9780312666767

The American Promise: A Concise History, Combined Volume

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  • ISBN13:

    9780312666767

  • ISBN10:

    0312666764

  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 8/15/2013
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

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Summary

The American Promise: A Concise History is a brief, inexpensive narrative with a clear political, chronological narrative that makes teaching and learning American history a snap. Streamlined by the authors themselves to create a truly concise book, the fifth edition is nearly 15 percent shorter than the fourth compact edition, yet it includes more primary sources than ever—including a new visual sources feature. It is also enhanced by LearningCurve, our easy-to-assign adaptive learning system that will ensure students come to class prepared. What's in the LaunchPad

Author Biography

JAMES L. ROARK
Born in Eunice, Louisiana, and raised in the West, James L. Roark received his B.A. from the University of California, Davis, and his Ph.D. from Stanford University. His dissertation won the Allan Nevins Prize. Since 1983, he has taught at Emory University, where he is Samuel Candler Dobbs Professor of American History. In 1993, he received the Emory Williams Distinguished Teaching Award, and in 2001–2002 he was Pitt Professor of American Institutions at Cambridge University. He has written Masters without Slaves: Southern Planters in the Civil War and Reconstruction (1977). With Michael P. Johnson, he is author of Black Masters: A Free Family of Color in the Old South (1984) and editor of No Chariot Let Down: Charleston’s Free People of Color on the Eve of the Civil War (1984).
 
MICHAEL P. JOHNSON
Born and raised in Ponca City, Oklahoma, Michael P. Johnson studied at Knox College in Galesburg, Illinois, where he received a B.A., and at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California, where he earned  his Ph.D.  He is currently professor of history at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. He is the author, co-author, or editor of six books, including Reading the American Past, the documents reader designed to accompany The American Promise.  His research has been honored with fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanties, the American Council of Learned Societies, the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavoral Sciences, and the Huntington Library, and with prizes from the Organization of American Historians and the Omohundro Insttute of Early American History and Culture.  He is also the recipient of university prizes for outstanding undergraduate teaching.
 
PATRICIA CLINE COHEN
Born in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and raised in Palo Alto, California, Patricia Cline Cohen earned a B.A. at the University of Chicago and a Ph.D. at the University of California, Berkeley. In 1976, she joined the history faculty at the University of California, Santa Barbara. In 2005–2006 she received the university’s Distinguished Teaching Award. Cohen has written A Calculating People: The Spread of Numeracy in Early America (1982; reissued 1999) and The Murder of Helen Jewett: The Life and Death of a Prostitute in Nineteenth-Century New York (1998). She is coauthor of The Flash Press: Sporting Male Weeklies in 1840s New York (2008). In 2001–2002 she was the Distinguished Senior Mellon Fellow at the American Antiquarian Society.
 
SARAH STAGE
Sarah Stage was born in Davenport, Iowa, and received a B.A. from the University of Iowa and a Ph.D. in American Studies from Yale University. She has taught U.S. history for more than twenty-five years at Williams College and the University of California, Riverside. Currently she is professor of Women’s Studies at Arizona State University at the West campus in Phoenix. Her books include Female Complaints: Lydia Pinkham and the Business of Women’s Medicine (1979) and Rethinking Home Economics: Women and the History of a Profession (1997). She recently returned from China where she had an appointment as visiting scholar at Peking University and Sichuan University.
 
SUSAN M. HARTMANN
Susan M. Hartmann received her B.A. from Washington University and her Ph.D. from the University of Missouri. A specialist in modern U.S. history and women’s history, she has published many articles and four books: Truman and the 80th Congress (1971); The Home Front and Beyond: American Women in the 1940s (1982); From Margin to Mainstream: American Women and Politics since 1960 (1989); and The Other Feminists: Activists in the Liberal Establishment (1998). She is currently Arts and Humanities Distinguished Professor of History at Ohio State University and recently was a fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.

Table of Contents

1. Ancient America, Before 1492

Archaeology and History

The First Americans

      African and Asian Origins

      Paleo-Indian Hunters

Archaic Hunters and Gatherers

      Great Plains Bison Hunters

      Great Basin Cultures

      Pacific Coast Cultures

      Eastern Woodland Cultures

Agricultural Settlements and Chiefdoms

      Southwestern Cultures

      VISUALIZING HISTORY: "Daily Life in Chaco Canyon"

      Woodland Burial Mounds and Chiefdoms

Native Americans in the 1490s

      Eastern and Great Plains Peoples

      Southwestern and Western Peoples

      Cultural Similarities

The Mexica: A Mesoamerican Culture

Conclusion: The World of Ancient Americans

Chapter ReviewLearningCurve

2. Europeans Encounter the New World, 1492–1600

Europe in the Age of Exploration

      Mediterranean Trade and European Expansion

      A Century of Portuguese Exploration

A Surprising New World in the Western Atlantic

      The Explorations of Columbus

      The Geographic Revolution and the Columbian Exchange

Spanish Exploration and Conquest

      The Conquest of Mexico

      The Search for Other Mexicos

      Spanish Outposts in Florida and New Mexico

      New Spain in the Sixteenth Century

      DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Justifying Conquest"

      The Toll of Spanish Conquest and Colonization

The New World and Sixteenth-Century Europe

      The Protestant Reformation and the Spanish Response

      Europe and The Spanish Example

Conclusion: The promise of the new world for europeans

Chapter ReviewLearningCurve

3. The Southern Colonies in the Seventeenth Century, 1601–1700

An English Colony on Chesapeake Bay

      The Fragile Jamestown Settlement

      Cooperation and Conflict between Natives and Newcomers

      From Private Company to Royal Government

A Tobacco Society

      BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "American Tobacco and European Consumers"

      Tobacco Agriculture

      A Servant Labor System

      The Rigors of Servitude

      Cultivating Land and Faith

Hierarchy and Inequality in the Chesapeake

      Social and Economic Polarization

      Government Policies and Political Conflict

      Bacon’s Rebellion

Toward a Slave Labor System

      Religion and Revolt in the Spanish Borderland

      The West Indies: Sugar and Slavery

      Carolina: A West Indian Frontier

      Slave Labor Emerges in the Chesapeake

Conclusion: The Growth of English Colonies Based on Export Crops and Slave Labor

Chapter ReviewLearningCurve

4. The Northern Colonies in the Seventeenth Century, 1601–1700

Puritans and the Settlement of New England

      Puritan Origins: The English Reformation

      The Pilgrims and Plymouth Colony

      The Founding of Massachusetts Bay Colony

The Evolution of New England Society

      Church, Covenant, and Conformity

      Government by Puritans for Puritanism

      The Splintering of Puritanism

      Religious Controversies and Economic Changes

      DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Hunting Witches in Salem, Massachusetts"

The Founding of the Middle Colonies

      From New Netherland to New York

      New Jersey and Pennsylvania

      Toleration and Diversity in Pennsylvania

The Colonies and the English Empire

      Royal Regulation of Colonial Trade

      King Philip’s War and the Consolidation of Royal Authority

Conclusion: An English Model of Colonization in North America

Chapter ReviewLearningCurve

5. Colonial America in the Eighteenth Century, 1701–1770

A Growing Population and Expanding Economy in British North America

New England: From Puritan Settlers to Yankee Traders

      Natural Increase and Land Distribution

      Farms, Fish, and Atlantic Trade

The Middle Colonies: Immigrants, Wheat, and Work

      German and Scots-Irish Immigrants

      "God Gives All Things to Industry": Urban and Rural Labor

The Southern Colonies: Land of Slavery

      The Atlantic Slave Trade and the Growth of Slavery

      Slave Labor and African American Culture

      Tobacco, Rice, and Prosperity

Unifying Experiences

      Commerce and Consumption

      Religion, Enlightenment, and Revival

      Trade and Conflict in the North American Borderlands

      DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Spanish Priests Report on California Missions"

      Colonial Politics in the British Empire

Conclusion: The Dual Identity of British North American Colonists

Chapter ReviewLearningCurve

6. The British Empire and the Colonial Crisis, 1754–1775

The Seven Years’ War, 1754–1763

      French-British Rivalry in the Ohio Country

      The Albany Congress

      VISUALIZING HISTORY: "Cultural Cross-Dressing in Eighteenth-Century Portraits"

      The War and Its Consequences

      Pontiac’s Rebellion and the Proclamation of 1763

The Sugar and Stamp Acts, 1763–1765

      Grenville’s Sugar Act

      The Stamp Act

      Resistance Strategies and Crowd Politics

      Liberty and Property

The Townshend Acts and Economic Retaliation, 1767–1770

      The Townshend Duties

      Nonconsumption and the Daughters of Liberty

      Military Occupation and "Massacre" in Boston

The Destruction of the Tea and the Coercive Acts, 1770–1774

      The Calm before the Storm

      Tea in Boston Harbor

      The Coercive Acts

      Beyond Boston: Rural New England

      The First Continental Congress

Domestic Insurrections, 1774–1775

      Lexington and Concord

      Rebelling against Slavery

Conclusion: The Long Road to Revolution

Chapter ReviewLearningCurve

7. The War for America, 1775–1783

The Second Continental Congress

      Assuming Political and Military Authority

      Pursuing Both War and Peace

      Thomas Paine, Abigail Adams, and the Case for Independence

      The Declaration of Independence

The First Year of War, 1775–1776

      The American Military Forces

      The British Strategy

      Quebec, New York, and New Jersey

The Home Front

      Patriotism at the Local Level

      The Loyalists

      DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Families Divide over the Revolution"

      Who Is a Traitor?

      Prisoners of War

      Financial Instability and Corruption

The Campaigns of 1777–1779: The North and West

      Burgoyne’s Army and the Battle of Saratoga

      The War in the West: Indian Country

      The French Alliance

The Southern Strategy and the End of the War

      Georgia and South Carolina

      Treason and Guerrilla Warfare

      Surrender at Yorktown

      The Losers and the Winners

Conclusion: Why the British Lost

Chapter ReviewLearningCurve

8. Building a Republic, 1775–1789

The Articles of Confederation

      Congress and Confederation

      The Problem of Western Lands

      Running the New Government

The Sovereign States

      The State Constitutions

      Who Are "the People"?

      Equality and Slavery

      DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Blacks Petition for Freedom and Rights"

The Confederation’s Problems

      The War Debt and the Newburgh Conspiracy

      The Treaty of Fort Stanwix

      Land Ordinances and the Northwest Territory

      The Requisition of 1785 and Shays’s Rebellion, 1786–1787

The United States Constitution

      From Annapolis to Philadelphia

      The Virginia and New Jersey Plans

      Democracy versus Republicanism

Ratification of the Constitution

      The Federalists

      The Antifederalists

      The Big Holdouts: Virginia and New York

Conclusion: The "Republican Remedy’

Chapter ReviewLearningCurve

9. The New Nation Takes Form, 1789–1800

The Search for Stability

      Washington Inaugurates the Government

      The Bill of Rights

      The Republican Wife and Mother

Hamilton’s Economic Policies

      Agriculture, Transportation, and Banking

      The Public Debt and Taxes

      The First Bank of the United States and the Report on Manufactures

      The Whiskey Rebellion

Conflicts on America’s Borders and Beyond

      Creeks in the Southwest

      Ohio Indians in the Northwest

      France and Britain

      BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "France, Britain, and Woman’s Rights in the 1790s"

      The Haitian Revolution

Federalists and Republicans

      The Election of 1796

      The XYZ Affair

      The Alien and Sedition Acts

Conclusion: Parties Nonetheless

Chapter ReviewLearningCurve

10. Republicans in Power, 1800–1824

Jefferson’s Presidency

      Turbulent Times: Election and Rebellion

      The Jeffersonian Vision of Republican Simplicity

      Dangers Overseas: The Barbary Wars

Opportunities and Challenges in the West

      The Louisiana Purchase

      The Lewis and Clark Expedition

      VISUALIZING HISTORY: "Cultural Exchange on the Lewis and Clark Trail"

      Osage and Comanche Indians

Jefferson, the Madisons, and the War of 1812

      Impressment and Embargo

      Dolley Madison and Social Politics

      Tecumseh and Tippecanoe

      The War of 1812

      Washington City Burns: The British Offensive

Women’s Status in the Early Republic

      Women and the Law

      Women and Church Governance

      Female Education

Monroe and Adams

      From Property to Democracy

      The Missouri Compromise

      The Monroe Doctrine

      The Election of 1824

      The Adams Administration

Conclusion: Republican Simplicity Becomes Complex

Chapter ReviewLearningCurve

11. The Expanding Republic, 1815–1840

The Market Revolution

      Improvements in Transportation

      Factories, Workingwomen, and Wage Labor

      DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Mill Girls Stand Up to Factory Owners, 1834"

      Bankers and Lawyers

      Booms and Busts

The Spread of Democracy

      Popular Politics and Partisan Identity

      The Election of 1828 and the Character Issue

      Jackson’s Democratic Agenda

Jackson Defines the Democratic Party

      Indian Policy and the Trail of Tears

      The Tariff of Abominations and Nullification

      The Bank War and Economic Boom

Cultural Shifts, Religion, and Reform

      The Family and Separate Spheres

      The Education and Training of Youths

      The Second Great Awakening

      The Temperance Movement and the Campaign for Moral Reform

      Organizing against Slavery

Van Buren’s One-Term Presidency

      The Politics of Slavery

      Elections and Panics

Conclusion: The Age of Jackson or the Era of Reform?

Chapter ReviewLearningCurve

12. The New West and the Free North, 1840–1860

Economic and Industrial Evolution

      Agriculture and Land Policy

      Manufacturing and Mechanization

      Railroads: Breaking the Bonds of Nature

      VISUALIZING HISTORY: "The Path of Progress"

Free Labor: Promise and Reality

      The Free-Labor Ideal

      Economic Inequality

      Immigrants and the Free-Labor Ladder

The Westward Movement

      Manifest Destiny

      Oregon and the Overland Trail

      The Mormon Exodus

      The Mexican Borderlands

Expansion and the Mexican-American War

      The Politics of Expansion

      The Mexican-American War, 1846–1848

      Victory in Mexico

      Golden California

Reforming Self and Society

      The Pursuit of Perfection: Transcendentalists and Utopians

      Woman’s Rights Activists

      Abolitionists and the American Ideal

Conclusion: Free Labor, Free Men

Chapter ReviewLearningCurve

13. The Slave South, 1820–1860

The Growing Distinctiveness of the South

      Cotton Kingdom, Slave Empire

      The South in Black and White

      DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Defending Slavery"

      The Plantation Economy

Masters and Mistresses in the Big House

      Paternalism and Male Honor

      The Southern Lady and Feminine Virtues

Slaves in the Quarter

      Work

      Family and Religion

      Resistance and Rebellion

The Plain Folk

      Plantation Belt Yeomen

      Upcountry Yeomen

      Poor Whites

      The Culture of the Plain Folk

Black and Free: On the Middle Ground

      Precarious Freedom

      Achievement despite Restrictions

The Politics of Slavery

      The Democratization of the Political Arena

      Planter Power

Conclusion: A Slave Society

Chapter ReviewLearningCurve

14. The House Divided, 1846–1861

The Bitter Fruits of War

      The Wilmot Proviso and the Expansion of Slavery

      The Election of 1848

      Debate and Compromise

The Sectional Balance Undone

      The Fugitive Slave Act

      Uncle Tom’s Cabin

      The Kansas-Nebraska Act

      BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "Filibusters: The Underside of Manifest Destiny"

Realignment of the Party System

      The Old Parties: Whigs and Democrats

      The New Parties: Know-Nothings and Republicans

      The Election of 1856

Freedom under Siege

      "Bleeding Kansas"

      The Dred Scott Decision

      Prairie Republican: Abraham Lincoln

      The Lincoln-Douglas Debates

The Union Collapses

      The Aftermath of John Brown’s Raid

      Republican Victory in 1860

      Secession Winter

Conclusion: Slavery, Free Labor, and the Failure of Political Compromise

Chapter ReviewLearningCurve

15. The Crucible of War, 1861–1865

"And the War Came"

      Attack on Fort Sumter

      The Upper South Chooses Sides

The Combatants

      How They Expected to Win

      Lincoln and Davis Mobilize

Battling It Out, 1861–1862

      Stalemate in the Eastern Theater

      Union Victories in the Western Theater

      The Atlantic Theater

      International Diplomacy

Union and Freedom

      From Slaves to Contraband

      From Contraband to Free People

      The War of Black Liberation

The South at War

      Revolution from Above

      Hardship Below

      DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Home and Country"

      The Disintegration of Slavery

The North at War

      The Government and the Economy

      Women and Work at Home and at War

      Politics and Dissent

Grinding Out Victory, 1863–1865

      Vicksburg and Gettysburg

      Grant Takes Command

      The Election of 1864

      The Confederacy Collapses

Conclusion: The Second American Revolution

Chapter ReviewLearningCurve

16. Reconstruction, 1863–1877

Wartime Reconstruction

      "To Bind Up the Nation’s Wounds"

      Land and Labor

      The African American Quest for Autonomy

      DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "The Meaning of Freedom"

Presidential Reconstruction

      Johnson’s Program of Reconciliation

      White Southern Resistance and Black Codes

      Expansion of Federal Authority and Black Rights

Congressional Reconstruction

      The Fourteenth Amendment and Escalating Violence

      Radical Reconstruction and Military Rule

      Impeaching a President

      The Fifteenth Amendment and Women’s Demands

The Struggle in the South

      Freedmen, Yankees, and Yeomen

      Republican Rule

      White Landlords, Black Sharecroppers

Reconstruction Collapses

      Grant’s Troubled Presidency

      Northern Resolve Withers

      White Supremacy Triumphs

      An Election and a Compromise

Conclusion: "A Revolution But Half Accomplished"

Chapter ReviewLearningCurve

17. The Contested West, 1865–1900

Conquest and Empire in the West

      BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "Imperialism, Colonialism, and the Treatment of the Sioux and the Zulu"

      Indian Removal and the Reservation System

      The Decimation of the Great Bison Herds

      Indian Wars and the Collapse of Comanchería

      The Fight for the Black Hills

Forced Assimilation and Indian Resistance

      Indian Schools and the War against Indian Culture

      The Dawes Act and Indian Land Allotment

      Indian Resistance and Survival

Mining the West

      Life on the Comstock Lode

      The Diverse Peoples of the West

Land Fever

      Moving West: Homesteaders and Speculators

      Ranchers and Cowboys

      Tenants, Sharecroppers, and Migrants

      Commercial Farming and Industrial Cowboys

Conclusion: The West in the Gilded Age

Chapter ReviewLearningCurve

18. Business and Politics in the Gilded Age, 1865–1900

Old Industries Transformed, New Industries Born

      Railroads: America’s First Big Business

      VISUALIZING HISTORY: "The Vanderbilts and the Gilded Age"

      Andrew Carnegie, Steel, and Vertical Integration

      John D. Rockefeller, Standard Oil, and the Trust

      New Inventions: The Telephone and the Telegraph

From Competition to Consolidation

      J. P. Morgan and Finance Capitalism

      Social Darwinism, Laissez-Faire, and the Supreme Court

Politics and Culture

      Political Participation and Party Loyalty

      Sectionalism and the New South

      Gender, Race, and Politics

      Women’s Activism

Presidential Politics

      Corruption and Party Strife

      Garfield’s Assassination and Civil Service Reform

      Reform and Scandal: The Campaign of 1884

Economic Issues and Party Realignment

      The Tariff and the Politics of Protection

      Railroads, Trusts, and the Federal Government

      The Fight for Free Silver

      Panic and Depression

Conclusion: Business Dominates an Era

Chapter ReviewLearningCurve

19. The City and Its Workers, 1870–1900

The Rise of the City

      The Urban Explosion: A Global Migration

      Racism and the Cry for Immigration Restriction

      The Social Geography of the City

At Work in Industrial America

      America’s Diverse Workers

      The Family Economy: Women and Children

      White-Collar Workers: Managers, "Typewriters," and Salesclerks

Workers Organize

      The Great Railroad Strike of 1877

      The Knights of Labor and the American Federation of Labor

      Haymarket and the Specter of Labor Radicalism

At Home and at Play

      Domesticity and "Domestics"

      Cheap Amusements

City Growth and City Government

      Building Cities of Stone and Steel

      City Government and the "Bosses"

      White City or City of Sin?

      BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "The World’s Columbian Exposition and Nineteenth-Century World’s Fairs"

Conclusion: Who Built the Cities?

Chapter ReviewLearningCurve

20. Dissent, Depression, and War, 1890–1900

The Farmers’ Revolt

      The Farmers’ Alliance

      The Populist Movement

The Labor Wars

      The Homestead Lockout

      The Cripple Creek Miners’ Strike of 1894

      Eugene V. Debs and the Pullman Strike

      DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "The Press and the Pullman Strike: Framing Class Conflict"

Women’s Activism

      Frances Willard and the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union

      Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and the Movement for Woman Suffrage

Depression Politics

      Coxey’s Army

      The People’s Party and the Election of 1896

The United States and the World

      Markets and Missionaries

      The Monroe Doctrine and the Open Door Policy

      "A Splendid Little War"

      The Debate over American Imperialism

Conclusion: Rallying around the Flag

Chapter ReviewLearningCurve

21. Progressivism from the Grass Roots to the White House, 1890–1916

Grassroots Progressivism

      Civilizing the City

      Progressives and the Working Class

Progressivism: Theory and Practice

      Reform Darwinism and Social Engineering

      Progressive Government: City and State

Progressivism Finds a President: Theodore Roosevelt

      The Square Deal

      Roosevelt the Reformer

      VISUALIZING HISOTRY: "The Birth of Photojournalism"

      Roosevelt and Conservation

      The Big Stick

      The Troubled Presidency of William Howard Taft

Woodrow Wilson and Progressivism at High Tide

      Progressive Insurgency and the Election of 1912

      Wilson’s Reforms: Tariff, Banking, and the Trusts

      Wilson, Reluctant Progressive

The Limits of Progressive Reform

      Radical Alternatives

      Progressivism for White Men Only

Conclusion: The Transformation of the Liberal State

Chapter ReviewLearningCurve

22. World War I: The Progressive Crusade at Home and Abroad, 1914–1920

Woodrow Wilson and the World

      Taming the Americas

      The European Crisis

      The Ordeal of American Neutrality

      The United States Enters the War

"Over There"

      The Call to Arms

      The War in France

The Crusade for Democracy at Home

      The Progressive Stake in the War

      Women, War, and the Battle for Suffrage

      DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "The Final Push for Woman Suffrage"

      Rally around the Flag — or Else

A Compromised Peace

      Wilson’s Fourteen Points

      The Paris Peace Conference

      The Fight for the Treaty

Democracy at Risk

      Economic Hardship and Labor Upheaval

      The Red Scare

      The Great Migrations of African Americans and Mexicans

      Postwar Politics and the Election of 1920

Conclusion: Troubled Crusade

Chapter ReviewLearningCurve

23. From New Era to Great Depression, 1920–1932

The New Era

      A Business Government

      Promoting Prosperity and Peace Abroad

      Automobiles, Mass Production, and Assembly-Line Progress

      Consumer Culture

      VISUALIZING HISTORY: "Advertising in a Consumer Age"

The Roaring Twenties

      Prohibition

      The New Woman

      The New Negro

      Entertainment for the Masses

      The Lost Generation

Resistance to Change

      Rejecting the Undesirables

      The Rebirth of the Ku Klux Klan

      The Scopes Trial

      Al Smith and the Election of 1928

The Great Crash

      Herbert Hoover: The Great Engineer

      The Distorted Economy

      The Crash of 1929

      Hoover and the Limits of Individualism

Life in the Depression

      The Human Toll

      Denial and Escape

      Working-Class Militancy

Conclusion: Dazzle and Despair

Chapter ReviewLearningCurve

24. The New Deal Experiment, 1932–1939

Franklin D. Roosevelt: A Patrician in Government

      The Making of a Politician

      BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "Fascism: Adolf Hitler and National Socialism"

      The Election of 1932

Launching the New Deal

      The New Dealers

      Banking and Finance Reform

      Relief and Conservation Programs

      Agricultural Initiatives

      Industrial Recovery

Challenges to the New Deal

      Resistance to Business Reform

      Casualties in the Countryside

      Politics on the Fringes

Toward a Welfare State

      Relief for the Unemployed

      Empowering Labor

      Social Security and Tax Reform

      Neglected Americans and the New Deal

The New Deal from Victory to Deadlock

      The Election of 1936

      Court Packing

      Reaction and Recession

      The Last of the New Deal Reforms

Conclusion: Achievements and Limitations of the New Deal

Chapter ReviewLearningCurve

25. The United States and the Second World War, 1939–1945

Peacetime Dilemmas

      Roosevelt and Reluctant Isolation

      The Good Neighbor Policy

      The Price of Noninvolvement

The Onset of War

      Nazi Aggression and War in Europe

      From Neutrality to the Arsenal of Democracy

      Japan Attacks America

Mobilizing for War

      Home-Front Security

      DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Japanese Internment"

      Building a Citizen Army

      Conversion to a War Economy

Fighting Back

      Turning the Tide in the Pacific

      The Campaign in Europe

The Wartime Home Front

      Women and Families, Guns and Butter

      The Double V Campaign

      Wartime Politics and the 1944 Election

      Reaction to the Holocaust

Toward Unconditional Surrender

      From Bombing Raids to Berlin

      The Defeat of Japan

      Atomic Warfare

Conclusion: Allied Victory and America’s Emergence as a Superpower

Chapter ReviewLearningCurve

26. Cold War Politics in the Truman Years, 1945–1953

From the Grand Alliance to Containment

      The Cold War Begins

      DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "The Emerging Cold War"

      The Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan

      Building a National Security State

      Superpower Rivalry around the Globe

Truman and the Fair Deal at Home

      Reconverting to a Peacetime Economy

      Blacks and Mexican Americans Push for Their Civil Rights

      The Fair Deal Flounders

      The Domestic Chill: McCarthyism

The Cold War Becomes Hot: Korea

      Korea and the Military Implementation of Containment

      From Containment to Rollback to Containment

      Korea, Communism, and the 1952 Election

      An Armistice and the War’s Costs

Conclusion: The Cold War’s Costs and Consequences

Chapter ReviewLearningCurve

27. The Politics and Culture of Abundance, 1952–1960

Eisenhower and the Politics of the "Middle Way"

      Modern Republicanism

      Termination and Relocation of Native Americans

      The 1956 Election and the Second Term

Liberation Rhetoric and the Practice of Containment

      The "New Look" in Foreign Policy

      Applying Containment to Vietnam

      Interventions in Latin America and the Middle East

      The Nuclear Arms Race

New Work and Living Patterns in an Economy of Abundance

      Technology Transforms Agriculture and Industry

      Burgeoning Suburbs and Declining Cities

      The Rise of the Sun Belt

      The Democratization of Higher Education

The Culture of Abundance

      Consumption Rules the Day

      The Revival of Domesticity and Religion

      Television Transforms Culture and Politics

      Countercurrents

The Emergence of a Civil Rights Movement

      African Americans Challenge the Supreme Court and the President

      DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "The Brown Decision"

      Montgomery and Mass Protest

Conclusion: Peace and Prosperity Mask Unmet Challenges

Chapter ReviewLearningCurve

28. Reform, Rebellion, and Reaction, 1960–1974

Liberalism at High Tide

      The Unrealized Promise of Kennedy’s New Frontier

      Johnson Fulfills the Kennedy Promise

      Policymaking for a Great Society

      Assessing the Great Society

      The Judicial Revolution

The Second Reconstruction

      The Flowering of the Black Freedom Struggle

      The Response in Washington

      Black Power and Urban Rebellions

A Multitude of Movements

      Native American Protest

      Latino Struggles for Justice

      Student Rebellion, the New Left, and the Counterculture

      VISUALIZING HISTORY: "Anti-Establishment Clothing"

      Gay Men and Lesbians Organize

The New Wave of Feminism

      A Multifaceted Movement Emerges

      Feminist Gains Spark a Countermovement

Liberal Reform in the Nixon Administration

      Extending the Welfare State and Regulating the Economy

      Responding to Environmental Concerns

      Expanding Social Justice

Conclusion: Achievements and Limitations of Liberalism

Chapter ReviewLearningCurve

29. Vietnam and the End of the Cold War Consensus, 1961–1975

New Frontiers in Foreign Policy

      Meeting the "Hour of Maximum Danger"

      New Approaches to the Third World

      The Arms Race and the Nuclear Brink

      A Growing War in Vietnam

Lyndon Johnson’s War against Communism

      An All-Out Commitment in Vietnam

      Preventing Another Castro in Latin America

      The Americanized War

      Those Who Served

A Nation Polarized

      The Widening War at Home

      The Tet Offensive and Johnson’s Move toward Peace

      BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "1968: A Year of Protest"

      The Tumultuous Election of 1968

Nixon, Détente, and the Search for Peace in Vietnam

      Moving toward Détente with the Soviet Union and China

      Shoring Up U.S. Interests around the World

      Vietnam Becomes Nixon’s War

      The Peace Accords

      The Legacy of Defeat

Conclusion: An Unwinnable War

Chapter ReviewLearningCurve

30. America Moves to the Right, 1969–1989

Nixon, Conservatism, and Constitutional Crisis

      Emergence of a Grassroots Movement

      Nixon Courts the Right

      The Election of 1972

      Watergate

      The Ford Presidency and the 1976 Election

The "Outsider" Presidency of Jimmy Carter

      Retreat from Liberalism

      Energy and Environmental Reform

      Promoting Human Rights Abroad

      The Cold War Intensifies

Ronald Reagan and the Conservative Ascendancy

      Appealing to the New Right and Beyond

      Unleashing Free Enterprise

      Winners and Losers in a Flourishing Economy

Continuing Struggles over Rights

      Battles in the Courts and Congress

      Feminism on the Defensive

      The Gay and Lesbian Rights Movement

      DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Protecting Gay and Lesbian Rights"

Ronald Reagan Confronts an "Evil Empire"

      Militarization and Interventions Abroad

      The Iran-Contra Scandal

      A Thaw in Soviet-American Relations

Conclusion: Reversing the Course of Government

Chapter ReviewLearningCurve

31. The Promises and Challenges of Globalization, Since 1989

Domestic Stalemate and Global Upheaval: The Presidency of George H. W. Bush

      Gridlock in Government

      Going to War in Central America and the Persian Gulf

      The Cold War Ends

      The 1992 Election

The Clinton Administration’s Search for the Middle Ground

      Clinton’s Reforms

      Accommodating the Right

      Impeaching the President

      The Booming Economy of the 1990s

The United States in a Globalizing World

      Defining America’s Place in a New World Order

      Debates over Globalization

      The Internationalization of the United States

President George W. Bush: Conservatism at Home and Radical Initiatives Abroad

      The Disputed Election of 2000

      The Domestic Policies of a "Compassionate Conservative"

      The Globalization of Terrorism

      Unilateralism, Preemption, and the Iraq War

The Obama Presidency: Reform and Backlash

      VISUALIZING HISTORY: "Caricaturing the Candidates: Clinton and Obama in 2008"

Conclusion: Defining the Government’s Role at Home and Abroad

Chapter Review—LearningCurve

APPENDICES

      I. Documents

      II. Facts and Figures: Government, Economy, and Demographics

GLOSSARY

Index

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