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The American Promiseis more teachable and memorable than any other U.S. survey text. The balanced narrative braids together political and social history so that students can discern overarching trends as well as individual stories.The voices of hundreds of Americans from Presidents to pipefitters, and sharecroppers to suffragettes animate the past and make concepts memorable.The past comes alive for students through dynamic special features and a stunning and distinctive visual program. Over 775 contemporaneous illustrations more than any competing text draw students into the text, and more than 180 full-color maps increase students' geographic literacy. A rich array of special features complements the narrative, offering more points of departure for assignments and discussion. Longstanding favorites includeDocumenting the American Promise,Historical Questions,The Promise of Technology, andBeyond America's Borders,representing a key part of our effort to increase attention paid to the global context of American history.
JAMES L. ROARK (Ph.D., Stanford University) is the Samuel Chandler Dobbs Professor of History at Emory University. He has written or edited four books, including, with Michael P. Johnson, Black Masters: A Free Family of Color in the Old South (1984). MICHAEL P. JOHNSON (Ph.D., Stanford University) is a professor of history at the Johns Hopkins University. He has written or edited six books, including No Chariot Let Down: Charleston’s Free People of Color on the Eve of the Civil War (1984) and Reading the American Past. PATRICIA CLINE COHEN (Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley) is professor of history at the University of California at Santa Barbara. She has written three books including The Murder of Helen Jewett: The Life and Death of a Prostitute in Nineteenth-Century New York (1998). SARAH STAGE (Ph.D., Yale University) is professor of women’s studies at Arizona State University West. She has written three books, including Rethinking Women and Home Economics in the Twentieth Century (1997). ALAN LAWSON (Ph.D., University of Michigan) is professor of history at Boston College. He has written or edited three books, including From Revolution to Republic (1976). SUSAN M. HARTMANN (Ph.D., University of Missouri) is professor of history at The Ohio State University. She has written five books, including The Other Feminists: Activists in the Liberal Establishments (1998).
Table of Contents
N.B. — Each chapter ends with a selected Bibliography and Reviewing the Chapter sections.
16. Reconstruction, 1863–1877
OPENING VIGNETTE: James T. Rapier emerges in the early 1870s as Alabama’s most prominent black leader
DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: The Meaning of Freedom
THE PROMISE OF TECHNOLOGY: Filling the "Empty Sleeve": Artificial Limbs
The Struggle in the South
HISTORICAL QUESTION: What Did the Ku Klux Klan Really Want?
Conclusion: "A Revolution But Half Accomplished"
17. The Contested West, 1870–1900
OPENING VIGNETTE: Native American boarding school students celebrate Indian citizenship
Conquest and Empire in the West
BEYOND AMERICA’S BORDERS: Imperialism, Colonialism, and the Treatment of the Sioux and the Zulu
Gold Fever and the Mining West
THE PROMISE OF TECHNOLOGY: Hydraulic Mining
DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: Young Women Homesteaders and the Promise of the West
Conclusion: The Mythic West
18. Business and Politics in the Gilded Age, 1870–1895
OPENING VIGNETTE: Mark Twain and the Gilded Age
Old Industries Transformed, New Industries Born
GLOBAL COMPARISON: Railroad Track Mileage, 1890
DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: Rockefeller and His Critics
THE PROMISE OF TECHNOLOGY: Electrifying America: The War of the Currents
From Competition to Consolidation
HISTORICAL QUESTION: Social Darwinism: Did Wealthy Industrialists Practice What They Preached?
Politics and Culture
Economic Issues and Party Realignment
Conclusion: Business Dominates an Era
19. The City and Its Workers, 1870–1900
OPENING VIGNETTE: Workers build the Brooklyn Bridge
The Rise of the City
GLOBAL COMPARISON: European Emigration, 1870–1890
SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: Seeking Refuge: A Russian Jew Flees the Pogroms
At Work in Industrial America
At Home and at Play
City Growth and City Government
BEYOND AMERICA’S BORDERS: The World’s Columbian Exposition and Nineteenth–Century World’s Fairs
Conclusion: Who Built the Cities?
20. DISSENT, DEPRESSION, AND WAR, 1890–1900
OPENING VIGNETTE: Frances Willard participates in the creation of the Populist Party in 1892
The Farmers’ Revolt
GLOBAL COMPARISON: Share of the World Wheat Market, 1860–1890
DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: Populist Voices of Protest
The Labor Wars
The United States and the World
BEYOND AMERICA’S BORDERS: Regime Change in Hawaii
War and Empire
HISTORICAL QUESTION: Did Terrorists Sink the Maine?
Conclusion: Rallying around the Flag
21. Progressivism from the Grass Roots to the White House, 1890–1916
OPENING VIGNETTE: Jane Addams founds Hull House
BEYOND AMERICA’S BORDERS: Protecting the World’s Workers: The National Consumers’ League
Progressivism: Theory and Practice
Progressivism Finds a President: Theodore Roosevelt
THE PROMISE OF TECHNOLOGY: Flash Photography and the Birth of Photojournalism
HISTORICAL QUESTION: Progressives and Conservation: Should Hetch Hetchy Be Dammed or Saved?
Woodrow Wilson and Progressivism at High Tide
The Limits of Progressive Reform
Conclusion: The Transformation of the Liberal State
22. World War I: The Progressive Crusade at Home and Abroad, 1914–1920
OPENING VIGNETTE: General Pershing struggles to protect the autonomy of the American Expeditionary Force
Woodrow Wilson and the World
HISTORICAL QUESTION: What Did the Doughboys Find in France?
GLOBAL COMPARISON: Casualties of the First World War
The Crusade for Democracy at Home
DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: The Final Push for Woman Suffrage
A Compromised Peace
Democracy at Risk
BEYOND AMERICA’S BORDERS: Bolshevism
Conclusion: Troubled Crusade
23. From New Era to Great Depression, 1920–1932
OPENING VIGNETTE: Henry Ford puts America on wheels
The New Era
THE PROMISE OF TECHNOLOGY: Household Appliances: Laborsaving Devices for Women?
The Roaring Twenties
HISTORICAL QUESTION: Was There a Sexual Revolution in the 1920s?
SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: A Place of One’s Own: The Quest for Home Ownership
Resistance to Change
The Great Crash
Life in the Depression
Conclusion: Dazzle and Despair
24. The New Deal Experiment, 1932–1939
OPENING VIGNETTE: The Bonus Army marches into Washington, D.C.
Franklin D. Roosevelt: A Patrician in Government
BEYOND AMERICA’S BORDERS: Fascism: Adolf Hitler and National Socialism
Launching the New Deal
Challenges to the New Deal
Toward a Welfare State
SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: Textile Workers Strike for Better Wages and Working Conditions
The New Deal from Victory to Deadlock
GLOBAL COMPARISON: National Populations and Economies, circa 1938
Conclusion: Achievements and Limitations of the New Deal
25. The United States and the Second World War, 1939–1945
OPENING VIGNETTE: Colonel Paul Tibbets drops the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan
The Onset of War
Mobilizing for War
DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: Japanese Internment
GLOBAL COMPARISON: Weapons Produced by the Axis and Allied Powers during World War II
The Wartime Home Front
BEYOND AMERICA’S BORDERS: Nazi Anti–Semitism and the Atomic Bomb
Toward Unconditional Surrender
HISTORICAL QUESTION: Why Did the Allies Win World War II?
Conclusion: Allied Victory and America’s Emergence as a Superpower
26. Cold War Politics in the Truman Years, 1945–1953
OPENING VIGNETTE: Helen Gahagan Douglas, congresswoman and loyal Truman ally, supports the Marshall Plan, the creation of NATO, and the war in Korea
From the Grand Alliance to Containment
DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: The Emerging Cold War
Truman and the Fair Deal at Home
HISTORICAL QUESTION: What Happened to Rosie the Riveter?
SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: The GI Bill Transforms Higher Education
The Cold War Becomes Hot: Korea
Conclusion: The Cold War’s Costs and Consequences
27. The Politics and Culture of Abundance, 1952–1960
OPENING VIGNETTE: Vice President Nixon and Russian premier Khrushchev debate the merits of U.S. and Soviet societies
Eisenhower and the Politics of the "Middle Way"
Liberation Rhetoric and the Practice of Containment
SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: Operation Pedro Pan: Young Political Refugees Take Flight
New Work and Living Patterns in an Economy of Abundance
THE PROMISE OF TECHNOLOGY: Air–Conditioning
The Culture of Abundance
GLOBAL COMPARISON: The Baby Boom in International Perspective
Emergence of a Civil Rights Movement
DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: The Brown Decision
Conclusion: Peace and Prosperity Mask Unmet Challenges
28. Reform, Rebellion, and Reaction, 1960–1974
OPENING VIGNETTE: Fannie Lou Hamer leads grassroots struggles of African Americans for voting rights and political empowerment
Liberalism at High Tide
The Second Reconstruction
A Multitude of Movements
DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: Student Protest
THE PROMISE OF TECHNOLOGY: The Pill
The New Wave of Feminism
BEYOND AMERICA’S BORDERS: Transnational Feminisms
Liberal Reform in the Nixon Administration
Conclusion: Achievements and Limitations of Liberalism
29. Vietnam and the Limits of Power, 1961–1975
OPENING VIGNETTE: American GIs arrive in Vietnam
New Frontiers in Foreign Policy
Lyndon Johnson’s War against Communism
HISTORICAL QUESTION: Why Couldn’t the United States Bomb Its Way to Victory in Vietnam?
THE PROMISE OF TECHNOLOGY: The Military Helicopter
A Nation Polarized
BEYOND AMERICA’S BORDERS: 1968: A Year of Protest
Nixon, Detente, and the Search for Peace in Vietnam