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American History, with PowerWeb

by
Edition:
11th
ISBN13:

9780072936704

ISBN10:
0072936703
Media:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
5/28/2003
Publisher(s):
McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages
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Summary

Highly-respected for its impeccable scholarship and elegant writing style, American History: A Survey provides students and instructors with a comprehensive account of the American past in which no single approach or theme predominates. From its first edition, this text has included a scrupulous account of American political and diplomatic history. Today, however, the book explores areas of history such as social, cultural, urban, racial and ethnic history, more history of the West and South, environmental history, and the history of women and gender. In addition, American history has not evolved in a vacuum, but as part of a larger global world. The eleventh edition of this text places American history into that global context, making connections for students who live in an ever-expanding world themselves.

Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter One: THE MEETING OF CULTURES

Significant Events

America Before Columbus

The Civilizations of the South/The Civilizations of the North/Tribal Cultures

Europe Looks Westward

Commerce and Nationalism/Christopher Columbus/The Conquistadors/The Spanish Empire/Spanish America/Northern Outposts/The Empire at High Tide/Biological and Cultural Exchanges/Africa and America

The Arrival of the English

The Commercial Incentive/The Religious Incentive/The English in Ireland/The French and the Dutch in America/The First English Settlements/Roanoke

Where Historians Disagree: Why Do Historians So Often Differ?

Where Historians Disagree: The American Population Before Columbus

America in the World: The Atlantic Context of Early American History

Conclusion

For Further Reference

Chapter Two: TRANSPLANTATIONS AND BORDERLANDS

Significant Events

The Early Chesapeake

The Founding of Jamestown/Reorganization/Tobacco/Expansion/Exchanges of Agricultural Technology/Maryland and the Calverts/Turbulent Virginia/Bacon's Rebellion

The Growth of New England

Plymouth Plantation/The Expansion of New England/Settlers and Natives/The Pequot War, King Philip's War, and the Technology of Battle

The Restoration Colonies

The English Civil War/The Carolinas/New Netherland, New York, and New Jersey/The Quaker Colonies

Borderlands and Middle Grounds

The Caribbean Islands/Masters and Slaves in the Caribbean/Borderlands and Middle Grounds/The Southwestern Borderlands/The Southeast Borderlands/The Founding of Georgia/Middle Grounds

The Evolution of the British Empire

The Drive for Reorganization/The Dominion of New England/The "Glorious Revolution"

The American Environment: The Other Pilgrims

Conclusion

For Further Reference

Chapter Three: SOCIETY AND CULTURE IN PROVINCIAL AMERICA

Significant Events

The Colonial Population

Indentured Servitude/Birth and Death/Medicine in the Colonies/Women and Families in the Chesapeake/Women and Families in New England/The Beginnings of Slavery in British America/Changing Sources of European Immigration

The Colonial Economies

The Southern Economy/Northern Economic and Technological Life/The Extent and Limits of Technology/The Rise of Colonial Commerce/The Rise of Consumerism

Patterns of Society

The Plantation/Plantation Slavery/The Puritan Community/The Witchcraft Phenomenon/Cities

Awakenings and Enlightenment

The Pattern of Religions/The Great Awakening/The Enlightenment/Education/The Spread of Science/Concepts of Law and Politics

Where Historians Disagree: The Origins of Slavery

Patterns of Popular Culture: Colonial Almanacs

Conclusion

For Further Reference

Chapter Four: THE EMPIRE IN TRANSITION

Significant Events

Loosening Ties

A Tradition of Neglect/The Colonies Divided

The Struggle for the Continent

New France and the Iroquois Nation/Anglo-French Conflicts/The Great War for the Empire

The New Imperialism

Burdens of Empire/The British and the Tribes/The Colonial Response

Stirrings of Revolt

The Stamp Act Crisis/The Townshend Program/The Boston Massacre/The Philosophy of Revolt/The Tea Excitement

Cooperation and War

New Sources of Authority/Lexington and Concord

Patterns of Popular Culture: Taverns in Revolutionary Massachusetts

Conclusion

For Further Reference

Chapter Five: THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

Significant Events

The States United

Defining American War Aims/The Decision for Independence/Responses to Independence/Mobilizing for War

The War for Independence

The First Phase: New England/The Second Phase: The Mid-Atlantic Region/The Iroquois and the British/Securing Aid from Abroad/The Final Phase: The South/Winning the Peace

War and Society

Loyalists and Minorities/The War and Slavery/Native Americans and the Revolution/Women's Rights and Women's Roles/The War Economy

The Creation of State Governments

The Assumptions of Republicanism/The First State Constitutions/Revising State Governments/Toleration and Slavery

The Search for a National Government

The Confederation/Diplomatic Failures/The Confederation and the Northwest/Indians and the Western Lands/Debts, Taxes, and Daniel Shays

Where Historians Disagree: The American Revolution

America in the World: The Age of Revolution

The American Environment: The Grid

Conclusion

For Further Reference

Chapter Six: THE CONSTITUTION AND THE NEW REPUBLIC

Significant Events

Framing a New Government

Advocates of Centralization/A Divided Convention/Compromise/The Constitution of 1787/Federalists and Antifederalists/Completing the Structure

Federalists and Republicans

Hamilton and the Federalists/Enacting the Federalist Program/The Republican Opposition

Establishing National Sovereignty

Securing the Frontier/Native Americans and the New Nation/Maintaining Neutrality/Jay's Treaty and Pinckney's Treaty

The Downfall of the Federalists

The Election of 1796/The Quasi War with France/Repression and Protest/The "Revolution" of 1800

Where Historians Disagree: The Background of the Constitution

Conclusion

For Further Reference

Chapter Seven: THE JEFFERSONIAN ERA

Significant Events

The Rise of Cultural Nationalism

Patterns of Education/Medicine and Science/Cultural Aspirations in the New Nation/Religious Skepticism/The Second Great Awakening

Stirrings of Industrialism

The Industrial Revolution in England/Technology in America/Transportation Innovations/The Rising Cities

Jefferson the President

The Federal City and the "People's President"/Dollars and Ships/Conflict with the Courts

Doubling the National Domain

Jefferson and Napoleon/The Louisiana Purchase/Lewis and Clark Explore the West/The Burr Conspiracy

Expansion and War

Conflict on the Seas/Impressment/'Peaceable Coercion'/Tecumseh and the Prophet/Florida and War Fever

The War of 1812

Battles with Tribes/Battles with the British/The Revolt of New England/The Peace Settlement

Patterns of Popular Culture: Horse Racing

Conclusion

For Further Reference

Chapter Eight: VARIETIES OF AMERICAN NATIONALISM

Significant Events

A Growing Economy

Banking, Currency, and Protection/Transportation

Expanding Westward

The Great Migrations/White Settlers in the Old Northwest/The Plantation System in the Southwest/Trade and Trapping in the Far West/Eastern Images of the West

The "Era of Good Feelings"

The End of the First Party System/John Quincy Adams and Florida/The Panic of 1819

Sectionalism and Nationalism

The Missouri Compromise/Marshall and the Court/The Court and the Tribes/The Latin American Revolution and the Monroe Doctrine

The Revival of Opposition

The "Corrupt Bargain"/The Second President Adams/Jackson Triumphant

Conclusion

For Further Reference

Chapter Nine: JACKSONIAN AMERICA

Significant Events

The Rise of Mass Politics

The Expanding Electorate/The Legitimization of Party/"President of the Common Man"

Our Federal Union

Calhoun and Nullification/The Rise of Van Buren/The Webster-Hayne Debate/The Nullification Crisis

The Removal of the Indians

White Attitudes Towards the Tribes/The Black Hawk War/The "Five Civilized Tribes"/Trails of Tears/The Meaning of Removal

Jackson and the Bank War

Biddle's Institution/The Taney Court

The Changing Face of American Politics

Democrats and Whigs/Van Buren and the Panic of 1837/The Log Cabin Campaign/The Frustration of the Whigs/Whig Diplomacy

Where Historians Disagree: The "Age of Jackson"

Patterns of Popular Culture: The Penny Press

Conclusion

For Further Reference

Chapter Ten: AMERICA'S ECONOMIC REVOLUTION

Significant Events

The Changing American Population

The American Population, 1820-1840/Immigration and Urban Growth, 1840-1860/The Rise of Nativism

Transportation, Communications, and Technology

The Canal Age/The Early Railroads/The Triumph of the Rails/Innovations in Communications and Journalism

Commerce and Industry

The Expansion of Business, 1820-1840/The Emergence of the Factory/Advances in Technology/Innovations in Corporate Organization

Men and Women at Work

Recruiting a Native Work Force/The Immigrant Work Force/The Factory System and the Artisan Tradition/Fighting for Control

Patterns of Industrial Society

The Rich and the Poor/Social Mobility/Middle-Class Life/The Changing Family/Women and the 'Cult of Democracy'/Leisure Activities

The Agricultural North

Northeastern Agriculture/The Old Northwest/Rural Life

The American Environment: The Flow of Water

Patterns of Popular Culture: Shakespeare in America

Conclusion

For Further Reference

Chapter Eleven: COTTON, SLAVERY, AND THE OLD SOUTH

Significant Events

The Cotton Economy

The Rise of King Cotton/Southern Trade and Industry/Sources of Southern Difference

White Society in the South

The Planter Class/Honor/The "Southern Lady"/The Plain Folk

Slavery: The "Peculiar Institution"

Varieties of Slavery/Life Under Slavery/Slavery in the Cities/Free African Americans/The Slave Trade/Slave Resistance

The Culture of Slavery

Language and Music/African-American Religion/The Slave Family

Where Historians Disagree: The Character of Slavery

Patterns of Popular Culture: The Slaves' Music

Conclusion

For Further Reference

Chapter Twelve: ANTEBELLUM CULTURE AND REFORM

Significant Events

The Romantic Impulse

Nationalism and Romanticism in American Painting/Literature and Other Quest for Liberation/Literature in the Antebellum South/The Transcendentalists/The Defense of Nature/Visions of Utopia/Redefining Gender Roles/The Mormons

Remaking Society

Revivalism, Morality, and Order/The Temperance Crusade/Health Fads and Phrenology/Medical Science/Reforming Education/Rehabilitation/The Indian Reservation/The Rise of Feminism

The Crusade Against Slavery

Early Opposition to Slavery/Garrison and Abolitionism/Black Abolitionists/Anti-Abolitionism/Abolitionism Divided

America in the World: The Abolition of Slavery

Patterns of Popular Culture: Sentimental Novels

Conclusion

For Further Reading

Chapter Thirteen: THE IMPENDING CRISIS

Significant Events

Looking Westward

Manifest Destiny/Americans in Texas/Tensions Between the United States and Mexico/Oregon/The Westward Migration/Life on the Trail

Expansion and War

The Democrats and Expansion/The Southwest and California/The Mexican War

The Sectional Debate

Slavery and the Territories/The California Gold Rush/Rising Sectional Tensions/The Compromise of 1850

The Crises of the 1850s

The Uneasy Truce/"Young America"/Slavery, Railroads, and the West/The Kansas-Nebraska Controversy/"Bleeding Kansas"/The Free-Soil Ideology/The Pro-Slavery Argument/Buchanan and Depression/The Dred Scott Decision/Deadlock over Kansas/The Emergence of Lincoln/John Brown's Raid/The Election of Lincoln

Patterns of Popular Culture: Lyceums

Conclusion

For Further Reference

Chapter Fourteen: THE CIVIL WAR

Significant Events

The Secession Crisis

The Withdrawal of the South/The Failure of Compromise/Fort Sumter/The Opposing Sides

The Mobilization of the North

Economic Measures/Raising the Union Armies/Wartime Politics/The Politics of Emancipation/African Americans and the Union Cause/The War and Economic Development/Women, Nursing, and the War

The Mobilization of the South

The Confederate Government/Money and Manpower/States' Rights versus Centralization/Economic and Social Effects of the War

Strategy and Diplomacy

The Commanders/The Role of Sea Power/Europe and the Disunited States/The American West and the War

The Course of Battle

The Technology of Battle/The Opening Clashes, 1861/The Western Theater/The Virginia Front, 1862/1863, Year of Decision/The Last Stage, 1864-1865

Where Historians Disagree: The Causes of the Civil War

America in the World: The Consolidation of Nations

Patterns of Popular Culture: Baseball and the Civil War

Conclusion

For Further Reference

Chapter Fifteen: RECONSTRUCTION AND THE NEW SOUTH

Significant Events

The Problems of Peacemaking

The Aftermath of War and Emancipation/Competing Notions of Freedom/Issues of Reconstruction/Plans for Reconstruction/The Death of Lincoln/Johnson and "Restoration"

Radical Reconstruction

The Black Codes/The Fourteenth Amendment/The Congressional Plan/The Impeachment of the President

The South in Reconstruction

The Reconstruction Governments/Education/Landownership and Tenancy/The Crop-Lien System/The African-American Family in Freedom

The Grant Administration

The Soldier President/The Grant Scandals/The Greenback Question/Republican Diplomacy

The Abandonment of Reconstruction

The Southern States "Redeemed"/The Ku Klux Klan Acts/Waning Northern Commitment/The Compromise of 1877/The Legacies of Reconstruction

The New South

The "Redeemers"/Industrialization and the "New South"/Tenants and Sharecroppers/African Americans and the New South/The Birth of Jim Crow

Where Historians Disagree: Reconstruction

Patterns of Popular Culture: The Minstrel Show

Where Historians Disagree: The Origins of Segregation

Conclusion

For Further Reference

Chapter Sixteen: THE CONQUEST OF THE FAR WEST

Significant Events

The Societies of the Far West

The Western Tribes/Hispanic New Mexico/Hispanic California and Texas/The Chinese Migration/Anti-Chinese Sentiments/Migration from The East

The Changing Western Economy

Labor in the West/The Arrival of the Miners/The Cattle Kingdom

The Romance of the West

The Western Landscape/The Cowboy Culture/The Idea of the Frontier/Frederick Jackson Turner/The Loss of Utopia

The Dispersal of the Tribes

White Tribal Policies/The Indian Wars/The Dawes Act

The Rise and Decline of the Western Farmer

Farming on the Plains/Commercial Agriculture/The Farmers' Grievances/The Agrarian Malaise

Patterns of Popular Culture: The Wild West Show

Where Historians Disagree: The "Frontier" and the West

Conclusion

for Further Reference

Chapter Seventeen: INDUSTRIAL SUPREMACY

Significant Events

Sources of Industrial Growth

Industrial Technologies/The Airplane and the Automobile/Research and Development/The Science of Production/Railroad Expansion/The Corporation/Consolidating Corporate America/The Trust and the Holding Company

Capitalism and Its Critics

The "Self-Made Man"/Survival of the Fittest/The Gospel of Wealth/Alternative Visions/The Problems of Monopoly

Industrial Workers in the New Economy

The Immigrant Work Force/Wages and Working Conditions/Women and Children at Work/The Struggle to Unionize/The Great Railroad Strike/The Knights of Labor/The AFL/The Homestead Strike/The Pullman Strike/Sources of Labor Weakness

The American Environment: The Locomotive's Magic Wand

Patterns of Popular Culture: The Novels of Horatio Alger/

Conclusion

for Further Reference

Chapter Eighteen: THE AGE OF THE CITY

Significant Events

The Urbanization of America

The Lure of the City/Migrations/The Ethnic City/Assimilation/Exclusion

The Urban Landscape

The Creation of Public Space/Housing the Well-to-Do/Housing the Workers and the Poor/Urban Transportation/The "Skyscraper"

Strains of Urban Life

Fire and Disease/Environmental Degradation/Urban Poverty/Crime and Violence/Fear of the City/The Machine and the Boss

The Rise of Mass Consumption

Patterns of Income and Consumption/Chain Stores and Mail-Order Houses/Department Stores/Women as Consumers

Leisure in the Consumer Society

Redefining Leisure/Spectator Sports/Music and Theater/The Movies/Working-Class Leisure/The Fourth of July/Private Pursuits/Mass Communications

High Culture in the Age of the City

The Literature of Urban America/Art in the Age of the City/The Impact of Darwinism/Toward Universal Schooling/Education for Women

America in the World: Global Migrations

Patterns of Popular Culture: Coney Island

Conclusion

for Further Reference

Chapter Nineteen: FROM STALEMATE TO CRISIS

Significant Events

The Politics of Equilibrium

The Party System/The National Government/Presidents and Patronage/Cleveland, Harrison, and the Tariff/New Public Issues

The Agrarian Revolt

The Grangers/The Farmers' Alliances/The Populist Constituency/Populist Ideas

The Crisis of the 1890s

The Panic of 1893/The Silver Question

"A Cross of Gold"

The Emergence of Bryan/The Conservative Victory/McKinley and Recovery

Patterns of Popular Culture: The Chautauquas

Where Historians Disagree: Populism

Conclusion

For Further Reference

Chapter Twenty: THE IMPERIAL REPUBLIC

Significant Events

Stirrings of Imperialism

The New Manifest Destiny/Hemispheric Hegemony/Hawaii and Samoa

War with Spain

Controversy over Cuba/"A Splendid Little War"/Seizing the Philippines/The Battle for Cuba/Puerto Rico and the United States/The Debate over the Philippines

The Republic as Empire

Governing the Colonies/The Philippine War/The Open Door/A Modern Military System

America in the World: Imperialism

Patterns of Popular Culture: Yellow Journalism

Conclusion

For Further Reference

Chapter Twenty-One: THE RISE OF PROGRESSIVISM

Significant Events

The Progressive Impulse

Varieties of Progressivism/The Muckrakers/The Social Gospel/The Settlement House Movement/The Allure of Expertise/The Professions/Women and the Professions

Women and Reform

The "New Woman"/The Clubwomen/Woman Suffrage

The Assault on the Parties

Early Attacks/Municipal Reform/New Forms of Governance/Statehouse Progressivism/Parties and Interest Groups

Sources of Progressive Reform

Labor, the Machine, and Reform/Western Progressives/African Americans and Reform

Crusades for Order and Reform

The Temperance Crusade/The Dream of Socialism/Decentralization and Regulation

Where Historians Disagree: Progressive Reform

Conclusion

For Further Reference

Chapter Twenty-Two: THE BATTLE FOR NATIONAL REFORM

Significant Events

Theodore Roosevelt and the Modern Presidency

The Accidental President/Government, Capital, and Labor/"The Square Deal"/Roosevelt and Conservation/Roosevelt and Preservation/The Hetch Hetchy Controversy/The Panic of 1907

The Troubled Succession

Taft and the ProgressivesThe Return of Roosevelt/Spreading Insurgency/Roosevelt versus Taft

Woodrow Wilson and the New Freedom

Woodrow Wilson/The Scholar as President/Retreat and Advance

The "Big Stick": America and the World, 1901-1917

Roosevelt and "Civilization"/Protecting the "Open Door" in Asia/The Iron-Fisted Neighbor/The Panama Canal/Taft and "Dollar Diplomacy"/Diplomacy and Morality

The American Environment: Saving the Forests

Conclusion

For Further Reference

Chapter Twenty-Three: AMERICA AND THE GREAT WAR

Significant Events

The Road To War

The Collapse of the European Peace/Wilson's Neutrality/Preparedness versus Pacifism/A War for Democracy

"War Without Stint"

Entering the War/The American Expeditionary Force/The Military Struggle/The New Technology of Warfare

The War and American Society

Organizing the Economy for War/Labor and the War/Economic and Social Results of the War

The Search for Social Unity

The Peace Movement/Selling the War and Suppressing Dissent

The Search for a New World Order

The Fourteen Points/Early Obstacles/The Paris Peace Conference/The Ratification Battle/Wilson's Ordeal

A Society in Turmoil

Industry and Labor/The Demands of African Americans/The Red Scare/The Retreat from Idalism

Patterns of Popular Culture: Billy Sunday and Modern Revivalism

Conclusion

For Further Reference

Chapter Twenty-Four: "THE NEW ERA"

Significant Events

The New Economy

Technology and Economic Growth/Economic Organization/Labor in the New Era/Women and Minorities in the Work Force/The "American Plan"/Agricultural Technology and the Plight of the Farmer

The New Culture

Consumerism/Advertising/The Movies and Broadcasting/Modernist Religion/Professional Women/Changing Ideas of Motherhood/The "Flapper": Image and Reality/Pressing for Women's Rights/Education and Youth/The Decline of the "Self-Made Man"/The Disenchanted/The Harlem Renaissance/The Southern Agrarians

A Conflict of Cultures

Prohibition/Nativism and the Klan/Religious Fundamentalism/The Democrats' Ordeal

Republican Government

Harding and Coolidge/Government and Business

Patterns of Popular Culture: Dance Halls

Conclusion

for Further Reference

Chapter Twenty-Five: THE GREAT DEPRESSION

Significant Events

The Coming of the Great Depression

The Great Crash/Causes of the Depression/Progress of the Depression

The American People in Hard Times

Unemployment and Relief/African Americans and the Depression/Mexican Americans in Depression America/Asian Americans in Hard Times/Women and the Workplace in the Great Depression/Depression Families

The Depression and American Culture

Depression Values/Artists and Intellectuals in the Great Depression/Radio/The Movies/Popular Literature and Journalism/The Popular Front and the Left

The Ordeal of Herbert Hoover

The Hoover Program/Popular Protest/The Election of 1932/The "Interregnum"

Where Historians Disagree: Causes of the Great Depression

America in the World: The Global Depression

The American Environment: Dust Bowl

Patterns of Popular Culture: The Films of Frank Capra

Conclusion

For Further Reference

Chapter Twenty-Six: THE NEW DEAL

Significant Events

Launching the New Deal

Restoring Confidence/Agricultural Adjustment/Industrial Recovery/Regional Planning/Currency, Banks, and the Stock Market/The Growth of Federal Relief

The New Deal in Transition

Critics of the New Deal/The "Second New Deal"/Labor Militancy/Organizing Battles/Social Security/New Directions in Relief/The 1936 "Referendum"

The New Deal in Disarray

The Court Fight/Retrenchment and Recession

Limits and Legacies of the New Deal

The Idea of the "Broker State"/African Americans and The New Deal/The New Deal and the "Indian Problem"/Women and the New Deal/The New Deal in the West and the South/The New Deal and the National Economy/The New Deal and American Politics

Patterns of Popular Culture: The Golden Age of Comic Books

Where Historians Disagree: The New Deal

Conclusion

For Further Reference

Chapter Twenty-Seven: THE GLOBAL CRISIS, 1921-1941

Significant Events

The Diplomacy of the New Era

Replacing the League/Debts and Diplomacy/Hoover and the World Crisis

Isolationism and Internationalism

Depression Diplomacy/America and the Soviet Union/The Good Neighbor Policy/The Rise of Isolationism/The Failure of Munich

From Neutrality to Intervention

Neutrality Tested/The Third-Term Campaign/Neutrality Abandoned/The Road to Pearl Harbor

America in the World: The Sino-Japanese War

Patterns of Popular Culture: Orson Welles and the War of the Worlds

Where Historians Disagree: The Question of Pearl Harbor

Conclusion

For Further Reference

Chapter Twenty-Eight: AMERICA IN A WORLD AT WAR

Significant Events

War on Two Fronts

Containing the Japanese/Holding Off the Germans/America and the Holocaust

The American People in Wartime

Prosperity/The War and the West/Labor and the War/Stabilizing the Boom/Mobilizing Production/Wartime Science and Technology/African Americans and the War/Native Americans and the War/Mexican-American War Workers/Women and Children at War/Wartime Life and Culture/The Internment of Japanese Americans/Chinese Americans and the War/The Retreat from Reform

The Defeat of the Axis

The Liberation of France/The Pacific Offensive/The Manhattan Project/Atomic Warfare

Patterns of Popular Culture: The Age of Swing

Where Historians Disagree: The Decision to Drop the Atomic Bomb

Conclusion

For Further Reference

Chapter Twenty-Nine: THE COLD WAR

Significant Events

Origins of the Cold War

Sources of Soviet-American Tension/Wartime Diplomacy/Yalta

The Collapse of the Peace

The Failure of Potsdam/The China Problem/The Containment Doctrine/The Marshall Plan/Mobilization at Home/The Road to NATO/Reevaluating Cold War Policy

American Politics and Society After the War

The Problems of Reconversion/The Fair Deal Rejected/The Election of 1948/The Fair Deal Revived/The Nuclear Age

The Korean War

The Divided Peninsula/From Invasion to Stalemate/Limited Mobilization

The Crusades Against Subversion

HUAC and Alger Hiss/The Federal Loyalty Program and the Rosenberg Case/McCarthyism/The Republican Revival

Where Historians Disagree: Origins of the Cold War

Where Historians Disagree: McCarthyism

Conclusion

For Further Reference

Chapter Thirty: THE AFFLUENT SOCIETY

Significant Events

"The Economic Miracle"

Sources of Economic Growth/The Rise of the Modern West/The New Economics/Capital and Labor

The Explosion of Science and Technology

Medical Breakthroughs/Pesticides/Postwar Electronic Research/Postwar Computer Technology/Bombs, Rockets, and Missiles/The Space Program

People of Plenty

The Consumer Culture/The Suburban Nation/The Suburban Family/The Birth of Television/Travel, Outdoor Recreation, and Environmentalism/Organized Society and Its Detractors/The Beats and the Restless Culture of Youth/Rock 'n' Roll

The "Other America"

On the Margins of the Affluent Society/Rural Poverty/The Inner Cities

The Rise of the Civil Rights Movement

The Brown Decision and "Massive Resistance"/The Expanding Movement/Causes of the Civil Rights Movement

Eisenhower Republicanism

"What Was Good for . . . General Motors"/The Survival of the Welfare State/The Decline of McCarthyism

Eisenhower, Dulles, and the Cold War

Dulles and "Massive Retaliation"/France, America, and Vietnam/Cold War Crises/Europe and the Soviet Union/The U-2 Crises

The American Environment: The Landscape and the Automobile

Patterns of Popular Culture: Lucy and Desi

Conclusion

for Further Reference

Chapter Thirty-One: THE ORDER OF LIBERALISM

Significant Events

Expanding the Liberal State

John Kennedy/Lyndon Johnson/The Assault on Poverty/Cities, Schools, and Immigration/Legacies of the Great Society

The Battle for Racial Equality

Expanding Protests/A National Commitment/The Battle for Voting Rights/The Changing Movement/Urban Violence/Black Power/Malcolm X

"Flexible Response" and the Cold War

Diversifying Foreign Policy/Confrontations with the Soviet Union/Johnson and the World

The Agony of Vietnam

The First Indochina War/Geneva and the Two Vietnams/America and Diem/From Aid to Intervention/The Quagmire/The War at Home

The Traumas of 1968

The Tet Offensive/The Political Challenge/The King and Kennedy Assassinations/The Conservative Response

Where Historians Disagree: The Vietnam Commitment

Patterns of Popular Culture: The Folk-Music Revival

America in the World: 1968

Conclusion

For Further Reference

Chapter Thirty-Two: THE CRISIS OF AUTHORITY

Significant Events

The Youth Culture

The New Left/The Counterculture

The Mobilization of Minorities

Seeds of Indian Militancy/The Indian Civil Rights Movement/Latino Activism/Challenging the "Melting Pot" Ideal/Gay Liberation

The New Feminism

The Rebirth/Women's Liberation/Expanding Achievements/The Abortion Controversy

Environmentalism in a Turbulent Society

The Science of Ecology/Environmental Advocacy/Environmental Degradation/Earth Day and Beyond

Nixon, Kissinger, and the War

Vietnamization/Escalation/"Peace with Honor"/Defeat in Indochina

Nixon, Kissinger, and the World

China and the Soviet Union/The Problems of Multipolarity

Politics and Economics Under Nixon

Domestic Initiatives/From the Warren Court to the Nixon Court/The Election of 1972/The Troubled Economy/The Nixon Response

The Watergate Crisis

The Scandals/The Fall of Richard Nixon

Patterns of Popular Culture: Rock Music in the Sixties

The American Environment: Silent Spring

Where Historians Disagree: Watergate

Conclusion

for Further Reference

Chapter Thirty-Three: FROM "THE AGE OF LIMITS" TO THE AGE OF REAGAN

Significant Events

Politics and Diplomacy After Watergate

The Ford Custodianship/The Trials of Jimmy Carter/Human Rights and National Interests/The Year of the Hostages

The Rise of the New American Right

The Sunbelt and Its Politics/Religious Revivalism/The Emergence of the New Right/The Tax Revolt/The Campaign of 1980

The "Reagan Revolution"

The Reagan Coalition/Reagan in the White House/"Supply-Side" Economics/The Fiscal Crisis/Reagan and the World/The Election of 1984

America and the Waning of the Cold War

The Fall of the Soviet Union/Reagan and Gorbachev/The Fading of the Reagan Revolution/The Election of 1988/The Bush Presidency/The Gulf War/The Election of 1992

Patterns of Popular Culture: The Mall

Conclusion

For Further Reference

Chapter Thirty-Four: THE AGE OF GLOBALIZATION

Significant Events

A Resurgence of Partisanship

Launching the Clinton Presidency/The Republican Resurgence/The Election of 1996/Clinton Triumphant and Embattled/Impeachment, Acquittal, and Resurgence/The Election of 2000/The Second Bush Presidency

The Economic Boom

From "Stagflaration" to Growth/The Two-Tiered Economy/Globalization

Science and Technology in the New Economy

The Personal Computer/The Internet/Breakthroughs in Genetics

A Changing Society

The Graying of America/New Patterns of Immigration and Ethnicity/The Black Middle Class/Poor and Working-Class African Americans/Modern Plagues: Drugs and AIDS/The Decline in Crime

A Contested Culture

Battles over Feminism and Abortion/The Changing Left and the Growth of Environmentalism/The Fragmentation of Mass Culture/The "Culture Wars"

The Perils of Globalization

Opposing the "New World Order"/Defending Orthodoxy/The Rise of Terrorism/A New Era?

Patterns of Popular Culture: Rap

Where Historians Disagree: Women's History

Conclusion

For Further Reference

Appendixes

The United States

Topographical Map of the United States

The World

United States Territorial Expansion, 1783-1898

The Declaration of Independence

The Constitution of the United States of America

Presidential Elections

Vice Presidents and Cabinet Members

Population of the United States, 1790-2000 H4>Employment, 1870-2000

Production, Trade, and Federal Spending/Debt, 1790-2000 Index



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