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American Spirit, Volume 1 : To 1877

by
Edition:
9th
ISBN13:

9780395871003

ISBN10:
039587100X
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/30/1997
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing
List Price: $146.00

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Summary

Presents the social and political history of the United States through contemporary source materials from the era of Reconstruction to the present day.

Table of Contents

Preface xxi
New World Beginnings, 33,000 B.C.---A.D.1769
1(27)
The Native Americans
1(5)
Visualizing the New World (1505, 1509)
1(2)
Juan Gines de Sepulveda Belittles the Indians (1547)
3(1)
Bartoleme de Las Casas Defends the Indians (1552)
4(2)
The Spanish in America
6(11)
Hernan Cortes Conquers Mexico (1519--1526)
6(3)
Aztec Chroniclers Describe the Spanish Conquest of Mexico (1519)
9(4)
Francisco Coronado Explores the American Southwest (1541)
13(1)
Don Juan de Onate Conquers New Mexico (1599)
14(3)
The African Slave Trade
17(6)
Mungo Park Describes Slavers in the African Interior (c. 1790)
17(2)
A Slave Is Taken to Barbados (c. 1750)
19(4)
New Worlds for the Taking
23(5)
John Cabot Voyages for England (1497)
23(1)
Richard Hakluyt Calls for an Empire (1582)
24(1)
An English Landlord Describes a Troubled England (1623)
25(1)
Hakluyt Sees England's Salvation in America (1584)
26(2)
The Planting of English America, 1500--1733
28(10)
Precarious Beginnings in Virginia
28(3)
The Starving Time (1609)
28(1)
Governor William Berkeley Reports (1671)
29(2)
The Mix of Cultures in English America
31(4)
The Great Indian Uprising (1622)
31(1)
A West Indian Planter Reflects on Slavery in Barbados (1673)
32(2)
A Missionary Denounces the Treatment of the Indians in South Carolina (1708)
34(1)
Religious Strife in Maryland
35(3)
The Intolerant Act of Toleration (1649)
35(1)
Persecutions of the Catholics (1656)
36(2)
Settling the Northern Colonies, 1619--1700
38(23)
The Planting of Plymouth
38(4)
The Pilgrims Leave Holland (1620)
38(2)
Framing the Mayflower Compact (1620)
40(1)
Abandoning Communism at Plymouth (1632)
41(1)
Conformity in the Bay Colony
42(7)
John Cotton Describes New England's ``Theocracy'' (1636)
42(3)
Anne Hutchinson Is Banished (1637)
45(1)
John Winthrop's Concept of Liberty (1645)
46(1)
Puritan Mistreatment of Quakers (1660)
47(2)
The Rule of Biblical Law
49(1)
The Blue Laws of Connecticut (1672)
49(1)
A Defense of Buying Indian Land (1722)
50(1)
Indian-White Relations in Colonial New England: Three Views of King Philip's War
50(8)
Mary Rowlandson Is Captured by Indians (1675)
50(4)
Plymouth Officials Justify the War (1675)
54(2)
A Rhode Island Quaker Sympathizes with the Indians (1675)
56(2)
Founding the Middle Colonies
58(3)
The Misrule of ``Peter the Headstrong'' (1650)
58(1)
Early Settlers in Pennsylvania (1682)
59(2)
American Life in the Seventeenth Century, 1607--1692
61(21)
Indentured Servants in the Chesapeake Region
61(9)
A Londoner Agrees to Provide a Servant (1654)
61(1)
A Servant Describes His Fate (c. 1680)
62(6)
A Servant Girl Pays the Wages of Sin (1656)
68(1)
An Unruly Servant Is Punished (1679)
69(1)
Bacon's Rebellion and Its Aftermath
70(3)
The Baconite Grievances (1677)
70(1)
The Governor Upholds the Law (1676)
71(1)
Slavery Is Justified (1757)
72(1)
Slavery in the Colonial Era
73(3)
The Conscience of a Slave Trader (1694)
73(1)
The Stono River Rebellion in South Carolina (1739)
74(2)
Life Among New England's Puritans
76(6)
Cotton Mather on the Education of His Children (1706)
76(3)
A Dutchman Visits Harvard College (1680)
79(1)
The Salem Witch Hysteria (1692)
80(2)
Colonial Society on the Eve of Revolution, 1700--1775
82(18)
The Colonial Melting Pot
82(7)
Benjamin Franklin Analyzes the Population (1751)
82(2)
Gottlieb Mittelberger Voyages to Pennsylvania (c. 1750)
84(3)
Michel-Guillaume Jean de Crevecoeur Discovers a New Man (c. 1770)
87(1)
The Growth of the Colonial Population (1740--1780)
88(1)
The Great Awakening
89(4)
George Whitefield Fascinates Franklin (1739)
89(2)
Jonathan Edwards Paints the Horrors of Hell (1741)
91(2)
The Colonial Economy
93(3)
The West Indian Connection (1766)
93(1)
The Pattern of Colonial Commerce (1766)
93(3)
The Shoots of Democracy
96(4)
The Epochal Zenger Trial (1735)
96(2)
Grevecoeur Finds a Perfect Society (c. 1770)
98(2)
The Duel for North America, 1608--1763
100(14)
The Development of New France
100(5)
Father Isaac Jogues Endures Tortures (1642)
100(3)
A Swede Depicts the Indian Trade (1749)
103(2)
The French and Indian War
105(5)
Benjamin Franklin Characterizes General Edward Braddock (1755)
105(2)
A Frenchman Reports Braddock's Defeat (1755)
107(1)
Francis Parkman Analyzes the Conflict (1884)
108(2)
A New Restlessness
110(4)
Andrew Burnaby Scoffs at Colonial Unity (1760)
110(1)
A Lawyer Denounces Search Warrants (1761)
111(3)
The Road to Revolution, 1763--1775
114(21)
The Burden of Mercantilism
114(3)
Virginia Resents Restrictions (1671)
114(1)
Adam Smith's Balance Sheet (1776)
115(2)
The Tempest over Texation
117(4)
Benjamin Franklin Testifies Against the Stamp Act (1766)
117(2)
Philadelphia Threatens Tea Men (1773)
119(1)
Connecticut Decries the Boston Port Act (1774)
120(1)
Britain at the Crossroads
121(7)
Dean Josiah Tucker Advises a Divorce (1774)
121(2)
Adam Smith Criticizes Empire (1776)
123(1)
Samuel Johnson Urges the Iron Fist (1775)
124(2)
Two Views of the British Empire (1767, 1775)
126(2)
Loyalists Versus Patriots
128(3)
Daniel Leonard Deplores Rebellion (1775)
128(1)
Patrick Henry Demands Boldness (1775)
129(1)
New Yorkers Abuse Tories (1775)
130(1)
The Clash of Arms
131(4)
Conflicting Versions of the Outbreak (1775)
131(1)
Franklin Embittered by Bloodshed (1775)
132(1)
Why an Old Soldier Fought (1898)
132(3)
America Secedes from the Empire, 1775--1783
135(17)
General Washington in Command
135(3)
Washington Scorns Independence (1775)
135(1)
Washington's Deep Discouragements (1775--1776)
136(1)
The Unreliable Militia (1776)
137(1)
The Formal Break with Britain
138(6)
Thomas Paine Talks Common Sense (1776)
138(2)
Richard Henry Lee's Resolution of Independence (1776)
140(1)
Thomas Jefferson's Declaration of Independence (1776)
141(3)
The Abortive Slave Trade Indictment (1776)
144(1)
Voices of Dissent
144(3)
Lord Chatham Assails the War (1777)
144(2)
Tories Fear French Catholics (1779)
146(1)
A Civil War Within a Civil War
147(5)
Pistols on the Pulpit (1775)
147(1)
Vengeance on the Tories (1779)
148(1)
The Hanging of a Loyalist (c. 1778)
149(3)
The Confederation and the Constitution, 1776--1790
152(21)
The Shock of Shays's Rebellion
152(3)
Daniel Gray Explains the Shaysites' Grievances (1786)
152(1)
George Washington Expresses Alarm (1786)
153(1)
Thomas Jefferson Favors Rebellion (1787)
154(1)
Clashes in the Philadelphia Convention
155(5)
The Debate on Representation in Congress (1787)
155(1)
The Argument over Slave Importations (1787)
156(2)
Singing for the Constitution (1787)
158(2)
First Reactions to the Constitution
160(5)
A Philadelphia Editor Is Expectant (1787)
160(1)
Alexander Hamilton Scans the Future (1787)
161(1)
George Mason Is Critical (1787)
162(2)
Jefferson Is Unenthusiastic (1787)
164(1)
The Ratification Debate in Massachusetts
165(2)
A Delegate Fears for the Little People (1788)
165(1)
A Storekeeper Blasts Standing Armies (1788)
165(1)
A Farmer Favors the Constitution (1788)
166(1)
The Ratification Debate in New York
167(6)
An Anti-Federalist Demands Deliberation (1787)
167(2)
James Madison Defends the New Constitution (1787)
169(4)
Launching the New Ship of State, 1789--1800
173(27)
Conflict in the Infant Republic
173(6)
The Senate Snubs George Washington (1789)
173(1)
Alexander Hamilton Versus Thomas Jefferson on Popular Rule (1780s--1820s)
174(2)
The Clash over States' Rights (1780s--1820s)
176(1)
The Spectrum of Disagreement (1780s--1820s)
177(2)
State Debts and the National Bank
179(5)
Jefferson Duped (?) by Hamilton (1790)
179(2)
Hamilton Defends Assumption (1792)
181(2)
Jefferson Versus Hamilton on the Bank (1791)
183(1)
Overawing the Whiskey Boys
184(2)
Hamilton Upholds Law Enforcement (1794)
184(1)
Jefferson Deplores Undue Force (1794)
185(1)
The Birth of a Neutrality Policy
186(3)
The French Revolution: Conflicting Views (1790s)
186(2)
A Jeffersonian Condemns Neutrality (1793)
188(1)
The Controversial Jay Treaty
189(2)
Virginians Oppose John Jay's Appointment (1794)
189(1)
Hamilton Attacks Jay's Attackers (1795)
190(1)
The Retirement of Washington
191(4)
A President Bids Farewell (1796)
191(2)
Editor Benjamin Franklin Bache Berates Washington (1797)
193(1)
Editor William Cobbett Blasts Bache (1797)
194(1)
The Alien and Sedition Hysteria
195(5)
Timothy Pickering Upholds the Repressive Laws (1798)
195(1)
The Virginia Legislature Protests (1798)
196(1)
Rhode Island Rebuffs Virginia's Plea (1799)
197(3)
The Triumphs and Travails of Jeffersonian Democracy, 1800--1809
200(19)
John Marshall and the Supreme Court
200(5)
Marshall Sanctions the Bank (1819)
200(2)
A Maryland Editor Dissents (1819)
202(1)
Marshall Asserts the Supremacy of the Constitution (1803)
203(2)
The Louisiana Purchase
205(6)
Thomas Jefferson Alerts Robert Livingston (1802)
205(1)
Jefferson Stretches the Constitution to Buy Louisiana (1803)
206(1)
Representative Roger Griswold Is Unhappy (1803)
207(1)
Senator John Breckinridge Supports the Purchase (1803)
208(1)
Lewis and Clark Meet a Grizzly (1805)
209(2)
The Issue of Sailors' Rights
211(3)
A Briton (James Stephen) Recommends Firmness (1805)
211(1)
A Briton (Basil Hall) Urges Discretion (1804)
212(2)
The Resort to Economic Coercion
214(5)
A Federalist (Philip Barton Key) Attacks the Embargo (1808)
214(2)
A Jeffersonian (W. B. Giles) Upholds the Embargo (1808)
216(3)
The Second War of Independence and the Upsurge of Nationalism, 1812--1824
219(24)
The Cauldron of War
219(10)
Tecumseh Challenges William Henry Harrison (1810)
219(1)
Representative Felix Grundy Demands War (1811)
220(2)
Causes of the War (1812, 1813)
222(2)
President James Madison's Fateful War Message (1812)
224(2)
Federalist Congressmen Protest (1812)
226(1)
The London Times Cries Vengeance (1814)
227(1)
The London Times Bemoans Peace (1814)
228(1)
Disloyalty in New England
229(3)
A Boston Paper Obstructs the War (1813)
229(1)
The Hartford Convention Fulminates (1814)
230(1)
John Quincy Adams Reproaches the Hartfordites (1815)
231(1)
The Missouri Statehood Controversy
232(4)
Representative John Taylor Reviles Slavery (1819)
232(2)
Representative Charles Pinckney Upholds Slavery (1820)
234(2)
A Connecticut Antislavery Outcry (1820)
236(1)
Launching the Monroe Doctrine
236(7)
Thomas Jefferson Turns Pro-British (1823)
236(2)
John Quincy Adams Rejects a Joint Declaration (1823)
238(1)
James Monroe Warns the European Powers (1823)
239(1)
A Baltimore Editor Exults (1824)
240(1)
Prince Metternich Is Miffed (1824)
241(2)
The Rise of Jacksonian Democracy, 1824--1830
243(21)
Background of the New Democracy
243(4)
A Disgusting Spirit of Equality (1807)
243(1)
A Plea for Nonproperty Suffrage (1841)
244(1)
Davy Crockett Advises Politicians (1836)
245(2)
John Quincy Adams and the ``Corrupt Bargain''
247(3)
Adams Confers with Henry Clay (1824--1825)
247(2)
Clay Protests His Innocence (1825)
249(1)
The Renewal of the Tariff Controversy
250(3)
Representative James Strong Pleads for Wool (1828)
250(1)
A Carolinian Condemns the Tariff (1828)
251(2)
The New Spirit of Enterprise in Jacksonian America
253(2)
Justice Joseph Story Defends the Rights of Contract (1837)
253(1)
Chief Justice Roger B. Taney Supports ``Creative Destruction'' (1837)
254(1)
The Debate on Internal Improvements
255(5)
Jackson Vetoes the Maysville Road Bill (1830)
255(3)
Clay Protests (1830)
258(2)
The Webster-Hayne Debate
260(4)
Senator Robert Hayne Advocates Nullification (1830)
260(1)
Daniel Webster Pleads for the Union (1830)
261(3)
Jacksonian Democracy at Flood Tide, 1830--1840
264(20)
The Nullification Crisis
264(4)
South Carolina Threatens Secession (1832)
264(2)
Andrew Jackson Denounces Nullification (1832)
266(1)
Jackson Fumes in Private (1832)
267(1)
The War on the Bank
268(4)
Jackson Vetoes the Bank Recharter (1832)
268(2)
A Boston Journal Attacks Jackson (1832)
270(1)
Cartooning the Banking Crisis (1833, 1837)
270(2)
Transplanting the Tribes
272(3)
Jackson Endorses the Indian Removal (1829)
272(1)
Theodore Frelinghuysen Champions Justice (1830)
273(2)
The Van Buren Era
275(4)
Davy Crockett Caricatures Martin Van Buren (1835)
275(1)
Philip Hone Welcomes a Change (1837)
276(1)
Van Buren Opposes Handouts (1837)
276(2)
Charles Dickens Dislikes Yankee ``Smartness'' (1842)
278(1)
The Emergence of Mass Political Parties
279(5)
James Fenimore Cooper Castigates Parties (1838)
279(1)
Alexis de Tocqueville Defends Parties (1830s)
280(4)
Forging the National Economy, 1790--1860
284(25)
The Spread of the Factory
284(7)
Wage Slavery in New England (1832)
284(2)
The Abuse of Female Workers (1836)
286(2)
The ``Utopian'' Lowell Looms (1844)
288(1)
``Slavers'' for New England Girls (1846)
289(1)
Disaster in a Massachusetts Mill (1860)
290(1)
The Flocking of the Immigrants
291(5)
An English Radical Praises America (1818)
291(1)
The Coming of the Irish (1836)
292(1)
The Burning of a Convent School (1834)
293(1)
A Southerner Defends the Catholics (1854)
294(2)
Mounting Labor Unrest
296(5)
One-Sided Labor Contract (c. 1832)
296(1)
Agitation for the Ten-Hour Day (1835)
297(1)
The Tailors Strike in New York (1836)
298(1)
Chattel Slavery Versus Wage Slavery (1840)
299(1)
Regulations at the Lowell Mills (1830s)
300(1)
Steamboats and Canals
301(4)
The First ``Fire Canoe'' in the West (1811)
301(2)
The Impact of the Erie Canal (1853)
303(1)
Steamboats Lose to the Railroads (c. 1857)
304(1)
The Coming of the Iron Horse
305(4)
A Canal Stockholder's Outburst (1830)
305(1)
Railroads Link East and West (1849)
306(3)
The Ferment of Reform and Culture, 1790--1860
309(38)
Religious Ferment
309(5)
A Catholic Views Camp Meetings (c. 1801)
309(2)
Joseph Smith Has a Vision (1820)
311(3)
Social and Humanitarian Reformers
314(6)
William Ellery Channing Preaches Reformism (c. 1831)
314(2)
Dorothea Dix Succors the Insane (1843)
316(1)
T. S. Arthur's Ten Nights in a Barroom (1854)
317(2)
Dr. William Morton Administers Ether (1846)
319(1)
The Changing Role of Women
320(9)
The Seneca Falls Manifesto (1848)
320(4)
New Yorkers Ridicule Feminists (1856)
324(1)
Lucy Stone Protests Traditional Marriage (1855)
324(2)
Orestes Brownson Explores the Woman Question (1869)
326(1)
The Beecher Sisters Defend the Home (1869)
327(2)
Transcendentalism and Earthly Utopias
329(6)
Ralph Waldo Emerson Chides the Reformers (1844)
329(2)
The ``Paradise'' at Brook Farm (c. 1846)
331(1)
Henry David Thoreau Praises Spiritual Wealth (1854)
332(2)
Emersonisms and Thoreauisms
334(1)
Three Views of the Indians
335(12)
Alexis de Tocqueville Predicts the Indians' Future (1835)
335(4)
George Catlin Dreams of a National Park to Preserve the Indian Way of Life (1832)
339(2)
John James Audubon Is Pessimistic About the Indians' Fate (1843)
341(6)
The South and the Slavery Controversy, 1793--1860
347(29)
The Face of Slavery
347(11)
A Slave Boy Learns a Lesson (c. 1827)
347(1)
A Former Slave Exposes Slavery (1850)
348(2)
Human Cattle for Sale (c. 1850)
350(1)
Cohabitation in the Cabins (c. 1834)
351(1)
From Slavery to Freedom (1835)
352(2)
A Slave Woman's Tale (1930s)
354(3)
The Sundering of Families (1874)
357(1)
The White Southern View of Slavery
358(6)
William Harper's Apology (1837)
358(2)
The ``Blessings'' of the Slave (1849)
360(2)
Slaves Don't Strike (1846)
362(1)
Comparing Slave Labor and Wage Labor (1850)
362(2)
The Abolitionist Crusade
364(5)
William Lloyd Garrison Launches The Liberator (1831)
364(1)
Manifesto of the Anti-Slavery Society (1833)
365(1)
Theodore Dwight Weld Pillories Slavery (1839)
366(2)
Slavery and the Family (1840)
368(1)
Judgements on the Abolitionists
369(3)
Daniel Webster Is Critical (1850)
369(1)
Abraham Lincoln Appraises Abolitionism (1854)
370(1)
The Abolitionists Provoke War (1882)
371(1)
The Rising White Southern Temper
372(4)
Hinton Helper's Banned Book (1857)
372(1)
The South Condemns Helperites (1859)
373(1)
James Hammond Proclaims Cotton King (1858)
374(2)
Manifest Destiny and Its Legacy, 1841--1848
376(20)
The Debate over Oregon
376(6)
Senator George McDuffie Belittles Oregon (1843)
376(2)
Senator Edward Hannegan Demands 54° 40' (1846)
378(1)
Two Pioneers Describe Oregon (1847)
379(2)
A British View of the Oregon Controversy (1846)
381(1)
Provoking War with Mexico
382(6)
Charles Sumner Assails the Texas Grab (1847)
382(1)
President James Polk Justifies the Texas Coup (1845)
383(2)
The Cabinet Debates War (1846)
385(2)
The President Blames Mexico (1846)
387(1)
A British View of the Mexican War (1847)
388(1)
Opposition to the War
388(3)
Massachusetts Voices Condemnation (1847)
388(2)
Abolitionists Libel General Zachary Taylor (1848)
390(1)
Peace with Mexico
391(5)
Polk Submists the Trist Treaty (1848)
391(1)
A Whig Journal Accepts the Pact (1848)
392(1)
Democrats Hail a Glorious Achievement (1848)
393(1)
Mexico Remembers the Despoilers (1935)
394(2)
Renewing the Sectional Struggle, 1848--1854
396(17)
The Wilmot Proviso Issue
396(3)
David Wilmot Appeals for Free Soil (1847)
396(2)
Southerners Threaten Secession (1849)
398(1)
The Compromise Debates of 1850
399(4)
John Calhoun Demands Southern Rights (1850)
399(2)
Daniel Webster Urges Concessions (1850)
401(1)
Free-Soilers Denounce Webster (1850)
402(1)
Reactions to the Fugitive Slave Law
403(4)
Joshua Giddings Rejects Slave Catching (1850)
403(2)
Robert Rhett Resents a Hoax (1851)
405(1)
The South Threatens Retaliation (1855)
406(1)
The Debate over the Kansas-Nebraska Bill
407(6)
Stephen Douglas's Popular-Sovereignty Plea (1854)
407(1)
Salmon Chase Upholds Free Soil (1854)
408(1)
Northwestern Support for Douglas (1854)
409(1)
The South Is Lukewarm (1854)
410(3)
Drifting Toward Disunion, 1854--1861
413(20)
The Impact of Uncle Tom's Cabin
413(5)
Tom Defies Simon Legree (1852)
413(2)
The South Scorns Mrs. Stowe (1852)
415(1)
Mrs. Stowe Inflames the Southern Imagination (1853)
416(1)
The London Times Demurs (1852)
417(1)
Bleeding Kansas and ``Bully'' Brooks
418(3)
Charles Sumner Assails the Slavocracy (1856)
418(2)
The South Justifies Yankee-Beaters (1856)
420(1)
The Delicate Balance (1856)
421(1)
The Dred Scott Decision
421(3)
The Pro-Southern Court Speaks (1857)
421(1)
A Virginia Newspaper Gloats (1857)
422(1)
The North Breathes Defiance (1857)
423(1)
The Lincoln-Douglas Debates
424(2)
Stephen Douglas Opposes Black Citizenship (1858)
424(1)
Abraham Lincoln Denies Black Equality (1858)
425(1)
John Brown at Harpers Ferry
426(4)
The Richmond Enquirer Is Outraged (1859)
426(1)
Governor J. A. Wise Refuses Clemency (1859)
427(1)
Horace Greeley Hails a Martyr (1859)
428(1)
Lincoln Disowns Brown (1860)
429(1)
The Presidential Campaign of 1860
430(3)
Fire-Eaters Urge Secession (1860)
430(1)
The North Resents Threats (1860)
431(2)
Girding for War: The North and the South, 1861--1865
433(19)
Lincoln and the Secession Crisis
433(4)
A Marylander Rejects Disunion (1861)
433(1)
Fort Sumter Inflames the North (1861)
434(1)
Fort Sumter Inspirits the South (1861)
435(2)
Framing a New Government
437(1)
Alexander Hamilton Stephen's Cornerstone Speech (1861)
437(1)
The New York Times Dissents (1861)
437(1)
British Involvement
438(4)
The London Times Breathes Easier (1862)
438(1)
Britons Hail Democracy's Collapse (1862)
439(1)
Southern Resentment Against England (1862)
440(1)
A Northerner Lambastes Britain (1863)
441(1)
Graft and Shortages North and South
442(3)
Shoddy Wool in Yankeeland (1861--1865)
442(1)
Chiselers in the South (1862--1863)
443(1)
The Pinch of the Blockade (1861--1865)
444(1)
Civil Liberties North and South
445(4)
Clement Vallandigham Flays Despotism (1863)
445(2)
William Brownlow Scolds the Secessionists (1861)
447(1)
A North Carolinian Is Defiant (1863)
448(1)
Abraham Lincoln Defines the Purposes of the War
449(3)
The War to Preserve the Union (1863)
449(1)
The War to End Slavery (1865)
449(3)
The Furnace of Civil War, 1861--1865
452(33)
Northern War Aims
452(6)
Congress Voices Its Views (1861)
452(1)
Abolitionists View the War (1863)
453(4)
Abraham Lincoln Answers Horace Greelay's Prayer (1862)
457(1)
Lincoln and His Generals
458(3)
George McClellan Snubs the President (1861)
458(1)
McClellan Upbraids His Superior (1862)
459(1)
Lincoln Warns General Joseph Hooker (1863)
460(1)
The Proclaiming of Emancipation
461(6)
Lincoln Expresses Misgivings (1862)
461(2)
Jefferson Davis Deplores Emancipation (1863)
463(1)
Border States Are Alarmed (1862)
464(1)
Racist Anxieties (1864)
465(1)
Lincoln's Home Town Applauds (1862)
466(1)
The Emancipation Proclamation in England
467(2)
Blackwood's Blasts Servile War (1862)
467(1)
English Working Classes Cheer (1863)
468(1)
The Uncivil War
469(12)
A Report from Antietam (1862)
469(1)
The Hall of Andersonville Prison (1864)
470(3)
General William Sherman Dooms Atlanta (1864)
473(2)
Georgia Damns the Yankees (1864)
475(1)
General Ulysses S. Grant Displys Generosity (1865)
476(1)
An Abolitionist Officer Commands Black Troops (1869)
477(4)
Lincoln's Reelection and Assassination
481(4)
The South Bemoans Lincoln's Election (1864)
481(1)
Davis Deplores Lincoln's Murder (1881)
482(1)
The British Press Recants (1865)
483(1)
A Kentucky Editor Laments (1865)
483(2)
The Ordeal of Reconstruction, 1865--1877
485
The Status of the South
485(6)
Carl Schurz Reports Southern Defiance (1865)
485(2)
General Ulysses S. Grant Is Optimistic (1865)
487(1)
The Former Slaves Confront Freedom (1901)
488(3)
Emancipation Violence in Texas (c. 1865)
491(1)
The Debate on Reconstruction Policy
491(8)
Southern Blacks Ask for Help (1865)
491(1)
The White South Asks for Unconditional Reintegration into the Union (1866)
492(2)
The Radical Republicans Take a Hard Line (1866)
494(1)
President Andrew Johnson Tries to Restrain Congress (1867)
495(3)
The Controversy over the Fifteenth Amendment (1866, 1870)
498(1)
Impeaching the President
499(3)
Johnson's Cleveland Speech (1866)
499(2)
Senator Lyman Trumbull Defends Johnson (1868)
501(1)
``Black Reconstruction''
502(6)
Thaddeus Stevens Demands Black Suffrage (1867)
502(1)
Black and White Legislatures (c. 1876)
503(2)
W. E. B. Du Bois Justifies Black Legislators (1910)
505(1)
Benjamin Tillman's Antiblack Tirade (1907)
506(2)
The Ku Klux Klan's Reign of Terror
508(8)
Alfred Richardson Testifies about Reconstruction-Era Georgia (1871)
508(3)
Maria Carter Describes an Encounter with the Klan (1871)
511(3)
Henry Lowther Falls Victim to the Klan (1871)
514(2)
The Legacy of Reconstruction
516
Editor E. L. Godkin Grieves (1871)
516(1)
Frederick Douglass Complains (1882)
517(2)
Booker T. Washington Reflects (1901)
519
Constitution of the United States A1(1)
Index A21


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