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This classic text addresses one of the most important issues in modern social theory and policy: how social inequality is reproduced from one generation to the next. With the original 1987 publication ofAinrs"t No Makinrs" ItJay MacLeod brought us to the Clarendon Heights housing project where we met the "Brothers" and the "Hallway Hangers." Their story of poverty, race, and defeatism moved readers and challenged ethnic stereotypes. MacLeodrs"s return eight years later, and the resulting 1995 revision, revealed little improvement in the lives of these men as they struggled in the labor market and crime-ridden underground economy. The third edition of this classic ethnography of social reproduction brings the story of inequality and social mobility into todayrs"s dialogue. Now fully updated with thirteen new interviews from the original Hallway Hangers and Brothers, as well as new theoretical analysis and comparison to the original conclusions,Ainrs"t No Makinrs" Itremains an admired and invaluable text. Contents Part One: The Hallway Hangers and the Brothers as Teenagers 1. Social Immobility in the Land of Opportunity 2. Social Reproduction in Theoretical Perspective 3. Teenagers in Clarendon Heights: The Hallway Hangers and the Brothers 4. The Influence of the Family 5. The World of Work: Aspirations of the Hangers and Brothers 6. School: Preparing for the Competition 7. Leveled Aspirations: Social Reproduction Takes Its Toll 8. Reproduction Theory ReconsideredPart Two: Eight Years Later: Low Income, Low Outcome 9. The Hallway Hangers: Dealing in Despair 10. The Brothers: Dreams Deferred 11. Conclusion: Outclassed and Outcast(e)Part Three: Ainrs"t No Makinrs" It? 12. The Hallway Hangers: Fighting for a Foothold at Forty 13. The Brothers: Barely Making It 14. Making Sense of the Stories, by Katherine McClelland and David Karen
A Rhodes scholar, Jay MacLeod holds degrees in social studies and theology. He and his wife, Sally Asher, spent four years in Mississippi, where their work with local teenagers led to the publication of Minds Stayed on Freedom: The Civil Rights Struggle in the Rural South, An Oral History (WestviewPress). MacLeod is now an Anglican priest in Chesterfield, a declining mining and market town in Asher's native England.
Table of Contents
|The Hallway Hangers and the Brothers as Teenagers|
|Social Immobility in the Land of Opportunity||p. 3|
|Social Reproduction in Theoretical Perspective||p. 11|
|Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis: Schooled by Social Class||p. 12|
|Pierre Bourdieu: Cultural Capital and Habitus||p. 13|
|Basil Bernstein and Shirley Brice Heath: Linguistic Cultural Capital||p. 16|
|Paul Willis: The Lads and the Ear'oles||p. 18|
|Henry Giroux: Student Resistance to School||p. 20|
|Social Reproduction in Clarendon Heights||p. 22|
|Teenagers in Clarendon Heights: The Hallway Hangers and the Brothers||p. 25|
|The Hallway Hangers: "You Gotta Be Bad"||p. 25|
|The Brothers: Conspicuous by Their Conventionality||p. 45|
|The Influence of the Family||p. 51|
|The Hallway Hangers' Households||p. 51|
|The Brothers' Families||p. 54|
|The World of Work: Aspirations of the Hangers and Brothers||p. 62|
|The Hallway Hangers: Keeping a Lid on Hope||p. 62|
|The Brothers: Ready at the Starting Line||p. 75|
|School: Preparing for the Competition||p. 84|
|The Brothers: Conformity and Compliance||p. 89|
|The Hallway Hangers: Teacher's Nightmare||p. 93|
|The Underlying Logic of Student Behavior||p. 98|
|Leveled Aspirations: Social Reproduction Takes Its Toll||p. 113|
|The Hallway Hangers: Internalizing Probabilities, Rescuing Self-Esteem||p. 114|
|The Brothers: Internalizing Failure, Shorn of Self-Esteem||p. 126|
|The Sources of Variation||p. 129|
|Reproduction Theory Reconsidered||p. 137|
|Building on Bourdieu||p. 137|
|From Ethnography to Theory||p. 140|
|Individuals in the Social Landscape||p. 146|
|Cultural Autonomy within Structural Constraints||p. 149|
|Eight Years Later: Low Income, Low Outcome|
|The Hallway Hangers: Dealing in Despair||p. 157|
|On the Job||p. 162|
|Working the Street||p. 172|
|Producing Themselves||p. 184|
|The Brothers: Dreams Deferred||p. 198|
|Shortchanged on the Labor Market||p. 198|
|Sold on School||p. 213|
|Aspiration and Outcome: What Went Wrong?||p. 219|
|Groping for the Good Life||p. 233|
|Conclusion: Outclassed and Outcast(E)||p. 241|
|Poverty: A Class Issue||p. 243|
|Racial Domination: Invidious but Invisible||p. 245|
|Race Versus Class: Can They Be Untangled?||p. 249|
|Structure Versus Agency: "No One to Blame but Me"||p. 252|
|What Is to Be Done?||p. 261|
|Class Dismissed||p. 267|
|Ain't no Makin' It? The Men at Midlife||p. 273|
|The Hallway Hangers: Weeble, Wobble, But We Don't Fall Down||p. 277|
|Frankie: Connected||p. 278|
|Jinx: Stuck Around||p. 292|
|Shorty: All Bull Work||p. 300|
|Steve: My Life Sucks||p. 311|
|Stoney: Saved by the Drum||p. 317|
|Chris: Back Down at the Bottom||p. 328|
|Slick: Head Up High||p. 335|
|The Brothers: Finally Finding a Foothold||p. 350|
|Mokey: Manager||p. 351|
|Super: Hustler||p. 360|
|Mike: Buyer and Broker||p. 370|
|Juan: Mechanic||p. 376|
|James: Programmer||p. 386|
|Derek: Trainer||p. 396|
|Reproduction, Redemption, and Respect||p. 407|
|So ... Have They Made It?||p. 412|
|Capital on the Labor Market||p. 418|
|The Path to Down and Out: Drugs, Alcohol, and Crime||p. 427|
|Race and Racism||p. 431|
|Family: Settling Down and Moving Out||p. 435|
|The Meaning of (Im)Mobility||p. 439|
|Class Consciousness?||p. 445|
|Seeking Redemption||p. 448|
|The Next Generation||p. 451|
|Afterword: Freddie's Final Say||p. 465|
|On the Making of Ain't No Makin' It||p. 467|
|Fieldwork: Doubts, Dilemmas, and Discoveries||p. 467|
|Second Harvest: Notes on the 1991 Field Experience||p. 488|
|Confessions: Clarendon Heights Revisited||p. 496|
|Biographical Sketches of the Hallway Hangers and the Brothers in 2006||p. 505|
|The Hallway Hangers||p. 505|
|The Brothers||p. 508|
|About the Book||p. 521|
|About the Authors||p. 523|
|Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.|