9781319061982

The American Promise, Value Edition, Combined Volume A History of the United States

by ; ; ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781319061982

  • ISBN10:

    1319061982

  • Edition: 7th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 12/9/2016
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.
  • The Rental and eBook copies of this book are not guaranteed to include any supplemental materials. Typically, only the book itself is included. This is true even if the title states it includes any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.

Summary

The American Promise, Value Edition, has long been a favorite with students who value the text’s readability, clear chronology, and lively voices of ordinary Americans, all in a portable format. The value edition includes the full narrative accompanied by a 2-color map program and the rich instructor resources of the parent text made available at an affordable price. LaunchPad combines carefully-curated assignments and assessments integrated with the full-length parent text e-book—the same narrative in the Value Edition but with full color art and maps and more features for analysis—in its own intuitive course space. The American Promise Value Edition with LaunchPad provides the best formats for every activity—the print book allows for a seamless reading experience while LaunchPad provides the right space for active learning assignments and dynamic course management tools that measure and analyze student progress. LaunchPad comes with a wealth of primary sources and special critical thinking activities to help students progress toward learning outcomes; LearningCurve, the adaptive learning tool that students love to use to cement their understanding of the text and instructors love to assign to prepare students for class; and a suite of instructor resources from videos to test banks that make teaching simpler and more effective. 

Author Biography

James L. Roark (Ph.D., Stanford University) is Samuel Candler Dobbs Professor of American History at Emory University. In 1993, he received the Emory Williams Distinguished Teaching Award, and in 2001–2002 he was Pitt Professor of American Institutions at Cambridge University. He has written Masters without Slaves: Southern Planters in the Civil War and Reconstruction and coauthored Black Masters: A Free Family of Color in the Old South with Michael P. Johnson. Michael P. Johnson (Ph.D., Stanford University) is professor of history at Johns Hopkins University. His publications include Toward a Patriarchal Republic: The Secession of Georgia; Abraham Lincoln, Slavery, and the Civil War: Selected Speeches and Writings; and Reading the American Past: Selected Historical Documents, the documents reader for The American Promise. He has also coedited No Chariot Let Down: Charleston’s Free People of Color on the Eve of the Civil War with James L. Roark.

Patricia Cline Cohen (Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley) is professor of history at the University of California, Santa Barbara, where she received the Distinguished Teaching Award in 2005–2006. She has written A Calculating People: The Spread of Numeracy in Early America and The Murder of Helen Jewett: The Life and Death of a Prostitute in Nineteenth-Century New York, and she has coauthored The Flash Press: Sporting Male Weeklies in 1840s New York. Sarah Stage (Ph.D., Yale University) has taught U.S. history at Williams College and the University of California, Riverside, and she was visiting professor at Beijing University and Szechuan University. Currently she is professor of Women’s Studies at Arizona State University. Her books include Female Complaints: Lydia Pinkham and the Business of Women’s Medicine and Rethinking Home Economics: Women and the History of a Profession.

Susan M. Hartmann (Ph.D., University of Missouri) is Arts and Humanities Distinguished Professor of History at Ohio State University. In 1995 she won the university's Exemplary Faculty Award in the College of Humanities. Her publications include Truman and the 80th Congress; The Home Front and Beyond: American Women in the 1940s; From Margin to Mainstream: American Women and Politics since 1960; and The Other Feminists: Activists in the Liberal Establishment.

Table of Contents

Please Note: The Combined Volume includes all chapters. Volume 1 includes Chapters 1-16 and Volume 2 includes Chapters 16-31.

NOTE: LaunchPad material that does not appear in the print book – including guided reading exercises, source feature quizzes, LearningCurve adaptive quizzes, summative quizzes, and all of the documents from the companion reader Reading the American Past – has been labeled on this table of contents as shown. Each chapter in LaunchPad also comes with a wealth of additional documents, videos, key terms flashcards, map quizzes, timeline activities, and much more, all of which can be easily integrated and assigned.

Preface

Versions and Supplements

Maps, Figures, and Tables

Special Features

1. Ancient America, Before 1492

Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad

Opening Vignette: An archaeological dig helps uncover ancient North American traditions

Archaeology and History

The First Americans

African and Asian Origins

MAKING HISTORICAL ARGUMENTS: "Who Were the First Americans?"

Quiz for Making Historical Arguments     LaunchPad

Paleo-Indian Hunters

Archaic Hunters and Gatherers

Great Plains Bison Hunters

Great Basin Cultures

Pacific Coast Cultures

Eastern Woodland Cultures

Agricultural Settlements and Chiefdoms

Southwestern Cultures

BEYOND AMERICA’S BORDERS: "Corn: An Ancient American Legacy"

Quiz for Beyond America’s Borders     LaunchPad

ANALYZING HISTORICAL EVIDENCE: "Artifacts of Daily Life in Chaco Canyon"

Quiz for Analyzing Historical Evidence     LaunchPad

Woodland Burial Mounds and Chiefdoms

Native Americans in the 1490s

Eastern and Great Plains Peoples

Southwestern and Western Peoples

Cultural Similarities

The Mexica: A Mesoamerican Culture

Conclusion: The World of Ancient Americans

LearningCurve 
LaunchPad
Chapter Review

Chapter 1 Summative Quiz 
LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 1

Document 1-1:
A Taino Origin Story: Ramón Pané, On Taino Religious Practices

Quiz for Document 1-1: A Taino Origin Story: Ramón Pané, On Taino Religious Practices LaunchPad

Document 1-2: A Penobscot Origin Narrative: Joseph Nicolar, The Life and Traditions of the Red Men, 1893

Quiz for Document 1-2: A Penobscot Origin Narrative: Joseph Nicolar, The Life and Traditions of the Red Men, 1893 LaunchPad

Document 1-3: Genesis: The Christian Origin Narrative: "In the Beginning"

Quiz for Document 1-3: Genesis: The Christian Origin Narrative: "In the Beginning" LaunchPad

Document 1-4: Aristotle on Masters and Slaves: The Politics, ca. 300 B.C.

Quiz for Document 1-4: Aristotle on Masters and Slaves: The Politics, ca. 300 B.C. LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS

2. Europeans Encounter the New World, 1492–1600

Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad

Opening Vignette: Queen Isabella of Spain supports Christopher Columbus’s risky plan to sail west across the Atlantic

Europe in the Age of Exploration

Mediterranean Trade and European Expansion

A Century of Portuguese Exploration

A Surprising New World in the Western Atlantic

The Explorations of Columbus

The Geographic Revolution and the Columbian Exchange

Spanish Exploration and Conquest

The Conquest of Mexico

MAKING HISTORICAL ARGUMENTS: "Why Did Cortés Win?"

Quiz for Making Historical Arguments     LaunchPad

The Search for Other Mexicos

Spanish Outposts in Florida and New Mexico

New Spain in the Sixteenth Century

ANALYZING HISTORICAL EVIDENCE: "Justifying Conquest"

Quiz for Analyzing Historical Evidence     LaunchPad

EXPERIENCING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Spreading Christianity in New Spain"

Quiz for Experiencing the American Promise     LaunchPad

The Toll of Spanish Conquest and Colonization

The New World and Sixteenth-Century Europe

The Protestant Reformation and the Spanish Response

Europe and The Spanish Example

Conclusion: The promise of the new world for Europeans

LearningCurve 
LaunchPad
Chapter Review

Chapter 2 Summative Quiz 
LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 2

Document 2-1:
The King of the Congo Writes to the King of Portugal: King Afonso and King João III, Correspondence, 1526

Quiz for Document 2-1: The King of the Congo Writes to the King of Portugal: King Afonso and King João III, Correspondence, 1526 LaunchPad

Document 2-2: Columbus Describes His First Encounter with "Indians": The Diario of Christopher Columbus's First Voyage to America, 1492-1493

Quiz for Document 2-2: Columbus Describes His First Encounter with "Indians": The Diario of Christopher Columbus's First Voyage to America, 1492-1493 LaunchPad

Document 2-3: A Conquistador Arrives in Mexico, 1519-1520: Bernal Díaz del Castillo, The Conquest of New Spain, 1632

Quiz for Document 2-3: A Conquistador Arrives in Mexico, 1519-1520: Bernal Díaz del Castillo, The Conquest of New Spain, 1632 LaunchPad

Document 2-4: A Mexican Description of the Conquest of Mexico: Mexican Accounts of Conquest from the Florentine Codex

Quiz for Document 2-4: A Mexican Description of the Conquest of Mexico: Mexican Accounts of Conquest from the Florentine Codex LaunchPad

Document 2-5: Cabeza de Vaca Describes His Captivity Among Native Americans in Texas and the Southwest, 1528-1536: Narrative, 1542

Quiz for Document 2-5: Cabeza de Vaca Describes His Captivity Among Native Americans in Texas and the Southwest, 1528-1536: Narrative, 1542 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS

3. THE SOUTHERN COLONIES IN THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY, 1601–1700

Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad

Opening Vignette: Pocahontas "rescues" John Smith

An English Colony on Chesapeake Bay

The Fragile Jamestown Settlement

Cooperation and Conflict between Natives and Newcomers

From Private Company to Royal Government

A Tobacco Society

BEYOND AMERICA’S BORDERS:
"American Tobacco and European Consumers"

Quiz for Beyond America’s Borders     LaunchPad

Tobacco Agriculture

A Servant Labor System

The Rigors of Servitude

ANALYZING HISTORICAL EVIDENCE: "Enslavement by Marriage"

Quiz for Analyzing Historical Evidence     LaunchPad

Cultivating Land and Faith

Hierarchy and Inequality in the Chesapeake

Social and Economic Polarization

Government Policies and Political Conflict

Bacon’s Rebellion

MAKING AN HISTORICAL ARGUMENT: "Why Did English Colonists Consider Themselves Superior to Indians and Africans?"

Quiz for Making Historical Arguments     LaunchPad

Toward a Slave Labor System

Religion and Revolt in the Spanish Borderland

The West Indies: Sugar and Slavery

Carolina: A West Indian Frontier

Slave Labor Emerges in the Chesapeake

Conclusion: The Growth of English Colonies Based on Export Crops and Slave Labor

LearningCurve 
LaunchPad
Chapter Review

Chapter 3 Summative Quiz 
LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 3

Document 3-1:
Richard Frethorne Describes Indentured Servitude in Virginia: Letter to Father and Mother, March 20, April 2, 3, 1623

Quiz for Document 3-1: Richard Frethorne Describes Indentured Servitude in Virginia: Letter to Father and Mother, March 20, April 2, 3, 1623 LaunchPad

Document 3-2: Opechancanough's 1622 Uprising in Virginia: Edward Waterhouse, Declaration, 1622

Quiz for Document 3-2: Opechancanough's 1622 Uprising in Virginia: Edward Waterhouse, Declaration, 1622 LaunchPad

Document 3-3: Sex and Race Relations: Testimony from Virginia Court Records, 1681

Quiz for Document 3-3: Sex and Race Relations: Testimony from Virginia Court Records, 1681 LaunchPad

Document 3-4: Bacon's Rebellion: Nathaniel Bacon, Declaration, 1676

Quiz for Document 3-4: Bacon's Rebellion: Nathaniel Bacon, Declaration, 1676 LaunchPad

Document 3-5: Pedro Naranjo Describes Pueblo Revolt: Declaration of Pedro Naranjo of the Queres Nation, December 19, 1681

Quiz for Document 3-5: Pedro Naranjo Describes Pueblo Revolt: Declaration of Pedro Naranjo of the Queres Nation, December 19, 1681 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS

4. THE NORTHERN COLONIES IN THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY, 1601–1700

Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad

Opening Vignette: Roger Williams is banished from Puritan Massachusetts

Puritans and the Settlement of New England

Puritan Origins: The English Reformation

The Pilgrims and Plymouth Colony

The Founding of Massachusetts Bay Colony

MAKING HISTORICAL ARGUMENTS: "How did Seventeenth-Century Colonists View Nature"     LaunchPad

The Evolution of New England Society

Church, Covenant, and Conformity

Government by Puritans for Puritanism

The Splintering of Puritanism

Religious Controversies and Economic Changes

ANALYZING HISTORICAL EVIDENCE: "Hunting Witches in Salem, Massachusetts"

Quiz for Analyzing Historical Evidence     LaunchPad

The Founding of the Middle Colonies

From New Netherland to New York

New Jersey and Pennsylvania

Toleration and Diversity in Pennsylvania

The Colonies and the English Empire

Royal Regulation of Colonial Trade

King Philip’s War and the Consolidation of Royal Authority

BEYOND AMERICA’S BORDERS: "New France and the Indians: The English Colonies’ Northern Borderlands"

Quiz for Beyond America’s Borders     LaunchPad

Conclusion: An English Model of Colonization in North America

LearningCurve 
LaunchPad
Chapter Review

Chapter 4 Summative Quiz 
LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 4

Document 4-1:
The Arbella Sermon: John Winthrop, A Model of Christian Charity, 1630

Quiz for Document 4-1: The Arbella Sermon: John Winthrop, A Model of Christian Charity, 1630 LaunchPad

Document 4-2: Observations of New England Indians: Roger Williams, A Key into the Language of America, 1643

Quiz for Document 4-2: Observations of New England Indians: Roger Williams, A Key into the Language of America, 1643

Document 4-3: Wampanoag Grievances at the Outset of King Philip's War: John Easton, A Relation of the Indian War, 1675

Quiz for Document 4-3: Wampanoag Grievances at the Outset of King Philip's War: John Easton, A Relation of the Indian War, 1675 LaunchPad

Document 4-4: A Provincial Government Enacts Legislation: The Laws of Pennsylvania, 1682

Quiz for Document 4-4: A Provincial Government Enacts Legislation: The Laws of Pennsylvania, 1682 LaunchPad

Document 4-5: Words of the Bewitched: Testimony against Accused Witch Bridget Bishop, 1692

Quiz for Document 4-5: Words of the Bewitched: Testimony against Accused Witch Bridget Bishop, 1692 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS

5. COLONIAL AMERICA IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY, 1701–1770

Guided Reading Exercise 
LaunchPad

Opening Vignette: The Robin Johns experience horrific turns of fortune in the Atlantic slave trade

A Growing Population and Expanding Economy in British North America

New England: From Puritan Settlers to Yankee Traders

Natural Increase and Land Distribution

Farms, Fish, and Atlantic Trade

EXPERIENCING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "A Sailor’s Life in the Eighteenth-Century Atlantic World"

Quiz for Experiencing the American Promise     LaunchPad

The Middle Colonies: Immigrants, Wheat, and Work

German and Scots-Irish Immigrants

"God Gives All Things to Industry": Urban and Rural Labor

MAKING HISTORICAL ARGUMENTS: "Why Did Few Colonists Oppose the African Slave Trade?"     LaunchPad

Quiz for Making Historical Arguments    LaunchPad

The Southern Colonies: Land of Slavery

The Atlantic Slave Trade and the Growth of Slavery

Slave Labor and African American Culture

Tobacco, Rice, and Prosperity

Unifying Experiences

Commerce and Consumption

Religion, Enlightenment, and Revival

Trade and Conflict in the North American Borderlands

ANALYZING HISTORICAL EVIDENCE: "Spanish Priests Report on California Missions"

Quiz for Analyzing Historical Evidence     LaunchPad

Colonial Politics in the British Empire

Conclusion: The Dual Identity of British North American Colonists

LearningCurve 
LaunchPad
Chapter Review

Chapter 5 Summative Quiz 
LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 5

Document 5-1:
Elizabeth Ashbridge Becomes an Indentured Servant in New York: Elizabeth Ashbridge, Some Account of the Early Part of the Life of Elizabeth Ashbridge, Who Died in…1755 (1807)
Quiz for Document 5-1: Elizabeth Ashbridge Becomes an Indentured Servant in New York: Elizabeth Ashbridge, Some Account of the Early Part of the Life of Elizabeth Ashbridge, Who Died in…1755 (1807) LaunchPad

Document 5-2: Poor Richard's Advice: Benjamin Franklin, Father Abraham's Speech from Poor Richard's Almanac, 1757
Quiz for Document 5-2: Poor Richard's Advice: Benjamin Franklin, Father Abraham's Speech from Poor Richard's Almanac, 1757 LaunchPad

Document 5-3: An Anglican Criticizes New Light Baptists and Presbyterians in the South Carolina Backcountry: Charles Woodmason, Sermon on the Baptists and the Presbyterians, ca. 1768
Quiz for Document 5-3: An Anglican Criticizes New Light Baptists and Presbyterians in the South Carolina Backcountry: Charles Woodmason, Sermon on the Baptists and the Presbyterians, ca. 1768 LaunchPad
Document 5-4: Advertisements for Runaway Slaves: South Carolina Gazette and Virginia Gazette, 1737-1745
Quiz for Document 5-4: Advertisements for Runaway Slaves: South Carolina Gazette and Virginia Gazette, 1737-1745 LaunchPad

Document 5-5: A Moravian Missionary Interviews Slaves in the West Indies, 1767-1768: Christian George Andreas Oldendorp, History of the Evangelical Brethren's Mission on the Caribbean Islands, 1777
Quiz for Document 5-5: A Moravian Missionary Interviews Slaves in the West Indies, 1767-1768: Christian George Andreas Oldendorp, History of the Evangelical Brethren's Mission on the Caribbean Islands, 1777 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS

6. The British Empire and the Colonial Crisis, 1754–1775

Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad

Opening Vignette: Loyalist governor Thomas Hutchinson stands his ground in radical Massachusetts

The Seven Years’ War, 1754–1763

French-British Rivalry in the Ohio Country

The Albany Congress

MAKING HISTORICAL ARGUMENTS:  "Why did the Mohawk Chief Hendrick fight with the British against the French in 1755?"

Quiz for Making Historical Arguments     LaunchPad

The War and Its Consequences

Pontiac’s Rebellion and the Proclamation of 1763

The Sugar and Stamp Acts, 1763–1765

Grenville’s Sugar Act

The Stamp Act

Resistance Strategies and Crowd Politics

EXPERIENCING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Pursuing Liberty, Protesting Tyranny"

Quiz for Experiencing the American Promise     LaunchPad

Liberty and Property

The Townshend Acts and Economic Retaliation, 1767–1770

The Townshend Duties

Nonconsumption and the Daughters of Liberty

Military Occupation and "Massacre" in Boston

The Destruction of the Tea and the Coercive Acts, 1770–1774

The Calm before the Storm

Tea in Boston Harbor

The Coercive Acts

ANALYZING HISTORICAL EVIDENCE: "Reactions to the Boston Port Act outside of Massachusetts"

Quiz for Analyzing Historical Evidence     LaunchPad

Beyond Boston: Rural New England

The First Continental Congress

Domestic Insurrections, 1774–1775

Lexington and Concord

Rebelling against Slavery

Conclusion: The Long Road to Revolution

LearningCurve 
LaunchPad
Chapter Review

Chapter 6 Summative Quiz 
LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 6

Document 6-1:
Mary Jemison Is Captured by Seneca Indians during the Seven Years' War: James E. Seaver, A Narrative of the Life of Mrs. Mary Jemison, 1824

Quiz for Document 6-1: Mary Jemison Is Captured by Seneca Indians during the Seven Years' War: James E. Seaver, A Narrative of the Life of Mrs. Mary Jemison, 1824 LaunchPad

Document 6-2: An Oration on the Second Anniversary of the Boston Massacre: Joseph Warren, Boston Massacre Oration, March 5, 1772

Quiz for Document 6-2: An Oration on the Second Anniversary of the Boston Massacre: Joseph Warren, Boston Massacre Oration, March 5, 1772 LaunchPad

Document 6-3: A Boston Shoemaker Recalls British Arrogance and the Boston Tea Party: George R. T. Hewes, Memoir, 1834

Quiz for Document 6-3: A Boston Shoemaker Recalls British Arrogance and the Boston Tea Party: George R. T. Hewes, Memoir, 1834 LaunchPad

Document 6-4: Daniel Leonard Argues for Loyalty to the British Empire: To the Inhabitants of the Province of Massachusetts-Bay, 1774-1775

Quiz for Document 6-4: Daniel Leonard Argues for Loyalty to the British Empire: To the Inhabitants of the Province of Massachusetts-Bay, 1774-1775 LaunchPad

Document 6-5: Edmund Burke Urges Reconciliation with the Colonies: Speech to Parliament, March 22, 1775

Quiz for Document 6-5: Edmund Burke Urges Reconciliation with the Colonies: Speech to Parliament, March 22, 1775 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS

7. THE WAR FOR AMERICA, 1775–1783

Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad

Opening Vignette: Deborah Sampson masquerades as a man to join the Continental army

The Second Continental Congress

Assuming Political and Military Authority

Pursuing Both War and Peace

Thomas Paine, Abigail Adams, and the Case for Independence

The Declaration of Independence

MAKING HISTORICAL ARGUMENTS: "How Did ‘New Media’ Push Forward the Declaration of Independence?"

Quiz for Making Historical Arguments     LaunchPad

The First Year of War, 1775–1776

The American Military Forces

The British Strategy

Quebec, New York, and New Jersey

The Home Front

Patriotism at the Local Level

The Loyalists

ANALYZING HISTORICAL EVIDENCE: "Families Divide over the Revolution"

Who Is a Traitor?

Quiz for Analyzing Historical Evidence     LaunchPad

Prisoners of War

Financial Instability and Corruption

The Campaigns of 1777–1779: The North and West

Burgoyne’s Army and the Battle of Saratoga

The War in the West: Indian Country

The French Alliance

The Southern Strategy and the End of the War

Georgia and South Carolina

Treason and Guerrilla Warfare

A Shaming Ritual Targeting the Great Traitor

Surrender at Yorktown

The Losers and the Winners

BEYOND AMERICA’S BORDERS: "European Nations and the Peace of Paris, 1783"

Quiz for Beyond America’s Borders     LaunchPad

Conclusion: Why the British Lost

LearningCurve 
LaunchPad
Chapter Review

Chapter 7 Summative Quiz 
LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 7

Document 7-1:
Thomas Paine Makes the Case for Independence: Common Sense, January 1776

Quiz for Document 7-1: Thomas Paine Makes the Case for Independence: Common Sense, January 1776 LaunchPad

Document 7-2: Letters of John and Abigail Adams: Correspondence, 1776

Quiz for Document 7-2: Letters of John and Abigail Adams: Correspondence, 1776 LaunchPad

Document 7-3: J. Hector St. John de Crevecoeur Describes the Distresses of a Frontier Farmer during the Revolution: J. Hector St. John de Crevecoeur, "Distresses of a Frontier Man," 1782

Quiz for Document 7-3: J. Hector St. John de Crevecoeur Describes the Distresses of a Frontier Farmer during the Revolution: J. Hector St. John de Crevecoeur, "Distresses of a Frontier Man," 1782 LaunchPad

Document 7-4: Boston King Seeks Freedom by Running Away to the British Army: Memoir, 1798

Quiz for Document 7-4: Boston King Seeks Freedom by Running Away to the British Army: Memoir, 1798 LaunchPad

Document 7-5: Joseph Brant Appeals to British Allies to Keep Promises: Address to British Secretary of State Lord Germain, 1776 and Message to Governor of Quebec, Frederick Haldimand, 1783

Quiz for Document 7-5: Joseph Brant Appeals to British Allies to Keep Promises: Address to British Secretary of State Lord Germain, 1776 and Message to Governor of Quebec, Frederick Haldimand, 1783 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS

8. BUILDING A REPUBLIC, 1775–1789

Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad

Opening Vignette: James Madison comes of age in the midst of revolution

The Articles of Confederation

Confederation and Taxation

The Problem of Western Lands

Running the New Government

The Sovereign States

The State Constitutions

Who Are "the People"?

Equality and Slavery

EXPERIENCING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "A Slave Sues for Her Freedom"

Quiz for Experiencing the American Promise     LaunchPad

The Confederation’s Problems

The War Debt and the Newburgh Conspiracy

The Treaty of Fort Stanwix

Land Ordinances and the Northwest Territory

ANALYZING HISTORICAL EVIDENCE: "The Northwest Ordinance and Slavery"

Quiz for Analyzing Historical Evidence     LaunchPad

The Requisition of 1785 and Shays’s Rebellion, 1786–1787

The United States Constitution

From Annapolis to Philadelphia

The Virginia and New Jersey Plans

Democracy versus Republicanism

Ratification of the Constitution

The Federalists

The Antifederalists

MAKING HISTORICAL ARGUMENTS:  "Was the New United States a Christian Country?"

Quiz for Making Historical Arguments     LaunchPad

The Big Holdouts: Virginia and New York

Conclusion: The "Republican Remedy’

LearningCurve 
LaunchPad
Chapter Review

Chapter 8 Summative Quiz 
LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 8

Document 8-1:
Richard Allen Founds the First African Methodist Church: Life, Experience, and Gospel Labours, 1833

Quiz for Document 8-1: Richard Allen Founds the First African Methodist Church: Life, Experience, and Gospel Labours, 1833 LaunchPad

Document 8-2:
Thomas Jefferson on Slavery and Race: Notes on the State of Virginia, 1782

Quiz for Document 8-2: Thomas Jefferson on Slavery and Race: Notes on the State of Virginia, 1782 LaunchPad

Document 8-3: Benjamin Rush Proposes a Proper Education for a Republic: Benjamin Rush, "Of the Mode of Education Proper in a Republic," 1786

Quiz for Document 8-3: Benjamin Rush Proposes a Proper Education for a Republic: Benjamin Rush, "Of the Mode of Education Proper in a Republic," 1786 LaunchPad

Document 8-4: Making the Case for the Constitution: James Madison, Federalist Number 10, 1787

Quiz for Document 8-4: Making the Case for the Constitution: James Madison, Federalist Number 10, 1787 LaunchPad

Document 8-5: Mercy Otis Warren Opposes the Constitution: Observations on the New Constitution, 1788

Quiz for Document 8-5: Mercy Otis Warren Opposes the Constitution: Observations on the New Constitution, 1788 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS

9. THE NEW NATION TAKES FORM, 1789–1800

Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad

Opening Vignette: Brilliant and brash, Alexander Hamilton becomes a polarizing figure in the 1790s

The Search for Stability

Washington Inaugurates the Government

The Bill of Rights

MAKING HISTORICAL ARGUMENTS: "How Did America’s First Congress Address the Question of Slavery?"

Quiz for Making Historical Arguments     LaunchPad

The Republican Wife and Mother

Hamilton’s Economic Policies

Agriculture, Transportation, and Banking

The Public Debt and Taxes

The First Bank of the United States and the Report on Manufactures

The Whiskey Rebellion

Conflicts on America’s Borders and Beyond

Creeks in the Southwest

Ohio Indians in the Northwest

France and Britain

BEYOND AMERICA’S BORDERS: "France, Britain, and Woman’s Rights in the 1790s"

Quiz for Beyond America’s Borders     LaunchPad

The Haitian Revolution

Federalists and Republicans

The Election of 1796

The XYZ Affair

The Alien and Sedition Acts

ANALYZING HISTORICAL EVIDENCE: "The Crisis of 1798: Sedition"

Quiz for Analyzing Historical Evidence     LaunchPad

Conclusion: Parties Nonetheless

LearningCurve 
LaunchPad
Chapter Review

Chapter 9 Summative Quiz 
LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 9

Document 9-1:
Alexander Hamilton on the Economy: Report on the Subject of Manufactures, 1791

Quiz for Document 9-1: Alexander Hamilton on the Economy: Report on the Subject of Manufactures, 1791 LaunchPad

Document 9-2: Mary Dewees Moves West to Kentucky: Journal, 1788-1789

Quiz for Document 9-2: Mary Dewees Moves West to Kentucky: Journal, 1788-1789 LaunchPad

Document 9-3: Judith Sargent Murray Insists on the Equality of the Sexes: Judith Sargent Murray, "On the Equality of the Sexes," 1790

Quiz for Document 9-3: Judith Sargent Murray Insists on the Equality of the Sexes: Judith Sargent Murray, "On the Equality of the Sexes," 1790 LaunchPad

Document 9-4: A French Sugar Planter Describes the French and Saint Domingue Revolutions: A Sugar Planter of Saint Domingue Experiences Revolution in France and Saint Domingue, 1791

Quiz for Document 9-4: A French Sugar Planter Describes the French and Saint Domingue Revolutions: A Sugar Planter of Saint Domingue Experiences Revolution in France and Saint Domingue, 1791 LaunchPad

Document 9-5: President George Washington's Parting Advice to the Nation: Farewell Address to the People of the United States, 1796

Quiz for Document 9-5: President George Washington's Parting Advice to the Nation: Farewell Address to the People of the United States, 1796 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS

10. Republicans in Power, 1800–1824

Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad

Opening Vignette: The Shawnee chief Tecumseh attempts to forge a pan-Indian confederacy

Jefferson’s Presidency

Turbulent Times: Election and Rebellion

MAKING HISTORICAL ARGUMENTS: "How Could a Vice President Get Away with Murder?"

Quiz for Making Historical Arguments     LaunchPad

The Jeffersonian Vision of Republican Simplicity

Dangers Overseas: The Barbary Wars

Opportunities and Challenges in the West

The Louisiana Purchase

The Lewis and Clark Expedition

Osage and Comanche Indians

Jefferson, the Madisons, and the War of 1812

Impressment and Embargo

Dolley Madison and Social Politics

Tecumseh and Tippecanoe

ANALYZING HISTORICAL EVIDENCE: "The Nation’s First Formal Declaration of War"

Quiz for Analyzing Historical Evidence     LaunchPad

Washington City Burns: The British Offensive

Women’s Status in the Early Republic

Women and the Law

Women and Church Governance

Female Education

EXPERIENCING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "One Woman’s Quest to Provide Higher Education for Women"

Quiz for Experiencing the American Promise     LaunchPad

Monroe and Adams

From Property to Democracy

The Missouri Compromise

The Monroe Doctrine

The Election of 1824

The Adams Administration

Conclusion: Republican Simplicity Becomes Complex

LearningCurve 
LaunchPad
Chapter Review

Chapter 10 Summative Quiz 
LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 10

Document 10-1:
President Thomas Jefferson's Private and Public Indian Policy: Letter to Governor William H. Harrison, February 27, 1803 and Address to the Wolf and People of the Mandan Nation, December 30, 1806
Quiz for Document 10-1: President Thomas Jefferson's Private and Public Indian Policy: Letter to Governor William H. Harrison, February 27, 1803 and Address to the Wolf and People of the Mandan Nation, December 30, 1806 LaunchPad

Document 10-2: Meriwether Lewis Describes the Shoshone: The Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, 1805
Quiz for Document 10-2: Meriwether Lewis Describes the Shoshone: The Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, 1805 LaunchPad

Document 10-3: A Slave Demands That Thomas Jefferson Abolish Slavery: A  Slave to Thomas Jefferson, November 30, 1808
Quiz for Document 10-3: A Slave Demands That Thomas Jefferson Abolish Slavery: A Slave to Thomas Jefferson, November 30, 1808 LaunchPad
Document 10-4: James Forten Protests Pennsylvania Law Threatening Enslavement of Free African Americans: Letters from a Man of Colour, on a Late Bill before the Senate of Pennsylvania, 1813
Quiz for Document 10-4: James Forten Protests Pennsylvania Law Threatening Enslavement of Free African Americans: Letters from a Man of Colour, on a Late Bill before the Senate of Pennsylvania, 1813 LaunchPad

Document 10-5: James Hamilton's Path to Enlistment during the War of 1812: Confession, 1818
Quiz for Document 10-5: James Hamilton's Path to Enlistment during the War of 1812: Confession, 1818 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS

11. The Expanding Republic, 1815–1840

Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad

Opening Vignette: The Grimké sisters speak out against slavery

The Market Revolution

Improvements in Transportation

Factories, Workingwomen, and Wage Labor

ANALYZING HISTORICAL EVIDENCE: "Mill Girls Stand Up to Factory Owners, 1834"

Quiz for Analyzing Historical Evidence     LaunchPad

Bankers and Lawyers

Booms and Busts

The Spread of Democracy

Popular Politics and Partisan Identity

The Election of 1828 and the Character Issue

Jackson’s Democratic Agenda

Jackson Defines the Democratic Party

Indian Policy and the Trail of Tears

The Tariff of Abominations and Nullification

The Bank War and Economic Boom

Cultural Shifts, Religion, and Reform

The Family and Separate Spheres

The Education and Training of Youths

The Second Great Awakening

The Temperance Movement and the Campaign for Moral Reform

MAKING HISTORICAL ARGUMENTS: "Who Scorned Temperance and Moral Reform?"

Quiz for Making Historical Arguments     LaunchPad

Organizing against Slavery

Van Buren’s One-Term Presidency

The Politics of Slavery

Elections and Panics

EXPERIENCING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Going Ahead or Gone to Smash: An Entrepreneur Struggles in the 1830s"

Quiz for Experiencing the American Promise     LaunchPad

Conclusion: The Age of Jackson or the Era of Reform?

LearningCurve 
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Chapter Review

Chapter 11 Summative Quiz 
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Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 11

Document 11-1:
President Andrew Jackson's Parting Words to the Nation: Farewell Address, March 4, 1837

Quiz for Document 11-1: President Andrew Jackson's Parting Words to the Nation: Farewell Address, March 4, 1837 LaunchPad

Document 11-2: Cherokees Debate Removal: John Ross, Answer to Inquiries from a Friend, 1836 and Elias Boudinot, A Reply to John Ross, 1837

Quiz for Document 11-2: Cherokees Debate Removal: John Ross, Answer to Inquiries from a Friend, 1836 and Elias Boudinot, A Reply to John Ross, 1837 LaunchPad

Document 11-3: Alexis de Toqueville Describes the Three Races in the United States: Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, 1835

Quiz for Document 11-3: Alexis de Toqueville Describes the Three Races in the United States: Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, 1835 LaunchPad

Document 11-4: David Walker Demands Emancipation: Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World, 1829

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Document 11-5: Sarah Grimké on the Status of Women: Letters on the Equality of the Sexes, 1838

Quiz for Document 11-5: Sarah Grimké on the Status of Women: Letters on the Equality of the Sexes, 1838 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS

12. The New West and the Free North, 1840–1860

Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad

Opening Vignette: With the support of his wife, Abraham Lincoln struggles to survive in antebellum America

Economic and Industrial Evolution

Agriculture and Land Policy

Manufacturing and Mechanization

Railroads: Breaking the Bonds of Nature

Free Labor: Promise and Reality

The Free-Labor Ideal

Economic Inequality

BEYOND AMERICA’S BORDERS: "Global Prosperity in the 1850s"

Quiz for Beyond America’s Borders     LaunchPad

Immigrants and the Free-Labor Ladder

The Westward Movement

Manifest Destiny

Oregon and the Overland Trail

The Mormon Exodus

The Mexican Borderlands

Expansion and the Mexican-American War

The Politics of Expansion

The Mexican-American War, 1846–1848

Victory in Mexico

Golden California

ANALYZING HISTORICAL EVIDENCE: "The Gold Rush"

Quiz for Analyzing Historical Evidence     LaunchPad

MAKING HISTORICAL ARGUMENTS: "Why was the Gold Rush So Deadly for California’s Indians?"

Quiz for Making Historical Arguments     LaunchPad

Reforming Self and Society

The Pursuit of Perfection: Transcendentalists and Utopians

Woman’s Rights Activists

Abolitionists and the American Ideal

Conclusion: Free Labor, Free Men

LearningCurve 
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Chapter Review

Chapter 12 Summative Quiz 
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Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 12

Document 12-1:
Abraham Lincoln Explains the Free Labor System: Abraham Lincoln, "Address before the Wisconsin State Agricultural Society," Milwaukee, Wisconsin, September 30, 1859

Quiz for Document 12-1: Abraham Lincoln Explains the Free Labor System: Abraham Lincoln, "Address before the Wisconsin State Agricultural Society," Milwaukee, Wisconsin, September 30, 1859 LaunchPad

Document 12-2: The Anxiety of Gain: Henry W. Bellows on Commerce and Morality: The Influence of the Trading Spirit upon the Social and Moral Life of America, 1845

Quiz for Document 12-2: The Anxiety of Gain: Henry W. Bellows on Commerce and Morality: The Influence of the Trading Spirit upon the Social and Moral Life of America, 1845 LaunchPad

Document 12-3: Gold Fever: Walter Colton, California Gold Rush Diary, 1849-1850

Quiz for Document 12-3: Gold Fever: Walter Colton, California Gold Rush Diary, 1849-1850 LaunchPad

Document 12-4: That Woman Is Man's Equal: The Seneca Falls Declaration: Declaration of Sentiments, 1848

Quiz for Document 12-4: That Woman Is Man's Equal: The Seneca Falls Declaration: Declaration of Sentiments, 1848 LaunchPad

Document 12-5: A Farmer's View of His Wife: Eliza Farnham, Conversation with a Newly Wed Westerner, 1846

Quiz for Document 12-5: A Farmer's View of His Wife: Eliza Farnham, Conversation with a Newly Wed Westerner, 1846 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS

13. The Slave South, 1820–1860

Guided Reading Exercise 
LaunchPad

Opening Vignette: Slave Nat Turner leads a revolt to end slavery

The Growing Distinctiveness of the South

Cotton Kingdom, Slave Empire

The South in Black and White

ANALYZING HISTORICAL EVIDENCE: "Defending Slavery"

Quiz for Analyzing Historical Evidence     LaunchPad

The Plantation Economy

BEYOND AMERICA’S BORDERS: "Cotton’s Global Empire"

Quiz for Beyond America’s Borders     LaunchPad

Masters and Mistresses in the Big House

Paternalism and Male Honor

MAKING HISTORICAL ARGUMENTS: "How Often Were Slaves Whipped?"

Quiz for Making Historical Arguments     LaunchPad

The Southern Lady and Feminine Virtues

Slaves in the Quarter

Work

Family and Religion

Resistance and Rebellion

The Plain Folk

Plantation-Belt Yeomen

Upcountry Yeomen

Poor Whites

The Culture of the Plain Folk

Black and Free: On the Middle Ground

Precarious Freedom

Achievement Despite Restrictions

The Politics of Slavery

The Democratization of the Political Arena

Planter Power

Conclusion: A Slave Society

LearningCurve 
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Chapter Review

Chapter 13 Summative Quiz 
LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 13

Document 13-1:
Madison Hemings Recalls Life as Thomas Jefferson's Enslaved Son: Interview, 1873

Quiz for Document 13-1: Madison Hemings Recalls Life as Thomas Jefferson's Enslaved Son: Interview, 1873 LaunchPad

Document 13-2: Plantation Rules: Bennet Barrow, Highland Plantation Journal, May 1, 1838

Quiz for Document 13-2: Plantation Rules: Bennet Barrow, Highland Plantation Journal, May 1, 1838 LaunchPad

Document 13-3: Fanny Kemble Learns about Abuses of Slave Women: Frances Anne Kemble, Journal of a Residence on a Georgian Plantation in 1838-1839

Quiz for Document 13-3: Fanny Kemble Learns about Abuses of Slave Women: Frances Anne Kemble, Journal of a Residence on a Georgian Plantation in 1838-1839 LaunchPad

Document 13-4: Nat Turner Explains Why He Became an Insurrectionist: The Confessions of Nat Turner, 1831

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Document 13-5: The Proslavery Argument: James Henry Hammond, Letter to an English Abolitionist, 1845

Quiz for Document 13-5: The Proslavery Argument: James Henry Hammond, Letter to an English Abolitionist, 1845 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS

14. THE HOUSE DIVIDED, 1846–1861

Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad

Opening Vignette: Abolitionist John Brown takes his war against slavery to Harpers Ferry, Virginia

The Bitter Fruits of War

The Wilmot Proviso and the Expansion of Slavery

The Election of 1848

Debate and Compromise

The Sectional Balance Undone

The Fugitive Slave Act

Uncle Tom’s Cabin

The Kansas-Nebraska Act

MAKING HISTORICAL ARGUMENTS: "Filibusters: Were They the Underside of Manifest Destiny?"

Quiz for Making Historical Arguments     LaunchPad

Realignment of the Party System

The Old Parties: Whigs and Democrats

The New Parties: Know-Nothings and Republicans

EXPERIENCING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "’A Purse of Her Own’: Petitioning for the Right to Own Property"

Quiz for Experiencing the American Promise     LaunchPad

The Election of 1856

ANALYZING HISTORICAL EVIDENCE: "Women’s Politics"

Quiz for Analyzing Historical Evidence     LaunchPad

Freedom under Siege

"Bleeding Kansas"

The Dred Scott Decision

Prairie Republican: Abraham Lincoln

The Lincoln-Douglas Debates

The Union Collapses

The Aftermath of John Brown’s Raid

Republican Victory in 1860

Secession Winter

Conclusion: Slavery, Free Labor, and the Failure of Political Compromise

LearningCurve 
LaunchPad
Chapter Review

Chapter 14 Summative Quiz 
LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 14

Document 14-1:
The Kansas-Nebraska Act: Abraham Lincoln, Speech in Peoria, Illinois, October 16, 1854

Quiz for Document 14-1: The Kansas-Nebraska Act: Abraham Lincoln, Speech in Peoria, Illinois, October 16, 1854 LaunchPad

Document 14-2: The Antislavery Constitution: Frederick Douglass, The Constitution of the United States: Is It Proslavery or Antislavery? 1860

Quiz for Document 14-2: The Antislavery Constitution: Frederick Douglass, The Constitution of the United States: Is It Proslavery or Antislavery? 1860 LaunchPad

Document 14-3: The Proslavery Constitution: Jefferson Davis, Speech before the U.S. Senate, May 1860

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Document 14-4: Levi Coffin Describes Margaret Garner's Attempt to Escape Slavery: Levi Coffin, Reminiscences, 1880

Quiz for Document 14-4: Levi Coffin Describes Margaret Garner's Attempt to Escape Slavery: Levi Coffin, Reminiscences, 1880 LaunchPad

Document 14-5: Abolitionist Lydia Maria Child Defends John Brown and Attacks the Slave Power: Correspondence between Lydia Maria Child and Virginia Governor Henry A. Wise, 1859

Quiz for Document 14-5: Abolitionist Lydia Maria Child Defends John Brown and Attacks the Slave Power: Correspondence between Lydia Maria Child and Virginia Governor Henry A. Wise, 1859 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS

15. THE CRUCIBLE OF WAR, 1861–1865

Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad

Opening Vignette: Runaway slave William Gould enlists in the U.S. Navy

"And the War Came"

Attack on Fort Sumter

The Upper South Chooses Sides

The Combatants

How They Expected to Win

Lincoln and Davis Mobilize

Battling It Out, 1861–1862

Stalemate in the Eastern Theater

Union Victories in the Western Theater

The Atlantic Theater

International Diplomacy

Union and Freedom

From Slaves to Contraband

From Contraband to Free People

The War of Black Liberation

EXPERIENCING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "The Right to Fight: Black Soldiers in the Civil War"

Quiz for Experiencing the American Promise     LaunchPad

The South at War

Revolution from Above

Hardship Below

ANALYZING HISTORICAL EVIDENCE: "Home and Country"

Quiz for Analyzing Historical Evidence     LaunchPad

The Disintegration of Slavery

The North at War

The Government and the Economy

Women and Work at Home and at War

Politics and Dissent

Grinding Out Victory, 1863–1865

Vicksburg and Gettysburg

Grant Takes Command

MAKING HISTORICAL ARGUMENTS: "Why Did So Many Soldiers Die?"

Quiz for Making Historical Arguments     LaunchPad

The Election of 1864

The Confederacy Collapses

Conclusion: The Second American Revolution

LearningCurve 
LaunchPad
Chapter Review

Chapter 15 Summative Quiz 
LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 15

Document 15-1:
President Lincoln's War Aims: Letter to Horace Greeley, August 22, 1862; The Emancipation Proclamation, January 1, 1863; and The Gettysburg Address, November 19, 1863

Quiz for Document 15-1: President Lincoln's War Aims: Letter to Horace Greeley, August 22, 1862; The Emancipation Proclamation, January 1, 1863; and The Gettysburg Address, November 19, 1863 LaunchPad

Document 15-2: A Former Slave's War Aims: Statement from an Anonymous Former Slave, New Orleans, 1863

Quiz for Document 15-2: A Former Slave's War Aims: Statement from an Anonymous Former Slave, New Orleans, 1863 LaunchPad

Document 15-3: The New York Draft Riots: Report of the Committee of Merchants for the Relief of Colored People Suffering from the Late Riots in the City of New York, 1863

Quiz for Document 15-3: The New York Draft Riots: Report of the Committee of Merchants for the Relief of Colored People Suffering from the Late Riots in the City of New York, 1863 LaunchPad

Document 15-4: Susie King Taylor Describes Her Wartime Experiences: Susie King Taylor, Reminiscences of My Life in Camp, 1902

Quiz for Document 15-4: Susie King Taylor Describes Her Wartime Experiences: Susie King Taylor, Reminiscences of My Life in Camp, 1902 LaunchPad Document 15-5: General William T. Sherman Explains the Hard Hand of War: Correspondence, 1864

Quiz for 15-5: General William T. Sherman Explains the Hard Hand of War: Correspondence, 1864 LaunchPad COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS

16. Reconstruction, 1863–1877

Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad

Opening Vignette: James T. Rapier emerges in the early 1870s as Alabama’s most prominent black leader

Wartime Reconstruction

"To Bind Up the Nation’s Wounds"

Land and Labor

The African American Quest for Autonomy

ANALYZING HISTORICAL EVIDENCE: "The Meaning of Freedom"

Quiz for Analyzing Historical Evidence     LaunchPad

Presidential Reconstruction

Johnson’s Program of Reconciliation

White Southern Resistance and Black Codes

Expansion of Federal Authority and Black Rights

Congressional Reconstruction

The Fourteenth Amendment and Escalating Violence

Radical Reconstruction and Military Rule

Impeaching a President

The Fifteenth Amendment and Women’s Demands

The Struggle in the South

Freedmen, Yankees, and Yeomen

MAKING HISTORICAL ARGUMENTS: "What Did the Ku Klux Klan Really Want?"

Quiz for Making Historical Arguments     LaunchPad

Republican Rule

White Landlords, Black Sharecroppers

BEYOND AMERICA’S BORDERS: "The Slaveholder Exodus"

Quiz for Beyond America’s Borders     LaunchPad

Reconstruction Collapses

Grant’s Troubled Presidency

Northern Resolve Withers

White Supremacy Triumphs

An Election and a Compromise

Conclusion: "A Revolution But Half Accomplished"

LearningCurve 
LaunchPad
Chapter Review

Chapter 16 Summative Quiz 
LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 16

Document 16-1:
Carl Schurz Reports on the Condition of the Defeated South: Report on the Condition of the South, 1865

Quiz for Document 16-1: Carl Schurz Reports on the Condition of the Defeated South: Report on the Condition of the South, 1865 LaunchPad

Document 16-2: Black Codes Enacted in the South: Mississippi Black Code, November 1865

Quiz for Document 16-2: Black Codes Enacted in the South: Mississippi Black Code, November 1865 LaunchPad

Document 16-3: Former Slaves Seek to Reunite Their Families: Advertisements from the Christian Recorder, 1865-1870

Quiz for Document 16-3: Former Slaves Seek to Reunite Their Families: Advertisements from the Christian Recorder, 1865-1870 LaunchPad

Document 16-4: Planter Louis Manigault Visits His Plantations and Former Slaves, 1867: Louis Manigault, "A Narrative of a Post-Civil War Visit to Gowrie and East Hermitage Plantations," March 22, 1867

Quiz for Document 16-4: Planter Louis Manigault Visits His Plantations and Former Slaves, 1867: Louis Manigault, "A Narrative of a Post-Civil War Visit to Gowrie and East Hermitage Plantations," March 22, 1867 LaunchPad

Document 16-5: Klan Violence against Blacks: Elias Hill, Testimony before Congressional Committee Investigating the Ku Klux Klan, 1871

Quiz for Document 16-5: Klan Violence against Blacks: Elias Hill, Testimony before Congressional Committee Investigating the Ku Klux Klan, 1871 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS

17. The Contested West, 1865–1900

Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad

Opening Vignette: Frederick Jackson Turner delivers his "frontier thesis"

Conquest and Empire in the West

BEYOND AMERICA’S BORDERS:
"Imperialism, Colonialism, and the Treatment of the Sioux and the Zulu"

Quiz for Beyond America’s Borders     LaunchPad

Indian Removal and the Reservation System

The Decimation of the Great Bison Herds

Indian Wars and the Collapse of Comanchería

The Fight for the Black Hills

Forced Assimilation and Indian Resistance

Indian Schools and the War on Indian Culture

ANALYZING HISTORICAL EVIDENCE: "Custer’s Last Stand"

Quiz for Analyzing Historical Evidence     LaunchPad

The Dawes Act and Indian Land Allotment

Indian Resistance and Survival

Mining the West

Life on the Comstock Lode

The Diverse Peoples of the West

Land Fever

Moving West: Homesteaders and Speculators

MAKING HISTORICAL ARGUMENTS:  "Did Westerners Really Build It All by Themselves?"

Quiz for Making Historical Arguments     LaunchPad

Tenants, Sharecroppers, and Migrants

Commercial Farming and Industrial Cowboy

Territorial Government

Conclusion: The West in the Gilded Age

LearningCurve 
LaunchPad
Chapter Review

Chapter 17 Summative Quiz 
LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 17

Document 17-1:
Pun Chi Appeals to Congress in Behalf of Chinese Immigrants in California: A Remonstrance from the Chinese in California, ca. 1870

Quiz for Document 17-1: Pun Chi Appeals to Congress in Behalf of Chinese Immigrants in California: A Remonstrance from the Chinese in California, ca. 1870 LaunchPad

Document 17-2: Mattie Oblinger Describes Life on a Nebraska Homestead: Mattie V. Oblinger to George W. Thomas, Grizzie B. Thomas, and Wheeler Thomas Family, June 16, 1873

Quiz for Document 17-2: Mattie Oblinger Describes Life on a Nebraska Homestead: Mattie V. Oblinger to George W. Thomas, Grizzie B. Thomas, and Wheeler Thomas Family, June 16, 1873 LaunchPad

Document 17-3: Texas Rangers on the Mexican Border: N. A. Jennings, A Texas Ranger, 1875

Quiz for Document 17-3: Texas Rangers on the Mexican Border: N. A. Jennings, A Texas Ranger, 1875 LaunchPad

Document 17-4: In-mut-too-yah-lat-lat Describes White Encroachment: Chief Joseph, Speech to a White Audience, 1879

Quiz for Document 17-4: In-mut-too-yah-lat-lat Describes White Encroachment: Chief Joseph, Speech to a White Audience, 1879 LaunchPad

Document 17-5: A Plea to "Citizenize" Indians: Richard Pratt, "Kill the Indian ... and save the man," 1892

Quiz for Document 17-5: A Plea to "Citizenize" Indians: Richard Pratt, "Kill the Indian ... and save the man," 1892 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS

18. Railroads, Business, and Politics in the Gilded Age, 1865–1900

Guided Reading Exercise 
LaunchPad

Opening Vignette: Mark Twain and the Gilded Age

Railroads and the Rise of New Industries

Railroads: America’s First Big Business

EXPERIENCING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Charles Crocker, the Big Four, and the Race for Riches"

Quiz for Experiencing the American Promise     LaunchPad

Andrew Carnegie, Steel, and Vertical Integration

John D. Rockefeller, Standard Oil, and the Trust

New Inventions: The Telephone and the Telegraph

From Competition to Consolidation

J. P. Morgan and Finance Capitalism

MAKING HISTORICAL ARGUMENTS: "Social Darwinism: Did Wealthy Industrialists Practice What They Preached?"

Quiz for Making Historical Arguments     LaunchPad

Social Darwinism, Laissez-Faire, and the Supreme Court

Politics and Culture

Political Participation and Party Loyalty

Sectionalism and the New South

Gender, Race, and Politics

ANALYZING HISTORICAL EVIDENCE: "Ida B. Wells and Her Campaign to Stop Lynching"

Quiz for Analyzing Historical Evidence     LaunchPad

Women’s Activism

Presidential Politics

Corruption and Party Strife

Garfield’s Assassination and Civil Service Reform

Reform and Scandal: The Campaign of 1884

Economic Issues and Party Realignment

The Tariff and the Politics of Protection

Railroads, Trusts, and the Federal Government

The Fight for Free Silver

Panic and Depression

Conclusion: Business Dominates an Era

LearningCurve 
LaunchPad
Chapter Review

Chapter 18 Summative Quiz 
LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 18

Document 18-1:
Marshall Kirkman Likens Railroad Corporations to Armies: Marshall M. Kirkman, "The Railway Army," 1894

Quiz for Document 18-1: Marshall Kirkman Likens Railroad Corporations to Armies: Marshall M. Kirkman, "The Railway Army," 1894 LaunchPad

Document 18-2: William Graham Sumner on Social Obligations: What Social Classes Owe to Each Other, 1883

Quiz for Document 18-2: William Graham Sumner on Social Obligations: What Social Classes Owe to Each Other, 1883 LaunchPad

Document 18-3: Henry Demarest Lloyd Attacks Monopolies: Wealth against Commonwealth, 1894

Quiz for Document 18-3: Henry Demarest Lloyd Attacks Monopolies: Wealth against Commonwealth, 1894 LaunchPad

Document 18-4: Andrew Carnegie Explains the Gospel of Wealth: Wealth, 1889

Quiz for Document 18-4: Andrew Carnegie Explains the Gospel of Wealth: Wealth, 1889 LaunchPad

Document 18-5: Henry George Explains Why Poverty Is a Crime: An Analysis of the Crime of Poverty, 1885

Quiz for Document 18-5: Henry George Explains Why Poverty Is a Crime: An Analysis of the Crime of Poverty, 1885 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS

19. The City and Its Workers, 1870–1900

Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad

Opening Vignette: Workers build the Brooklyn Bridge

The Rise of the City

The Urban Explosion: A Global Migration

MAKING HISTORICAL ARGUMENTS : "What Happened to Urban Workers’ Standard of Living during the Gilded Age?"

Quiz for Making Historical Arguments     LaunchPad

Racism and the Cry for Immigration Restriction

The Social Geography of the City

At Work in Industrial America

America’s Diverse Workers

The Family Economy: Women and Children

White-Collar Workers: Managers, "Typewriters," and Salesclerks

Workers Organize

The Great Railroad Strike of 1877

The Knights of Labor and the American Federation of Labor

ANALYZING HISTORICAL EVIDENCE: "The Songs of the Knights of Labor

Haymarket and the Specter of Labor Radicalism"

Quiz for Analyzing Historical Evidence     LaunchPad

At Home and at Play

Domesticity and "Domestics"

Cheap Amusements

City Growth and City Government

Building Cities of Stone and Steel

City Government and the "Bosses"

White City or City of Sin?

BEYOND AMERICA’S BORDERS: "The World’s Columbian Exposition and Nineteenth-Century World’s Fairs"

Quiz for Beyond America’s Borders     LaunchPad

Conclusion: Who Built the Cities?

LearningCurve 
LaunchPad
Chapter Review

Chapter 19 Summative Quiz 
LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 19

Document 19-1:
A Textile Worker Explains the Labor Market: Thomas O'Donnell, Testimony before a U.S. Senate Committee, 1885

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Document 19-2: Domestic Servants on Household Work: Interviews with Journalist Helen Campbell, 1880s

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Document 19-3: Jacob Riis Describes Abandoned Babies in New York City's Slums: Waifs of New York City's Slums, 1890

Quiz for Document 19-3: Jacob Riis Describes Abandoned Babies in New York City's Slums: Waifs of New York City's Slums, 1890 LaunchPad

Document 19-4:
Walter Wyckoff Listens to Revolutionary Workers in Chicago: Walter A. Wyckoff, "Among the Revolutionaries," 1898

Quiz for Document 19-4: Walter Wyckoff Listens to Revolutionary Workers in Chicago: Walter A. Wyckoff, "Among the Revolutionaries," 1898 LaunchPad Document 19-5: George Washington Plunkitt Explains Politics: William L. Riordon, Plunkitt of Tammany Hall, 1905

Quiz for Document 19-5: George Washington Plunkitt Explains Politics: William L. Riordon, Plunkitt of Tammany Hall, 1905 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS

20. Dissent, Depression, and War, 1890–1900

Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad

Opening Vignette: Frances Willard participates in the creation of the Populist Party in 1892

The Farmers Unite

The Farmers’ Alliance

The Populist Movement

The Labor Wars

The Homestead Lockout

The Cripple Creek Miners’ Strike of 1894

Eugene V. Debs and the Pullman Strike

ANALYZING HISTORICAL EVIDENCE: "The Press and the Pullman Strike: Framing Class Conflict"

Quiz for Analyzing Historical Evidence     LaunchPad

Women’s Activism

Frances Willard and the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union

Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and the Movement for Woman Suffrage

Depression Politics

Coxey’s Army

The People’s Party and the Election of 1896

The United States and the World

Markets and Missionaries

The Monroe Doctrine and the Open Door Policy

BEYOND AMERICA’S BORDERS: "Regime Change in Hawai’I"

Quiz for Beyond America’s Borders     LaunchPad

"A Splendid Little War"

MAKING HISTORICAL ARGUMENTS: "Did Terrorists Sink the Maine?"

Quiz for Making Historical Arguments     LaunchPad

The Debate over American Imperialism

Conclusion: Rallying around the Flag

LearningCurve 
LaunchPad
Chapter Review

Chapter 20 Summative Quiz 
LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 20

Document 20-1:
Mary Elizabeth Lease Reports on Women in the Farmers' Alliance: Mary Elizabeth Lease, "Women in the Farmers' Alliance," 1891

Quiz for Document 20-1: Mary Elizabeth Lease Reports on Women in the Farmers' Alliance: Mary Elizabeth Lease, "Women in the Farmers' Alliance," 1891 LaunchPad

Document 20-2: White Supremacy in Wilmington, North Carolina: Gunner Jesse Blake, Narrative of the Wilmington "Rebellion" of 1898

Quiz for Document 20-2: White Supremacy in Wilmington, North Carolina: Gunner Jesse Blake, Narrative of the Wilmington "Rebellion" of 1898 LaunchPad

Document 20-3: Pinkertons Defeated at Homestead: Pinkerton Guard Testimony, 1893

Quiz for Document 20-3: Pinkertons Defeated at Homestead: Pinkerton Guard Testimony, 1893 LaunchPad

Document 20-4: Conflicting Views about Labor Unions: N. F. Thompson, Testimony before the Industrial Commission on the Relations and Conditions of Capital and Labor, 1900 and Samuel Gompers, Letter to the American Federationist, 1894

Quiz for Document 20-4: Conflicting Views about Labor Unions: N. F. Thompson, Testimony before the Industrial Commission on the Relations and Conditions of Capital and Labor, 1900 and Samuel Gompers, Letter to the American Federationist, 1894 LaunchPad

Document 20-5: Emilio Aguinaldo Criticizes American Imperialism in the Philippines: Case against the United States, 1899

Quiz for Document 20-5: Emilio Aguinaldo Criticizes American Imperialism in the Philippines: Case against the United States, 1899 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS

21. Progressivism from the Grass Roots to the White House, 1890–1916

Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad

Opening Vignette: Jane Addams founds Hull House

Grassroots Progressivism

Civilizing the City

EXPERIENCING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Making the Workplace Safer: Alice Hamilton Explores the Dangerous Trades"

Quiz for Experiencing the American Promise     LaunchPad

Progressives and the Working Class

Progressivism: Theory and Practice

Reform Darwinism and Social Engineering

Progressive Government: City and State

Progressivism Finds a President: Theodore Roosevelt

The Square Deal

Roosevelt the Reformer

ANALYZING HISTORICAL EVIDENCE: "The Flash and the Birth of Photojournalism"

Quiz for Analyzing Historical Evidence     LaunchPad

Roosevelt and Conservation

MAKING HISTORICAL ARGUMENTS: "Progressives and Conservation: Should Hetch Hetchy Be Dammed or Saved?"

Quiz for Making Historical Arguments     LaunchPad

The Big Stick

The Troubled Presidency of William Howard Taft

Woodrow Wilson and Progressivism at High Tide

Progressive Insurgency and the Election of 1912

Wilson’s Reforms: Tariff, Banking, and the Trusts

Wilson, Reluctant Progressive

The Limits of Progressive Reform

Radical Alternatives

Progressivism for White Men Only

Conclusion: The Transformation of the Liberal State

LearningCurve 
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Chapter Review

Chapter 21 Summative Quiz 
LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 21

Document 21-1:
Jane Addams on Settlement Houses: The Subjective Necessity for Social Settlements, 1892

Quiz for Document 21-1: Jane Addams on Settlement Houses: The Subjective Necessity for Social Settlements, 1892 LaunchPad

Document 21-2: A Sociologist Studies Working-Class Saloons in Chicago: Royal Melendy, Ethical Substitutes for the Saloon, 1900

Quiz for Document 21-2: A Sociologist Studies Working-Class Saloons in Chicago: Royal Melendy, Ethical Substitutes for the Saloon, 1900 LaunchPad

Document 21-3: Mother Jones on the Futility of Class Harmony: Letter to Mrs. Potter Palmer, January 12, 1907

Quiz for Document 21-3: Mother Jones on the Futility of Class Harmony: Letter to Mrs. Potter Palmer, January 12, 1907 LaunchPad

Document 21-4: Marie Jenney Howe Parodies the Opposition to Women's Suffrage: Marie Jenney Howe, An Anti-Suffrage Monologue, 1913

Quiz for Document 21-4: Marie Jenney Howe Parodies the Opposition to Women's Suffrage: Marie Jenney Howe, An Anti-Suffrage Monologue, 1913  LaunchPad

Document 21-5: Booker T. Washington on Racial Accommodation: The Atlanta Exposition Address, 1895

Quiz for Document 21-5: Booker T. Washington on Racial Accommodation: The Atlanta Exposition Address, 1895 LaunchPad

Document 21-6: W. E. B. Du Bois on Racial Equality: Booker T. Washington and Others, 1903

Quiz for Document 21-6: W. E. B. Du Bois on Racial Equality: Booker T. Washington and Others, 1903 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS

22. World War I: The Progressive Crusade at Home and Abroad, 1914–1920

Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad

Opening Vignette: Doughboy George "Brownie" Browne sees combat on the front lines in France

Woodrow Wilson and the World

Taming the Americas

The European Crisis

The Ordeal of American Neutrality

The United States Enters the War

"Over There"

The Call to Arms

MAKING HISTORICAL ARGUMENTS: "What Did African Americans Want from WWI and What Did They Get?"

Quiz for Making Historical Arguments     LaunchPad

The War in France

The Crusade for Democracy at Home

The Progressive Stake in the War

Women, War, and the Battle for Suffrage

ANALIZING HISTORICAL EVIDENCE: "The Final Push for Woman Suffrage"

Quiz for Analyzing Historical Evidence     LaunchPad

Rally around the Flag — or Else

A Compromised Peace

Wilson’s Fourteen Points

The Paris Peace Conference

The Fight for the Treaty

Democracy at Risk

Economic Hardship and Labor Upheaval

The Red Scare

BEYOND AMERICA’S BORDERS: "Bolshevism"

Quiz for Beyond America’s Borders     LaunchPad

The Great Migrations of African Americans and Mexicans

Postwar Politics and the Election of 1920

Conclusion: Troubled Crusade

LearningCurve 
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Chapter Review

Chapter 22 Summative Quiz 
LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 22

Document 22-1:
The North American Review Considers War a Blessing, Not a Curse: "For Freedom and Democracy," The North American Review, April 1917

Quiz for Document 22-1: The North American Review Considers War a Blessing, Not a Curse: "For Freedom and Democracy," The North American Review, April 1917 LaunchPad

Document 22-2: Eugene V. Debs Attacks Capitalist Warmongers: Speech Delivered in Canton, Ohio, June 16, 191

Quiz for Document 22-2: Eugene V. Debs Attacks Capitalist Warmongers: Speech Delivered in Canton, Ohio, June 16, 1918 LaunchPad

Document 22-3: A Doughboy's Letter from the Front: Anonymous Soldier, Letter to Elmer J. Sutters, 1918

Quiz for Document 22-3: A Doughboy's Letter from the Front: Anonymous Soldier, Letter to Elmer J. Sutters, 1918 LaunchPad

Document 22-4: Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer Defends America from Communists: The Case against the "Reds," 1920

Quiz for Document 22-4: Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer Defends America from Communists: The Case against the "Reds," 1920 LaunchPad

Document 22-5: An African American Responds to the Chicago Race Riot: Stanley B. Norvell, Letter to Victor F. Lawson, 1919

Quiz for Document 22-5: An African American Responds to the Chicago Race Riot: Stanley B. Norvell, Letter to Victor F. Lawson, 1919 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS

23. From New Era to Great Depression, 1920–1932

Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad

Opening Vignette: Henry Ford puts America on wheels

The New Era

A Business Government

Promoting Prosperity and Peace Abroad

Automobiles, Mass Production, and Assembly-Line Progress

Consumer Culture

ANALYZING HISTORICAL EVIDENCE: "Advertising in a Consumer Age

The Roaring Twenties"

Quiz for Analyzing Historical Evidence     LaunchPad

Prohibition

The New Woman

MAKING HISTORICAL ARGUMENTS: "Was There a Sexual Revolution in the 1920s?"

Quiz for Making Historical Arguments     LaunchPad

The New Negro

EXPERIENCING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "The Quest for Home Ownership in Segregated Detroit"

Quiz for Experiencing the American Promise     LaunchPad

Entertainment for the Masses

The Lost Generation

Resistance to Change

Rejecting the Undesirables

The Rebirth of the Ku Klux Klan

The Scopes Trial

Al Smith and the Election of 1928

The Great Crash

Herbert Hoover: The Great Engineer

The Distorted Economy

The Crash of 1929

Hoover and the Limits of Individualism

Life in the Depression

The Human Toll

Denial and Escape

Working-Class Militancy

Conclusion: Dazzle and Despair

LearningCurve 
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Chapter Review

Chapter 23 Summative Quiz 
LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 23

Document 23-1:
Edward Earle Purinton Celebrates American Business as the Salvation of the World: Edward Earle Purinton, "Big Ideas From Big Business: Try Them Out for Yourself," The Independent, April 16, 1921

Quiz for Document 23-1: Edward Earle Purinton Celebrates American Business as the Salvation of the World: Edward Earle Purinton, "Big Ideas From Big Business: Try Them Out for Yourself," The Independent, April 16, 1921 LaunchPad

Document 23-2: Reinhold Niebuhr on Christianity in Detroit: Diary Entries, 1925-1928

Quiz for Document 23-2: Reinhold Niebuhr on Christianity in Detroit: Diary Entries, 1925-1928 LaunchPad

Document 23-3: The Ku Klux Klan Defends Americanism: Hiram W. Evans, The Klan's Fight for Americanism, 1926

Quiz for Document 23-3: The Ku Klux Klan Defends Americanism: Hiram W. Evans, The Klan's Fight for Americanism, 1926 LaunchPad

Document 23-4: Mothers Seek Freedom from Unwanted Pregnancies: Margaret Sanger, Motherhood in Bondage, 1928

Quiz for Document 23-4: Mothers Seek Freedom from Unwanted Pregnancies: Margaret Sanger, Motherhood in Bondage, 1928 LaunchPad

Document 23-5: Marcus Garvey Explains the Goals of the Universal Negro Improvement Association: The Negro's Greatest Enemy, 1923

Quiz for Document 23-5: Marcus Garvey Explains the Goals of the Universal Negro Improvement Association: The Negro's Greatest Enemy, 1923 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS

24. The New Deal Experiment, 1932–1939

Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad

Opening Vignette: "Migrant Mother" Florence Owens struggles to survive in the Great Depression

Franklin D. Roosevelt: A Patrician in Government

The Making of a Politician

The Election of 1932

Launching the New Deal

MAKING HISTORICAL ARGUMENTS: "
How Did the New Deal Contribute to National Defense?"

Quiz for Making Historical Arguments     LaunchPad

The New Dealers

Banking and Finance Reform

Relief and Conservation Programs

Agricultural Initiatives

Industrial Recovery

EXPERIENCING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Textile Workers Strike for Better Wages and Working Conditions"

Quiz for Experiencing the American Promise     LaunchPad

Challenges to the New Deal

Resistance to Business Reform

Casualties in the Countryside

Politics on the Fringes

Toward a Welfare State

Relief for the Unemployed

ANALYZING HISTORICAL EVIDENCE: "Americans Encounter the New Deal"

Quiz for Analyzing Historical Evidence     LaunchPad

Empowering Labor

Social Security and Tax Reform

Neglected Americans and the New Deal

The New Deal from Victory to Deadlock

The Election of 1936

Court Packing

Reaction and Recession

The Last of the New Deal Reforms

Conclusion: Achievements and Limitations of the New Deal

LearningCurve 
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Chapter Review

Chapter 24 Summative Quiz 
LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 24

Document 24-1:
Martha Gellhorn Reports on Conditions in North Carolina in 1934: Martha Gellhorn to Harry Hopkins, November 11, 1934

Quiz for Document 24-1: Martha Gellhorn Reports on Conditions in North Carolina in 1934: Martha Gellhorn to Harry Hopkins, November 11, 1934 LaunchPad

Document 24-2: Working People's Letters to New Dealers: Letter to Frances Perkins, January 27, 1935; Letter to Frances Perkins, March 29, 1935; Letter to Franklin D. Roosevelt, November 23, 1936; Letter to Frances Perkins, July 27, 1937; and Letter to Franklin D. Roosevelt, November 27, 1939

Quiz for Document 24-2: Working People's Letters to New Dealers: Letter to Frances Perkins, January 27, 1935; Letter to Frances Perkins, March 29, 1935; Letter to Franklin D. Roosevelt, November 23, 1936; Letter to Frances Perkins, July 27, 1937; and Letter to Franklin D. Roosevelt, November 27, 1939 LaunchPad

Document 24-3: Huey Long Proposes Redistribution of Wealth: Speech to Members of the Share Our Wealth Society, 1935

Quiz for Document 24-3: Huey Long Proposes Redistribution of Wealth: Speech to Members of the Share Our Wealth Society, 1935 LaunchPad

Document 24-4: A Mexican American Farmworker Describes the Importance of Sticking Together: Jose Flores, Interview, Farm Security Administration Migrant Labor Camp, El Rio, California, 1941

Quiz for Document 24-4: A Mexican American Farmworker Describes the Importance of Sticking Together: Jose Flores, Interview, Farm Security Administration Migrant Labor Camp, El Rio, California, 1941 LaunchPad

Document 24-5: Conservatives Criticize the New Deal: Herbert Hoover, Anti-New Deal Campaign Speech, 1936 and Minnie Hardin, Letter to Eleanor Roosevelt, December 14, 1937

Quiz for Document 24-5: Conservatives Criticize the New Deal: Herbert Hoover, Anti-New Deal Campaign Speech, 1936 and Minnie Hardin, Letter to Eleanor Roosevelt, December 14, 1937 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS

25. The United States and the Second World War, 1939–1945

Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad

Opening Vignette: Colonel Paul Tibbets drops the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan

Peacetime Dilemmas

Roosevelt and Reluctant Isolation

The Good Neighbor Policy

The Price of Noninvolvement

The Onset of War

Nazi Aggression and War in Europe

From Neutrality to the Arsenal of Democracy

Japan Attacks America

Mobilizing for War

Home-Front Security

ANALYZING HISTORICAL EVIDENCE: "Japanese Internment"

Quiz for Analyzing Historical Evidence     LaunchPad

Building a Citizen Army

Conversion to a War Economy

Fighting Back

Turning the Tide in the Pacific

The Campaign in Europe

The Wartime Home Front

Women and Families, Guns and Butter

The Double V Campaign

Wartime Politics and the 1944 Election

Reaction to the Holocaust

BEYOND AMERICA’S BORDERS: "Nazi Anti-Semitism and the Atomic Bomb"

Quiz for Beyond America’s Borders     LaunchPad

Toward Unconditional Surrender

From Bombing Raids to Berlin

MAKING HISTORICAL ARGUMENTS: "Why Did the Allies Win World War II?"

Quiz for Making Historical Arguments     LaunchPad

The Defeat of Japan

Atomic Warfare

Conclusion: Allied Victory and America’s Emergence as a Superpower

LearningCurve 
LaunchPad
Chapter Review

Chapter 25 Summative Quiz 
LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 25

Document 25-1:
President Franklin D. Roosevelt Requests Declaration of War on Japan: Speech to Congress, December 8, 1941
Quiz for Document 25-1: President Franklin D. Roosevelt Requests Declaration of War on Japan: Speech to Congress, December 8, 1941 LaunchPad

Document 25-2: A Japanese American War Hero Recalls Pearl Harbor: Grant Hirabayashi, Oral History, 1999
Quiz for Document 25-2: A Japanese American War Hero Recalls Pearl Harbor: Grant Hirabayashi, Oral History, 1999 LaunchPad

Document 25-3: The Holocaust: A Journalist Reports on Nazi Massacres of Jews: Varian Fry, The Massacre of the Jews, December 21, 1942
Quiz for Document 25-3: The Holocaust: A Journalist Reports on Nazi Massacres of Jews: Varian Fry, The Massacre of the Jews, December 21, 1942 LaunchPad

Document 25-4: Soldiers Send Messages Home: Sergeant Irving Strobing, Radio Address from Corregidor, Philippines, May 5 or 6, 1942; John Conroy, Letter, December 24, 1942; Allen Spach, Letter, February 1943; James McMahon, Letter, March 10, 1944; and David Mark Olds, Letter, July 12, 1945

Quiz for Document 25-4: Soldiers Send Messages Home: Sergeant Irving Strobing, Radio Address from Corregidor, Philippines, May 5 or 6, 1942; John Conroy, Letter, December 24, 1942; Allen Spach, Letter, February 1943; James McMahon, Letter, March 10, 1944; and David Mark Olds, Letter, July 12, 1945 LaunchPad

Document 25-5: Rosies the Riveters Recall Working in War Industries: Rosie the Riveter Memoirs
Quiz for Document 25-5: Rosies the Riveters Recall Working in War Industries: Rosie the Riveter Memoirs LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS

26. Cold War Politics in the Truman Years, 1945–1953

Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad

Opening Vignette: Helen Gahagan Douglas, congresswoman and loyal Truman ally, supports the Marshall Plan, the creation of NATO, and the war in Korea

From the Grand Alliance to Containment

The Cold War Begins

ANALYZING HISTORICAL EVIDENCE: "The Emerging Cold War"

Quiz for Analyzing Historical Evidence     LaunchPad

The Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan

MAKING HISTORICAL ARGUMENTS: "Why did the United States Launch the European Recovery Program?"

Quiz for Making Historical Arguments     LaunchPad

Building a National Security State

Superpower Rivalry around the Globe

Truman and the Fair Deal at Home

Reconverting to a Peacetime Economy

Blacks and Mexican Americans Push for Their Civil Rights

The Fair Deal Flounders

The Domestic Chill: McCarthyism

EXPERIENCING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "An Immigrant Scientist Encounters the Anti-Communist Crusade"

Quiz for Experiencing the American Promise     LaunchPad

The Cold War Becomes Hot: Korea

Korea and the Military Implementation of Containment

From Containment to Rollback to Containment

Korea, Communism, and the 1952 Election

An Armistice and the War’s Costs

Conclusion: The Cold War’s Costs and Consequences

LearningCurve 
LaunchPad
Chapter Review

Chapter 26 Summative Quiz 
LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 26

Document 26-1:
General Marshall Summarizes the Lessons of World War II: For the Common Defense, 1945
Quiz for Document 26-1: General Marshall Summarizes the Lessons of World War II: For the Common Defense, 1945 LaunchPad

Document 26-2: George F. Kennan Outlines Containment: The Long Telegram, February 22, 1946
Quiz for Document 26-2: George F. Kennan Outlines Containment: The Long Telegram, February 22, 1946 LaunchPad

Document 26-3: Cold War Blueprint: NSC-68: U.S. Objectives and Programs for National Security, 1950
Quiz for Document 26-3: Cold War Blueprint: NSC-68: U.S. Objectives and Programs for National Security, 1950 LaunchPad
Document 26-4: Senator Joseph McCarthy Hunts Communists: Speech Delivered in Wheeling, West Virginia, February 9, 1950
Quiz for Document 26-4: Senator Joseph McCarthy Hunts Communists: Speech Delivered in Wheeling, West Virginia, February 9, 1950 LaunchPad

Document 26-5: Donald M. Griffith Recalls Combat in the Korean War: Donald M. Griffith Interview, 2003
Quiz for Document 26-5: Donald M. Griffith Recalls Combat in the Korean War: Donald M. Griffith Interview, 2003 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS

27. The Politics and Culture of Abundance, 1952–1960

Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad

Opening Vignette: Vice President Richard Nixon debates Russian premier Nikita Khrushchev

Eisenhower and the Politics of the "Middle Way"

Modern Republicanism

Termination and Relocation of Native Americans

The 1956 Election and the Second Term

Liberation Rhetoric and the Practice of Containment

The "New Look" in Foreign Policy

Applying Containment to Vietnam

Interventions in Latin America and the Middle East

EXPERIENCING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Operation Pedro: Young Political refugees Take Flight"

Quiz for Experiencing the American Promise     LaunchPad

The Nuclear Arms Race

New Work and Living Patterns in an Economy of Abundance

Technology Transforms Agriculture and Industry

Burgeoning Suburbs and Declining Cities

The Rise of the Sun Belt

The Democratization of Higher Education

MAKING HISTORICAL ARGUMENTS:  "What Role Did the Government Play in the Prosperity of the Post-World War II years?"

Quiz for Making Historical Arguments     LaunchPad

The Culture of Abundance

Consumption Rules the Day

The Revival of Domesticity and Religion

Television Transforms Culture and Politics

Countercurrents

The Emergence of a Civil Rights Movement

ANALYZING HISTORICAL EVIDENCE:
"The Brown Decision"

Quiz for Analyzing Historical Evidence     LaunchPad

African Americans Challenge the Supreme Court and the President

Montgomery and Mass Protest

Conclusion: Peace and Prosperity Mask Unmet Challenges

LearningCurve 
LaunchPad
Chapter Review

Chapter 27 Summative Quiz 
LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 27

Document 27-1:
Edith M. Stern Attacks the Domestic Bondage of Women: Women Are Household Slaves, 1949
Quiz for Document 27-1: Edith M. Stern Attacks the Domestic Bondage of Women: Women Are Household Slaves, 1949 LaunchPad

Document 27-2: Vance Packard Analyzes the Age of Affluence: The Status Seekers, 1959
Quiz for Document 27-2: Vance Packard Analyzes the Age of Affluence: The Status Seekers, 1959 LaunchPad

Document 27-3: George E. McMillan Reports on Racial Conditions in the South in 1960: George E. McMillan, "Sit-Downs: The South's New Time Bomb," 1960
Quiz for Document 27-3: George E. McMillan Reports on Racial Conditions in the South in 1960: George E. McMillan, "Sit-Downs: The South's New Time Bomb," 1960 LaunchPad

Document 27-4: Civil Defense in the Nuclear Shadow: North Dakota Civil Defense Agency, How You Will Survive, 1960
Quiz for Document 27-4: Civil Defense in the Nuclear Shadow: North Dakota Civil Defense Agency, How You Will Survive, 1960 LaunchPad

Document 27-5: President Dwight D. Eisenhower Warns about the Military-Industrial Complex: Farewell Address, January 1961
Quiz for Document 27-5: President Dwight D. Eisenhower Warns about the Military-Industrial Complex: Farewell Address, January 1961 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS

28. Reform, Rebellion, and Reaction, 1960–1974

Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad

Opening Vignette: Fannie Lou Hamer leads grassroots struggles of African Americans for voting rights and political empowerment

Liberalism at High Tide

The Unrealized Promise of Kennedy’s New Frontier

Johnson Fulfills the Kennedy Promise

Policymaking for a Great Society

Assessing the Great Society

The Judicial Revolution

The Second Reconstruction

The Flowering of the Black Freedom Struggle

The Response in Washington

MAKING HISTORICAL ARGUMENTS: "What Difference Did the Voting Rights Act Make?"

Quiz for Making Historical Arguments     LaunchPad

Black Power and Urban Rebellions

A Multitude of Movements

Native American Protest

Latino Struggles for Justice

Student Rebellion, the New Left, and the Counterculture

ANALYZING HISTORICAL EVIDENCE: "Student Protest"

Quiz for Analyzing Historical Evidence     LaunchPad

Gay Men and Lesbians Organize

The New Wave of Feminism

A Multifaceted Movement Emerges

BEYOND AMERICA’S BORDERS: "Transnational Feminisms"

Quiz for Beyond America’s Borders     LaunchPad

Feminist Gains Spark a Countermovement

Liberal Reform in the Nixon Administration

Extending the Welfare State and Regulating the Economy

Responding to Environmental Concerns

Expanding Social Justice

Conclusion: Achievements and Limitations of Liberalism

LearningCurve 
LaunchPad
Chapter Review

Chapter 28 Summative Quiz 
LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 28

Document 28-1:
New Left Students Seek Democratic Social Change: Students for a Democratic Society, The Port Huron Statement, 1962

Quiz for Document 28-1: New Left Students Seek Democratic Social Change: Students for a Democratic Society, The Port Huron Statement, 1962 LaunchPad

Document 28-2: Martin Luther King Jr. Explains Nonviolent Resistance: Letter from Birmingham City Jail, 1963

Quiz for Document 28-2: Martin Luther King Jr. Explains Nonviolent Resistance: Letter from Birmingham City Jail, 1963 LaunchPad

Document 28-3: George C. Wallace Denounces the Civil Rights Movement: George C. Wallace, "The Civil Rights Movement: Fraud, Sham, and Hoax," July 4, 1964

Quiz for Document 28-3: George C. Wallace Denounces the Civil Rights Movement: George C. Wallace, "The Civil Rights Movement: Fraud, Sham, and Hoax," July 4, 1964 LaunchPad

Document 28-4: Black Power: Chicago Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee Leaflet, 1967

Quiz for Document 28-4: Black Power: Chicago Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee Leaflet, 1967 LaunchPad

Document 28-5: Equal Rights for Women: National Organization for Women, Statement of Purpose, October 29, 1966

Quiz for Document 28-5: Equal Rights for Women: National Organization for Women, Statement of Purpose, October 29, 1966 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS

29. Vietnam and the End of the Cold War Consensus, 1961–1975

Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad

Opening Vignette: Lieutenant Frederick Downs, Jr., is wounded in Vietnam and returns home to a country divided over the war

New Frontiers in Foreign Policy

Meeting the "Hour of Maximum Danger"

New Approaches to the Third World

The Arms Race and the Nuclear Brink

A Growing War in Vietnam

Lyndon Johnson’s War against Communism

An All-Out Commitment in Vietnam

Preventing Another Castro in Latin America

The Americanized War

MAKING HISTORICAL ARGUMENTS:  "Why Couldn’t American Bombing Achieve Victory in Vietnam?"

Quiz for Making Historical Arguments     LaunchPad

Those Who Served

A Nation Polarized

The Widening War at Home

The Tet Offensive and Johnson’s Move toward Peace

BEYOND AMERICA’S BORDERS: "1968: A Year of Protest"

Quiz for Beyond America’s Borders     LaunchPad

The Tumultuous Election of 1968

Nixon, Détente, and the Search for Peace in Vietnam

Moving toward Détente with the Soviet Union and China

Shoring Up U.S. Interests around the World

Vietnam Becomes Nixon’s War

ANALYZING HISTORICAL EVIDENCE: "Ending the War in Vietnam"

Quiz for Analyzing Historical Evidence     LaunchPad

The Peace Accords

The Legacy of Defeat

Conclusion: An Unwinnable War

LearningCurve 
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Chapter Review

Chapter 29 Summative Quiz 
LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 29

Document 29-1:
President Kennedy Explains Why We Are in Vietnam: Bobbie Lou Pendergrass, Letter to President John F. Kennedy, February 18, 1963 and President John F. Kennedy, Letter to Bobbie Lou Pendergrass, March 6, 1963

Quiz for Document 29-1: President Kennedy Explains Why We Are in Vietnam: Bobbie Lou Pendergrass, Letter to President John F. Kennedy, February 18, 1963 and President John F. Kennedy, Letter to Bobbie Lou Pendergrass, March 6, 1963 LaunchPad

Document 29-2: A Secret Government Assessment of the Vietnam War: Robert S. McNamara, Actions Recommended for Vietnam, October 14, 1966

Quiz for Document 29-2: A Secret Government Assessment of the Vietnam War: Robert S. McNamara, Actions Recommended for Vietnam, October 14, 1966 LaunchPad

Document 29-3: Military Discipline in an Unpopular War: Robert D. Heinl Jr., The Collapse of the Armed Forces, June 7, 1971

Quiz for Document 29-3: Military Discipline in an Unpopular War: Robert D. Heinl Jr., The Collapse of the Armed Forces, June 7, 1971 LaunchPad

Document 29-4: An American Soldier in Vietnam: Arthur E. Woodley Jr., Oral History of a Special Forces Ranger

Quiz for Document 29-4: An American Soldier in Vietnam: Arthur E. Woodley Jr., Oral History of a Special Forces Ranger LaunchPad

Document 29-5: John Kerry Denounces the Vietnam War: John Kerry Testimony before the Senate Committee of Foreign Relations, 1971

Quiz for Document 29-5: John Kerry Denounces the Vietnam War: John Kerry Testimony before the Senate Committee of Foreign Relations, 1971 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS

30. America Moves to the Right, 1969–1989

Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad

Opening Vignette: Phyllis Schlafly promotes conservatism

Nixon, Conservatism, and Constitutional Crisis

Emergence of a Grassroots Movement

EXPERIENCING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "A Mother Campaigns for a Say in Her Children’s Education"

Quiz for Experiencing the American Promise     LaunchPad

Nixon Courts the Right

The Election of 1972

Watergate

The Ford Presidency and the 1976 Election

The "Outsider" Presidency of Jimmy Carter

Retreat from Liberalism

Energy and Environmental Reform

Promoting Human Rights Abroad

The Cold War Intensifies

Ronald Reagan and the Conservative Ascendancy

Appealing to the New Right and Beyond

Unleashing Free Enterprise

Winners and Losers in a Flourishing Economy

Continuing Struggles over Rights

Battles in the Courts and Congress

Feminism on the Defensive

MAKING HISTORICAL ARGUMENTS: "Why Did the ERA Fail?"

Quiz for Making Historical Arguments     LaunchPad

The Gay and Lesbian Rights Movement

ANALYZING HISTORICAL EVIDENCE: "Protecting Gay and Lesbian Rights"

Quiz for Analyzing Historical Evidence     LaunchPad

Ronald Reagan Confronts an "Evil Empire"

Militarization and Interventions Abroad

The Iran-Contra Scandal

A Thaw in Soviet-American Relations

Conclusion: Reversing the Course of Government

LearningCurve 
LaunchPad
Chapter Review

Chapter 30 Summative Quiz 
LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 30

Document 30-1:
The Watergate Tapes: Nixon, Dean, and Haldeman Discuss the Cancer within the Presidency: Transcript from Tape-Recorded Meeting, March 21, 1973

Quiz for Document 30-1: The Watergate Tapes: Nixon, Dean, and Haldeman Discuss the Cancer within the Presidency: Transcript from Tape-Recorded Meeting, March 21, 1973 LaunchPad

Document 30-2: Roe v. Wade and Abortion Rights: Supreme Court Decision, 1973

Quiz for Document 30-2: Roe v. Wade and Abortion Rights: Supreme Court Decision, 1973 LaunchPad

Document 30-3: Norma McCorvey Explains How She Became "Roe" of Roe v. Wade: Norma McCorvey Affidavit, United States District Court, District of New Jersey, 2000

Quiz for Document 30-3: Norma McCorvey Explains How She Became "Roe" of Roe v. Wade: Norma McCorvey Affidavit, United States District Court, District of New Jersey, 2000 LaunchPad

Document 30-4: President Ronald Reagan Defends American Morality: Address to the National Association of American Evangelicals, 1983

Quiz for Document 30-4: President Ronald Reagan Defends American Morality: Address to the National Association of American Evangelicals, 1983 LaunchPad

Document 30-5: A Vietnamese Immigrant on the West Coast: Anonymous Man, Oral History, 1983

Quiz for Document 30-5: A Vietnamese Immigrant on the West Coast: Anonymous Man, Oral History, 1983 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS

31. The Promises and Challenges of Globalization, Since 1989

Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad

Opening Vignette: Colin Powell adjusts to a post–Cold War world

Domestic Stalemate and Global Upheaval: The Presidency of George H. W. Bush

Gridlock in Government

EXPERIENCING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Suing for Access: Disability and the Courts"

Quiz for Experiencing the American Promise     LaunchPad

Going to War in Central America and the Persian Gulf

The 1992 Election

The Clinton Administration’s Search for the Middle Ground

Clinton’s Reforms

Accommodating the Right

Impeaching the President

The Booming Economy of the 1990s

The United States in a Globalizing World

Defining America’s Place in a New World Order

Debates over Globalization

The Internationalization of the United States

MAKING HISTORICAL ARGUMENTS: "What Happened to American Manufacturing Jobs and Why Did it Matter?"

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President George W. Bush: Conservatism at Home and Radical Initiatives Abroad

The Disputed Election of 2000

The Domestic Policies of a "Compassionate Conservative"

The Globalization of Terrorism

Unilateralism, Preemption, and the Iraq War

Afghanistan

Iraq

The Obama Presidency: Reform and Backlash

Governing during Economic Crisis and Political Polarization

ANALYZING HISTORICAL EVIDENCE: "Caricaturing the Candidates: Clinton and Obama in 2008"

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Redefining the War on Terror

Conclusion: Defining the Government’s Role at Home and Abroad

LearningCurve 
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Chapter Review

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Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 31

Document 31-1:
National Security of the United States Requires Preemptive War: The National Security Strategy of the United States, September 2002

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Document 31-2: A Captured 9/11 Terrorist Confesses: Khalid Sheikh Muhammad, Confession, 2007

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Document 31-3: A Christian Leader Argues That Evangelical Christianity Has Been Hijacked: Tony Campolo, Interview, 2004

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Document 31-4: Joseph Stiglitz Describes Capitalist Fools' Responsibility for the Economic Crisis: Joseph E. Stiglitz, "Capitalist Fools," Global Research, December 11, 2008

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Document 31-5: President Barack Obama Declares a New Beginning in U. S. Relations with the Muslim World: President Barack Obama, "On a New Beginning," Cairo, Egypt, June 4, 2010

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COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS

APPENDICES

I. Documents

The Declaration of Independence

The Constitution of the United States

Amendments to the Constitution with Annotations (including the six unratified amendments)

II. Government and Demographics

Presidential Elections

Supreme Court Justices

Admission of States to the Union

Population Growth, 1630–2010

Major Trends in Immigration, 1820-2010

Selected Bibliography

Glossary

Acknowledgements

Index

Atlas of the Territorial Growth of the United States

About the Authors

Rewards Program

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