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American Government With Infotrac

by
Edition:
9th
ISBN13:

9780534596347

ISBN10:
0534596347
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
4/30/2003
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing
List Price: $123.00
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Summary

AMERICAN GOVERNMENT is highly respected and trusted for its attention to research and issues of diversity as well as its award-winning team of authors. While covering the basic foundations and features of American Government, this text also moves beyond the nuts and bolts, to explain why and how important features of government have evolved, their impact on government and individuals, and why these features are controversial (if they are) and worth learning. More than just narrating facts and current issues, AMERICAN GOVERNMENT attempts to leave the students with an understanding of the "why", so their knowledge can be applied long after the course is completed. AMERICAN GOVERNMENT is a three-time winner of the American Government Textbook Award for the Best Treatment of Women in Politics, by the Women's Caucus for Political Science.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
About the Authors xxi
PART ONE The American System
American Democracy
2(20)
You Are There Who, Me?
3(2)
The American People
5(6)
Immigration and Ethnic Diversity
5(2)
Immigration and Political Cleavage
7(1)
Religious Diversity
7(1)
After 9/11 Immigration: Is the Door Still Open?
8(2)
Economic and Geographic Diversity
10(1)
Diversity and Identity Politics
11(1)
Political Culture
11(3)
The Significance of Political Culture
11(1)
Learning Political Culture
11(1)
American Diversity Census and Sensibility
12(2)
American Democracy: The Core Values
14(2)
Individual Liberty
14(1)
Political Equality
15(1)
Majority Rule
15(1)
Minority Rights
16(1)
Economic Rights
16(1)
American Democracy in Practice
16(3)
Classical Democracy
16(1)
Pluralism
17(1)
Elitism
18(1)
Pluralism Reconsidered
18(1)
Conclusion: Is Government Responsive?
19(3)
Epilogue Who, Me?
20(1)
Key Terms
21(1)
Further Reading
21(1)
Electronic Resources
21(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
21(1)
American Government Resources
21(1)
The Constitution
22(28)
You Are There The Case of the Confidential Tapes
23(2)
The Articles of Confederation
25(2)
National Government Problems
25(1)
State Government Problems
26(1)
American Diversity Founding Mothers
27(1)
The Constitution
27(13)
The Constitutional Convention
27(3)
Features of the Constitution
30(3)
Motives of the Founders
33(1)
American Diversity Did the Iroquois Influence the Founders?
34(3)
Ratification of the Constitution
37(1)
Changing the Constitution
38(2)
After 9/11 Interrogating Terrorists
40(1)
Impact of the Civil War and the Great Depression
40(5)
The Civil War and Reconstruction
40(4)
The Great Depression and New Deal
44(1)
A Combination of Constitutions
45(1)
Conclusion: Does the Constitution Allow Government to be Responsive?
45(5)
Epilogue The President Complies in the Case of the Confidential Tapes
47(2)
Key Terms
49(1)
Further Reading
49(1)
Electronic Resources
49(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
49(1)
American Government Resources
49(1)
Federalism and the Growth of Government
50(28)
You Are There Should the President Expand Federal Lands?
51(1)
Federal and Unitary Systems
52(2)
Federal Systems
52(1)
Unitary Systems
53(1)
Why Choose Federalism?
53(1)
The Political Bases of American Federalism
54(2)
Political Benefits of Federalism
54(1)
Political Costs of Federalism
55(1)
Political Culture and Federalism
55(1)
The Constitutional Bases of Federalism
56(3)
Major Features of American Federalism
56(1)
Interpretations of the Constitutional Provisions
57(2)
Federalism and the Growth of Government
59(11)
Small-Scale Government
59(1)
The Civil War
60(1)
Government as a ``Bully Pulpit''
60(1)
The New Deal and World War II
61(1)
Social Justice and the Great Society
62(1)
New Federalism
63(1)
The New New Federalism
63(3)
A Return to State-Centered Federalism?
66(4)
The Practice of Federalism
70(4)
Federal-State Relations
70(1)
Interstate Relations
71(1)
After 9/11 The States' Role in National Defense
72(1)
State-Local Relations
73(1)
People, States, and the Federal Government
74(1)
Conclusion: Is Federalism Responsive?
75(3)
Epilogue Clinton Expands Federal Lands
76(1)
Key Terms
76(1)
Further Reading
77(1)
Electronic Resources
77(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
77(1)
American Government Resources
77(1)
PART TWO Links between People and Government
Public Opinion
78(30)
You Are There How Can the President Maintain Popularity and Help Republican Candidates?
79(1)
Nature of Public Opinion
80(1)
Formation of Public Opinion
81(7)
Agents of Political Socialization
82(4)
Impact of Political Socialization
86(1)
After 9/11 Attacks Affect Opinion about Government
87(1)
Measuring Public Opinion
88(6)
Early Polling Efforts
88(1)
Emergence of Scientific Polling
88(1)
Polls and Politics
89(5)
How Informed Is Public Opinion?
94(1)
Public Opinion
95(9)
Ideology
95(2)
Social Welfare and the Proper Role of Government
97(1)
Social Issues
98(2)
Race
100(2)
Political Tolerance
102(1)
Trust in Government
102(2)
Conclusion: Is Government Responsive to Public Opinion?
104(4)
Epilogue President Bush Ties the Economy to the War on Terrorism
105(1)
Key Terms
106(1)
Further Reading
106(1)
Electronic Resources
106(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
107(1)
American Government Resources
107(1)
News Media
108(36)
You Are There Should You Torpedo the Admiral?
109(1)
The Media State
110(6)
Roles of the Media
111(1)
Concentration of the Media
112(1)
Atomization of the Media
113(3)
Relationship between the Media and Politicians
116(8)
Symbiotic Relationship
116(3)
Adversarial Relationship
119(2)
Relationship between the Media and Recent Administrations
121(3)
Relationship between the Media and Congress
124(1)
Relationship between the Media and the Supreme Court
124(1)
Bias of the Media
124(10)
Political Bias
125(4)
Commercial Bias
129(1)
American Diversity Color and the Clicker
130(4)
Impact of the Media on Politics
134(6)
Impact on the Public Agenda
135(1)
Impact on Political Parties and Elections
135(2)
Impact on Public Opinion
137(1)
After 9/11 The CNN of the Middle East
138(2)
Conclusion: Are the Media Responsive?
140(4)
Epilogue Evans Pursued the Admiral
142(1)
Key Terms
143(1)
Further Reading
143(1)
Electronic Resources
143(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
143(1)
American Government Resources
143(1)
Interest Groups
144(32)
You Are There Do You Make More Concessions, or Do You Fight?
145(2)
Group Formation
147(2)
Why Interest Groups Form
147(1)
Why People Join
148(1)
Who Joins?
148(1)
Have Americans Stopped Joining?
148(1)
Types of Interest Groups
149(13)
Private Interest Groups
150(2)
After 9/11 Feeding Frenzy
152(3)
Public Interest Groups
155(7)
Tactics of Interest Groups
162(8)
Direct Lobbying Techniques
162(3)
Indirect Lobbying Techniques
165(3)
Protest and Civil Disobedience
168(2)
Success of Interest Groups
170(2)
Resources
170(2)
Competition and Goals
172(1)
Conclusion: Do Interest Groups Help Make Government Responsive?
172(4)
Epilogue The Tobacco Industry Fights Back
173(2)
Key Terms
175
Further Reading
174(1)
Electronic Resources
175(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
175(1)
American Government Resources
175(1)
Political Parties
176(30)
You Are There Should You Switch Parties?
177(2)
What Are Political Parties?
179(1)
Development and Change in the Party System
180(8)
Preparty Politics: The Founders' Views of Political Parties
181(1)
First Party System: Development of Parties
182(1)
Second Party System: Rise of the Democrats
182(1)
Third Party System: Rise of the Republicans
182(1)
Fourth Party System: Republican Dominance
183(1)
Fifth Party System: Democratic Dominance
183(1)
The Post--Fifth Party System: Disengagement and Competition
184(4)
After 9/11 Bipartisanship for a While
188(1)
Characteristics of the Party System
188(6)
Two Parties
188(2)
Fragmentation
190(1)
Moderation
191(1)
Minor Parties in American Politics
191(3)
Party in the Electorate
194(1)
Party Identification
194(1)
Characteristics of Democrats and Republicans
194(1)
Party in Government
195(1)
Party Organization
196(4)
National Party Organization
197(1)
State and Local Party Organizations
198(1)
Big-City Party Organizations
198(2)
The Nominating Process
200(2)
Caucuses
200(1)
Conventions
200(1)
Primaries
200(2)
Conclusion: Do Political Parties Make Government More Responsive?
202(4)
Epilogue Jeffords Switches
203(1)
Key Terms
204(1)
Further Reading
204(1)
Electronic Resources
204(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
205(1)
American Government Resources
205(1)
Elections
206(44)
You Are There How Do You Recount?
207(3)
The American Electorate
210(7)
Early Limits on Voting Rights
210(1)
Blacks and the Right to Vote
210(2)
The Voting Rights Act and Redistricting
212(1)
American Diversity Blacks and Hispanics in Office
212(1)
Women and the Right to Vote
213(3)
American Diversity Women in Office
216(1)
Young People and the Right to Vote
216(1)
Felons and the Right to Vote
216(1)
Voter Turnout
217(6)
Political Activism in the Nineteenth Century
217(1)
Progressive Reforms
218(1)
Recent Turnout
218(1)
Who Does Not Vote?
218(1)
Why Turnout Is Low
219(4)
Other Campaign Participation
223(1)
Presidential Nominating Campaigns
223(9)
Who Runs for President and Why?
223(1)
How a Candidate Wins the Nomination
224(1)
American Diversity Can An African American Be Elected President?
225(2)
Presidential Caucuses and Conventions
227(1)
Presidential Primaries
227(1)
Reforming the Nomination Process
228(1)
The National Conventions
229(3)
Independent and Third-Party Nominees
232(1)
The General Election Campaign
232(6)
Campaign Organization
233(1)
Images and Issues
233(1)
The Electoral College
233(1)
Campaign Strategies
234(1)
The Media Campaign
235(1)
Use of the Media
236(2)
Campaign Funding
238(1)
The Permanent Campaign
238(1)
Congressional Campaigns
239(2)
Incumbents: Unsafe at Any Margin?
239(1)
Challengers
239(1)
After 9/11 Patriotism and Partisanship
240(1)
Campaigns
240(1)
Voting Choices
241(4)
Party Loyalties
242(1)
Candidate Evaluations
243(1)
Issues
243(1)
Parties, Candidates, and Issues
244(1)
Voting for Congress
244(1)
Conclusion: Do Elections Make Government Responsive?
245(5)
Epilogue Gore Asks for a Limited Recount
246(2)
Key Terms
248(1)
Further Reading
249(1)
Electronic Resources
249(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
249(1)
American Government Resources
249(1)
Money and Politics
250(28)
You Are There Should You Vote to Regulate?
251(3)
Money and Politics in Earlier America
254(1)
Money in Nineteenth-Century American Politics
254(1)
Early Reforms
255(1)
Regulating Money in Modern Campaigns
255(9)
Reforms of the 1970s
255(1)
Failures of the Campaign Finance Laws
256(4)
Reforms in 2002
260(1)
Sources of Campaign Funds
261(3)
The Impact of Campaign Money
264(8)
Does the Campaign Finance System Deter Good Candidates?
264(1)
Does Money Win Elections?
265(1)
Does Money Buy Favorable Policies?
266(5)
Campaign Money and Public Cynicism
271(1)
Conflicts of Interest
272(1)
Conclusion: Does the Influence of Money Make Government Less Responsive?
273(5)
Epilogue Schumer Discourages Tighter Accounting Regulations
275(2)
Key Terms
277(1)
Further Reading
277(1)
Electronic Resources
277(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
277(1)
American Government Resources
277(1)
PART THREE Institutions
Congress
278(38)
You Are There Should the President Be Removed from Office?
279(2)
Members and Constituencies
281(4)
Members
281(2)
Constituencies
283(2)
The Representative on the Job
285(9)
The Advantages of Incumbency
285(3)
Working with Colleagues
288(1)
``Going Public''
289(1)
American Diversity Women in Congress
290(2)
Voting as Representation
292(1)
Party and Constituency
292(2)
How Congress Is Organized
294(10)
How Congressional Organization Evolved
294(1)
Contemporary Leadership Positions
295(3)
Committees
298(4)
American Diversity Minority Power in Congress
302(1)
Staff
302(2)
What Congress Does
304(7)
Lawmaking
304(2)
After 9/11 Continuity in Government
306(3)
Overseeing the Federal Bureaucracy
309(1)
Budget Making
310(1)
Congress and the Public
311(2)
Conclusion: Is Congress Responsive?
313(3)
Epilogue Snowe Votes against Removal
314(1)
Key Terms
314(1)
Further Reading
315(1)
Electronic Resources
315(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
315(1)
American Government Resources
315(1)
The Presidency
316(42)
You Are There Should the President Get a New Cabinet Department?
317(3)
The Growth of the Presidency
320(1)
Terms of Office
321(3)
Qualifications
321(1)
Rewards
321(1)
Tenure
322(1)
Succession
323(1)
Duties and Powers of Office
324(8)
Chief Executive
324(4)
After 9/11 A Return of the Imperial Presidency?
328(1)
Head of State
328(2)
Chief Diplomat
330(1)
Commander in Chief
331(1)
Presidential Staff and Advisors
332(7)
The Executive Office of the President
333(1)
The White House Office
333(2)
Office of the First Lady
335(3)
Office of the Vice President
338(1)
The President and the People
339(5)
The Personal Presidency
339(1)
Persuading the Public
340(3)
Public Opinion and Effectiveness in Office
343(1)
The President and Congress
344(7)
Party Leadership
344(1)
Divided Government
345(1)
Legislative Leadership
345(4)
Foreign Policy and Military Leadership
349(2)
Limits on Presidential Power
351(2)
What Makes an Effective President?
353(2)
Conclusion: Is the Presidency Responsive?
355(3)
Epilogue Harman Votes with the President
355(1)
Key Terms
356(1)
Further Reading
356(1)
Electronic Resources
356(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
356(1)
American Government Resources
357(1)
The Bureaucracy
358(30)
You Are There Can the FBI Hold Its Ground?
359(3)
The Nature of Bureaucracies
362(4)
Goals
363(1)
Performance Standards
363(1)
Openness
364(2)
After 9/11 Veil of Secrecy
366(1)
Growth of the Federal Bureaucracy
366(8)
Periods of Growth
367(1)
Why the Bureaucracy Has Grown
368(1)
American Diversity Women and Minorities in the Civil Service
369(1)
Controlling Growth
370(2)
Types of Offices within the Federal Bureaucracy
372(2)
What Bureaucracies Do
374(3)
Administering Policy
374(1)
Making Policy
374(2)
Data Collection and Analysis
376(1)
Politics and Professional Standards
377(5)
Patronage
377(1)
Neutral Competence
378(4)
Overseeing the Bureaucracy
382(3)
President
382(1)
Congress
383(1)
Courts
383(1)
Interest Groups and Individuals
383(2)
Conclusion: Is the Bureaucracy Responsive?
385(3)
Epilogue Mueller Keeps the FBI Out of the Homeland Security Department
386(1)
Key Terms
387(1)
Further Reading
387(1)
Electronic Resources
387(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
387(1)
American Government Resources
387(1)
The Judiciary
388(32)
You Are There Do You Plunge into the Political Thicket?
389(2)
Development of the Courts' Role in Government
391(7)
Founding to the Civil War
392(3)
Civil War to the Depression
395(1)
Depression to the Present
396(1)
The Next Era
397(1)
Courts
398(1)
Structure of the Courts
398(1)
Jurisdiction of the Courts
398(1)
Judges
399(7)
Selection of Judges
399(1)
After 9/11 Surveillance Court
400(2)
American Diversity Do Women Judges Make a Difference?
402(2)
Tenure of Judges
404(1)
Qualifications of Judges
405(1)
Independence of Judges
405(1)
Access to the Courts
406(2)
Wealth Discrimination in Access
406(1)
Interest Group Help in Access
406(1)
Restrictions on Access
407(1)
Proceeding through the Courts
407(1)
Deciding Cases
408(6)
Interpreting Statutes
408(1)
Interpreting the Constitution
408(1)
Restraint and Activism
409(2)
Following Precedents
411(1)
Making Law
411(1)
Deciding Cases at the Supreme Court
412(2)
The Power of the Courts
414(1)
Use of Judicial Review
414(1)
Use of Political Checks against the Courts
415(1)
Conclusion: Are the Courts Responsive?
415(5)
Epilogue O'Connor Plunges into the Political Thicket
416(3)
Key Terms
419(1)
Further Reading
419(1)
Electronic Resources
419(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
419(1)
American Government Resources
419(1)
PART FOUR Civil Liberties and Rights
Civil Liberties
420(40)
You Are There Can the Boy Scouts Discriminate against Homosexuals?
421(2)
The Constitution and the Bill of Rights
423(1)
Individual Rights in the Constitution
423(1)
The Bill of Rights
423(1)
Freedom of Expression
424(17)
Freedom of Speech
424(5)
Freedom of the Press
429(2)
Libel and Obscenity
431(3)
Freedom of Religion
434(7)
Rights of Criminal Defendants
441(8)
Search and Seizure
441(2)
Self-Incrimination
443(1)
Counsel
444(2)
After 9/11 Civil Liberties at Risk?
446(2)
Jury Trial
448(1)
Cruel and Unusual Punishment
448(1)
Rights in Theory and in Practice
449(1)
Right to Privacy
449(7)
Birth Control
449(1)
Abortion
449(5)
Homosexuality
454(1)
Right to Die
455(1)
Conclusion: Are the Courts Responsive in Interpreting Civil Liberties?
456(4)
Epilogue The Court Allows the Boy Scouts to Discriminate against Homosexuals
457(1)
Key Terms
458(1)
Further Reading
458(1)
Electronic Resources
458(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
458(1)
American Government Resources
459(1)
Civil Rights
460(44)
You Are There Friend or Foe?
461(1)
Race Discrimination
462(27)
Discrimination against African Americans
462(2)
American Diversity Black Masters
464(3)
Overcoming Discrimination against African Americans
467(7)
Continuing Discrimination against African Americans
474(7)
After 9/11 Profiling of Arabs?
481(1)
Improving Conditions for African Americans?
481(2)
Discrimination against Hispanics
483(4)
Discrimination against Native Americans
487(2)
Sex Discrimination
489(9)
Discrimination against Women
489(7)
Discrimination against Men
496(2)
Affirmative Action
498(2)
Conclusion: Is Government Responsive in Granting Civil Rights?
500(4)
Epilogue Exclusion of Japanese Is Upheld
501(1)
Key Terms
502(1)
Further Reading
502(1)
Electronic Resources
503(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
503(1)
American Government Resources
503(1)
PART FIVE Public Policies
Economic Policy
504(32)
You are There Can the Country Afford a Permanent Tax Cut?
505(2)
Types of Economic Systems
507(1)
Capitalism
507(1)
Socialism and Communism
507(1)
Mixed Economies
507(1)
Economic Systems and Political Systems
508(1)
Regulating the Economy
508(9)
Economic Problems
509(1)
Government's Economic Tools
510(4)
Managing the Economy for Political Purposes
514(2)
After 9/11 Budgetary Politics: Business as Usual
516(1)
The Budget in the Economy
517(7)
Our Tax Burden
518(1)
Tax Policies
519(2)
Spending Policies
521(1)
Budget Forecasting
522(1)
Deficits and Debt
523(1)
Postwar Boom and Bust
524(6)
The American Quarter Century
525(1)
The Reagan--Bush Years
526(1)
Age of Diminished Expectations
527(1)
Recovery and Recession
527(1)
American Diversity Does Immigration Benefit the Economy?
528(2)
The American Economy in the Twenty-First Century
530(2)
Conclusion: Is Our Economic Policy Responsive?
532(4)
Epilogue Murray Says No to a Permanent Tax Cut
533(1)
Key Terms
534(1)
Further Reading
534(1)
Electronic Resources
534(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
535(1)
American Government Resources
535(1)
Social Welfare and Health Policy
536(26)
You Are There Should the Government Subsidize Corporate Farming?
537(2)
The Political and Legal Bases of Social Welfare Policies
539(1)
The Evolution of Social Welfare Policies
540(1)
Income Support Programs
541(7)
Retirees and Their Dependents
541(2)
Aid to the Poor
543(4)
Farmers
547(1)
Veterans
548(1)
Health Care Programs
548(1)
Health Care for Seniors
548(1)
Health Care for the Poor and Disabled
548(1)
Other Aid for the Poor
549(1)
Other Subsidized Services
549(3)
Education
549(1)
Insurance
550(1)
Mortgages
551(1)
Agriculture
552(1)
Tax Subsidies
552(2)
Corporations
552(2)
Families and Homeowners
554(1)
The Future of Social Welfare Policies
554(5)
Health Care Reforms
554(2)
Social Security
556(1)
Reforming Aid to the Poor
557(2)
Farm Subsidies
559(1)
Conclusion: Are Social Welfare Programs Responsive?
559(3)
Epilogue Hutchinson Votes to Subsidize Big Farmers
560(1)
Key Terms
560(1)
Further Reading
561(1)
Electronic Resources
561(1)
InfoTrac College Edition
561(1)
American Government Resources
561(1)
Regulation and Environmental Policy
562(26)
You Are There Should Nevada Become the Country's Nuclear Waste Dump?
563(2)
Reasons for Regulation
565(3)
Damage to Common Property
565(1)
Inefficient Competition
566(1)
Lack of Necessary Coordination
567(1)
Unacceptable Inequities
567(1)
Kinds of Regulation
568(2)
The Regulatory Process
570(4)
Writing Regulations
570(2)
Regulatory Oversight
572(1)
Implementing and Enforcing Regulations
573(1)
Cycles of Regulation
574(10)
Deregulation
576(2)
Reregulation
578(2)
After 9/11 Reregulating the Airlines
580(1)
Deregulation: The Next Round
580(3)
Keeping Pace with Change
583(1)
Regulatory Politics and Environmental Protection
584(4)
Evolution of Government's Role
584(2)
Implementing Environmental Regulations
586(2)
Reforming Environmental Regulations
588


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