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Advancing the Human Right to Health offers a prospective on the global response to one of the greatest moral, legal, and public health challenges of the 21st century - achieving the human right to health as enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and other legal instruments.
Featuring writings by global thought-leaders in the world of health human rights, the book brings clarity to many of the complex clinical, ethical, economic, legal, and socio-cultural questions raised by injury, disease, and deeper determinants of health, such as poverty. Much more than a primer on the right to health, this book features an examination of profound inequalities in health, which have resulted in millions of people condemned to unnecessary suffering and hastened deaths. In so doing, it provides a thoughtful account of the right to health's parameters, strategies on ways in which to achieve it, and discussion of why it is so essential in a 21st century context.
Country-specific case studies provide context for analysing the right to health and assessing whether, and to what extent, this right has influenced critical decision-making that makes a difference in people's lives. Thematic chapters also look at the specific challenges involved in translating the right to health into action.
Advancing the Human Right to Health highlights the urgency to build upon the progress made in securing the right to health for all, offering a timely reminder that all stakeholders must redouble their efforts to advance the human right to health.
Jose M. Zuniga, President, International Association of Providers of AIDS Care, USA,Stephen P. Marks, Francois-Xavier Bagnoud Professor of Health and Human Rights, Harvard School of Public Health, USA,Lawrence O. Gostin, University Professor and Faculty Director, O'Neill Institute for National &Global Health Law, Georgetown University; and Director, WHO Collaborating Centre on Public Health Law and Human Rights, USA
Dr Jose M. Zuniga was appointed President of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care (IAPAC) in December 1999. The emphasis of his research activities is health systems strengthening and health workforce development within the context of expanding access to HIV prevention, care, and treatment services. Dr Zuniga has published in various journals, authored chapters, and acted as a contributing editor for numerous books. He is Editor of the Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care, and is a founding member of the Editorial Advisory Board of Themis. He is also the founding Chair of the Humanitas Foundation, which supports innovative approaches to improve individual, community, and public health. In addition, he advises regional and international agencies, including the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), the World Health Organization (WHO), and the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), on matters related to the field of HIV medicine.
Professor Stephen P. Marks is the Francois-Xavier Bagnoud Professor of Health and Human Rights at the Harvard School of Public Health, where he directs the Program on Human Rights in Development. He is the author or editor of numerous articles and books relating to the human right to benefit including scientific progress, universal jurisdiction, cultural rights and human rights in development. His principal fields are international law, human rights, public health, international politics, international organizations, development, peace, and conflict. He has also held teaching positions at Columbia University, Princeton University, the University of Phnom Penh Faculty of Law, Cardozo School of Law, Rutgers University School of Law, and City University of Hong Kong School of Law and University of Hong Kong Law School. He spent 12 years in the service of the United Nations, working for UNESCO in Paris and in various peacekeeping operations (Western Sahara and Cambodia).
Professor Lawrence O. Gostin is University Professor, Georgetown University's highest academic rank conferred by the University President. He directs the O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law and was the Founding O'Neill Chair in Global Health Law. He is Professor of Medicine at Georgetown University, Professor of Public Health at the Johns Hopkins University, and Director of the Center for Law & the Public's Health at both universities. Professor Gostin is also the Director of the WHO Collaborating Centre on Public Health Law & Human Rights. He holds numerous editorial appointments, and his principal position is the Health Law and Ethics Editor for the Journal of the American Medical Association. He is also Founding Editor-in-Chief of Laws. Professor Gostin has led major law reform initiatives in the United States, including the drafting of the Model Emergency Health Powers Act (MEHPA) to combat bioterrorism and the "Turning Point" Model State Public Health Act.
Table of Contents
Foreword Preface The Right to Health in Perspective 1. The Emergence and Scope of the Human Right to Health, Stephen P. Marks 2. Advancing the Right to Health through International Litigation, Oscar A. Cabrera and Ana S. Ayala 3. The Right to Health from Concept to Reality, Helena Nygren-King 4. Health Development as Nation-Strengthening, Ariel Pablos-Mendez and Lesley Stone 5. Pillars for Progress on the Right to Health, Eric A. Friedman and Lawrence O. Gostin The Right to Health in Action 6. Haiti: An Overview of its Right to Health History and Future Directions, Donna Barry 7. The Right to Health in Ghana: Healthcare, Human Rights, and Politics, Raymond A. Atuguba 8. Health and Development in India: Moving toward the Right to Health, Ravi Duggal 9. The Right to Health in Post-Apartheid Era South Africa, Charles Ngwena, Rebecca Cook, and Ebenezer Durojaye 10. The Domestic Implementation of the International Right to Health: The Philippine Experience, Raul Pangalangan 11. China's Evolution in Progressively Realizing the Right to Health, Philip D. Chen and Di Wu 12. Brazil: A Long Journey toward a Universal Healthcare System, Armando De Negri Filho 13. The Right to Health in Peru, Ariel Frisancho-Arroyo 14. Realizing the Right to Healthcare in Mexico, Julio Frenk and Octavio Gomez-Dantes 15. The United Kingdom: The Right to Health in the Context of a Nationalised Health Service, Matthew Weait 16. The Right to Health in Japan: Challenges of a Super-Aging Society and Implications from its 2001 Public Health Emergency, Hiroaki Matsuura and Eriko Sase 17. United States: Right to Health Obligations in the Context of Disparity and Reform, Alicia Ely Yamin and Jean Connolly Carmalt The Right to Health: Challenges and Opportunities 18. Human Rights-Based Approaches to HIV, Tuberculosis, and Malaria, Britta Baer, Andrew Ball, Helena Nygren-Krug, Aafje Rietveld, and Diana Weil 19. Global Tobacco Control: A Vital Component of the Right to Health, Oscar A. Cabrera and Lawrence O. Gostin 20. Women's Health and Human Rights: Struggles to Engender Social Transformation, Alicia Ely Yamin 21. The Right to Health in Prison, Joanne Mariner and Rebecca Schleifer 22. Access to Medical Products, Vaccines, and Medical Technologies, Martin W. Bloem and Saskia De Pee 23. Nutrition and Human Rights: Why Meeting Nutrient Needs Should be a Human Right, Jose M. Zuniga and Imane Sidibe 24. Primum Non Nocere and the Right to Health, Jose M. Zuniga and Imane Sidibe 25. Combating Torture and Other Ill-Treatment, Michael Bochenek 26. Emergencies, Disasters, Conflicts, and Human Rights, Victoria Sutton 27. Searching for a Role for Genomics in the Right to Health, Lisa Eckstein 28. Financing Governments: Toward Achieving the Right to Health, Joia Mukherjee Conclusion 29. The Consequences of Failure, Anand Grover, Brian Cinto, Mihir Mankad