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American Constitutional Law,9780534545703

American Constitutional Law

by
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780534545703

ISBN10:
053454570X
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/1/2002
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing
List Price: $166.66

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Summary

More than a casebook, this comprehensive text contains thirteen chapters that cover the entire range of topics in constitutional law. Each of the chapters includes an extended essay providing the legal, historical, political, and cultural contexts for the set of edited decisions from the United States Supreme Court that follows. In selecting, editing, and updating the materials, the authors emphasize recent trends in major areas of constitutional interpretation. At the same time, the authors include many landmark decisions, some of which retain importance as precedents while others illustrate the transient nature of constitutional interpretation. Because the book provides a good balance of decisions and authorial commentary, this text appeals to instructors of law as well as instructors of political science.

Author Biography

Otis H. Stephens, Jr., is Alumni Distinguished Service Professor of Political Science and Resident Scholar of Constitutional Law in the College of Law at the University of Tennessee John M. Scheb II is Professor of Political Science at the University of Tennessee

Table of Contents

Preface xi
Introduction 1(1)
What is Constitutional Law?
2(1)
The Adoption and Ratification of the Constitution
2(5)
The Underlying Principles of the Constitution
7(4)
The Living Constitution
11(2)
Key Terms
13(1)
For Further Reading
14(1)
PART 1 SOURCES OF POWER AND RESTRAINT 15(316)
The Supreme Court in the Constitutional System
16(65)
Introduction
17(1)
The Courts: Crucibles of Constitutional Law
17(4)
Crossing the Threshold: Access to Judicial Review
21(6)
The Supreme Court's Decision Making Process
27(5)
The Development of Judicial Review
32(10)
The Art of Constitutional Interpretation
42(2)
Judicial Activism and Restraint
44(6)
External Constraints on Judicial Power
50(8)
Explaining the Court's Behavior
58(2)
Conclusion
60(1)
Key Terms
61(1)
For Further Reading
62(1)
Internet Resources
63(2)
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
65(2)
Eakin v. Raub (Gibson, J., dissenting) (1825)
67(2)
Scott v. Sandford (1857)
69(3)
Ex parte McCardle (1869)
72(2)
Cooper v. Aaron (1958)
74(2)
Baker v. Carr (1962)
76(2)
Raines v. Byrd (1997)
78(3)
Congress and the Development of National Power
81(82)
Introduction
82(1)
Structural Aspects of Congress
82(3)
Constitutional Sources of Congressional Power
85(4)
The Power to Investigate
89(3)
Regulation of Interstate Commerce
92(10)
Taxing and Spending Powers
102(5)
Congressional Enforcement of Civil Rights and Liberties
107(3)
Conclusion
110(1)
Key Terms
111(1)
For Further Reading
111(1)
Internet Resources
111(1)
U.S. Term Limits, Inc. v. Thornton (1995)
112(3)
M'Culloch V. Maryland (1819)
115(3)
Watkins v. United States (1957)
118(4)
Barenblatt v. United States (1959)
122(1)
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
123(4)
Hammer v. Dagenhart (1918)
127(2)
Carter v. Carter Coal Company (1936)
129(2)
National Labor Relations Board v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corporation (1937)
131(4)
United States v. Darby (1941)
135(3)
Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States (1964)
138(2)
Katzenbach v. McClung (1964)
140(1)
United States v. Lopez (1995)
141(3)
United States v. Morrison (2000)
144(3)
United States v. Butler (1936)
147(4)
Steward Machine Company v. Davis (1937)
151(3)
South Dakota v. Dole (1987)
154(3)
South Carolina v. Katzenbach (1966)
157(2)
City of Boerne v. Flores (1997)
159(4)
Constitutional Underpinnings of the Presidency
163(57)
Introduction
164(1)
Structural Aspects of the Presidency
164(5)
Theories of Presidential Power
169(3)
The Veto Power
172(2)
The Power of Impoundment
174(1)
Appointment and Removal Powers
175(3)
The Power to Grant Pardons
178(1)
Executive Privilege
179(2)
Presidential Immunity
181(1)
Foreign Policy and International Relations
182(4)
War Powers
186(5)
Conclusion
191(1)
Key Terms
192(1)
For Further Reading
192(1)
Internet Resources
192(1)
Youngstown Sheet & Tube Company v. Sawyer (1952)
193(5)
Clinton v. City of New York (1998)
198(2)
United States v. Nixon (1974)
200(2)
Clinton v. Jones (1997)
202(6)
United States v. Curtiss-Wright Export Corporation (1936)
208(3)
Dames & Moore v. Regan (1981)
211(3)
The Prize Cases (1863)
214(2)
Korematsu v. United States (1944)
216(4)
The Constitution and the Modern Administrative State
220(44)
Introduction
221(1)
The Delegation of Legislative Power
222(7)
Congressional Control of Administrative Actions
229(2)
Judicial Oversight of the Bureaucracy
231(3)
Agency Actions and Other Individual Rights
234(3)
Conclusion
237(1)
Key Terms
237(1)
For Further Reading
237(1)
Internet Resources
238(1)
J.W. Hampton & Company v. United States (1928)
238(1)
Schechter Poultry Corporation v. United States (1935)
239(4)
Mistretta v. United States (1989)
243(3)
Whitman v. American Trucking Associations (2001)
246(2)
Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Chadha (1983)
248(6)
Goldberg v. Kelly (1970)
254(3)
Mathews v. Eldridge (1976)
257(3)
Dow Chemical Company v. United States (1986)
260(4)
The Dynamics of the Federal System
264(67)
Introduction
265(1)
Development of the Federal System
265(5)
National Preemption of State Law
270(2)
Resurgence of the Tenth and Eleventh Amendments
272(3)
Judicial Federalism
275(1)
The Scope of State Power to Regulate Commerce
276(8)
State Taxing Power
284(5)
Interstate Relations
289(5)
Conclusion
294(1)
Key Terms
295(1)
For Further Reading
295(1)
Internet Resources
296(1)
Chisholm v. Georgia (1793)
296(2)
National League of Cities v. Usery (1976)
298(3)
Garcia v. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority (1985)
301(4)
Printz v. United States (1997)
305(5)
Alden v. Maine (1999)
310(7)
Cooley v. Board of Port Wardens (1852)
317(2)
South Carolina Highway Department v. Barnwell Brothers (1938)
319(2)
Southern Pacific Railroad Company v. Arizona (1945)
321(4)
Philadelphia v. New Jersey (1978)
325(2)
Oregon Waste Systems v. Department of Environmental Quality (1994)
327(4)
PART 2 CIVIL RIGHTS AND LIBERTIES 331(1)
Constitutional Sources of Civil Rights and Liberties
332(43)
Introduction
333(1)
Rights Recognized in the Original Constitution
333(4)
The Bill of Rights
337(6)
The Fourteenth Amendment
343(6)
Amendments Protecting Voting Rights
349(2)
Standards of Review in Civil Rights and Liberties Cases
351(2)
The Importance of State Constitutions
353(1)
Conclusion
353(1)
Key Terms
354(1)
For Further Reading
354(1)
Internet Resources
355(1)
Carmell v. Texas (2000)
355(1)
DeShaney v. Winnebago Social Services (1989)
356(2)
Barron v. Baltimore (1833)
358(2)
Hurtado v. California (1884)
360(2)
Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy Railroad Company v. Chicago (1897)
362(1)
Palko v. Connecticut (1937)
363(2)
Adamson v. California (1947)
365(4)
Rochin v. California (1952)
369(2)
Duncan v. Louisiana (1968)
371(4)
Property Rights and Economic Freedom
375(52)
Introduction
376(2)
The Contracts Clause
378(3)
The Rise and Fall of Economic Due Process
381(9)
Equal Protection and Economic Regulation
390(1)
Property Rights and the ``Takings'' Issue
391(3)
Conclusion
394(1)
Key Terms
395(1)
For Further Reading
396(1)
Internet Resources
396(1)
Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819)
397(2)
Charles River Bridge Company v. Warren Bridge Company (1837)
399(2)
Home Building and Loan Association v. Blaisdell (1934)
401(3)
The Slaughterhouse Cases (1873)
404(4)
Lochner v. New York (1905)
408(4)
Adkins v. Children's Hospital (1923)
412(4)
West Coast Hotel Company v. Parrish (1937)
416(3)
Ferguson v. Skrupa (1963)
419(2)
Hawaii Housing Authority v. Midkiff (1984)
421(1)
Dolan v. City of Tigard (1994)
421(6)
Expressive Freedom and the First Amendment
427(82)
Introduction
428(1)
Interpretive Foundations of Expressive Freedom
428(2)
The Prohibition of Prior Restraint
430(2)
The Clear and Present Danger Doctrine
432(5)
Fighting Words, Hate Speech, and Profanity
437(3)
Symbolic Speech and Expressive Conduct
440(3)
Defamation
443(3)
The Intractable Obscenity Problem
446(2)
Expressive Activities in the Public Forum
448(5)
Electronic Media and the First Amendment
453(2)
Commercial Speech
455(3)
Rights of Public Employees and Beneficiaries
458(2)
Freedom of Association
460(2)
Conclusion
462(1)
Key Terms
463(1)
For Further Reading
463(1)
Internet Resources
463(1)
Near v. Minnesota (1931)
464(2)
New York Times Company v. United States (1971)
466(5)
Schenck v. United States (1919)
471(1)
Brandenburg v. Ohio (1969)
472(1)
Cohen v. California (1971)
473(3)
Texas v. Johnson (1989)
476(4)
Barnes v. Glen Theatre, Inc. (1991)
480(3)
New York Times Company v. Sullivan (1964)
483(3)
Miller v. California (1973)
486(2)
Federal Communications Commission v. Pacifica Foundation (1978)
488(3)
Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union (1997)
491(3)
Edwards v. South Carolina (1963)
494(2)
Adderley v. Florida (1966)
496(3)
Lorillard Tobacco Company v. Reilly (2001)
499(2)
National Endowment for the Arts v. Finley (1998)
501(3)
Boy Scouts of America v. Dale (2000)
504(5)
Religious Liberty and Church-State Relations
509(63)
Introduction
510(2)
Religious Belief and the Right to Proselytize
512(1)
Unconventional Religious Practices
513(4)
Patriotic Rituals and Civic Duties
517(1)
Freedom of Religion versus Parens Patriae
518(1)
The Wall of Separation
519(2)
Religion and Public Education
521(6)
Governmental Affirmations of Religious Belief
527(2)
The Problem of Tax Exemptions
529(2)
Conclusion
531(1)
Key Terms
531(1)
For Further Reading
532(1)
Internet Resources
532(1)
West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette (1943)
533(2)
Wisconsin v. Yoder (1972)
535(4)
Employment Division v. Smith (1990)
539(4)
Church of the Lukumi Babalu Aye, Inc. v. City of Hialeah (1993)
543(3)
Everson v. Board of Education (1947)
546(2)
Abington School District v. Schempp (1963)
548(2)
Wallace v. Jaffree (1985)
550(3)
Santa Fe Independent School District v. Doe (2000)
553(4)
Edwards v. Aguillard (1987)
557(3)
Agostini v. Felton (1997)
560(3)
Marsh v. Chambers (1983)
563(2)
Lynch v. Donnelly (1984)
565(3)
Walz v. Tax Commission (1970)
568(4)
The Constitution and Criminal Justice
572(87)
Introduction
573(1)
Search and Seizure
573(8)
The Exclusionary Rule
581(3)
Arrest
584(2)
Police Interrogation and Confessions of Guilt
586(4)
The Right to Counsel
590(2)
Bail and Pretrial Detention
592(1)
Plea Bargaining
593(1)
Trial by Jury
594(4)
The Protection Against Double Jeopardy
598(2)
Incarceration and the Rights of Prisoners
600(2)
The Death Penalty
602(4)
Appeal and Postconviction Relief
606(3)
Juvenile Justice
609(1)
Conclusion
610(1)
Key Terms
611(1)
For Further Reading
612(1)
Internet Resources
612(1)
Olmstead v. United States (1928)
613(2)
Katz v. United States (1967)
615(2)
Kyllo v. United States (2001)
617(3)
Weeks v. United States (1914)
620(2)
Mapp v. Ohio (1961)
622(4)
United States v. Leon (1984)
626(4)
Miranda v. Arizona (1966)
630(4)
Dickerson v. United States (2000)
634(3)
Powell v. Alabama (1932)
637(3)
Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)
640(2)
Batson v. Kentucky (1986)
642(4)
Kansas v. Hendricks (1997)
646(4)
Furman v. Georgia (1972)
650(4)
Gregg v. Georgia (1976)
654(1)
Payne v. Tennessee (1991)
655(4)
Personal Autonomy and the Constitutional Right of Privacy
659(61)
Introduction
660(1)
Constitutional Foundations of the Right of Privacy
661(2)
Procreation and Birth Control
663(3)
The Abortion Controversy
666(8)
The Right of Privacy and Living Arrangements
674(1)
Privacy and Gay Rights
675(2)
Other Applications of the Right of Privacy
677(1)
A Right to Die?
677(3)
Conclusion
680(1)
Key Terms
681(1)
For Further Reading
681(1)
Internet Resources
681(1)
Jacobson v. Massachusetts (1905)
682(1)
Meyer v. Nebraska (1923)
683(1)
Buck v. Bell (1927)
684(1)
Griswold v. Connecticut (1965)
685(5)
Roe v. Wade (1973)
690(5)
Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey (1992)
695(7)
Stenberg v. Carhart (2000)
702(5)
Bowers v. Hardwick (1986)
707(4)
Powell v. State (1998)
711(3)
Washington v. Glucksberg (1997)
714(6)
Equal Protection and the Antidiscrimination Principle
720(78)
Introduction
721(1)
Levels of Judicial Scrutiny in Equal Protection Cases
722(2)
The Struggle for Racial Equity
724(7)
The Affirmative Action Controversy
731(6)
Gender-Based Discrimination
737(5)
Other Forms of Discrimination
742(8)
The Ongoing Problem of Private Discrimination
750(2)
Conclusion
752(1)
Key Terms
753(1)
For Further Reading
753(1)
Internet Resources
754(1)
The Civil Rights Cases (1883)
755(3)
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
758(3)
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka I (1954)
761(2)
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka II (1955)
763(1)
Loving v. Virginia (1967)
764(3)
Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education (1971)
767(2)
Missouri v. Jenkins (1995)
769(4)
Adarand Constructors, Inc. v. Pena (1995)
773(4)
Frontiero v. Richardson (1973)
777(4)
United States v. Virgina (1996)
781(2)
Board of Trustees of the University of Alabama v. Garrett (2001)
783(5)
Romer v. Evans (1996)
788(5)
Baker v. State of Vermont (1999)
793(5)
Elections, Representation, and Voting Rights
798(1)
Introduction
799(1)
Racial Discrimination in Voting Rights
800(8)
The Reapportionment Decisions
808(4)
Political Parties and Electoral Fairness
812(2)
The Problem of Campaign Finance
814(2)
Conclusion
816(1)
Key Terms
816(1)
For Further Reading
817(1)
Internet Resources
817(1)
Smith v. Allwright (1944)
818(2)
Gomillion v. Lightfoot (1960)
820(1)
Mobile v. Bolden (1980)
821(3)
Rogers v. Lodge (1982)
824(4)
Reynolds v. Sims (1964)
828(3)
Karcher v. Daggett (1983)
831(4)
Bush v. Gore (2000)
835
Appendix A The Constitution of the United States of America 1(1)
Appendix B Chronology of Justices of the United States Supreme Court 1(1)
Appendix C Supreme Court Justices by Appointing President, State Appointed From, and Political Party 1(1)
Appendix D Glossary 1(1)
Table of Cases 1(1)
Index 1


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