to the Derivation of Feynman-Goldstone Perturbation Expansions for Open-Shell Atoms and Moleculesp. 177
Dedicationp. 178
Introductionp. 179
Rayleigh-Schrodinger Perturbation Theoryp. 180
Operator Representationsp. 188
Derivation of Perturbation Expansionsp. 198
Application of the Goldstone Programp. 209
Final Remarksp. 213
Referencesp. 214
Experiments on Highly Charged Heavy Ions in Conjunction with Exotic Atomsp. 217
Introductionp. 218
Experimental Methodp. 220
Measurement of the Pion Massp. 225
Pionic Hydrogen and the Strong-Interaction at Low Energyp. 228
Highly-Charged Ionsp. 230
Conclusionp. 232
Acknowledgementsp. 233
Referencesp. 233
Conceptual Problems in Phenomenological Interpretation in Searches for Variation of Constants and Violation of Various Invariancesp. 237
Introductionp. 238
Variation of Constantsp. 239
Planck Scale Physics in Our Low-Energy Worldp. 246
External Fields and Related Effectsp. 249
Microscopic and Macroscopic Descriptionp. 251
Summaryp. 252
Referencesp. 252
Extensive Calculations of High-Precision Energy Levels in Hydrogen and Deuterium Through a Least-Squares Adjustmentp. 253
Introductionp. 254
Calculation of Energies with an Optimal Precision: Methods Involvedp. 259
Conclusionp. 269
Referencesp. 270
Subject Indexp. 273
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