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American Constitutional Law : Introductory Essays and Selected Cases,9780130932938
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American Constitutional Law : Introductory Essays and Selected Cases

by ;
Edition:
13th
ISBN13:

9780130932938

ISBN10:
0130932930
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2002
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall

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Summary

This classic collection of carefully selected and edited Supreme Court case excerpts and comprehensive background essays explores constitutional law and the role of the Supreme Court in its development and interpretation. Well-grounded in both theory and politics, it displays the role of the U.S. Supreme Court as a legal AND political institution and as a major player in American government. Features 10 cases decided in 2000; several quick-reference charts, tables, graphs, and maps; and an easy-access section on "How to Read a Supreme Court Case." Introduction: A Political Supreme Court. Jurisdiction and Organization of the Federal Courts. The Constitution, the Supreme Court, and Judicial Congress, the Court, and the President. Federalism. The Electoral Process. The Commerce Clause. National Taxing and Spending Power. Property Rights and the Development of Due Process. Criminal Justice and the Nationalization of the Bill of Rights (drive for a Bill of Rights; nationalization of the Bill of Rights; the exclusionary rule; searches and seizures; right to counsel and self-incrimination; capital punishment). Freedom of Expression (internal security; protest and symbolic speech; freedom of association; print and electronic media). Religious Liberty. Privacy. Equal Protection of the Laws. For those interested in American Constitutional Law, Civil Rights and Civil Liberties, American Constitutional History or Development.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
Introduction A Political Supreme Court 1(1)
Constitutional Interpretation and Political Choice
2(1)
A Changing Judiciary
3(3)
Appointment Politics, 1968--1984
6(4)
Appointment Politics, 1984--1992
10(6)
The Clinton Years
16(4)
Key Terms
20(1)
Queries
20(1)
Selected Readings on Federal Judicial Appointments
21(1)
Selected Readings on the Supreme Court
21(2)
Selected Biographies
23(1)
Jurisdiction and Organization of the Federal Courts
24(17)
The Judicial Power
24(6)
Supreme Court Decision Making
30(4)
Source Materials
34(4)
Reading a Supreme Court Decision
38(1)
Key Terms
39(1)
Queries
39(1)
Selected Readings
40(1)
The Constitution, the Supreme Court, and Judicial Review
41(39)
Granting and Limiting Power
41(2)
The Doctrine of Judicial Review
43(4)
Finality of Supreme Court Decisions
47(2)
Approaches to Constitutional Interpretation
49(2)
Judging Self-Judged
51(2)
Judicial Review---A Distinctively American Contribution
53(1)
Key Terms
54(1)
Queries
54(1)
Selected Readings
54(2)
Unstaged Debate of 1788: Robert Yates v. Alexander Hamilton
56(4)
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
60(4)
Eakin v. Raub (1825)
64(3)
Scott v. Sandford (1857)
67(3)
Ex parte McCardle (1869)
70(1)
Baker v. Carr (1962)
71(1)
City of Boerne v. Flores (1997)
72(3)
Unstaged Debate on the Finality of Supreme Court Decisions: Andrew Jackson, Abraham Lincoln, and Arkansas v. The Supreme Court
75(2)
Unstaged Debate of 1986: Judge Bork v. Professor Tribe
77(3)
Congress, the Court, and the President
80(66)
Separation of Powers
80(2)
The Congress
82(3)
The President
85(4)
Foreign and Defense Policy
89(4)
Key Terms
93(1)
Queries
93(1)
Selected Readings
94(1)
Watkins v. United States (1957)
95(3)
Barenblatt v. United States (1959)
98(2)
Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Chadha (1983)
100(3)
Mistretta v. United States (1989)
103(4)
Ex parte Milligan (1866)
107(2)
Missouri v. Holland (1920)
109(2)
United States v. Curtiss-Wright Export Corp. (1936)
111(2)
Korematsu v. United States (1944)
113(4)
Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer (1952)
117(5)
United States v. United States District Court (1972)
122(3)
United States v. Nixon (1974)
125(3)
Nixon v. Fitzgerald (1982)
128(3)
Morrison v. Olson (1988)
131(3)
War Powers Resolution (1973)
134(2)
Clinton v. Jones (1977)
136(4)
Clinton v. City of New York (1998)
140(6)
Federalism
146(50)
Sources of Contention
147(1)
Nature of National Authority
148(3)
Concepts of Federalism
151(4)
The Return of Dual Federalism
155(5)
Key Terms
160(1)
Queries
160(1)
Selected Readings
160(2)
Chisholm v. Georgia (1793)
162(2)
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
164(6)
Cobens v. Virginia (1821)
170(5)
Texas v. White (1869)
175(2)
Garcia v. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority (1985)
177(4)
U.S. Term Limits, Inc. v. Thornton (1995)
181(5)
United States v. Morrison (2000)
186(5)
Kimel v. Florida Board of Regents (2000)
191(5)
The Electoral Process
196(52)
Voting
197(3)
Representation
200(2)
Party Politics and Campaigns
202(4)
Key Terms
206(1)
Queries
206(1)
Selected Readings
207(1)
Baker v. Carr (1962)
208(3)
Reynolds v. Sims (1964)
211(5)
Davis v. Bandemer (1986)
216(4)
Shaw v. Reno (1993)
220(6)
Miller v. Johnson (1995)
226(3)
California Democratic Party v. Jones (2000)
229(5)
Buckley v. Valeo (1976)
234(5)
Rutan v. Republican Party of Illinois (1990)
239(5)
Bush v. Gore (2000)
244(4)
The Commerce Clause
248(61)
Views of the Framers
249(1)
The Marshall Doctrine
250(2)
The Doctrine of the Taney Court
252(1)
States and the Commerce Clause Today
253(3)
Beginnings of National Action Under the Commerce Clause
256(3)
Constitutional Crisis
259(5)
The Commerce Power Reborn
264(2)
A Return to Limitations
266(1)
Key Terms
267(1)
Queries
267(1)
Selected Readings
268(1)
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
269(5)
Cooley v. Board of Wardens (1851)
274(2)
Southern Pacific Co. v. Arizona (1945)
276(3)
Philadelphia v. New Jersey (1978)
279(3)
Reeves, Inc. v. Stake (1980)
282(4)
United States v. E. C. Knight Co. (1895)
286(2)
Champion v. Ames (1903)
288(2)
Hammer v. Dagenhart (1918)
290(2)
Stafford v. Wallace (1922)
292(2)
Carter v. Carter Coal Co. (1936)
294(4)
National Labor Relations Board v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corporation (1937)
298(3)
Wickard v. Filburn (1942)
301(2)
Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States; Katzenbach v. McClung (1964)
303(1)
United States v. Lopez (1995)
304(4)
United States v. Morrison (2000)
308(1)
National Taxing and Spending Power
309(26)
Direct and Indirect Taxes
310(1)
Regulation Through Taxation
311(3)
Regulation Through Spending
314(1)
Key Terms
315(1)
Queries
315(1)
Selected Readings
315(2)
Hylton v. United States (1796)
317(1)
Pollock v. Farmers' Loan & Trust Company (1895)
318(4)
McCray v. United States (1904)
322(1)
United States v. Butler (1936)
323(3)
South Dakota v. Dole (1987)
326(3)
National Endowment for the Arts v. Finley (1998)
329(6)
Property Rights and the Development of Due Process
335(61)
The Doctrine of Vested Rights
336(1)
The Expansion of the Contract Clause
337(2)
The Twilight of the Contract Clause
339(1)
Origins of Due Process
340(1)
Judicial Restraint and the Fourteenth Amendment
341(2)
Judicial Activism and the Fourteenth Amendment
343(4)
Search for a Role: Footnote Four
347(1)
Takings, Land Use, and the Fifth Amendment
348(1)
``New Property'' and Due Process of Law
349(3)
Key Terms
352(1)
Queries
352(1)
Selected Readings
353(1)
Calder v. Bull (1798)
354(2)
Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819)
356(3)
Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge (1837)
359(3)
Home Building & Loan Association v. Blaisdell (1934)
362(4)
Slaughterhouse Cases (1873)
366(5)
Munn v. Illinois (1877)
371(4)
Unstaged Debate of 1893: Justice Brewer v. Professor Thayer
375(3)
Lochner v. New York (1905)
378(3)
Nebbia v. New York (1934)
381(2)
West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish (1937)
383(3)
Ferguson v. Skrupa (1963)
386(1)
Nollan v. California Coastal Commission (1987)
387(3)
Saenz v. Roe (1999)
390(6)
Criminal Justice and the Nationalization of the Bill of Rights
396(89)
The Bill of Rights
397(1)
Incorporation: Applying the Bill of Rights to the States
398(2)
The (Old) Double Standard
400(3)
Fourth Amendment Issues
403(9)
Fifth and Sixth Amendment Issues
412(3)
Eighth Amendment Issues
415(4)
The New Judicial Federalism: A New Double Standard
419(1)
Key Terms
419(1)
Queries
420(1)
Selected Readings
420(1)
Drive for a Bill of Rights
421(3)
Jefferson-Madison Correspondence, 1787--1789
421(3)
Nationalization of the Bill of Rights
424(6)
Palko v. Connecticut (1937)
424(1)
Adamson v. California (1947)
425(3)
Duncan v. Louisiana (1968)
428(2)
The Exclusionary Rule
430(6)
Mapp v. Ohio (1961)
430(2)
United States v. Leon (1984)
432(4)
Searches and Seizures
436(27)
Olmstead v. United States (1928)
436(3)
Katz v. United States (1967)
439(3)
United States v. United States District Court (1972)
442(1)
Terry v. Ohio (1968)
442(3)
Chimel v. California (1969)
445(2)
United States v. Robinson (1973)
447(2)
Arkansas v. Sanders (1979)
449(2)
California v. Acevedo (1991)
451(4)
Skinner v. Railway Labor Executives' Association (1989)
455(5)
Minnesota v. Carter (1998)
460(3)
Right to Counsel and Self-Incrimination
463(13)
Powell v. Alabama (1932)
463(2)
Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)
465(2)
Miranda v. Arizona (1966)
467(4)
Dickerson v. United States (2000)
471(5)
Capital Punishment
476(9)
Gregg v. Georgia (1976)
476(4)
McCleskey v. Kemp (1987)
480(5)
Freedom of Expression
485(60)
Tests of Freedom
485(2)
Internal Security
487(3)
Speech and Assembly: The Right to Protest
490(4)
Freedom of Association
494(1)
Print and Electronic Media
495(5)
Are There Preferred Freedoms?
500(1)
Key Terms
501(1)
Queries
501(1)
Selected Readings
501(2)
Internal Security
503(9)
Schenck v. United States (1919)
503(1)
Gitlow v. New York (1925)
504(2)
Whitney v. California (1927)
506(2)
Dennis v. United States (1951)
508(4)
Protest and Symbolic Speech
512(15)
Brandenburg v. Ohio (1969)
512(2)
United States v. O'Brien (1968)
514(3)
Texas v. Johnson (1989)
517(5)
R.A.V. v. City of St. Paul (1992)
522(3)
Wisconsin v. Mitchell (1993)
525(2)
Freedom of Association
527(4)
Boy Scouts of America and Monmouth Council v. Dale (2000)
527(4)
Print and Electronic Media
531(14)
New York Times Company v. Sullivan (1964)
531(3)
New York Times Company v. United States (1971)
534(4)
Miller v. California (1973)
538(3)
Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union (1997)
541(4)
Religious Liberty
545(47)
Competing Visions
545(2)
The Establishment Clause
547(5)
The Free Exercise Clause
552(3)
The Free Exercise and Establishment Clauses in Tension
555(1)
Key Terms
556(1)
Queries
556(1)
Selected Readings
557(1)
The Flag-Salute Cases
558(8)
Minersville School District v. Gobitis (1940)
558(4)
Justice Frankfurter to Justice Stone, May 27, 1940: A Qualified Plea for Judicial Self-Restraint
562(2)
West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette (1943)
564(2)
Sherbert v. Verner (1963)
566(2)
School District of Abington Township v. Schempp (1963)
568(4)
Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971)
572(4)
Employment Division v. Smith (1990)
576(4)
City of Boerne v. Flores (1997)
580(1)
Agostini v. Felton (1997)
581(5)
Santa Fe Independent School District v. Doe (2000)
586(6)
Privacy
592(40)
Dimensions of Privacy
592(1)
Private Law and Public Law Beginnings
593(2)
Constitutional Penumbras
595(1)
Abortion
596(4)
A Developing Concept
600(3)
Key Terms
603(1)
Queries
603(1)
Selected Readings
603(2)
Griswold v. Connecticut (1965)
605(3)
Roe v. Wade (1973)
608(5)
Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey (1992)
613(6)
Stenberg v. Carbart (2000)
619(5)
Bowers v. Hardwick (1986)
624(4)
Washington v. Glucksberg (1997)
628(4)
Equal Protection of the Laws
632(62)
``Separate but Equal,''
633(5)
Gender and the ``New'' Equal Protection
638(3)
State Action and Congressional Protection of Civil Rights
641(3)
Affirmative Action
644(3)
Key Terms
647(1)
Queries
648(1)
Selected Readings
648(1)
Civil Rights Cases (1883)
649(3)
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
652(2)
Korematsu v. United States (1944)
654(1)
Brown v. Board of Education (First Case) (1954)
654(2)
Bolling v. Sharpe (1954)
656(1)
Brown v. Board of Education (Second Case) (1955)
657(1)
Milliken v. Bradley (1974)
658(2)
Shapiro v. Thompson (1969)
660(3)
Moose Lodge v. Irvis (1972)
663(2)
San Antonio Independent School District v. Rodriguez (1973)
665(4)
Cleburne v. Cleburne Living Center (1985)
669(3)
Frontiero v. Richardson (1973)
672(2)
Craig v. Boren (1976)
674(2)
Mississippi University for Women v. Hogan (1982)
676(4)
Regents of the University of California v. Bakke (1978)
680(5)
Adarand Constructors, Inc. v. Pena (1995)
685(4)
Romer v. Evans (1996)
689(5)
Appendix 694(20)
The Constitution of the United States of America
694(11)
Table 1: Justices of the Supreme Court
705(3)
Table 2: Presidents and Justices
708(4)
The Declaration of Independence
712(2)
Index of Cases 714(9)
Index of Justices 723(2)
Subject Index 725


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