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African Politics and Society : A Mosaic in Transformation,9780534567699
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African Politics and Society : A Mosaic in Transformation

by
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780534567699

ISBN10:
053456769X
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/21/2003
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
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Summary

Part I: INTRODUCTION. 1. Understanding African Politics and Society. Part II: HISTORICAL CONTEXT. 2. Politics and Economics of the Precolonial Independence Era (Prior to 1884). 3. Political and Economic Impacts of Colonialism (1884-1951). 4. Nationalism and the Emergence of the Contemporary Independence Era (1951-Present). Part III: SOCIOCULTURAL ENVIRONMENT. 5. Ethnicity and Class. 6. Ideology and the Politics of Development. 7. Politics of the African Novel. Part IV: CONTINUITY AND CHANGE IN GOVERNANCE. 8. State and Civil Society. 9. Military Coups d'Etat and Military Governance. 10. Democratic Experiments and Multiparty Politics. Part V: FOREIGN RELATIONS. 11. Foreign Policy Making and the Pursuit of Pan-Africanism. 12. Africa in World Politics. Part VI: RIVAL THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES 13. Study of Africa in the Liberal Tradition. 14. Study of Africa in the Critical Tradition. Appendix 1: List of Acronyms. Appendix 2: Country Name Changes in Africa During the Contemporary Independence Era. Appendix 3: Political Leadership in Africa During the Contemporary Independence Era. Index.

Table of Contents

About This Volume vii
Acknowledgments xi
Illustrations, Tables, and Boxes xxi
About the Author xxv
PART I INTRODUCTION
1 UNDERSTANDING AFRICAN POLITICS AND SOCIETY
1(22)
Africa Is a Rich Mosaic of Diversity
2(1)
Necessity of a Continental Perspective
3(2)
To Understand the Present, One Must Understand the Past
5(1)
A Continent in Transformation
6(2)
Influential Impact of the International System
8(3)
Central Importance of the Domestic Dimension
11(3)
Balancing Afro-Pessimism and Afro-Optimism
14(1)
Undertaking Further Research
15(5)
Key Terms
20(1)
For Further Reading
21(1)
Notes
22(1)
PART II HISTORICAL CONTEXT
2 POLITICS AND ECONOMICS OF THE PRECOLONIAL INDEPENDENCE ERA (BEFORE 1884)
23(26)
Segmented Political Systems
24(5)
Band Organization
24(2)
Classical Segmented System
26(2)
Universalistic Segmented System
28(1)
Ritually Stratified Segmented System
28(1)
Autonomous Village System
29(1)
Centralized Political Systems
29(4)
Pyramidal Monarchy
30(1)
Associational Monarchy
31(1)
Centralized Monarchy
32(1)
Economic Systems and Trade
33(6)
Diplomacy and Warfare
39(3)
Women and Gender
42(3)
Key Terms
45(1)
For Further Reading
46(1)
Notes
47(2)
3 POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF COLONIALISM (1884-1951)
49(31)
Early Contacts with Europe and the Arab World
50(7)
Imposition of Direct Colonial Rule
57(5)
Political-Military Impacts of Colonialism
62(7)
Application of the European Nation-State System to Africa
62(1)
Division of African Nations among Several States
62(2)
Incorporation of Several African Nations into One State
64(2)
Destruction of Traditional Checks-and-Balances
66(1)
Reinforcement of Patriarchal Forms of Governance
66(1)
Authoritarian Political Legacy
67(2)
Socioeconomic Impacts of Colonialism
69(6)
Creation of Closed Economic Systems
69(1)
Creation of Export-Oriented Mono-Crop or Mono-Mineral Economies
70(2)
Promotion of Perverse Infrastructural Development
72(1)
Strengthening of Gender Bias in National Development
73(1)
Authoritarian Legacy of the State
74(1)
Key Terms
75(1)
For Further Reading
76(1)
Notes
77(3)
4 NATIONALISM AND THE EMERGENCE OF THE CONTEMPORARY INDEPENDENCE ERA (1951-PRESENT)
80(20)
Trends in African Nationalism
81(5)
Domestic Influences on the Rise of Nationalism
86(3)
Creation of Administrative Centers and the Rise of Urbanization
86(1)
Educational Training and Development
87(1)
Formation and Spread of Voluntary Associations
88(1)
International Influences on the Rise of Nationalism
89(5)
Spread of Pan-Africanism
89(1)
Involvement of African Soldiers in World War I and World War II
90(1)
Demonstration Effect of Decolonization in Asia
91(2)
Shifting Structure of the International System
93(1)
Self-Determination and the Rise of Secessionist Movements
94(2)
Key Terms
96(1)
For Further Reading
96(1)
Notes
97(3)
PART III SOCIOCULTURAL ENVIRONMENT
5 ETHNICITY AND CLASS
100(30)
Ethnic Dimension of African Politics and Society
101(2)
Ethnic Intermediaries and the Creation of Ethnic Compacts
103(3)
Ethnic Violence and the Breakdown of Ethnic Compacts
106(4)
Class Dimension of African Politics and Society
110(2)
Class Divisions in African Society
112(4)
Class Cooperation and Conflict
116(4)
Competing Explanations of the Nigerian Civil War (1967-1970)
120(3)
Perceiving Events through an Ethnic Lens
120(2)
Perceiving Events through a Class Lens
122(1)
Continuing Debate
123(1)
Key Terms
124(1)
For Further Reading
125(1)
Notes
125(5)
6 IDEOLOGY AND THE POLITICS OF DEVELOPMENT
130(25)
Evolution of African Development Ideologies
131(3)
Ideology and Development Choice
134(9)
Primary Purpose of Development
135(1)
Primary Engine of Development
136(1)
Role of Agriculture in National Development
137(3)
Perception of the Rural Peasantry
140(1)
Role of Foreign Powers and Investment
141(2)
Ideology and Development Performance
143(6)
Economic Growth
143(2)
Socioeconomic Equality
145(1)
Autonomy from Foreign Control
145(1)
Human Dignity
146(1)
Political Participation
147(2)
Toward a Capitalist-Socialist Hybrid?
149(2)
Key Terms
151(1)
For Further Reading
151(1)
Notes
152(3)
7 POLITICS OF THE AFRICAN NOVEL
155(21)
Political Dilemmas Faced by the African Novelist
156(2)
Political Themes of the African Novel during the Early Years
158(5)
Re-Creation of Africa's Past
158(1)
Colonial Intrusion
159(1)
Colonial Injustice
159(1)
Nationalism and Independence
159(2)
Disenchantment with Elites
161(1)
Freedom as Despair
162(1)
Status of Women in African Society
162(1)
Emergence of Politically Committed African Novelists
163(2)
Neglected Popular Elements of Society
163(1)
Destructive Nature of Societal Divisions
164(1)
Promoting Gender Equality
164(1)
Nuruddin Farah and the Politics of Commitment in Somalia
165(7)
Early Years as Critic of Social Injustice
165(1)
Qualified Optimism after the 1969 Military Coup d'État
166(1)
Opposition to the Dictatorship of Siad Barre
167(4)
Evolving African Identity
171(1)
Politics of the African Novel in Perspective
172(1)
Key Terms
172(1)
For Further Reading
173(1)
Notes
173(3)
PART IV CONTINUITY AND CHANGE IN GOVERNANCE
8 STATE AND CIVIL SOCIETY
176(25)
Concentration of State Power at the Expense of Civil society
177(9)
Africanization of the State
178(1)
Bureaucratic Expansion and the Growth of Parastatals
179(1)
Dismantling of Institutional Checks-and-Balances
180(1)
Co-Optation and the Silencing of Civil Society
181(1)
Expansion of the Coercive Apparatus
182(1)
Creation of Personal Rule Networks
183(3)
Crisis of the State and the Resurgence of Civil Society
186(7)
Deepening Economic Crisis
186(2)
Growing Inability to Provide Social Goods
188(1)
Resurgence of Civil Society
189(2)
Intensification of Domestic Violence and Conflict
191(2)
In Search of a State-Society Balance
193(4)
Key Terms
197(1)
For Further Reading
197(1)
Notes
198(3)
9 MILITARY COUPS D'ÉTAT AND MILITARY GOVERNANCE
201(21)
Trends in Military Coups d'État
202(3)
Role of the Military in Political Governance
205(4)
Civilian Supremacy Model
205(1)
Watchdog Model
206(1)
Balance Wheel Model
206(2)
Direct Rile Model
208(1)
Social Transformation Model
208(1)
Myths Concerning the Effectiveness of Military Governance
209(6)
Military Enjoys Greater Legitimacy
209(1)
Military Rule Is More Efficient
210(1)
Military Is Best Able to Maintain Stability
211(1)
Military Constitutes a Better Unifying Structure
212(2)
Military Is Best Prepared to Promote Development
214(1)
Demilitarization and Transitions to Civilian Rule
215(3)
Key Terms
218(1)
For Further Reading
218(1)
Notes
219(3)
10 DEMOCRATIC EXPERIMENTS AND MULTIPARTY POLITICS
222(22)
Establishment of Single-Party Political Systems
223(3)
Political Transition and Experimentation with Multiparty Politics
226(10)
Change via Multiparty Elections
228(1)
Change via the National Conference
229(1)
Guided Democratization
230(1)
Co-Opted Transitions
231(2)
Authoritarian Reaction
233(1)
Civil War and Contested Sovereignty
234(2)
Democratic Consolidation or Decay?
236(4)
Key Terns
240(1)
For Further Reading
240(1)
Notes
241(3)
PART V FOREIGN RELATIONS
11 FOREIGN POLICY MAKING AND THE PURSUIT OF PAN-AFRICANISM
244(27)
Understanding the Foreign Policy-Making Context
245(8)
President and Bureaucracies of the Executive Branch
246(2)
Role of National Legislatures in Foreign Policy
248(1)
Foreign Policy Impact of Nongovernmental Actors
249(4)
Pan-Africanism and the Search for African Unity
253(8)
Regional Economic Cooperation and Integration
261(5)
Key Terms
266(1)
For Further Reading
266(1)
Notes
267(4)
12 AFRICA IN WORLD POLITICS
271(30)
Role of Foreign Powers
272(2)
Great Powers and Africa during the Cold War (1947-1989)
274(4)
Complementary Interests among the Western Powers
274(2)
Africa as a Proxy Battlefield for East-West Conflict
276(2)
Contradictions in the Search for Allies
278(1)
Cold War to Cold Peace (1989-Present)
278(7)
Evolving Foreign Policy Interests
279(1)
Economic Competition among the Great Powers
280(2)
Rhetoric versus Reality in Support for Democratization
282(3)
Involvement in the United Nations
285(3)
Influence of International Financial Institutions
288(3)
Evolving Equation of Military Intervention
291(4)
Key Terms
295(1)
For Further Reading
295(1)
Notes
296(5)
PART VI RIVAL THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES
13 STUDY OF AFRICA IN THE LIBERAL TRADITION
301(21)
Predominance of Modernization Theory (1950's-Early 1960's)
302(2)
Rise of Modernization Revisionism (Late 1960's)
304(4)
Concern with stability and the Politics of Order (Late 1960's-Early 1970's)
308(3)
Demands for Policy Relevance and Public Policy Research (Mid-1970's-1980's)
311(2)
New Directions (1990's-Present)
313(5)
Key Terms
318(1)
For Further Reading
318(1)
Notes
319(3)
14 STUDY OF AFRICA IN THE CRITICAL TRADITION
322(19)
Dependency Theory and the Development of Underdevelopment (Late 1960's-Early 1970's)
323(2)
Circulationist Revisions of Dependency Theory (1970's)
325(2)
Marxism's Impact on the Development of Critical Thought (Early 1970's)
327(3)
Marxism and the Emergence of a Neo-Marxist School of Thought (Late 1970's-1980's)
330(3)
New Directions (1990's-Present)
333(4)
Key Terms
337(1)
For Further Reading
337(1)
Notes
338(3)
Appendix 1 List of Acronyms 341(6)
Appendix 2 Country Name Changes in Africa during the Contemporary Independence Era 347(2)
Appendix 3 Political Leadership in Africa during the Contemporary Independence Era 349(10)
Index 359


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