1. New World Encounters.
Clash of Cultures: The Meaning of Murder in Early Maryland.
Native American Histories Before Conquest.
A World Transformed.
West Africa: Ancient and Complex Societies.
Europe on the Eve of Conquest.
Imagining a New World.
French Exploration and Settlement.
The English New World.
Rehearsal in Ireland for American Colonization.
An Unpromising Beginning: Mystery at Roanoke.
Conclusion: Propganda for Empire.
2. Conflicting Visions: England's Seventeenth-Century Colonies.
Profit and Piety: Competing Blueprints for English Settlement.
The Chesapeake: Dreams of Wealth.
Reforming England in America.
Diversity in the Middle Colonies.
Quakers in America.
Planting the Carolinas.
The Founding of Georgia.
Conclusion: Living with Diversity.
3. Putting Down Roots: Opportunity and Oppression in Colonial Society.
Families in an Atlantic Empire.
Sources of Stability: New England Colonies of the Seventeenth Century.
The Challenge of the Chesapeake Environment.
Race and Freedom in British America.
Rise of a Commercial Empire.
Colonial Factions Spark Revolt, 1676-1691.
Conclusion: Local Aspirations Within an Atlantic Empire.
4. Experience of Empire: Eighteenth-Century America
Constructing an Anglo-American Identity: The Journal of William Byrd.
Growth and Diversity.
Spanish Borderlands of the Eighteenth Century.
The Impact of European Ideas on American Culture.
Religious Revivals in Provincial Societies.
Clash of Political Cultures.
Century of Imperial War.
Conclusion: Rule Britannia?
We Americans: Learning to Live with Diversity in the Eighteenth Century: What Is an American?
5. The American Revolution: From Elite Protest to Popular Revolt, 1763-1783.
Rethinking the Meaning of Equality.
Structure of Colonial Society.
Eroding the Bonds of Empire.
Steps Toward Independence.
Fighting for Independence.
The Loyalist Dilemma.
Winning the Peace.
Conclusion: Preserving Independence.
6. The Republican Experiment.
A New Moral Order.
Defining Republican Culture.
Living in the Shadow of Revolution.
The States: Experiments in Republicanism.
Stumbling Toward a New National Government.
Strengthening Federal Authority.
“Have We Fought for This?”
Whose Constitution? Struggle for Ratification.
Conclusion: Success Depends on the People.
7. Democracy and Dissent: The Violence of Party Politics, 1788-1800.
Principle and Pragmatism: Establishing a New Government.
Conflicting Visions: Jefferson and Hamilton.
Hamilton's Plan for Prosperity and Security.
Charges of Treason: The Battle over Foreign Affairs.
Popular Political Culture.
The Adams Presidency.
The Peaceful Revolution: The Election of 1800.
Conclusion: Danger of Political Extremism.
We Americans: Counting the People: The Federal Census of 1790.
8. Republican Ascendancy: The Jeffersonian Vision.
Limits of Equality.
Regional Identities in a New Republic.
Jefferson as President.
The Strange War of 1812.
Conclusion: Republican Legacy.
9. Nation Building and Nationalism.
A Revolutionary War Hero Revisits America in 1824.
Expansion and Migration.
A Revolution in Transportation.
Emergence of a Market Economy.
The Politics of Nation Building after the War of 1812.
Conclusion: The End of the Era of Good Feeling.
10. The Triumph of White Men's Democracy.
Democratic Space: The New Hotels.
Democracy in Theory and Practice.
Jackson and the Politics of Democracy.
The Bank War and the Second Party System.
Heyday of the Second Party System.
Conclusion: Tocqueville's Wisdom.
11. Slaves and Masters.
Nat Turner's Rebellion: A Turning Point in the Slave South.
The Divided Society of the Old South.
The World of Southern Blacks.
White Society in the Antebellum South.
Slavery and the Southern Economy.
Conclusion: Worlds in Conflict.
We Americans: Harriet Jacobs and Maria Norcom: Women of Southern Households.
12. The Pursuit of Perfection.
Redeeming the Middle Class.
The Rise of Evangelicalism.
Domesticity and Changes in the American Family.
Reform Turns Radical.
Conclusion: Counterpoint on Reform.
13. An Age of Expansionism.
The Spirit of Young America.
Movement to the Far West.
Manifest Destiny and the Mexican-American War.
Conclusion: The Costs of Expansion.
We Americans: The Irish in Boston, 1845-1865.
14. The Sectional Crisis.
The Brooks-Sumner Brawl in Congress.
The Compromise of 1850.
Political Upheaval, 1852-1856.
The House Divided, 1857-1860.
Conclusion: Explaining the Crisis.
We Americans: Hispanic America After 1848: A Case Study in Majority Rule.
15. Secession and the Civil War.
The Emergence of Lincoln.
The Storm Gathers.
Adjusting to Total War.
Fight to the Finish.
Conclusion: An Organizational Revolution.
16. The Agony of Reconstruction.
Robert Smalls and Black Politicians During Reconstruction.
The President Versus Congress.
Reconstructing Southern Society.
Retreat from Reconstruction.
Reunion and the New South.
Conclusion: The “Unfinished Revolution.”
17. The West: Exploiting an Empire.
Lean Bear's Changing West.
Beyond the Frontier.
Crushing the Native Americans.
Settlement of the West.
The Bonanza West.
Conclusion: The Meaning of the West.
18. The Industrial Society.
A Machine Culture.
An Empire on Rails.
An Industrial Empire.
The Wage Earners.
Conclusion: Industrializations Benefits and Costs.
19. Toward an Urban Society, 1877-1900.
The Overcrowded City.
The Lure of the City.
Social and Cultural Change, 1877-1900.
The Stirrings of Reform.
Conclusion: A Pluralistic Society.
We Americans: Ellis Island: Isle of Hope, Isle of Tears.
20. Political Realignments in the 1890s.
Hardship and Heartache.
Politics of Stalemate.
Republicans in Power: The Billion-Dollar Congress.
The Rise of the Populist Movement.
The Crisis of the Depression.
The Presidential Election of 1896.
The McKinley Administration.
Conclusion: A Decade's Dramatic Changes.
21. Toward Empire.
Roosevelt and the Rough Riders.
America Looks Outward.
War with Spain.
Acquisition of Empire.
Conclusion: Outcome of the War with Spain.
22. The Progressive Era.
Muckrakers' Call for Reform.
The Changing Face of Industrialism.
Conflict in the Workplace.
A New Urban Culture.
Conclusion: A Ferment of Discovery and Reform.
23. From Roosevelt to Wilson in the Age of Progressivism.
The Republicans' Split.
The Spirit of Progressivism.
Reform in the Cities and States.
The Republican Roosevelt.
Roosevelt Progressivism at Its Height.
The Ordeal of William Howard Taft.
Woodrow Wilson's New Freedom.
Conclusion: The Fruits of Progressivism.
24. The Nation at War.
The Sinking of the Lusitania.
A New World Power.
Foreign Policy Under Wilson.
The Treaty of Versailles.
Conclusion: Post-War Disillusionment.
25. Transition to Modern America.
Wheels for the Millions.
The Second Industrial Revolution.
City Life in the Jazz Age.
The Rural Counterattack.
Politics of the 1920s.
Conclusion: The Old and the New.
26. Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal.
The Struggle Against Despair.
The Great Crash.
Fighting the Depression.
Roosevelt and Reform.
Impact of the New Deal.
End of the New Deal.
Conclusion: Evaluation of the New Deal.
27. America and the World, 1921-1945.
A Pact Without Power.
Retreat, Reversal, and Rivalry.
The Road to War.
Turning the Tide Against the Axis.
The Home Front.
Conclusion: The Transforming Power of War.
28. The Onset of the Cold War.
The Potsdam Summit.
The Cold War Begins.
The Cold War Expands.
The Cold War at Home.
Eisenhower Wages the Cold War.
Conclusion: The Continuing Cold War.
29. Affluence and Anxiety.
Levittown: The Flight to the Suburbs.
The Postwar Boom.
The Good Life?
Farewell to Reform.
The Struggle over Civil Rights.
Conclusion: Restoring National Confidence.
30. The Turbulent Sixties.
Kennedy versus Nixon: The First Televised Presidential Candidate Debate.
Kennedy Intensifies the Cold War.
The New Frontier at Home.
“Let Us Continue.”
Johnson Escalates the Vietnam War.
Years of Turmoil.
The Return of Richard Nixon.
Conclusion: The End of an Era.
We Americans: Unintended Consequences: The Second Great Migration.
31. A New Conservatism, 1969–1988
Reagan and America’s Shift to the Right
The Tempting of Richard Nixon
The Economy of Stagflation
Private Lives, Public Issues
Politics and Diplomacy after Watergate
The Reagan Revolution
Reagan and the World
Conclusion: Challenging the New Deal
The Christian Right
Roe v. Wade:The Struggle over Women’s Reproductive Rights
32. To the Twenty-first Century, 1989–2009.
To the Twenty-first Century, 1989–2006
This Will Not Stand”
The First President Bush
The Changing Faces of America
The New Democrats
Clinton and the World
Challenges of the New Century
Conclusion: The Paradox of Power
The Dot.com Boom, Bust, and Echo
The Declaration of Independence
The Articles of Confederation
The Constitution of the United States of America
Amendments to the Constitution