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African Politics and Society: A Mosaic in Transformation,9780312076030

African Politics and Society: A Mosaic in Transformation

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780312076030

ISBN10:
0312076037
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
8/11/1999
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing
List Price: $42.67

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This is the 1st edition with a publication date of 8/11/1999.
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    African Politics and Society : A Mosaic in Transformation




Summary

AFRICAN POLITICS AND SOCIETY is the first comprehensive, single-authored textbook to examine African politics and society from the pre-colonial era to the present. The book surveys the theoretical, historical, political, and cultural forces that have shaped contemporary Africa, with special emphasis on trends in the post-Cold War era.

Author Biography

Peter J. Schraeder is an associate professor in the department of political science at Loyola University, Chicago.

Table of Contents

Preface v
Illustrations, Tables, and Boxes
xix
About the Author xxi
PART I INTRODUCTION
Understanding the African Renaissance
1(22)
Approaching the Study of African Politics and Society
2(10)
African Continent Is a Rich Mosaic of Diversity
2(1)
Necessity of a Continental Perspective
3(1)
To Understand the Present, One Must Understand the Past
4(1)
Influential Impact of the International System
5(4)
Central Importance of the Domestic Dimension
9(3)
Balancing Afro-Pessimism and Afro-Optimism
12(1)
Key Terms
12(1)
For Further Research
12(8)
For Further Reading
20(1)
Notes
21(2)
PART II RIVAL THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES
Study of Africa within the Liberal Tradition
23(20)
Predominance of Modernization Theory (1950s--Early 1960s)
24(2)
Rise of Modernization Revisionism (Late 1960s)
26(4)
Concern with Stability and the ``Politics of Order'' (Late 1960s--Early 1970s)
30(4)
Demands for Policy Relevance and Public Policy Research (Mid-1970s--1980s)
34(2)
New Directions in the Post--Cold War Era (Late 1980s--Present)
36(3)
Key Terms
39(1)
For Further Reading
39(1)
Notes
40(3)
Study of Africa within the Critical Tradition
43(20)
Classical Marxism (Nineteenth Century) as Precursor to Contemporary Critical Thought
44(2)
Dependency Theory and the ``Development of Underdevelopment'' Thesis (Late 1960s--Early 1970s)
46(2)
``Circulationist'' Revisions of Dependency Theory (1970s)
48(3)
Emergence of Neo-Marxist Forms of Scholarship (Late 1970s--1980s)
51(5)
New Directions in the Post--Cold War Era (Late 1980s--Present)
56(2)
Key Terms
58(1)
For Further Reading
58(1)
Notes
59(4)
PART III HISTORICAL CONTEXT
Politics and Economics of the Precolonial Independence Era (Prior to 1884)
63(24)
Diversity of Segmented Political Systems
64(7)
Band Organization
64(2)
Classical Segmented System
66(3)
Universalistic Segmented System
69(1)
Ritually Stratified Segmented System
69(1)
Autonomous Village System
70(1)
Diversity of Centralized Political Systems
71(3)
Pyramidal Monarchy
71(1)
Associational Monarchy
72(1)
Centralized Monarchy
73(1)
Regional Diplomatic Practices
74(3)
Economic Diversity and Trade
77(6)
Key Terms
83(1)
For Further Reading
83(1)
Notes
84(3)
Political and Economic Impacts of Colonialism (1884--1951)
87(29)
Early Contacts with Europe and the Arab World
88(6)
Imposition of Direct Colonial Rule
94(4)
Political Impacts of Colonialism
98(7)
Application of the European Nation-State System to Africa
98(1)
Division of African Nations among Several States
99(2)
Incorporation of Several African Nations into One State
101(2)
Destruction of Traditional Checks-and-Balances
103(1)
Authoritarian Political Legacy
103(2)
Economic Impacts of Colonialism
105(6)
Creation of Closed Economic Systems
106(1)
Creation of Export-Oriented, Mono-Crop or Mono-Mineral Economies
107(1)
Evolution of Perverse Infrastructural Development
108(2)
Authoritarian Legacy of the State
110(1)
Key Terms
111(1)
For Further Reading
111(1)
Notes
112(4)
Nationalism and the Emergence of the Contemporary Independence Era (1951--Present)
116(21)
Trends in African Nationalism
117(3)
Domestic Influences on the Rise of Nationalism
120(6)
Creation of Administrative Centers and the Rise of Urbanization
121(1)
Educational Training and Development
121(4)
Formation and Spread of Voluntary Associations
125(1)
International Influences on the Rise of Nationalism
126(6)
Spread of Pan-Africanism
126(1)
Involvement of African Soldiers in World War I and World War II
127(2)
Demonstration Effect of Decolonization in Asia
129(2)
Shifting Structure of the International System
131(1)
Self-Determination and the Rise of Secessionist Movements
132(1)
Key Terms
133(1)
For Further Reading
133(1)
Notes
134(3)
PART IV SOCIOCULTURAL ENVIRONMENT
Ethnicity and Class
137(31)
Ethnic Dimension of African Politics and Society
138(2)
Ethnic Intermediaries and the Creation of Ethnic Compacts
140(3)
Ethnic Violence and the Breakdown of Ethnic Compacts
143(4)
Class Dimension of African Politics and Society
147(2)
Class Divisions within African Society
149(3)
Class Cooperation and Conflict
152(4)
Competing Explanations of the Nigerian Civil War (1967--70)
156(4)
Perceiving Events through an Ethnic Lens
157(2)
Perceiving Events through a Class Lens
159(1)
Uncertain Debate
160(1)
Key Terms
161(1)
For Further Reading
162(1)
Notes
163(5)
Ideology and the Politics of Development
168(26)
Evolution of African Ideologies of Development
169(3)
Ideology and Development Choice
172(8)
Primary Purpose of Development
173(1)
Primary Engine of Development
174(1)
Role of Agriculture in National Development
175(3)
Perception of the Rural Peasantry
178(1)
Role of Foreign Powers and Investment
179(1)
Ideology and Development Performance
180(8)
Economic Growth
182(1)
Socioeconomic Equality
182(1)
Autonomy from Foreign Control
183(2)
Human Dignity
185(1)
Political Participation
186(2)
Toward a Capitalist Hybrid?
188(1)
Key Terms
189(1)
For Further Reading
190(1)
Notes
190(4)
Politics of the African Novel
194(23)
Political Dilemmas Faced by the African Novelist
195(2)
Political Themes of the African Novel
197(4)
Re-creation of Africa's Past
197(1)
Colonial Intrusion
198(1)
Colonial Injustice
199(1)
Nationalism and Independence
200(1)
Disenchantment with Elites
200(1)
Freedom as Despair
200(1)
Politically Committed African Novelists
201(2)
Neglected Popular Elements of Society
201(1)
Destructive Nature of Societal Divisions
202(1)
Status of Women in African Society
202(1)
Nuruddin Farah and the Politics of Commitment in Somalia
203(9)
Early Years as Critic of Social Injustice
204(1)
Qualified Optimism after the 1969 Military Coup d'Etat
205(1)
Opposition to the Dictatorship of Siad Barre
206(4)
Evolving African Identity
210(2)
Politics of the African Novel in Perspective
212(1)
Key Terms
212(1)
For Further Reading
212(1)
Notes
213(4)
PART V CONTINUITY AND CHANGE IN GOVERNANCE
State and Civil Society
217(27)
Concentration of State Power at the Expense of Civil Society
218(9)
Africanization of the State
219(1)
Bureaucratic Expansion and the Growth of Parastatals
220(1)
Dismantling of Institutional Checks-and-Balances
221(2)
Co-optation and Silencing of Civil Society
223(2)
Expansion of the Coercive Apparatus
225(1)
Creation of Personal Rule Networks
226(1)
Crisis of the State and the Resurgence of Civil Society
227(9)
Deepening Economic Crisis
228(1)
Growing Inability to Provide Social Goods
229(2)
Resurgence of Civil Society
231(1)
Intensification of Domestic Violence and Conflict
232(4)
Toward a State-Society Balance?
236(3)
Key Terms
239(1)
For Further Reading
239(1)
Notes
240(4)
Military Coups d'Etat and Military Governance
244(23)
Trends in Military Coups d'Etat
245(3)
Role of the Military in Political Governance
248(4)
Civilian Supremacy Model
248(1)
Watchdog Model
249(1)
Balance Wheel Model
249(1)
Direct Rule Model
250(1)
Social Transformation Model
251(1)
Myths Concerning the Effectiveness of Military Governance
252(6)
Military Enjoys Greater Legitimacy
252(1)
Military Rule Is More Efficient
253(1)
Military Is Best Able to Maintain Stability
254(1)
Military Constitutes a Better Unifying Structure
255(2)
Military Is Best Prepared to Promote Development
257(1)
Demilitarization and Transitions to Civilian Rule
258(4)
Key Terms
262(1)
For Further Reading
262(1)
Notes
263(4)
Democratic Experiments and Multiparty Politics
267(24)
Establishment of Single-Party Political Systems
268(3)
Experimentation with Multiparty Politics
271(10)
Change via Multiparty Elections
273(1)
Change via the National Conference
274(1)
Co-opted Transitions
275(2)
Guided Democratization
277(1)
Authoritarian Reaction
278(2)
Civil War and Contested Sovereignty
280(1)
Democratic Consolidation or Decay?
281(5)
Key Terms
286(1)
For Further Reading
287(1)
Notes
288(3)
PART VI FOREIGN RELATIONS
Foreign Policy Making and the Pursuit of Pan-Africanism
291(26)
Understanding the Foreign Policy--Making Context
292(7)
President and Bureaucracies of the Executive Branch
292(3)
Role of National Legislatures in Foreign Policy
295(1)
Foreign Policy Impact of Nongovernmental Actors
296(3)
Pan-Africanism and the Organization of African Unity
299(7)
Inviolability of Inherited Frontiers
300(1)
Noninterference in Domestic Affairs
301(1)
Peaceful Settlement of Disputes
302(4)
Opposition to Colonialism and White Minority Rule
306(1)
Regional Economic Cooperation and Integration
306(5)
Key Terms
311(1)
For Further Reading
311(1)
Notes
312(5)
Africa in World Politics
317(30)
Role of Foreign Powers
318(1)
Cooperation and Conflict during the Cold War
319(6)
Complementary Interests among the Western Great Powers
320(2)
Africa as a Proxy Battlefield for East-West Conflict
322(1)
Indiscriminate Support for Allies
323(2)
Emergence of the Cold Peace and Economic Competition
325(9)
Transformation of Foreign Policy Interests
325(1)
Rising Economic Competition among the Great Powers
326(2)
Rhetoric versus Reality in Support for Democratization
328(2)
Reassessments of Unilateral Interventions
330(4)
Involvement in the United Nations
334(2)
Influence of International Financial Institutions
336(4)
Key Terms
340(1)
For Further Reading
340(1)
Notes
341(6)
Appendix 1 List of Acronyms 347(8)
Appendix 2 Country Name Changes in Africa during the Contemporary Independence Era 355(4)
Appendix 3 Political Leadership in Africa during the Contemporary Independence Era 359(10)
Index 369


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