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Analyzing Moral Issues,9780073535746
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Analyzing Moral Issues

by
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780073535746

ISBN10:
0073535745
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
10/7/2009
Publisher(s):
McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages
List Price: $155.25

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Summary

This text with readings addresses a variety of timely and interesting moral issues, providing background information and primary source selections for each issue presented. It includes a chapter on ethical theory and covers a broad range of ethical perspectives--among them virtue ethics (Aristotelian and Confucian), Buddhist and feminist care ethics, and the Rawlsian and communitarian approaches. The fifth edition also includes new readings and case studies covering some of the more pressing issues of recent ethical debate, such as genetic enhancement of children, racism and sexism in the 2008 presidential elections, the effect of the U.S. Patriot Act on academic freedom, military conscription, and global warming.

Author Biography

Judith A. Boss earned her PhD in 1990 from Boston University, her MA from Dalhousie University in Canada in 1971, and her BA from the University of Western Australia in 1969. Prior to pursing a career in academia, she worked as a writer/researcher for the Nova Scotia Museum. She was on the faculty of the Department of Philosophy at the University of Rhode Island from 1988 to 1995 and worked as Assistant Director of Curriculum Affairs at Brown University School of Medicine until 2004 when she "retired" to return to full-time writing and became a visiting scholar with the philosophy department at Brown University. She continued, until last year, to teach one course a semester at the University of Massachusetts. In addition to her philosophical interests, she completed a MS in Human Development at URI in 1991 and has led faculty workshops and written extensively on the topic of college student development. She was recipient of a URI Foundation Grant to study the effects of community service learning on students' moral development and has served as a grant application reviewer for the Corporation for National Service. The author of nine books, her publications include ANALYZING MORAL ISSUES and ETHICS FOR LIFE, both with McGraw-Hill. Her Critical Thinking textbook THiNK, also with McGraw-Hill, just came out in 2009. She is published in, among other, The Journal of Moral Education, Public Affairs Quarterly, The Journal of Medical Ethics, Academic Medicine, Educational Theory, Free Inquiry, and The Journal of Experiential Education. During her spare time she volunteers with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services and is active in the Appalachian Mountain Club. An avid traveler, she has traveled with students from the University of Rhode Island and Brown Medical School to work with underserved, indigenous people in Guatemala and Mexico. Her favorite travel destination, however, is Antarctica, and she is currently looking for a publisher for a suspense/thriller she wrote that is set in Antarctica. She lives in Rhode Island with her daughter, son-in-law and twin granddaughters.

Table of Contents

Moral Theory
Moral Philosophy
What Is the Purpose of Moral Theories?
The Types of Moral Theories
Relativism in Ethics
Moving Beyond Ethical Relativism
Morality and Religion
Universality and Religious Ethics
Universal Moral Theories
Ethical Egoism
Utilitarianism
Deontology: The Ethics of Duty
Rights-Based Ethics
Virtue Ethics
Conclusion
Aristotle, from Nicomachean Ethics
from The Fountainhead
from An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation
from Utilitarianism
from Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Ethics
from A Theory of Justice
from Two Treatises of Civil Government
"Man's Rights"
from Caring: A Feminine Approach to Ethics and Moral Education
"The Five Mindfulness Trainings"
Abortion
Background
The History of Abortion in the United States
The U.S. Supreme Court Roe v. Wade Decision
Abortion and Religion
Methods of Abortion
The Moral Issues
Conclusion
"A Defense of Abortion"
"An Almost Absolute Value in History"
"The Moral Significance of Birth"
"Why Abortion Is Immoral"
"Refuse to Choose: Women Deserve Better than Abortion"
"Abortion and Fathers' Rights"
Case Studies
Genetic Engineering, Cloning and Stem Cell Research
The History of Genetic Engineering
The Human Genome Project
Genetic Engineering
Cloning
Stem Cell Research
Moral Issues of Genetic Engineering and Cloning
Conclusion
"Human Cloning: ethical and Social Issues"
"The Wisdom of Repugnance: Why We Should Ban the Cloning of Humans"
"Statement in Support of H.R. 810, the Stem Cell Research Enhancement Act"
"Stem Cell Research Policy"
Dispute over Body Tissue in a Biotechnology Age"
"Genetic Interventions and the Ethics of Enhancement of Human Beings"
Case Studies
Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide
What Is Euthanasia?
The Philosophers on Euthanasia
The Contemporary Debate over Euthanasia
Euthanasia Legislation
Physician-Assisted Suicide
The Hospice Movement
The Moral Issues
Conclusion
"Active and Passive Euthanasia"
"The Case for Euthanasia"
"The Wrongfulness of Euthanasia"
"Is There a Duty to Die?"
"A Feminist Critique of Physician-Assisted Suicide"
Case Studies
The Death Penalty
History of the Death Penalty
The Death Penalty Today
The Death Penalty: Juvenile and Mentally Retarded Offenders
The Medicalization of Executions
DNA Testing
The Philosophers on the Death Penalty
Moral Issues
Conclusion
"The Ultimate Punishment: A Defense of Capital Punishment"
"Punishment and Loss of Moral Standing"
"Capital Punishment"
"Why the Death Penalty Should Be Abolished in the United States"
from Dead Man Walking
Case Studies
Drug and Alcohol Use
What Is a Drug?
The History of Drug and Alcohol Use
Legal and Illegal Drugs
Drug and Alcohol Use Today
Drug and Alcohol Use among College Students
Drugs in Sports
The Disease Model of Addiction
The Moral Model of Addiction
The Philosophers on Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Moral Issues
Conclusion
"The Ethics of Addiction"
"Against the Legalization of Drugs"
"A Moral Right to Use Drugs"
"Drugs, Sports, and Ethics"
"Two Takes on the 21 Drinking Age"
Case Studies
Sexual Intimacy and Marriage
Religious and Cultural Attitudes toward Sexuality and Marriage
Sexual Intimacy and Love
Marriage
Homosexuality and Same-Sex Marriages
Cohabitation and Premarital Sex
The Philosophers on Sexuality and Marriage
Adultery and Infidelity
Sex and Violence
Prostitution and Sex Trade
Moral Issues
Conclusion
The Vatican, from Declaration on Sexual Ethics
"Better Sex"
"Is Homosexuality Bad Sexuality?"
"Goodridge v. Department of Health (2003)
"Is Adultery Immoral?"
"Date Rape: A Feminist Analysis"
Case Studies
Feminism, Motherhood, and the Workplace
Feminism
The Philosophers on Women
Pornography
Motherhood
Women in the Workplace
Sexual Harassment
Moral Issues
Conclusion
"The Second Sex"
"Essentialist Challenges to Liberal Feminism"
"Homeward Bound"
"The Return of the Mommy Wars"
"The Logic of Patriarchy"
"Reckless Eyeballing: Sexual Harassment on Campus"
"Women are Never Front Runners"
Case Studies
Freedom of Speech
What Is "Freedom of Speech"?
Limitations on Freedom of Speech
The First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution
Freedom of Speech in Cyberspace and Telemarketing
Pornography
Hate Speech as Protected Speech
Speech Codes and Free Speech Zones on College Campuses
The Philosophers on Freedom of Speech
Moral Issues
Conclusion
from On Liberty
"Pornography, Civil Rights, and Speech"
"If He Hollers Let Him Go: Regulating Racist Speech on Campus"
"Hate Speech and Pornography: Do We Have to Choose Between Freedom of Speech and Equality"
"There's No Such Thing as Free Speech and It's a Good Thing, Too"
"Political Correctness, Speech Codes, and Diversity"
"The First Amendment in Cyberspace"
Case Studies
Racial Discrimination and Global Justice
Defining the Key Terms
The Philosophers on Racism
The Roots of American Racism
Racism Today
Globalization, Colonialism, and Racism
Moral Issues
Conclusion
"To Fulfill These Rights"
"The Heart of Racism"
"The Color-Blind Principle"
"Race, Biology, and Justice"
"'Aqui Estamos y No Nos Vamos!' Global Capital and Immigrant Rights"
"World Poverty and Human Rights"
Case Studies
War and Terrorism
Background
The Philosophers on War and Terrorism
The Just-War Tradition
Weapons of Mass Destruction
Pacifism and Conscription
Moral Issues
Conclusion
"War and Murder"
"War and Terrorism"
"Interpreting the Islamic Ethics of War and Peace"
"Nuclear Weapons, Ethics, Morals and Law"
"The War on Terrorism and the End of Human Rights"
"Sharing the Burden"
"Conscription: The Terrible Price of War"
"Peace and Security"
Case Studies
Animal Rights and Environmental Ethics
The Legal and Moral Status of Nonhuman Animals
The Legal and Moral Status of the Environment
The Philosophers on the Moral Value of Nonhuman Animals and the Environment
Animal Farming, Environmental Degradation, and Vegetarianism
Pollution and Global Warming
Animal Experimentation
Moral Issues
Conclusion
"The Moral Basis of Vegetarianism"
"Animal Rights Revisited"
from Animal Liberation
"Do Animals Have Rights?"
"The Land Ethic"
"Deep Ecology"
"Perspective on Global Warming"
"The Power and the Promise of Ecological Feminism"
Case Studies
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.


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