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American Government

by
Edition:
7th
ISBN13:

9780618427789

ISBN10:
0618427783
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
12/21/2004
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing
List Price: $146.33
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Summary

The brief edition maintains the framework of the complete text, emphasizing the historical development of the American political system, who governs, and to what end. Revisions include updated examples, tables, and figures; complete coverage through the 2004 Presidential election; and expanded discussion of domestic and foreign and defense policy in two new chapters--Chapter 12, Making Domestic Policy and Chapter 13, Making Foreign and Military Policy. Additional updates include discussions of current topics such as the U.S.A Patriot Act, recent Supreme Court decisions, and the Department of Homeland Security. An expanded discussion on education addresses how students may be influenced by interactions with campus organizations, political movements, and social contacts and how they may in turn affect public opinion. To augment the chapter summary and help students synthesize and think critically about what they learn, Revisiting the Enduring Questions appear at the end of each chapter as mini-essays and expand on the classic questions about democracy posed at the beginning of the chapter. In-text pedagogy includes key terms, end-of-chapter summaries, World Wide Web boxes, and suggested readings.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
About the Author xiii
What Should We Know About American Government?
1(8)
Enduring Questions
1(1)
The Meanings of Democracy
2(2)
Representative Democracy
4(1)
The Puzzles of American Government
5(2)
Reconsidering the Enduring Questions
7(1)
Suggested Readings
8(1)
The Constitution
9(24)
Enduring Questions
9(1)
The Problem of Liberty
9(1)
Human Nature
10(1)
The Real Revolution
11(1)
The Articles of Confederation
12(1)
The Constitutional Convention
12(1)
The Lessons of Experience
13(1)
The Framers
14(1)
The Challenge
15(1)
Large States Versus Small States
16(2)
The Compromise
18(1)
The Constitution and Democracy
18(2)
Two Key Principles: Separation of Powers and Federalism
20(1)
Government and Human Nature
20(2)
The Constitution and Liberty
22(3)
The Antifederalist View
22(2)
Need for a Bill of Rights
24(1)
The Constitution and Slavery
25(2)
Political Ideals or Economic Interests?
27(1)
Liberty and Equality
28(1)
A Recipe for Moderation
28(2)
Summary
30(1)
Reconsidering the Enduring Questions
31(1)
World Wide Web: The Constitution
31(1)
Suggested Readings
32(1)
Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
33(35)
Enduring Questions
33(1)
Making Constitutional Rights Apply to the States
34(1)
Why Are Americans So Preoccupied with Rights?
35(2)
Freedom of Expression
37(4)
Church and State
41(5)
The Free-Exercise Clause
41(1)
The Establishment Clause
42(4)
Crime and Due Process
46(6)
The Exclusionary Rule
47(1)
Search and Seizure
47(2)
Confessions and Self-Incrimination
49(2)
Relaxing the Exclusionary Rule
51(1)
Terrorism and Civil Liberties
52(1)
Equal Protection of the Laws
53(13)
Race and ``Strict Scrutiny''
54(5)
Sex and ``Reasonable Classifications''
59(3)
Sexual Harrassment
62(1)
Privacy and Sex
63(3)
Summary
66(1)
Reconsidering the Enduring Questions
66(1)
World Wide Web: Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
67(1)
Suggested Readings
67(1)
Federalism
68(23)
Enduring Questions
68(1)
Governmental Structure
69(2)
Federalism: Good or Bad?
71(1)
Increased Political Activity
71(1)
The Founding
72(1)
A Bold New Plan
72(1)
Elastic Language
72(1)
The History of Federalism
73(3)
The Supreme Court Speaks
73(1)
Nullification and War
74(1)
Dual Federalism
75(1)
The States Get Some Authority Back
75(1)
The Division of Powers: Federal and State
76(1)
Fiscal Federalism
77(6)
Rise of Federal Activism
80(2)
The Intergovernmental Lobby
82(1)
Categorical Grants Versus Block Grants
82(1)
Devolution
83(1)
Federal Aid and Federal Control
83(3)
Rivalry Among the States
85(1)
Federalism and Public Policy
86(1)
Evaluating Federalism
87(1)
Summary
88(1)
Reconsidering the Enduring Questions
89(1)
World Wide Web: Federalism
90(1)
Suggested Readings
90(1)
Public Opinion and the Media
91(33)
Enduring Questions
91(2)
What Is Public Opinion?
93(1)
Why Do We Distrust the Federal Government?
94(2)
The Origins of Political Attitudes
96(7)
The Role of the Family
96(4)
Effects of Religion
100(1)
Education
100(2)
The Gender Gap
102(1)
Cleavages in Public Opinion
103(3)
Occupation
104(1)
Race
104(1)
Region
105(1)
Political Ideology
106(3)
Consistent Attitudes
106(1)
Activists
107(1)
Various Categories of Opinion
108(1)
Analyzing Consistency
108(1)
The Impact of the Media
109(1)
The Structure of the Media
110(2)
Degree of Competition
110(1)
The National Media
111(1)
Rules Governing the Media
112(2)
Freedom of the Press
112(1)
Regulation and Deregulation
112(2)
Government and the News
114(1)
Prominence of the President
114(1)
Coverage of Congress
114(1)
Interpreting Political News
115(1)
Are News Stories Slanted?
116(5)
News Leaks
118(1)
The Influence of Media Opinions on Opinion and Politics
118(2)
The Influence of Politicians on the Media
120(1)
Summary
121(1)
Reconsidering the Enduring Questions
122(1)
World Wide Web: Public Opinion and the Media
122(1)
Suggested Readings
123(1)
Political Parties and Interest Groups
124(37)
Enduring Questions
124(1)
Parties---Here and Abroad
125(3)
Decentralization
125(1)
Political Culture
126(1)
The Rise and Decline of American Political Parties
126(2)
The National Party Structure Today
128(4)
National Conventions
130(2)
State and Local Parties
132(4)
The Machine
132(1)
Ideological Parties
133(1)
Solidary Groups
134(1)
Sponsored Parties
135(1)
Personal Followings
135(1)
The Two-Party System
136(3)
The Two-Party System and Electoral Laws
136(2)
The Two-Party System and Public Opinion
138(1)
Nominating a President
139(3)
Are the Delegates Representative of the Voters?
139(2)
Who Votes in Primaries and Caucuses?
141(1)
Who Are the New Delegates?
141(1)
Do the Parties Differ?
142(1)
Interest Groups
143(2)
The Proliferation of Interest Groups
143(1)
The Birth of Interest Groups
144(1)
Kinds of Organizations
145(3)
Institutional Interests
145(1)
Membership Interests
146(2)
The Influence of the Staff
148(1)
Funds for Interest Groups
148(1)
Foundation Grants
148(1)
Federal Grants and Contracts
148(1)
Direct Mail
149(1)
The Problem of Bias
149(1)
The Activities of Interest Groups
150(6)
Information
150(1)
Public Support: The Rise of the New Politics
151(1)
Money and PACs
151(3)
The ``Revolving Door''
154(1)
Demonstrations
155(1)
Regulating Interest Groups
156(1)
Summary
157(1)
Reconsidering the Enduring Questions
158(1)
World Wide Web: Political Parties and Interest Groups
159(1)
Suggested Readings
159(2)
Campaigns and Elections
161(38)
Enduring Questions
161(1)
Political Participation
162(1)
Forms of Participation
162(1)
Why People Participate
162(1)
Who Participates?
163(1)
Historical Voting Patterns
163(3)
The Rise of the American Electorate
164(1)
Voting Turnout
165(1)
Explaining---and Improving---Turnout
166(2)
Political Campaigns
168(6)
Assembling a Staff
169(2)
Strategy
171(2)
Using Television
173(1)
The Effects of Campaigns
174(4)
Single-Issue Groups
177(1)
How to Win the Election
178(4)
Election Outcomes
182(5)
Party Realignments
182(2)
Party Decline
184(1)
A Winning Coalition
184(3)
Modern Technology and Political Campaigns
187(2)
Television, Radio, and Newspapers
187(1)
Computers and Direct Mail
188(1)
Are Today's Voters ``Manipulated''?
188(1)
Elections and Money
189(6)
Impact of Money
189(1)
Where Does the Money Come From?
190(5)
The Effects of Elections on Policy
195(2)
Summary
197(1)
Reconsidering the Enduring Questions
197(1)
World Wide Web: Campaigns and Elections
198(1)
Suggested Readings
198(1)
Congress
199(38)
Enduring Questions
199(2)
The Evolution of Congress
201(1)
Who Is in Congress?
202(3)
Years of Service
204(1)
Party
205(1)
Getting Elected to Congress
205(1)
The Organization of Congress: Parties and Interests
206(6)
Party Organizations
206(3)
Party Voting
209(2)
Caucuses
211(1)
The Organization of Congress: Committees
212(3)
The Organization of Congress: Staffs and Specialized Offices
215(2)
Tasks of Staff Members
216(1)
Staff Agencies
217(1)
How a Bill Becomes a Law
217(6)
Introducing a Bill
218(1)
Study by Committees
219(2)
Floor Debate
221(1)
Methods of Voting
222(1)
How Members of Congress Vote
223(3)
Representational View
224(1)
Organizational View
225(1)
Attitudinal View
225(1)
A Polarized Congress in an Unpolarized Nation
226(1)
What It All Means
227(2)
Ethics and Congress
229(2)
The Power of Congress
231(3)
Summary
234(1)
Reconsidering the Enduring Questions
234(1)
World Wide Web: Congress
235(1)
Suggested Readings
235(2)
The Presidency
237(35)
Enduring Questions
237(2)
The Powers of the President
239(5)
Powers of the President Alone
239(1)
Powers of the President Shared with the Senate
239(1)
Powers of the President Shared with Congress as a Whole
239(1)
The Evolution of the Presidency
240(3)
Establishing the Legitimacy of the Presidency
243(1)
The Jacksonians and the Reemergence of Congress
243(1)
The Modern Presidency
244(3)
The White House Office
244(1)
Executive Office of the President
245(1)
The Cabinet
246(1)
Independent Agencies, Commissions, and Judgeships
247(1)
Who Gets Appointed
247(6)
Popularity and Influence
249(1)
The Decline in Popularity
250(3)
Presidential Character
253(2)
The Power to Say No
255(2)
Veto
255(1)
Executive Privilege
256(1)
Impoundment of Funds
256(1)
The President's Program
257(1)
Putting Together a Program
257(1)
Measuring Success
258(1)
Presidential Transitions
258(3)
The Vice President
259(1)
Problems of Succession
259(1)
Impeachment
260(1)
The President and Public Policy
261(8)
The President and Foreign Affairs
261(4)
The President and Economic Policy
265(4)
Summary
269(1)
Reconsidering the Enduring Questions
269(1)
World Wide Web: The Presidency
270(1)
Suggested Readings
270(2)
The Bureaucracy
272(25)
Enduring Questions
272(2)
Distinctiveness of the American Bureaucracy
274(1)
The Growth of the Bureaucracy
274(4)
Bureaucracy Before the New Deal Era
275(1)
A Change in Role
276(2)
The Federal Bureaucracy Today
278(10)
Recruitment and Retention
280(3)
Personal Attributes
283(2)
Roles and Mission
285(1)
Outside Forces
286(2)
Congressional Oversight
288(3)
The Appropriations Committee and Legislative Committees
290(1)
The Legislative Veto
290(1)
Congressional Investigations
290(1)
Bureaucratic ``Pathologies''
291(2)
Reinventing Government
293(1)
Summary
294(1)
Reconsidering the Enduring Questions
295(1)
World Wide Web: The Bureaucracy
295(1)
Suggested Readings
296(1)
The Judiciary
297(29)
Enduring Questions
297(2)
The Development of the Federal Courts
299(4)
National Supremacy and Slavery
299(3)
Government and the Economy
302(1)
The Protection of Political Liberty and Economic Regulation
303(1)
The Structure of the Federal Courts
303(3)
The Jurisdiction of the Federal Courts
306(4)
Getting to Court
310(4)
Fee Shifting
310(1)
Standing
311(1)
Class-Action Suits
312(2)
The Supreme Court in Action
314(2)
The Power of the Courts
316(5)
The Power to Make Policy
317(1)
Views of Judicial Activism
318(1)
The Causes of Activism
319(2)
Checks on Judicial Power
321(3)
Congress and the Courts
321(2)
Public Opinion and the Courts
323(1)
Summary
324(1)
Reconsidering the Enduring Questions
324(1)
World Wide Web: The Judiciary
325(1)
Suggested Readings
325(1)
Making Domestic Policy
326(21)
Enduring Questions
326(1)
The Economy
327(4)
The Tools of Economic Policy
328(1)
What Economic Numbers Hurt the President?
328(1)
The Federal Reserve Board
329(2)
Fiscal Policy
331(1)
Taxes
331(2)
Spending
333(2)
Subsidies
335(1)
Regulations
335(3)
Making Policy Decisions
338(6)
Majoritarian Politics
339(1)
Client Politics
340(1)
Interest Group Politics
341(1)
Entrepreneurial Politics
342(2)
What These Political Differences Mean
344(1)
Summary
344(1)
Reconsidering the Enduring Questions
345(1)
World Wide Web: Making Domestic Policy
345(1)
Suggested Readings
345(2)
Making Foreign and Military Policy
347(13)
Enduring Questions
347(1)
Kinds of Foreign Policy
348(1)
The Constitutional Framework
348(1)
The New International World
349(1)
Three Major Problems
349(5)
Rebuilding Nations
350(1)
Foreign Policy and Terrorism
351(2)
Changing the Military
353(1)
The Politics of Foreign and Military Policy
354(4)
Summary
358(1)
Reconsidering the Enduring Questions
358(1)
World Wide Web: Making Foreign and Military Policy
359(1)
Suggested Readings
359(1)
American Government: Continuity and Change
360
Restraints on Growth
362(1)
Relaxing the Restraints
363(6)
The Old System
365(2)
The New System
367(2)
How the American System Affects Policymaking
369
Appendix
1(1)
The Declaration of Independence
1(3)
The Constitution of the United States
4(18)
The Federalist No. 10
22(6)
The Federalist No. 51
28(4)
Presidents and Congresses
32
References 1(1)
Glossary 1(1)
Credits 1(1)
Index 1


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