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American Red Cross First Aid : Responding to Emergencies,9781584802495

American Red Cross First Aid : Responding to Emergencies

by Unknown
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9781584802495

ISBN10:
1584802499
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
5/1/2005
Publisher(s):
STAYWL MOSBY
List Price: $31.95

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What version or edition is this?
This is the 4th edition with a publication date of 5/1/2005.
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  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any CDs, lab manuals, study guides, etc.
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Table of Contents

PART ONE: INTRODUCTION
If Not You . . . Who?
2(16)
Scenario
2(1)
Objectives
3(1)
Introduction
4(1)
Key Terms
4(3)
Types of Emergencies
4(1)
Your Role in an Emergency
4(2)
Recognizing Emergencies
6(1)
Unusual Noises
6(1)
Unusual Sights
6(1)
Unusual Odors
7(1)
Table 1-1: Recognizing Emergencies
7(3)
Unusual Appearance or Behavior
8(1)
Deciding to Act
8(1)
Overcoming Barriers in Action
8(2)
Taking Action
10(1)
The Emergency Medical Services (EMS) System
10(1)
When You Call 9-1-1
10(2)
Until Help Arrives
12(3)
Preparing for Emergencies
12(3)
Summary
15(1)
Application Questions
15(1)
Study Questions
16(2)
Responding to An Emergency
18(8)
Scenario
18(1)
Objectives
19(1)
Introduction
20(1)
Key Terms
20(4)
Emergency Action Steps
20(1)
Check
20(2)
Call
22(2)
Care for the Victim
24(1)
Summary
24(1)
Application Questions
24(1)
Study Questions
25(1)
Before Giving Care
26(15)
Scenario
26(1)
Objectives
27(1)
Introduction
28(1)
Key Terms
28(7)
Preventing Disease Transmission
28(1)
How Infections Occur
28(1)
How Bloodborne Pathogens Are Spread
29(1)
Standard Precautions When Giving Care
29(2)
If You Are Exposed
31(1)
Legal Considerations
31(1)
Obtaining Consent
31(1)
Good Samaritan Laws
32(1)
Reaching and Moving Victims
32(1)
Gaining Access
33(1)
Emergency Moves
33(2)
Summary
35(1)
Application Questions
35(1)
Study Questions
36(2)
Skill Sheet: Removing Disposable Gloves
38(3)
PART TWO: ASSESSMENT
41(44)
Body Systems
42(20)
Scenario
42(1)
Objectives
43(1)
Introduction
44(1)
Key Terms
44(14)
Body Cavities
44(1)
Body Systems
45(1)
The Respiratory System
46(2)
The Circulatory System
48(1)
The Nervous System
49(2)
The Musculoskeletal System
51(3)
The Integumentary System
54(1)
The Endocrine System
55(1)
The Digestive System
56(1)
The Genitourinary System
56(2)
Table 4-1: Body Systems
58(1)
Interrelationships of Body Systems
59(1)
Summary
59(1)
Application Questions
59(1)
Study Questions
60(2)
Checking the Victim
62(23)
Scenario
62(1)
Objectives
63(1)
Introduction
64(1)
Key Terms
64(9)
Checking for Life-Threatening Conditions
64(1)
Shock
64(1)
Checking for Consciousness
64(1)
Checking an Unconscious Victim
65(1)
Airway
65(1)
Breathing
66(1)
Signs of Circulation
66(1)
Severe Bleeding
66(2)
Checking a Conscious Victim
68(1)
Interviewing the Victim and Bystanders
68(1)
Checking the Victim from Head to Toe
68(2)
Giving Care
70(2)
Special Considerations
72(1)
Checking Infants and Children
72(1)
Checking Older Adults
72(1)
Summary
73(1)
Application Questions
73(1)
Study Questions
74(2)
Skill Sheet: Checking an Unconscious Victim
76(4)
Skill Sheet: Checking a Conscious Victim
80(5)
PART THREE: LIFE-THREATENING EMERGENCIES
85(92)
Breathing Emergencies
86(28)
Scenario
86(1)
Objectives
87(1)
Introduction
88(1)
Key Terms
88(15)
The Breathing Process
88(1)
Breathing Emergencies
88(1)
Respiratory Distress
88(1)
Signals of Respiratory Distress
88(1)
Conditions that Cause Respiratory Distress
89(2)
Care for Respiratory Distress
91(1)
Special Considerations
91(1)
Airway Obstruction--Conscious Victim
92(1)
Causes
92(1)
Signals
92(1)
Care for an Airway Obstruction
93(2)
Special Considerations
95(2)
Respiratory Arrest
97(1)
Signals for Respiratory Arrest
97(1)
Care for Respiratory Arrest
97(2)
When to Stop Care
99(2)
Special Considerations
101(2)
Summary
103(1)
Application Questions
104(1)
Study Questions
104(4)
Skill Sheet: Conscious Choking--Adult or Child
108(2)
Skill Sheet: Conscious Choking--Infant
110(2)
Skill Sheet: Rescue Breathing for an Adult or Child
112(1)
Skill Sheet: Rescue Breathing for an Infant
113(1)
Cardiac Emergencies and Unconscious Choking
114(42)
Scenario
114(1)
Objectives
115(1)
Introduction
116(1)
Key Terms
116(19)
Cardiovascular Disease
116(1)
Cardiac Emergencies
117(1)
The Cardiac Chain-of-Survival
117(1)
Heart Attack
118(1)
Signals of a Heart Attack
118(1)
Care for a Heart Attack
119(1)
Angina Pectoris
119(1)
Cardiac Arrest
120(1)
Causes
120(1)
Signals of Cardiac Arrest
120(1)
CPR for an Adult
120(1)
Chest Compressions
121(1)
Locate Proper Hand Position
121(1)
Position of the Rescuer
122(1)
Compression Technique
122(1)
Compression/Breathing Cycles
123(1)
Special Considerations
124(1)
When to Stop CPR
124(1)
Cardiac Emergencies in Children and Infants
124(1)
CPR for Children and Infants
124(1)
CPR for a Child
124(2)
CPR for an Infant
126(1)
Unconscious Choking--Adult or Child
127(2)
Unconscious Choking--Infant
129(1)
Automated External Defibrillators (AED)
130(1)
The Heart's Electrical System
130(1)
When the Heart Fails
131(1)
Defibrillation
131(1)
Using an AED--Adult
131(1)
AED Precautions
132(1)
Special Resuscitation Situations
133(1)
AED Maintenance
134(1)
Using an AED--Child
134(1)
Summary
135(1)
Application Questions
136(1)
Study Questions
137(3)
Skill Sheet: CPR--Adult
140(2)
Skill Sheet: Unconscious Choking--Adult
142(2)
Skill Sheet: CPR--Child
144(2)
Skill Sheet: Unconscious Choking--Child
146(2)
Skill Sheet: CPR--Infant
148(2)
Skill Sheet: Unconscious Choking--Infant
150(2)
Skill Sheet: Using an AED--Adult
152(2)
Skill Sheet: Using as AED--Child
154(2)
Bleeding
156(12)
Scenario
156(1)
Objectives
157(1)
Introduction
158(1)
Key Terms
158(5)
Blood and Blood Vessels
158(1)
What Is Blood?
158(1)
Blood Vessels
159(1)
When Bleeding Occurs
159(1)
External Bleeding
160(1)
Care for External Bleeding
160(1)
Internal Bleeding
161(1)
Signals of Severe Internal Bleeding
161(1)
Care for Internal Bleeding
161(2)
Summary
163(1)
Application Questions
163(1)
Study Questions
164(2)
Skill Sheet: Controlling External Bleeding
166(2)
Shock
168(9)
Scenario
169(1)
Objectives
169(1)
Introduction
170(1)
Key Terms
170(1)
Shock
170(1)
The Body's Responses
170(1)
Table 9--1: Common Types of Shock
171(2)
Signals
171(1)
Care
172(1)
Special Considerations
172(1)
Summary
173(1)
Application Questions
174(1)
Study Questions
174(3)
PART FOUR: INJURIES
177(106)
Soft Tissue Injuries
178(26)
Scenario
178(1)
Objectives
179(1)
Introduction
180(1)
Key Terms
180(18)
What Are Soft Tissues?
180(1)
Types of Soft Tissue Injuries
180(1)
Wounds
180(8)
Burns
188(8)
Infection
196(1)
Preventing Infection
196(2)
Signals
198(1)
Care
198(1)
Summary
198(1)
Application Questions
199(1)
Study Questions
200(4)
Musculoskeletal Injuries
204(20)
Scenario
204(1)
Objectives
205(1)
Introduction
206(1)
Key Terms
206(14)
The Musculoskeletal System
206(1)
Muscles
206(3)
Bones
209(1)
Joints
210(1)
Injuries to the Musculoskeletal System
211(1)
Types of Musculoskeletal Injuries
211(6)
Checking for Musculoskeletal Injuries
217(2)
Considerations for Transporting a Victim
219(1)
Summary
220(1)
Application Questions
221(1)
Study Questions
222(2)
Injuries to the Extremities
224(28)
Scenario
224(1)
Objectives
225(1)
Introduction
226(1)
Key Terms
226(14)
Immobilizing Extremity Injuries
226(3)
Signals of Serious Extremity Injuries
229(1)
Upper Extremity Injuries
229(1)
Shoulder Injuries
229(1)
Upper Arm Injuries
230(1)
Elbow Injuries
231(1)
Forearm, Wrist and Hand Injuries
232(4)
Lower Extremity Injuries
236(1)
Thigh Injuries
236(1)
Lower Leg Injuries
236(2)
Knee Injuries
238(1)
Ankle and Foot Injuries
239(1)
Summary
240(1)
Application Questions
241(1)
Study Questions
242(2)
Skill Sheet: Applying an Anatomic Splint
244(2)
Skill Sheet: Applying a Soft Splint
246(2)
Skill Sheet: Applying a Rigid Splint
248(2)
Skill Sheet: Applying a Sling and Binder
250(2)
Injuries to the Head, Neck and Back
252(18)
Scenario
252(1)
Objectives
253(1)
Introduction
254(1)
Key Terms
254(13)
Recognizing Serious Head, Neck and Back Injuries
254(1)
The Head
254(1)
The Neck
255(1)
The Back
255(2)
Checking the Scene
257(1)
Signals
257(1)
Care
258(1)
Specific Injuries
259(1)
Concussion
259(1)
Scalp Injury
260(1)
Cheek Injury
260(1)
Nose Injury
261(1)
Eye Injury
262(1)
Ear Injury
263(1)
Mouth, Jaw and Neck Injuries
263(2)
Lower Back Injury
265(1)
Preventing Head, Neck or Back Injuries
265(2)
Summary
267(1)
Application Questions
267(1)
Study Questions
268(2)
Injuries to the Chest, Abdomen and Pelvis
270(13)
Scenario
270(1)
Objectives
271(1)
Introduction
272(1)
Key Terms
272(7)
Injuries to the Chest
272(2)
Rib Fractures
274(1)
Puncture Wounds
275(1)
Injuries to the Abdomen
276(1)
Care for Injuries to the Abdomen
277(1)
Injuries to the Pelvis
278(1)
Care for Injuries to the Pelvis
278(1)
Summary
279(1)
Application Questions
279(1)
Study Questions
280(3)
PART FIVE: MEDICAL EMERGENCIES
283(86)
Sudden Illness
284(18)
Scenario
284(1)
Objectives
285(1)
Introduction
286(1)
Key Terms
286(12)
Specific Sudden Illnesses
286(1)
Fainting
287(1)
Diabetic Emergencies
288(4)
Seizures
292(2)
Stroke
294(4)
Summary
298(1)
Application Questions
298(1)
Study Questions
299(3)
Poisoning
302(16)
Scenario
302(1)
Objectives
303(1)
Introduction
304(1)
Key Terms
304(11)
How Poisons Enter the Body
304(1)
Inhalation
304(1)
Ingestion
304(1)
Absorption
304(1)
Injection
305(1)
Signals of Poisoning
306(1)
Care for Poisoning
306(1)
Inhaled Poisons
307(1)
Ingested Poisons
308(1)
Absorbed Poisons
309(1)
Injected Poisons
310(1)
Anaphylaxis
310(1)
Signals of Anaphylaxis
310(4)
Care for Anaphylaxis
314(1)
Preventing Poisoning
314(1)
Summary
315(1)
Application Questions
315(1)
Study Questions
316(2)
Bites and Stings
318(14)
Scenario
318(1)
Objectives
319(1)
Introduction
320(1)
Key Terms
320(1)
Signals
320(1)
Care for Specific Bites and Stings
320(1)
Insects
320(1)
Table 17-1: Caring for Bites and Stings
321(8)
Ticks
322(1)
Spiders and Scorpions
323(2)
Snakes
325(1)
Marine Life
326(1)
Domestic and Wild Animals
326(2)
Human Bites
328(1)
Preventing Bites and Stings
328(1)
Summary
329(1)
Application Questions
329(1)
Study Questions
330(2)
Substance Misuse and Abuse
332(18)
Scenario
332(1)
Objectives
333(1)
Introduction
334(1)
Key Terms
334(4)
Effects of Substance Misuse and Abuse
335(1)
Forms of Substance Misuse and Abuse
335(2)
Misused and Abused Substances
337(1)
Stimulants
337(1)
Hallucinogens
337(1)
Depressants
337(1)
Table 18-1: Commonly Misused and Abused Substances
338(8)
Narcotics
340(1)
Inhalants
340(1)
Cannabis Products
341(1)
Other Substances
341(2)
Signals of Substance Misuse and Abuse
343(1)
Care for Substance Misuse and Abuse
343(1)
Preventing Substance Abuse
344(2)
Preventing Substance Misuse
346(1)
Summary
346(1)
Application Questions
347(1)
Study Questions
348(2)
Heat- and Cold--Related Emergencies
350(19)
Scenario
350(1)
Objectives
351(1)
Introduction
352(1)
Key Terms
352(11)
How Body Temperature Is Controlled
352(1)
Factors Affecting Body Temperature Regulation
352(3)
People at Increased Risk
355(1)
Types of Heat-Related Emergencies
355(1)
Heat Cramps
355(1)
Heat-Related Illness
356(1)
Care for Heat-Related Illness
356(2)
Cold-Related Emergencies
358(1)
Frostbite
358(1)
Hypothermia
359(4)
Preventing Heat- and Cold--Related Emergencies
363(1)
Summary
363(1)
Application Questions
364(1)
Study Questions
365(4)
PART SIX: SPECIAL SITUATIONS
369(68)
Reaching and Moving Victims In the Water
370(16)
Scenario
370(1)
Objectives
371(1)
Introduction
372(1)
Key Terms
372(2)
The Risk of Drowning
372(1)
Preventing Aquatic Emergencies
372(1)
Recognizing an Aquatic Emergency
372(2)
Table 20-1: Behaviors of Distressed Swimmers and Drowning Victims as Compared to Swimmers
374(9)
Taking Action in an Aquatic Emergency
374(1)
Out-of-Water Assists
374(3)
In-Water Assists
377(1)
Helping Victims from the Water
378(1)
Head, Neck or Back Injury
379(3)
Helping Someone Who Has Fallen Through Ice
382(1)
Summary
383(1)
Application Questions
383(1)
Study Questions
384(2)
People With Special Needs
386(16)
Scenario
386(1)
Objectives
387(1)
Introduction
388(1)
Key Terms
388(10)
Infants and Children
388(1)
Communicating With an Ill or Injured Child
388(1)
Checking Infants and Children
388(2)
Special Problems
390(2)
Older Adults
392(1)
Checking an Older Adult
393(1)
Special Situations
393(2)
People With Disabilities
395(1)
Physical Disability
395(3)
Language Barriers
398(1)
Special Situations
398(1)
Summary
398(1)
Application Questions
399(1)
Study Questions
400(2)
Childbirth
402(12)
Scenario
402(1)
Objectives
403(1)
Introduction
404(1)
Key Terms
404(7)
Pregnancy
404(1)
The Birth Process
404(1)
Labor
405(1)
Assessing Labor
405(1)
Preparing for Delivery
406(1)
Preparing the Mother
406(1)
Assisting With Delivery
406(2)
Caring for the Newborn and Mother
408(1)
Caring for the Newborn
409(1)
Caring for the Mother
409(1)
Special Considerations
410(1)
Complications During Pregnancy
410(1)
Complications During Childbirth
410(1)
Summary
411(1)
Application Questions
411(1)
Study Questions
412(2)
Delayed-Help Situations
414(23)
Scenario
414(1)
Objectives
415(1)
Introduction
416(1)
Key Terms
416(16)
Types of Delayed-Help Situations
416(1)
Rural Areas
416(1)
Wilderness Areas
416(1)
Disaster Situations
416(1)
Taking Action in a Delayed-Help Situation
417(1)
Check the Scene
417(1)
Check the Victim
417(2)
Check for Resources
419(1)
Call
419(4)
Care
423(4)
Difficult Decisions
427(1)
Protection from the Weather
427(1)
Protecting the Victim
428(1)
Constructing Shelter
428(1)
Preparing for Emergencies
429(1)
Types of Preparation
430(1)
Ensuring Adequate Preparation
431(1)
Summary
432(1)
Application Questions
433(1)
Study Questions
434(3)
PART SEVEN: HEALTHY LIFESTYLES
437(27)
A Safer and Healthier Life
438(26)
Scenario
438(1)
Objectives
439(1)
Introduction
440(1)
Key Terms
440(20)
Injury
440(1)
Factors Affecting Risk of Injury
440(1)
Reducing Your Risk of Injury
441(9)
Reducing Your Risk of Illness
450(1)
Nutrition
451(2)
Weight
453(2)
Fitness
455(1)
Stress
456(2)
Smoking
458(1)
Alcohol
459(1)
Summary
460(1)
Application Questions
460(1)
Study Questions
461(3)
Appendix A, Answers to Questions 464(14)
Glossary 478(11)
Sources 489(3)
Index 492


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