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Aging : Concepts and Controversies,9781412915205
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Aging : Concepts and Controversies

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9781412915205

ISBN10:
1412915201
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/13/2006
Publisher(s):
Pine Forge Press

Summary

Welcome to the world's most unique and dynamic textbook on aging!Widely praised and adopted in previous editions, the Fifth Edition of Aging once again presents key issues in an engaging and accessible fashion. Organized unlike any other traditional textbook, author Harry R. Moody presents basic concepts followed by controversies, supported by carefully chosen adapted readings. The result is the most captivating introduction to gerontology available today.

Table of Contents

About the Author/Editor xv
Preface xvii
Prologue: America as an Aging Society xxi
Basic Concepts I. A Life Course Perspective on Aging
1(132)
Age Identification
2(1)
The Stages of Life
3(2)
The Life Course and Aging
5(2)
Life Transitions
5(2)
Theories of Aging
7(3)
Modernization Theory
7(1)
Disengagement Theory
8(1)
Activity Theory
9(1)
Influences on the Life Course
10(3)
Social Class and Life History
11(1)
Social Institutions and Policies
12(1)
Aging in the 21st Century
13(2)
Time and the Life Course
13(1)
The Moral Economy of the Life Course
14(1)
The Biology of Aging
15(1)
The New Science of Longevity
16(2)
Mechanisms of Physical Aging
18(2)
Wear and Tear
18(1)
Free Radicals
19(1)
The Immune System
19(1)
Aging and Psychological Functioning
20(3)
Self-Concept and Social Relationships
20(1)
Social Roles
21(1)
Cognitive Functioning
22(1)
Conclusion
23(4)
Toward a New Map of Life
24(3)
Controversy 1. Why Do We Grow Old?
27(48)
The Process of Biological Aging
29(1)
Biological Theories of Aging
30(5)
Wear-and-Tear Theory
31(1)
Autoimmune Theory
32(1)
Aging-Clock Theory
32(1)
Cross-Linkage Theory
33(1)
Free Radicals
33(1)
Cellular Theory
34(1)
Is Aging Inevitable?
35(1)
Ways to Prolong the Life Span
36(2)
Environmental Approach
36(1)
Genetic Approach
37(1)
Compression or Prolongation of Morbidity?
38(2)
Focus on Practice: Health Promotion
40(1)
Readings
41(29)
Why Do We Live as Long as We Do?
41(2)
Leonard Hayflick
Vitality and Aging: Implications of the Rectangular Curve
43(8)
James F. Fries
Lawrence Crapo
Aging, Natural Death, and the Compression of Morbidity: Another View
51(3)
Edward L. Schneider
Jacob Brody
The Sunny Side of Aging
54(4)
James F. Fries
The Changing Face of Health Care
58(8)
Alan M. Garber
Dana P. Goldman
We Will Be Able to Live to 1,000
66(2)
Aubrey de Grey
Don't Fall for the Cult of Immortality
68(2)
S. Jay Olshansky
Focus on the Future: ``I Dated a Cyborg!''
70(2)
Questions for Writing, Reflection, and Debate
72(3)
Controversy 2. Does Creativity Decline With Age?
75(34)
Elements of Cognitive Function
76(1)
The Classic Aging Pattern
77(1)
Measures of Late-Life Intelligence
78(2)
Studies of Age and Cognitive Function
80(1)
Correlates of Cognitive Stability
81(2)
Creativity in an Aging Population
83(1)
Focus on Practice: Older-Adult Education
84(1)
Readings
85(20)
Age and Achievement
85(6)
Harvey Lehman
Age and Achievement: A Critique
91(4)
Wayne Dennis
Creative Productivity through the Adult Years
95(5)
Dean Keith Simonton
The Creative Age
100(3)
Gene Cohen
The Wisdom Paradox
103(2)
Elkhonon Goldberg
Focus on the Future: Late-Life Learning in the Information Society
105(2)
Questions for Writing, Reflection, and Debate
107(2)
Controversy 3. Does Old Age Have Meaning?
109(24)
The Meaning of Age
109(1)
Leisure Activities in Later Life
110(2)
Changing Leisure Participation Patterns
111(1)
Explaining Patterns of Leisure
111(1)
Religion and Spirituality
112(2)
Religion Over the Life Course
112(1)
Religion and Well-Being
113(1)
Spirituality and the Search for Meaning
114(1)
Social Gerontology and the Meaning of Age
114(1)
The Meaning of Aging in the 21st Century
115(1)
Activity or Reflection?
116(1)
Focus on Practice: Reminiscence and Life Review
117(2)
Readings
119(9)
The Coming of Age
119(2)
Simone de Beauvoir
Vital Involvement in Old Age
121(3)
Erik H. Erikson
Joan M. Erikson
Helen Q. Kivnick
Successful Aging
124(1)
John Rowe
Robert Kahn
The Measure of My Days
125(3)
Florida Scott-Maxwell
Focus on the Future: Conscious Aging
128(2)
Questions for Writing, Reflection, and Debate
130(3)
Basic Concepts II. Social and Economic Outlook for an Aging Society
133(134)
The Varieties of Aging Experience
134(10)
Social Class
135(1)
Race and Ethnicity
136(2)
Gender and Aging
138(3)
Multiple Jeopardy
141(1)
Economic Well-Being
142(2)
The Economic Status of Older Americans
144(11)
Sources of Retirement Income
146(7)
Changing Financial Outlook
153(2)
Public Policy on Aging
155(6)
The Aging Network
157(1)
Aging Interest Groups
157(2)
Trends in Public Policy and Aging
159(2)
Conclusion
161(2)
Controversy 4. Should Age or Need Be the Basis for Entitlement?
163(36)
A Tale of Two Generations
163(1)
Generational Equity
164(8)
Poverty Among the Old
165(1)
Poverty Among Children and Young People
166(2)
The Dependency Ratio
168(2)
Taxation and Generational Accounting
170(1)
Power and Competition for Scarce Resources
171(1)
The Least-Advantaged Elderly
172(2)
Help for Those Most in Need
173(1)
The Targeting Debate
174(1)
Focus on Practice: Intergenerational Programs
175(2)
Readings
177(17)
Growing Older
177(2)
Lester Thurow
Gray Dawn: Target Benefits on the Basis of Need
179(2)
Peter G. Peterson
``Generational Equity'' and the New Victim Blaming
181(10)
Meredith Minkler
The Generational Equity Debate
191(3)
John B. Williamson
Diane M. Watts-Ray
Eric R. Kingson
Focus on the Future: Walled Retirement Villages?
194(2)
Questions for Writing, Reflection, and Debate
196(3)
Controversy 5. What Is the Future for Social Security?
199(32)
Main Features of Social Security
200(1)
Success---and Doubts
201(1)
Pay as You Go
202(2)
Social Security Trust Fund
204(1)
Eligibility
205(1)
Privatization
206(2)
Women and Social Security
208(2)
Debate Over Social Security
210(1)
Focus on Practice: Investment Decisions for Retirement Income
211(2)
Readings
213(15)
How to Save Social Security: A Balanced Approach
213(5)
Peter Diamond
Peter Orszag
The Necessity and Desirability of Social Security Reform
218(4)
Ramesh Ponnuru
Social Security Reform and Benefit Adequacy
222(5)
Lawrence H. Thompson
Social Security for Yesterday's Family?
227(1)
C. Eugene Steuerle
Melissa Favreault
Focus on the Future: Two Scenarios for the Future of Social Security
228(1)
Questions for Writing, Reflection, and Debate
229(2)
Controversy 6. Is Retirement Obsolete?
231(36)
History of Retirement
232(2)
Origins of Late-Life Leisure
234(3)
Changes in the American Economy
237(3)
A New View of Retirement
240(4)
Productive Aging
242(2)
Debate Over Retirement Policy
244(1)
Focus on Practice: Preretirement Planning
245(1)
Readings
246(17)
Achieving a Productive Aging Society
246(5)
Francis G. Caro
Scott A. Bass
Yung-Ping Chen
Prime Time
251(2)
Marc Freedman
The Busy Ethic: Moral Continuity Between Work and Retirement
253(8)
David J. Ekerdt
Moving Toward a Creative Retirement
261(2)
Ronald J. Manheimer
Focus on the Future: The U.S. Wisdom Corps?
263(2)
Questions for Writing, Reflection, and Debate
265(2)
Basic Concepts III. Aging, Health Care, and Society
267(162)
The Challenge of Longevity
267(4)
The Case of the Struldbruggs
267(2)
Normal Aging
269(1)
Longevity and Disease
270(1)
Epidemiology of Aging
271(6)
Major Diseases in Old Age
271(5)
Responses to the Geriatric Diseases
276(1)
Economics of Health Care
277(5)
Reimbursement Systems
277(4)
Prospects for the Future
281(1)
Long-Term Care
282(11)
Housing for the Elderly
282(3)
Chronic Care in Old Age
285(3)
Functional Assessment
288(2)
The Continuum of Care
290(2)
Paying for Long-Term Care: An American Dilemma
292(1)
Self-Determined Death
293(1)
Late-Life Suicide
294(3)
Conclusion
297(2)
Controversy 7. Should We Ration Health Care for Older People?
299(30)
Precedents for Health Care Rationing
300(1)
The Justification for Age-Based Rationing
301(2)
Rationing as a Cost-Saving Plan
303(4)
The Impetus for Rationing
307(1)
Cost Versus Age
307(2)
Alternative Approaches to Rationing
309(1)
Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide
310(1)
The Debate Over Age-Based Rationing
310(1)
Focus on Practice: Managed Care
311(3)
Readings
314(12)
Why We Must Set Limits
314(6)
Daniel Callahan
Pricing Life: Why It's Time for Health Care Rationing
320(2)
Peter Ubel
The Pied Piper Returns for the Old Folks
322(1)
Nat Hentoff
Letting Individuals Decide
323(2)
Terrie Wetle
Richard W. Besdine
Aim Not Just for Longer Life, but Expanded ``Health Span''
325(1)
Daniel Perry
Robert Butler
Focus on the Future: Scenarios for Rationing: Fiction or Forecast?
326(1)
Questions for Writing, Reflection, and Debate
327(2)
Controversy 8. Should Families Provide for Their Own?
329(34)
Aging and the American Family
329(2)
Abandonment or Independence?
331(1)
Family Responsibility
332(1)
Medicaid and Long-Term Care
333(1)
Financing Long-Term Care
333(2)
Medicaid Planning
335(2)
Focus on Practice Long-Term Care Insurance
337(2)
Readings
339(20)
Medicaid and Long-Term Care
339(2)
Peter J. Strauss
Nancy M. Lederman
Shame of the Rich: Making Themselves Poor
341(2)
Jane Bryant Quinn
The Fallacy of Impoverishment
343(7)
Stephen Moses
The Case Against Paying Family Caregivers: Ethical and Practical Issues
350(4)
C. Jean Blaser
For Love and Money: Paying Family Caregivers
354(5)
Suzanne R. Kunkel
Robert A. Applebaum
Ian M. Nelson
Focus on the Future: Genetic Screening for Alzheimer's Disease?
359(1)
Questions to Ponder
359(2)
Questions for Writing, Reflection, and Debate
361(2)
Controversy 9. Should Older People Be Protected From Bad Choices?
363(26)
The Vulnerabilities of Older People
364(1)
Interfering When People Make Bad Choices
365(1)
Elder Abuse and Neglect
366(1)
Perceptions of Quality of Life
367(1)
Inappropriate Sexuality
368(1)
Crime and the Elderly
369(1)
Intervention in the Lives of the Vulnerable Elderly
370(2)
Focus on Practice: Adult Protective Services
372(2)
Readings
374(11)
The Right to Freedom From Restraints
374(2)
Robert N. Brown
Ethical Dilemmas in Elder Abuse
376(2)
Terrie T. Wetle
Terry T. Fulmer
A Legal Perspective on Elder Abuse
378(5)
Candace J. Heisler
Mary Joy Quinn
Elder Self-Neglect: A Blurred Concept
383(2)
Dorothy R. Fabian
Eloise Rathbone-McCuan
Focus on the Future: Inheritance in an Aging Society
385(1)
Questions for Writing, Reflection, and Debate
386(3)
Controversy 10. Should People Have the Choice to End Their Lives?
389(40)
Depression and Suicide
390(2)
The ``Right to Die''
392(4)
Outlook for the Future
396(1)
Focus on Practice: Advance Directives
397(2)
Readings
399(16)
Why Do People Seek Physician-Assisted Death?
399(7)
Robert A. Pearlman
Helene Starks
A Time to Die: The Place for Physician Assistance
406(2)
Charles F. McKhann
Last Rights: Aunty's Story
408(1)
Sue Woodman
Neither for Love nor Money: Why Doctors Must Not Kill
409(6)
Leon Kass
Focus on the Future: Neighborhood Suicide Clinics?
415(1)
Questions for Writing, Reflection, and Debate
416(3)
APPENDIXES
How to Research a Term Paper in Gerontology
419(9)
Defining Your Topic
420(1)
Starting Your Search
420(2)
Eight Steps for Carrying Out Library Research
422(1)
Ending the Search
423(1)
Resources for Papers in Gerontology
423(1)
Encyclopedias and Handbooks
423(1)
Abstracts and Databases
424(1)
Statistics
424(1)
Guides to Research and Information
425(1)
Other Valuable Reference Works
425(1)
Textbooks
426(1)
Important Journals and Other Periodicals
426(2)
Internet Resources on Aging
428(1)
Bibliography 429(30)
Glossary/Index 459


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