9781457668395

The American Promise, Volume 2 From 1865

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  • ISBN13:

    9781457668395

  • ISBN10:

    1457668394

  • Edition: 6th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 12/12/2014
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

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Supplemental Materials

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Summary

The American Promise has long been a course favorite, and it has just gotten better. Students value the text’s readability, clear chronology, and lively voices of ordinary Americans, while instructors rely upon the rich content, the many documents and features, and the overall support for teaching their class their way. The sixth edition introduces LaunchPad, which combines carefully-curated new assignments and assessments integrated with an e-book in its own intuitive course space. The American Promise now provides the best formats for every activity—the print book allows for a seamless reading experience while LaunchPad provides the right space for active learning assignments and dynamic course management tools that measure and analyze student progress. LaunchPad comes with a wealth of primary sources and special critical thinking activities to help students progress toward learning outcomes; LearningCurve, the adaptive learning tool that students love to use to test their understanding of the text and instructors love to assign to prepare students for class; and a suite of instructor resources from videos to test banks that make teaching simpler and more effective. What's in the LaunchPad

Author Biography

James L. Roark (Ph.D., Stanford University) is Samuel Candler Dobbs Professor of American History at Emory University. In 1993, he received the Emory Williams Distinguished Teaching Award, and in 2001–2002 he was Pitt Professor of American Institutions at Cambridge University. He has written Masters without Slaves: Southern Planters in the Civil War and Reconstruction and coauthored Black Masters: A Free Family of Color in the Old South with Michael P. Johnson.

Michael P. Johnson (Ph.D., Stanford University) is professor of history at Johns Hopkins University. His publications include Toward a Patriarchal Republic: The Secession of Georgia; Abraham Lincoln, Slavery, and the Civil War: Selected Speeches and Writings; and Reading the American Past: Selected Historical Documents, the documents reader for The American Promise. He has also coedited No Chariot Let Down: Charleston’s Free People of Color on the Eve of the Civil War with James L. Roark.

Patricia Cline Cohen (Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley) is professor of history at the University of California, Santa Barbara, where she received the Distinguished Teaching Award in 2005–2006. She has written A Calculating People: The Spread of Numeracy in Early America and The Murder of Helen Jewett: The Life and Death of a Prostitute in Nineteenth-Century New York, and she has coauthored The Flash Press: Sporting Male Weeklies in 1840s New York.

Sarah Stage (Ph.D., Yale University) has taught U.S. history at Williams College and the University of California, Riverside, and she was visiting professor at Beijing University and Szechuan University. Currently she is professor of Women’s Studies at Arizona State University. Her books include Female Complaints: Lydia Pinkham and the Business of Women’s Medicine and Rethinking Home Economics: Women and the History of a Profession.

Susan M. Hartmann (Ph.D., University of Missouri) is Arts and Humanities Distinguished Professor of History at Ohio State University. In 1995 she won the university's Exemplary Faculty Award in the College of Humanities. Her publications include Truman and the 80th Congress; The Home Front and Beyond: American Women in the 1940s; From Margin to Mainstream: American Women and Politics since 1960; and The Other Feminists: Activists in the Liberal Establishment.

Table of Contents

NOTE: LaunchPad material that does not appear in the print book – including guided reading activities, assessment tools, Reflections activities, What’s Your Question? activities, Chronological Reasoning activities, and all of the documents from Reading the American Past – has been indicated on this table of contents as shown. Each chapter in LaunchPad also comes with a wealth of additional documents, videos, key terms flashcards, map quizzes, timeline activities, and much more, all of which can be easily integrated and assigned.

Preface

Versions and Supplements

Contents

Maps, Figures, and Tables

Special Features

 

16. RECONSTRUCTION, 1863–1877

Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad

Wartime Reconstruction

"To Bind Up the Nation’s Wounds"

Land and Labor

The African American Quest for Autonomy

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "The Meaning of Freedom"

Quiz for Documenting the American Promise LaunchPad

  • Reflections on Wartime Reconstruction LaunchPad
Presidential Reconstruction

Johnson’s Program of Reconciliation

White Southern Resistance and Black Codes

Expansion of Federal Authority and Black Rights

  • Reflections on Presidential Reconstruction LaunchPad
Congressional Reconstruction

The Fourteenth Amendment and Escalating Violence

Radical Reconstruction and Military Rule

Impeaching a President

The Fifteenth Amendment and Women’s Demands

  • Reflections on Congressional Reconstruction LaunchPad
The Struggle in the South

Freedmen, Yankees, and Yeomen

HISTORICAL QUESTION: "What Did the Ku Klux Klan Really Want?"

Quiz for Historical Question LaunchPad

Republican Rule

White Landlords, Black Sharecroppers

VISUALIZING HISTORY: "A Post-Slavery Encounter"

Quiz for Visualizing History LaunchPad

  • Reflections on The Struggle in the South LaunchPad
Reconstruction Collapses

Grant’s Troubled Presidency

Northern Resolve Withers

White Supremacy Triumphs

An Election and a Compromise

  • Reflections on Reconstruction Collapses LaunchPad
Conclusion: "A Revolution But Half Accomplished"

Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
LaunchPad

  • What’s Your Question? LaunchPad
  • Chronological Reasoning LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 16
LaunchPad

Document 16-1: Carl Schurz Reports on the Condition of the Defeated South: Report on the Condition of the South, 1865 LaunchPad

Document 16-2: Black Codes Enacted in the South: Mississippi Black Code, November 1865 LaunchPad

Document 16-3: Former Slaves Seek to Reunite Their Families: Advertisements from the Christian Recorder, 1865-1870 LaunchPad

Document 16-4: Planter Louis Manigault Visits His Plantations and Former Slaves, 1867: Louis Manigault, "A Narrative of a Post-Civil War Visit to Gowrie and East Hermitage Plantations," March 22, 1867 LaunchPad

Document 16-5: Klan Violence against Blacks: Elias Hill, Testimony before Congressional Committee Investigating the Ku Klux Klan, 1871 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS LaunchPad

Quiz for Reading the American Past, Chapter 16 LaunchPad

Chapter 16 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

17. THE CONTESTED WEST, 1865–1900

Guided Reading Exercise
LaunchPad

Conquest and Empire in the West

BEYOND AMERICA’S BORDERS:
"Imperialism, Colonialism, and the Treatment of the

Sioux and the Zulu"

Quiz for Beyond America’s Borders LaunchPad

Indian Removal and the Reservation System

The Decimation of the Great Bison Herds

Indian Wars and the Collapse of Comanchería

The Fight for the Black Hills

VISUALIZING HISTORY: "Custer’s Last Stand"

Quiz for Visualizing History LaunchPad

  • Reflections on Conquest and Empire in the West LaunchPad
Forced Assimilation and Indian Resistance

Indian Schools and the War against Indian Culture

The Dawes Act and Indian Land Allotment

Indian Resistance and Survival

  • Reflections on Forced Assimilation and Indian Resistance LaunchPad
Mining the West

Life on the Comstock Lode

The Diverse Peoples of the West

  • Reflections on Mining the West LaunchPad
Land Fever

Moving West: Homesteaders and Speculators

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Young Women Homesteaders and the Promise of the West"

Quiz for Documenting the American Promise LaunchPad

Ranchers and Cowboys

Tenants, Sharecroppers, and Migrants

Commercial Farming and Industrial Cowboys

Territorial Government

  • Reflections on Land Fever LaunchPad
Conclusion: The West in the Gilded Age

Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
LaunchPad

  • What’s Your Question? LaunchPad
  • Chronological Reasoning LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 17
LaunchPad

Document 17-1: Pun Chi Appeals to Congress in Behalf of Chinese Immigrants in California: A Remonstrance from the Chinese in California, ca. 1870 LaunchPad

Document 17-2: Mattie Oblinger Describes Life on a Nebraska Homestead: Mattie V. Oblinger to George W. Thomas, Grizzie B. Thomas, and Wheeler Thomas Family, June 16, 1873 LaunchPad

Document 17-3: Texas Rangers on the Mexican Border: N. A. Jennings, A Texas Ranger, 1875 LaunchPad

Document 17-4: In-mut-too-yah-lat-lat Describes White Encroachment: Chief Joseph, Speech to a White Audience, 1879 LaunchPad

Document 17-5: A Plea to "Citizenize" Indians: Richard Pratt, "Kill the Indian ... and save the man," 1892 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS LaunchPad

Quiz for Reading the American Past, Chapter 17 LaunchPad

Chapter 17 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

18. RAILROADS, BUSINESS, AND POLITICS IN THE GILDED AGE, 1865–1900

Guided Reading Exercise
LaunchPad

Railroads and the Rise of New Industries

Railroads: America’s First Big Business

VISUALIZING HISTORY: "Alva Vanderbilt and the Gilded Age"

Quiz for Visualizing History LaunchPad

Andrew Carnegie, Steel, and Vertical Integration

John D. Rockefeller, Standard Oil, and the Trust

New Inventions: The Telephone and the Telegraph

  • Reflections on Railroads and the Rise of New Industries LaunchPad
From Competition to Consolidation

J. P. Morgan and Finance Capitalism

Social Darwinism, Laissez-Faire, and the Supreme Court

HISTORICAL QUESTION: "Social Darwinism: Did Wealthy Industrialists Practice What They Preached?"

Quiz for Historical Question LaunchPad

  • Reflections on From Competition to Consolidation LaunchPad
Politics and Culture

Political Participation and Party Loyalty

Sectionalism and the New South

Gender, Race, and Politics

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Ida B. Wells and Her Campaign to Stop Lynching"

Quiz for Documenting the American Promise LaunchPad

Women’s Activism

  • Reflections on Politics and Culture LaunchPad
Presidential Politics

Corruption and Party Strife

Garfield’s Assassination and Civil Service Reform

Reform and Scandal: The Campaign of 1884

  • Reflections on Presidential Politics LaunchPad
Economic Issues and Party Realignment

The Tariff and the Politics of Protection

Railroads, Trusts, and the Federal Government

The Fight for Free Silver

Panic and Depression

  • Reflections on Economic Issues and Party Realignment LaunchPad
Conclusion: Business Dominates an Era

Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
LaunchPad

  • What’s Your Question? LaunchPad
  • Chronological Reasoning LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 18
LaunchPad

Document 18-1: Marshall Kirkman Likens Railroad Corporations to Armies: Marshall M. Kirkman, "The Railway Army," 1894 LaunchPad

Document 18-2: William Graham Sumner on Social Obligations: What Social Classes Owe to Each Other, 1883 LaunchPad

Document 18-3: Henry Demarest Lloyd Attacks Monopolies: Wealth against Commonwealth, 1894 LaunchPad

Document 18-4: Andrew Carnegie Explains the Gospel of Wealth: Wealth, 1889 LaunchPad

Document 18-5: Henry George Explains Why Poverty Is a Crime: An Analysis of the Crime of Poverty, 1885 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS LaunchPad

Quiz for Reading the American Past, Chapter 18 LaunchPad

Chapter 18 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

19. THE CITY AND ITS WORKERS, 1870–1900

Guided Reading Exercise
LaunchPad

The Rise of the City

The Urban Explosion: A Global Migration

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Seeking Refuge: Russian Jews Escape the Pogroms"

Quiz for Seeking the American Promise LaunchPad

Racism and the Cry for Immigration Restriction

The Social Geography of the City

  • Reflections on The Rise of the City LaunchPad
At Work in Industrial America

America’s Diverse Workers

The Family Economy: Women and Children

White-Collar Workers: Managers, "Typewriters," and Salesclerks

  • Reflections on At Work in Industrial America LaunchPad
Workers Organize

The Great Railroad Strike of 1877

The Knights of Labor and the American Federation of Labor

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "The Songs of the Knights of Labor"

Quiz for Documenting the American Promise LaunchPad

Haymarket and the Specter of Labor Radicalism

  • Reflections on Workers Organize LaunchPad
At Home and at Play

Domesticity and "Domestics"

Cheap Amusements

  • Reflections on At Home and at Play LaunchPad
City Growth and City Government

Building Cities of Stone and Steel

City Government and the "Bosses"

White City or City of Sin?

BEYOND AMERICA’S BORDERS: "The World’s Columbian Exposition and Nineteenth- Century World’s Fairs"

Quiz for Beyond America’s Borders LaunchPad

  • Reflections on City Growth and City Government LaunchPad
Conclusion: Who Built the Cities?

Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
LaunchPad

  • What’s Your Question? LaunchPad
  • Chronological Reasoning LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 19
LaunchPad

Document 19-1: A Textile Worker Explains the Labor Market: Thomas O'Donnell, Testimony before a U.S. Senate Committee, 1885 LaunchPad

Document 19-2: Domestic Servants on Household Work: Interviews with Journalist Helen Campbell, 1880s LaunchPad

Document 19-3: Jacob Riis Describes Abandoned Babies in New York City's Slums: Waifs of New York City's Slums, 1890 LaunchPad

Document 19-4: Walter Wyckoff Listens to Revolutionary Workers in Chicago: Walter A. Wyckoff, "Among the Revolutionaries," 1898 LaunchPad

Document 19-5: George Washington Plunkitt Explains Politics: William L. Riordon, Plunkitt of Tammany Hall, 1905 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS LaunchPad

Quiz for Reading the American Past, Chapter 19 LaunchPad

Chapter 19 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

20. DISSENT, DEPRESSION, AND WAR, 1890–1900

Guided Reading Exercise
LaunchPad

The Farmers Unite

The Farmers’ Alliance

The Populist Movement

  • Reflections on The Farmers Unite LaunchPad
The Labor Wars

The Homestead Lockout

The Cripple Creek Miners’ Strike of 1894

Eugene V. Debs and the Pullman Strike

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "The Press and the Pullman Strike:

Framing Class Conflict"

Quiz for Documenting the American Promise LaunchPad

  • Reflections on The Labor Wars LaunchPad
Women’s Activism

Frances Willard and the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union

Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and the Movement for Woman Suffrage

  • Reflections on Women’s Activism LaunchPad
Depression Politics

Coxey’s Army

The People’s Party and the Election of 1896

  • Reflections on Depression Politics LaunchPad
The United States and the World

Markets and Missionaries

BEYOND AMERICA’S BORDERS: "Regime Change in Hawai’i"

Quiz for Beyond America’s Borders LaunchPad

The Monroe Doctrine and the Open Door Policy

"A Splendid Little War"

HISTORICAL QUESTION: "Did Terrorists Sink the Maine?"

Quiz for Historical Question LaunchPad

The Debate over American Imperialism

  • Reflections on The United States and the World LaunchPad
Conclusion: Rallying around the Flag

Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
LaunchPad

  • What’s Your Question? LaunchPad
  • Chronological Reasoning LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 20
LaunchPad

Document 20-1: Mary Elizabeth Lease Reports on Women in the Farmers' Alliance: Mary Elizabeth Lease, "Women in the Farmers' Alliance," 1891 LaunchPad

Document 20-2: White Supremacy in Wilmington, North Carolina: Gunner Jesse Blake, Narrative of the Wilmington "Rebellion" of 1898 LaunchPad

Document 20-3: Pinkertons Defeated at Homestead: Pinkerton Guard Testimony, 1893 LaunchPad

Document 20-4: Conflicting Views about Labor Unions: N. F. Thompson, Testimony before the Industrial Commission on the Relations and Conditions of Capital and Labor, 1900 and Samuel Gompers, Letter to the American Federationist, 1894 LaunchPad

Document 20-5: Emilio Aguinaldo Criticizes American Imperialism in the Philippines: Case against the United States, 1899 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS LaunchPad

Quiz for Reading the American Past, Chapter 20 LaunchPad

Chapter 20 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

21. PROGRESSIVISM FROM THE GRASS ROOTS TO THE WHITE HOUSE, 1890–1916

Guided Reading Exercise
LaunchPad

Grassroots Progressivism

Civilizing the City

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Making the Workplace Safer: Alice Hamilton

Explores the Dangerous Trades"

Quiz for Seeking the American Promise LaunchPad

Progressives and the Working Class

  • Reflections on Grassroots Progressivism LaunchPad
Progressivism: Theory and Practice

Reform Darwinism and Social Engineering

Progressive Government: City and State

  • Reflections on Progressivism: Theory and Practice LaunchPad
Progressivism Finds a President: Theodore Roosevelt

The Square Deal

Roosevelt the Reformer

VISUALIZING HISTORY: "The Birth of Photojournalism"

Quiz for Visualizing History LaunchPad

Roosevelt and Conservation

HISTORICAL QUESTION: "Progressives and Conservation: Should Hetch Hetchy Be Dammed or Saved?"

Quiz for Historical Question LaunchPad

The Big Stick

The Troubled Presidency of William Howard Taft

  • Reflections on Progressivism Finds a President: Theodore Roosevelt LaunchPad
Woodrow Wilson and Progressivism at High Tide

Progressive Insurgency and the Election of 1912

Wilson’s Reforms: Tariff, Banking, and the Trusts

Wilson, Reluctant Progressive

  • Reflections on Woodrow Wilson and Progressivism at High Tide LaunchPad
The Limits of Progressive Reform

Radical Alternatives

Progressivism for White Men Only

  • Reflections on The Limits of Progressive Reform LaunchPad
Conclusion: The Transformation of the Liberal State

Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
LaunchPad

  • What’s Your Question? LaunchPad
  • Chronological Reasoning LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 21
LaunchPad

Document 21-1: Jane Addams on Settlement Houses: The Subjective Necessity for Social Settlements, 1892 LaunchPad

Document 21-2: A Sociologist Studies Working-Class Saloons in Chicago: Royal Melendy, Ethical Substitutes for the Saloon, 1900 LaunchPad

Document 21-3: Mother Jones on the Futility of Class Harmony: Letter to Mrs. Potter Palmer, January 12, 1907 LaunchPad

Document 21-4: Marie Jenney Howe Parodies the Opposition to Women's Suffrage: Marie Jenney Howe, An Anti-Suffrage Monologue, 1913 LaunchPad

Document 21-5: Booker T. Washington on Racial Accommodation: The Atlanta Exposition Address, 1895 LaunchPad

Document 21-6: W. E. B. Du Bois on Racial Equality: Booker T. Washington and Others, 1903 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS LaunchPad

Quiz for Reading the American Past, Chapter 21 LaunchPad

Chapter 21 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

22. WORLD WAR I: THE PROGRESSIVE CRUSADE AT HOME AND ABROAD, 1914–1920

Guided Reading Exercise
LaunchPad

Woodrow Wilson and the World

Taming the Americas

The European Crisis

The Ordeal of American Neutrality

The United States Enters the War

  • Reflections on Woodrow Wilson and the World LaunchPad
"Over There"

The Call to Arms

The War in France

  • Reflections on "Over There" LaunchPad
The Crusade for Democracy at Home

The Progressive Stake in the War

Women, War, and the Battle for Suffrage

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Seeking to Serve: An American Woman in Wartime France"

Quiz for Seeking the American Promise LaunchPad

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "The Final Push for Woman Suffrage"

Quiz for Documenting the American Promise LaunchPad

Rally around the Flag — or Else

  • Reflections on The Crusade for Democracy at Home LaunchPad
A Compromised Peace

Wilson’s Fourteen Points

The Paris Peace Conference

The Fight for the Treaty

  • Reflections on A Compromised Peace LaunchPad
Democracy at Risk

Economic Hardship and Labor Upheaval

The Red Scare

BEYOND AMERICA’S BORDERS: "Bolshevism"

Quiz for Beyond America’s Borders LaunchPad

The Great Migrations of African Americans and Mexicans

Postwar Politics and the Election of 1920

  • Reflections on Democracy at Risk LaunchPad
Conclusion: Troubled Crusade

Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
LaunchPad

  • What’s Your Question? LaunchPad
  • Chronological Reasoning LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 22
LaunchPad

Document 22-1: The North American Review Considers War a Blessing, Not a Curse: "For Freedom and Democracy," The North American Review, April 1917 LaunchPad

Document 22-2: Eugene V. Debs Attacks Capitalist Warmongers: Speech Delivered in Canton, Ohio, June 16, 1918 LaunchPad

Document 22-3: A Doughboy's Letter from the Front: Anonymous Soldier, Letter to Elmer J. Sutters, 1918 LaunchPad

Document 22-4: Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer Defends America from Communists: The Case against the "Reds," 1920 LaunchPad

Document 22-5: An African American Responds to the Chicago Race Riot: Stanley B. Norvell, Letter to Victor F. Lawson, 1919 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS LaunchPad

Quiz for Reading the American Past, Chapter 22 LaunchPad

Chapter 22 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

23. FROM NEW ERA TO GREAT DEPRESSION, 1920–1932

Guided Reading Exercise
LaunchPad

The New Era

A Business Government

Promoting Prosperity and Peace Abroad

Automobiles, Mass Production, and Assembly-Line Progress

Consumer Culture

VISUALIZING HISTORY: "Advertising in a Consumer Age"

Quiz for Visualizing History LaunchPad

  • Reflections on The New Era LaunchPad
The Roaring Twenties

Prohibition

The New Woman

HISTORICAL QUESTION: "Was There a Sexual Revolution in the 1920s?"

Quiz for Historical Question LaunchPad

The New Negro

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "The Quest for Home Ownership in Segregated Detroit"

Quiz for Seeking the American Promise LaunchPad

Entertainment for the Masses

The Lost Generation

  • Reflections on The Roaring Twenties LaunchPad
Resistance to Change

Rejecting the Undesirables

The Rebirth of the Ku Klux Klan

The Scopes Trial

Al Smith and the Election of 1928

  • Reflections on Resistance to Change LaunchPad
The Great Crash

Herbert Hoover: The Great Engineer

The Distorted Economy

The Crash of 1929

Hoover and the Limits of Individualism

  • Reflections on The Great Crash LaunchPad
Life in the Depression

The Human Toll

Denial and Escape

Working-Class Militancy

  • Reflections on Life in the Depression LaunchPad
Conclusion: Dazzle and Despair

Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
LaunchPad

  • What’s Your Question? LaunchPad
  • Chronological Reasoning LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 23
LaunchPad

Document 23-1: Edward Earle Purinton Celebrates American Business as the Salvation of the World: Edward Earle Purinton, "Big Ideas From Big Business: Try Them Out for Yourself," The Independent, April 16, 1921 LaunchPad

Document 23-2: Reinhold Niebuhr on Christianity in Detroit: Diary Entries, 1925-1928 LaunchPad

Document 23-3: The Ku Klux Klan Defends Americanism: Hiram W. Evans, The Klan's Fight for Americanism, 1926 LaunchPad

Document 23-4: Mothers Seek Freedom from Unwanted Pregnancies: Margaret Sanger, Motherhood in Bondage, 1928 LaunchPad

Document 23-5: Marcus Garvey Explains the Goals of the Universal Negro Improvement Association: The Negro's Greatest Enemy, 1923 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS LaunchPad

Quiz for Reading the American Past, Chapter 23 LaunchPad

Chapter 23 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

24. THE NEW DEAL EXPERIMENT, 1932–1939

Guided Reading Exercise
LaunchPad

Franklin D. Roosevelt: A Patrician in Government

The Making of a Politician

BEYOND AMERICA’S BORDERS: "Fascism: Adolf Hitler and National Socialism"

Quiz for Beyond America’s Borders LaunchPad

The Election of 1932

  • Reflections on Franklin D. Roosevelt: A Patrician in Government LaunchPad
Launching the New Deal

The New Dealers

Banking and Finance Reform

Relief and Conservation Programs

Agricultural Initiatives

Industrial Recovery

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Textile Workers Strike for Better Wages and Working Conditions"

Quiz for Seeking the American Promise LaunchPad

  • Reflections on Launching the New Deal LaunchPad
Challenges to the New Deal

Resistance to Business Reform

Casualties in the Countryside

Politics on the Fringes

  • Reflections on Challenges to the New Deal LaunchPad
Toward a Welfare State

Relief for the Unemployed

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Americans Encounter the New Deal"

Quiz for Documenting the American Promise LaunchPad

Empowering Labor

Social Security and Tax Reform

Neglected Americans and the New Deal

  • Reflections on Toward a Welfare State LaunchPad
The New Deal from Victory to Deadlock

The Election of 1936

Court Packing

Reaction and Recession

The Last of the New Deal Reforms

  • Reflections on The New Deal from Victory to Deadlock LaunchPad
Conclusion: Achievements and Limitations of the New Deal

Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
LaunchPad

  • What’s Your Question? LaunchPad
  • Chronological Reasoning LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 24
LaunchPad

Document 24-1: Martha Gellhorn Reports on Conditions in North Carolina in 1934: Martha Gellhorn to Harry Hopkins, November 11, 1934 LaunchPad

Document 24-2: Working People's Letters to New Dealers: Letter to Frances Perkins, January 27, 1935; Letter to Frances Perkins, March 29, 1935; Letter to Franklin D. Roosevelt, November 23, 1936; Letter to Frances Perkins, July 27, 1937; and Letter to Franklin D. Roosevelt, November 27, 1939 LaunchPad

Document 24-3: Huey Long Proposes Redistribution of Wealth: Speech to Members of the Share Our Wealth Society, 1935 LaunchPad

Document 24-4: A Mexican American Farmworker Describes the Importance of Sticking Together: Jose Flores, Interview, Farm Security Administration Migrant Labor Camp, El Rio, California, 1941 LaunchPad

Document 24-5: Conservatives Criticize the New Deal: Herbert Hoover, Anti-New Deal Campaign Speech, 1936 and Minnie Hardin, Letter to Eleanor Roosevelt, December 14, 1937 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS LaunchPad

Quiz for Reading the American Past, Chapter 24 LaunchPad

Chapter 24 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

25. THE UNITED STATES AND THE SECOND WORLD WAR, 1939–1945

Guided Reading Exercise
LaunchPad

Peacetime Dilemmas

Roosevelt and Reluctant Isolation

The Good Neighbor Policy

The Price of Noninvolvement

  • Reflections on Peacetime Dilemmas LaunchPad
The Onset of War

Nazi Aggression and War in Europe

From Neutrality to the Arsenal of Democracy

Japan Attacks America

  • Reflections on The Onset of War LaunchPad
Mobilizing for War

Home-Front Security

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Japanese Internment"

Quiz for Documenting the American Promise LaunchPad

Building a Citizen Army

Conversion to a War Economy

  • Reflections on Mobilizing for War LaunchPad
Fighting Back

Turning the Tide in the Pacific

The Campaign in Europe

  • Reflections on Fighting Back LaunchPad
The Wartime Home Front

Women and Families, Guns and Butter

The Double V Campaign

Wartime Politics and the 1944 Election

Reaction to the Holocaust

BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "Nazi Anti-Semitism and the Atomic Bomb"

Quiz for Beyond America’s Borders LaunchPad

  • Reflections on The Wartime Home Front LaunchPad
Toward Unconditional Surrender

From Bombing Raids to Berlin

HISTORICAL QUESTION: "Why Did the Allies Win World War II?"

Quiz for Historical Question LaunchPad

The Defeat of Japan

Atomic Warfare

  • Reflections on Toward Unconditional Surrender LaunchPad
Conclusion: Allied Victory and America’s Emergence as a Superpower

Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
LaunchPad

  • What’s Your Question? LaunchPad
  • Chronological Reasoning LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 25
LaunchPad

Document 25-1: President Franklin D. Roosevelt Requests Declaration of War on Japan: Speech to Congress, December 8, 1941 LaunchPad
Document 25-2: A Japanese American War Hero Recalls Pearl Harbor: Grant Hirabayashi, Oral History, 1999 LaunchPad
Document 25-3: The Holocaust: A Journalist Reports on Nazi Massacres of Jews: Varian Fry, The Massacre of the Jews, December 21, 1942 LaunchPad
Document 25-4: Soldiers Send Messages Home: Sergeant Irving Strobing, Radio Address from Corregidor, Philippines, May 5 or 6, 1942; John Conroy, Letter, December 24, 1942; Allen Spach, Letter, February 1943; James McMahon, Letter, March 10, 1944; and David Mark Olds, Letter, July 12, 1945 LaunchPad
 Document 25-5: Rosies the Riveters Recall Working in War Industries: Rosie the Riveter Memoirs LaunchPad
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS LaunchPad 

Quiz for Reading the American Past, Chapter 25 LaunchPad

Chapter 25 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

26. COLD WAR POLITICS IN THE TRUMAN YEARS, 1945–1953

Guided Reading Exercise
LaunchPad

From the Grand Alliance to Containment

The Cold War Begins

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "The Emerging Cold War"

Quiz for Documenting the American Promise LaunchPad

The Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan

VISUALIZING HISTORY: "Selling the Marshall Plan"

Quiz for Visualizing History LaunchPad

Building a National Security State

Superpower Rivalry around the Globe

  • Reflections on From the Grand Alliance to Containment LaunchPad
Truman and the Fair Deal at Home

Reconverting to a Peacetime Economy

Blacks and Mexican Americans Push for Their Civil Rights

The Fair Deal Flounders

The Domestic Chill: McCarthyism

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "An Immigrant Scientist Encounters the Anti- Communist Crusade"

Quiz for Seeking the American Promise LaunchPad

  • Reflections on Truman and the Fair Deal at Home LaunchPad
The Cold War Becomes Hot: Korea

Korea and the Military Implementation of Containment

From Containment to Rollback to Containment

Korea, Communism, and the 1952 Election

An Armistice and the War’s Costs

  • Reflections on The Cold War Becomes Hot: Korea LaunchPad
Conclusion: The Cold War’s Costs and Consequences

Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
LaunchPad

  • What’s Your Question? LaunchPad
  • Chronological Reasoning LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 26
LaunchPad

Document 26-1: General Marshall Summarizes the Lessons of World War II: For the Common Defense, 1945 LaunchPad
Document 26-2: George F. Kennan Outlines Containment: The Long Telegram, February 22, 1946 LaunchPad
Document 26-3: Cold War Blueprint: NSC-68: U.S. Objectives and Programs for National Security, 1950 LaunchPad
Document 26-4: Senator Joseph McCarthy Hunts Communists: Speech Delivered in Wheeling, West Virginia, February 9, 1950 LaunchPad
Document 26-5: Donald M. Griffith Recalls Combat in the Korean War: Donald M. Griffith Interview, 2003 LaunchPad
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS LaunchPad

Quiz for Reading the American Past, Chapter 26 LaunchPad

Chapter 26 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

27. THE POLITICS AND CULTURE OF ABUNDANCE, 1952–1960

Guided Reading Exercise
LaunchPad

Eisenhower and the Politics of the "Middle Way"

Modern Republicanism

Termination and Relocation of Native Americans

The 1956 Election and the Second Term

  • Reflections on Eisenhower and the Politics of the "Middle Way" LaunchPad
Liberation Rhetoric and the Practice of Containment

The "New Look" in Foreign Policy

Applying Containment to Vietnam

Interventions in Latin America and the Middle East

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Operation Pedro Pan: Young Political Refugees Take Flight"

Quiz for Seeking the American Promise LaunchPad

The Nuclear Arms Race

  • Reflections on Liberation Rhetoric and the Practice of Containment LaunchPad
New Work and Living Patterns in an Economy of Abundance

Technology Transforms Agriculture and Industry

Burgeoning Suburbs and Declining Cities

The Rise of the Sun Belt

The Democratization of Higher Education

  • Reflections on New Work and Living Patterns in an Economy of Abundance LaunchPad
The Culture of Abundance

Consumption Rules the Day

The Revival of Domesticity and Religion

Television Transforms Culture and Politics

Countercurrents

  • Reflections on The Culture of Abundance LaunchPad
The Emergence of a Civil Rights Movement

African Americans Challenge the Supreme Court and the President

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "The Brown Decision"

Quiz for Documenting the American Promise LaunchPad

VISUALIZING HISTORY: "School Desegregation"

Quiz for Visualizing History LaunchPad

Montgomery and Mass Protest

  • Reflections on The Emergence of a Civil Rights Movement LaunchPad
Conclusion: Peace and Prosperity Mask Unmet Challenges

Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
LaunchPad

  • What’s Your Question? LaunchPad
  • Chronological Reasoning LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 27
LaunchPad

Document 27-1: Edith M. Stern Attacks the Domestic Bondage of Women: Women Are Household Slaves, 1949 LaunchPad
Document 27-2: Vance Packard Analyzes the Age of Affluence: The Status Seekers, 1959 LaunchPad
Document 27-3: George E. McMillan Reports on Racial Conditions in the South in 1960: George E. McMillan, "Sit-Downs: The South's New Time Bomb," 1960 LaunchPad
Document 27-4: Civil Defense in the Nuclear Shadow: North Dakota Civil Defense Agency, How You Will Survive, 1960 LaunchPad
Document 27-5: President Dwight D. Eisenhower Warns about the Military-Industrial Complex: Farewell Address, January 1961 LaunchPad
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS LaunchPad 

Quiz for Reading the American Past, Chapter 27 LaunchPad

Chapter 27 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

28. REFORM, REBELLION, AND REACTION, 1960–1974

Guided Reading Exercise
LaunchPad

Liberalism at High Tide

The Unrealized Promise of Kennedy’s New Frontier

Johnson Fulfills the Kennedy Promise

Policymaking for a Great Society

Assessing the Great Society

The Judicial Revolution

  • Reflections on Liberalism at High Tide LaunchPad
The Second Reconstruction

The Flowering of the Black Freedom Struggle

The Response in Washington

Black Power and Urban Rebellions

  • Reflections on The Second Reconstruction LaunchPad
A Multitude of Movements

Native American Protest

Latino Struggles for Justice

Student Rebellion, the New Left, and the Counterculture

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Student Protest"

Quiz for Documenting the American Promise LaunchPad

VISUALIZING HISTORY: "Anti-Establishment Clothing"

Quiz for Visualizing History LaunchPad

Gay Men and Lesbians Organize

  • Reflections on A Multitude of Movements LaunchPad
The New Wave of Feminism

A Multifaceted Movement Emerges

BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "Transnational Feminisms"

Quiz for Beyond America’s Borders LaunchPad

Feminist Gains Spark a Countermovement

  • Reflections on The New Wave of Feminism LaunchPad
Liberal Reform in the Nixon Administration

Extending the Welfare State and Regulating the Economy

Responding to Environmental Concerns

Expanding Social Justice

  • Reflections on Liberal Reform in the Nixon Administration LaunchPad
Conclusion: Achievements and Limitations of Liberalism

Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
LaunchPad

  • What’s Your Question? LaunchPad
  • Chronological Reasoning LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 28
LaunchPad

Document 28-1: New Left Students Seek Democratic Social Change: Students for a Democratic Society, The Port Huron Statement, 1962 LaunchPad

Document 28-2: Martin Luther King Jr. Explains Nonviolent Resistance: Letter from Birmingham City Jail, 1963 LaunchPad

Document 28-3: George C. Wallace Denounces the Civil Rights Movement: George C. Wallace, "The Civil Rights Movement: Fraud, Sham, and Hoax," July 4, 1964 LaunchPad

Document 28-4: Black Power: Chicago Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee Leaflet, 1967 LaunchPad

Document 28-5: Equal Rights for Women: National Organization for Women, Statement of Purpose, October 29, 1966 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS LaunchPad

Quiz for Reading the American Past, Chapter 28 LaunchPad

Chapter 28 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

29. VIETNAM AND THE END OF THE COLD WAR CONSENSUS, 1961–1975

Guided Reading Exercise
LaunchPad

New Frontiers in Foreign Policy

Meeting the "Hour of Maximum Danger"

New Approaches to the Third World

The Arms Race and the Nuclear Brink

A Growing War in Vietnam

  • Reflections on New Frontiers in Foreign Policy LaunchPad
Lyndon Johnson’s War against Communism

An All-Out Commitment in Vietnam

Preventing Another Castro in Latin America

The Americanized War

Those Who Served

  • Reflections on Lyndon Johnson’s War against Communism LaunchPad
A Nation Polarized

The Widening War at Home

The Tet Offensive and Johnson’s Move toward Peace

BEYOND AMERICA’S BORDERS: "1968: A Year of Protest"

Quiz for Beyond America’s Borders LaunchPad

The Tumultuous Election of 1968

  • Reflections on A Nation Polarized LaunchPad
Nixon, Détente, and the Search for Peace in Vietnam

Moving toward Détente with the Soviet Union and China

Shoring Up U.S. Interests around the World

Vietnam Becomes Nixon’s War

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Ending the War in Vietnam"

Quiz for Documenting the American Promise LaunchPad

The Peace Accords

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "From the Fall of Saigon to the House of Representatives"

Quiz for Seeking the American Promise LaunchPad

The Legacy of Defeat

  • Reflections on Nixon, Détente, and the Search for Peace in Vietnam LaunchPad
Conclusion: An Unwinnable War

Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
LaunchPad

  • What’s Your Question? LaunchPad
  • Chronological Reasoning LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 29
LaunchPad

Document 29-1: President Kennedy Explains Why We Are in Vietnam: Bobbie Lou Pendergrass, Letter to President John F. Kennedy, February 18, 1963 and President John F. Kennedy, Letter to Bobbie Lou Pendergrass, March 6, 1963 LaunchPad

Document 29-2: A Secret Government Assessment of the Vietnam War: Robert S. McNamara, Actions Recommended for Vietnam, October 14, 1966 LaunchPad

Document 29-3: Military Discipline in an Unpopular War: Robert D. Heinl Jr., The Collapse of the Armed Forces, June 7, 1971 LaunchPad

Document 29-4: An American Soldier in Vietnam: Arthur E. Woodley Jr., Oral History of a Special Forces Ranger LaunchPad

Document 29-5: John Kerry Denounces the Vietnam War: John Kerry Testimony before the Senate Committee of Foreign Relations, 1971 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS LaunchPad

Quiz for Reading the American Past, Chapter 29 LaunchPad

Chapter 29 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

30. AMERICA MOVES TO THE RIGHT, 1969–1989

Guided Reading Exercise
LaunchPad

Nixon, Conservatism, and Constitutional Crisis

Emergence of a Grassroots Movement

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "A Mother Campaigns for a Say in Her Children's Education"

Quiz for Seeking the American Promise LaunchPad

Nixon Courts the Right

The Election of 1972

Watergate

The Ford Presidency and the 1976 Election

  • Reflections on Nixon, Conservatism, and Constitutional Crisis LaunchPad
The "Outsider" Presidency of Jimmy Carter

Retreat from Liberalism

Energy and Environmental Reform

Promoting Human Rights Abroad

The Cold War Intensifies

  • Reflections on The "Outsider" Presidency of Jimmy Carter LaunchPad
Ronald Reagan and the Conservative Ascendancy

Appealing to the New Right and Beyond

Unleashing Free Enterprise

Winners and Losers in a Flourishing Economy

  • Reflections on Ronald Reagan and the Conservative Ascendancy LaunchPad
Continuing Struggles over Rights

Battles in the Courts and Congress

Feminism on the Defensive

HISTORICAL QUESTION: "Why Did the ERA Fail?"

Quiz for Historical Question LaunchPad

The Gay and Lesbian Rights Movement

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Protecting Gay and Lesbian Rights"

Quiz for Documenting the American Promise LaunchPad

  • Reflections on Continuing Struggles over Rights LaunchPad
Ronald Reagan Confronts an "Evil Empire"

Militarization and Interventions Abroad

The Iran-Contra Scandal

A Thaw in Soviet-American Relations

  • Reflections on Ronald Reagan Confronts an "Evil Empire" LaunchPad
Conclusion: Reversing the Course of Government

Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
LaunchPad

  • What’s Your Question? LaunchPad
  • Chronological Reasoning LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 30
LaunchPad

Document 30-1: The Watergate Tapes: Nixon, Dean, and Haldeman Discuss the Cancer within the Presidency: Transcript from Tape-Recorded Meeting, March 21, 1973 LaunchPad

Document 30-2: Roe v. Wade and Abortion Rights: Supreme Court Decision, 1973 LaunchPad

Document 30-3: Norma McCorvey Explains How She Became "Roe" of Roe v. Wade: Norma McCorvey Affidavit, United States District Court, District of New Jersey, 2000 LaunchPad

Document 30-4: President Ronald Reagan Defends American Morality: Address to the National Association of American Evangelicals, 1983 LaunchPad

Document 30-5: A Vietnamese Immigrant on the West Coast: Anonymous Man, Oral History, 1983 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS LaunchPad

Quiz for Reading the American Past, Chapter 30 LaunchPad

Chapter 30 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

31. THE PROMISES AND CHALLENGES OF GLOBALIZATION, SINCE 1989

Guided Reading Exercise
LaunchPad

Domestic Stalemate and Global Upheaval: The Presidency of George H. W. Bush

Gridlock in Government

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Suing for Access: Disability and the Courts"

Quiz for Seeking the American Promise LaunchPad

The Cold War Ends

Going to War in Central America and the Persian Gulf

The 1992 Election

  • Reflections on Domestic Stalemate and Global Upheaval: The Presidency of George H. W. Bush LaunchPad
The Clinton Administration’s Search for the Middle Ground

Clinton’s Reforms

Accommodating the Right

Impeaching the President

The Booming Economy of the 1990s

  • Reflections on The Clinton Administration’s Search for the Middle Ground LaunchPad
The United States in a Globalizing World

Defining America’s Place in a New World Order

Debates over Globalization

BEYOND AMERICA’S BORDERS: "Jobs in a Globalizing Era"

Quiz for Beyond America’s Borders LaunchPad

The Internationalization of the United States

  • Reflections on The United States in a Globalizing World LaunchPad
President George W. Bush: Conservatism at Home and Radical Initiatives Abroad

The Disputed Election of 2000

The Domestic Policies of a "Compassionate Conservative"

The Globalization of Terrorism

Unilateralism, Preemption, and the Iraq War

  • Reflections on President George W. Bush: Conservatism at Home and Radical Initiatives Abroad LaunchPad
The Obama Presidency: Reform and Backlash

Governing during Economic Crisis and Political Polarization

VISUALIZING HISTORY: "Caricaturing the Candidates: Clinton and Obama in 2008"

Quiz for Visualizing History LaunchPad

Redefining the War on Terror

  • Reflections on The Obama Presidency: Reform and Backlash LaunchPad
Conclusion: Defining the Government’s Role at Home and Abroad

Chapter Review [[√]] LearningCurve
LaunchPad

  • What’s Your Question? LaunchPad
  • Chronological Reasoning LaunchPad

Documents from Reading the American Past, Chapter 31
LaunchPad

Document 31-1: National Security of the United States Requires Preemptive War: The National Security Strategy of the United States, September 2002 LaunchPad

Document 31-2: A Captured 9/11 Terrorist Confesses: Khalid Sheikh Muhammad, Confession, 2007 LaunchPad

Document 31-3: A Christian Leader Argues That Evangelical Christianity Has Been Hijacked: Tony Campolo, Interview, 2004 LaunchPad

Document 31-4: Joseph Stiglitz Describes Capitalist Fools' Responsibility for the Economic Crisis: Joseph E. Stiglitz, "Capitalist Fools," Global Research, December 11, 2008 LaunchPad

Document 31-5: President Barack Obama Declares a New Beginning in U. S. Relations with the Muslim World: President Barack Obama, "On a New Beginning," Cairo, Egypt, June 4, 2010 LaunchPad

COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS LaunchPad

Quiz for Reading the American Past, Chapter 31 LaunchPad

Chapter 31 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

APPENDICES

I. Documents

The Declaration of Independence

The Constitution of the United States

Amendments to the Constitution with Annotations (including the six unratified amendments)

II. Government and Demographics

Presidential Elections

Admission of States to the Union

Population Growth, 1630–2010

Major Trends in Immigration, 1820-2010

Glossary

Selected Bibliography

Acknowledgements

Index

U.S. Political/Geographic and World Maps

About the Authors

Rewards Program

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