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This distinctive, class-tested primary source reader tells America's story through the words and other creative expressions of the ordinary and extraordinary Americans who shaped it. Now featuring the contributions of new co-author John M. Giggie, an award-winning teacher and scholar from the University of Alabama, America Firsthandoffers a remarkable range of first-person perspectives that bring the past vividly to life from an African American minister's message of racial liberation, to the prison notes of suffragists, to a writer's recollections of Sputnik. "Points of View" sections provide varied vantage points on important topics, and "Visual Portfolios" draw students into interpreting the visual record. This carefully crafted, ready-to-go collection saves instructors time and effort in finding consistently engaging and informative sources.
Anthony Marcus is an Associate Professor at John Jay College of Criminal Justice of the City University of New York. He has published widely on urban public policy, American legal history, African American history and culture, and economic and social development in America and abroad. His book, Where Have All the Homeless Gone: The Making and Unmaking of a Crisis looks at political discourses on poverty and public policy from the Great Depression to the Clinton era.
John M. Giggie is an Associate Professor of history at the University of Alabama. His published works include articles on nineteenth-century America, southern U.S. history, and U.S. religion, as well as his recently published books After Redemption: Jim Crow and the Transformation of African American Religion in the Delta, 1875–1915 and Faith in the Market: Religion and the Rise of Urban Commercial Culture. His current research projects include African American religion and the Civil War; early blues music; and religion and the civil rights movement.
David Burner, late professor of history at the State University of New York at Stony Brook, wrote two books on John F. Kennedy, as well as books on Herbert Hoover, the 1960s, the Democratic Party in the 1920s, and a number of textbooks.
Table of Contents
*New to this edition
Introduction: Using Sources to Study the Past
Part I. Indians and Europeans: New World Encounters
] Points of View: Contact and Conquest (1502–1521) ] 1. Hernando Cortés, Dispatches of the Conquest from the New World ] 2. A Nahua Account of the Conquest of Mexico
3. Bartolomé de Las Casas, Destruction of the Indies
4. John Smith, Description of Virginia 5. Father Paul Le Jeune, Encounter with the Indians *6. Adriaen van der Donck, Debating the Value of the American Colonies Visual Portfolio: New World Images
Part II. The Colonial Experience: A Rapidly Changing Society
*Points of View: Captured by Indians in Colonial America
7. Mary Rowlandson, Prisoner of War *8. Mary Jemison, Captivity in a Different Light 9. Pedro Naranjo and Josephe, Testimony of Pueblo Indians
10. Olaudah Equiano, The African Slave Trade 11. Gottlieb Mittelberger, On the Misfortune of Indentured Servants *12. Eliza Lucas Pinckney, Daughter, Wife, Mother, and Planter
13. Benjamin Franklin, Defending Colonial Activities before Parliament *Visual Portfolio: Mapmaking and Colonialism in the New World
Part III. Resistance and Revolution: Struggling for Liberty
] Points of View: The Boston Massacre (1770) ] 14. Thomas Preston, A British Officer’s Description ] 15. George Robert Twelves Hewes, John Tudor, and the Boston Gazette and Country Journal Colonial Accounts
Visual Portfolio: Patriot and Loyalist Propaganda
16. Joseph Plumb Martin, A Soldier’s View of the Revolutionary War 17. Boston King, Choosing Sides 18. Catherine Van Cortlandt, Secret Correspondence of a Loyalist Wife
19. Abigail Adams, Republican Motherhood
20. George Richards Minot, Shays’s Rebellion: Prelude to the Constitution
Part IV. Defining America: The Expanding Nation
] Points of View: Religion in the New Nation (1800–1830) ] 21. James McGready, The Great Revival of 1800 ] *22. Richard Allen, Early Steps toward Freedom
23. Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, Crossing the Continent *24. Thomas Swann Woodcock, The Erie Canal: Providing Passage for a Growing Nation 25. John Ross, The Trail of Tears 26. Priscilla Merriman Evans, Pulling a Handcart to the Mormon Zion 27. An Officer of the “Army of the West”, How the West Was Won 28. Guadalupe Vallejo et al., Life in California Before the Gold Discovery 29. Daguerreotype by Joseph B. Starkweather, Miners During the California Gold Rush
*Part V. Reimagining Family, Community, and Society: An Age of Reform
] *Pointsof View: The Prison Reform Movement in the Early Republic ] *30. Charles Dickens, Philadelphia and Its Solitary Prison ] *31. Frederick Marryat, A Different View of Solitary Confinement *32. Harriet Hanson Robinson, The Lowell Textile Workers 33. Harriet Jacobs, The Life of a Female Slave 34. Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Pioneering Women’s Rights *35. Charles Grandison Finney, Calling Out the Masses to God *36. Sylvester Graham, Crusading for Dietary Reform
*Part VI. The Growing Sectional Controversy: Slavery and Its Discontents
] Points of View: Nat Turner’s Rebellion (1831) ] 37. Nat Turner, A Slave Insurrection ] 38. William Lloyd Garrison, Who Is to Blame?
] *39. James Henry Hammond, Defending Slavery 40. Henry “Box” Brown, A Family Torn Apart by Slavery *41. Osborne P. Anderson, An African American at Harpers Ferry *42. Carl Schurz, Free Labor, Free Men *43. William H. Seward, Westward Expansion and American Slavery Visual Portfolio: Slavery and Freedom
Part VII. Civil War and Reconstruction: The Price of War
] *Points of View: The Gathering Storm (1860)
] *44. Robert Toombs, Immediate Secession ] *45. Alexander H. Stephens, A Course of Moderation ] 46. Ellen Leonard, Three Days of Terror: The New York City Draft Riots 47. Samuel and Rachel Cormany, The Battle of Gettysburg: On the Field and at Home 48. Letters from Black Union Soldiers, Fighting for the Union 49. Cornelia Hancock, Healing Wounds 50. Henry William Ravenel, A Slave Owner’s Journal at the End of the War 51. Photograph by George N. Barnard, Ruins in Charleston, South Carolina, 1865 or 1866 *Visual Portfolio: The Civil War Presidency through the Eyes of Political Cartoonists