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Written in an engaging and student-friendly style, American Odysseys examines the entire period between 1492 and 1763, covering important topics that shaped the colonial experience across time and in a variety of places. Authors Timothy J. Shannon and David N. Gellman use a thematic approach, focusing on colonial development and integration within a wider Atlantic world. Each chapter begins with the story of an individual who experienced the wonder and terror of colonization firsthand, so that students can feel a human connection to each of these topics and themes. Taken together, these figures--Indians, servants, slaves, explorers, planters--embody the full array of peoples and cultures that gave the colonial era a trans-Atlantic, multicultural character. Each chapter also features a chronology of events described in that chapter. Maps and images throughout the book help visually orient readers to the stories that comprise this concise yet broad-ranging narrative.
Timothy J. Shannon is Professor and Chair in the Department of History at Gettysburg College. He is the author of several books, including Iroquois Diplomacy on the Early American Frontier (2008), Atlantic Lives: A Comparative Approach to Early America (2004), and Indians and Colonists at theCrossroads of Empire: The Albany Congress of 1754 (2000).
David N. Gellman is Associate Professor of History at DePauw University. He is the author of Emancipating New York: The Politics of Slavery and Freedom, 1777-1827 (2006) and coauthor, with David Quigley, of Jim Crow New York: A Documentary History of Race and Citizenship, 1777-1877 (2003).
Table of Contents
Each chapter includes a Chronology and Suggestions for Further Reading
Preface: The Wonder and Terror of Early America
Chapter 1: Three Worlds West Africa in the Islamic World America before Columbus The Origins of Early Modern Europe Separate Worlds and Shared Humanity
Chapter 2: Early Encounters: The Sixteenth Century Indians' Impressions of Europeans The View in the Mirror The Spanish Precedent Reckoning with North America Hope and Failure at Roanoke
Chapter 3: American Footholds: Planting Colonies, 1607-1732 Jamestown and the Foundations of the Chesapeake The Fur Trade in New France and New Netherland The Plantation Complex in the Caribbean Cities on a Hill in New England Proprietary Designs in the Lower South Proprietary Designs in the Middle Colonies Fate and Chance
Chapter 4: Remaking America Land Use, Property Rights, and Animals Making Converts Taking Captives Transformative Impact of War Borderland Variations Death of a Dream
Chapter 5: American Slavery The Atlantic Slave Trade First Generations From Slaves to Slavery Patterns of Resistance Emergence of African-American Cultures African Identity in the Atlantic World
Chapter 6: Gender, Family, and Sexuality Demography and Family Structure in Comparative Perspective Gendered Divisions in Labor, Household Production, and Education Desires and Deviance Opportunities and Limits for Women Birth, Death, and Culture
Chapter 7: Patriarchy, Politics, and Government The Familial Model of Government Emergence of a Southern Patriarchal Order Great and Small in the Middle Colonies Social Ordering in New England Reform and Rebellion in an Emerging Empire The Meaning of Monarchy in Public Life Deference or Democracy: The Nature of Colonial Government Dreams and Visions
Chapter 8: The Natural and Supernatural Worlds Providentialism and the Lore of Wonders The Trials and Tribulations of Witchcraft The Salem Crisis Skepticism, Science, and the Natural Order of Things The Marvels of the New World: Flora, Fauna, and Landscape Medicine, Human Bodies, and Race Reason and Faith
Chapter 9: Unsettling America: Eighteenth-Century European Migrations The New Emigrants: Germans, Scots-Irish, and Others Transforming the Backcountry Convicts and Soldiers Servants and Slaves on the Run Hybrids
Chapter 10: An Aspiring Society: Social and Religious Reordering Imbibing Equality: Drinking and Culture Social Rank and Order: Plebian and Patrician Consumerism and Self-Fashioning The Enlightenment in America: Words and Power Pursuits of Salvation: The Great Awakening Confidence
Chapter 11: Warfare and Empire Europe's American Empires The Imperial Contest in North America and the Caribbean, 1689-1748 The Native Perspective on Imperial War The Colonial Perspective on Imperial War The Seven Years' War in North America Imperial Ambitions and Colonial Realities