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Table of Contents
Preliminary Table of Contents
Annual Editions: Aging, 26e
UNIT 1: The Phenomenon of Aging
1. Elderly Americans, Christine L. Himes, Population Bulletin, December 2001
The author points out the ever-growing number and percentage of the American population comprising persons 65 years of age and above. Further, she observes that those over 65 are living longer than previous generations. Currently, those 85 and older are the fastest growing segment of the elderly population.
2. America's old getting older, Associated Press, Washington, Terre Haute Tribune-Star, November 18, 2011
The article examines the increasing numbers and percentage of the population living into their 90s and older. The reasons for this increase in longevity are presented as well as the problems confronted by the older population.
3. Living Longer: Diet and Exercise, Donna Jackson Nakazawa and Susan Crandell, AARP The Magazine, September/October 2006
These articles point out the current findings in the areas of diet and exercise that, if followed, would increase the individual's life expectancy by a number of years.
4. How To Live 100 Years, Alice Park, TimeHealth, February 22, 2010
The article outlines some of the major advantages that the very old have enjoyed that allowed them to live longer than most other Americans.
5. Will You Live to Be 100?, Thomas Perls, MD and Margery Hutter Silver, EdD, Living to 100, 1999
After completing a study of 150 centenarians, Harvard Medical School researchers Thomas Perls and Margery Hutter Silver developed a quiz to help calculate one's estimated life expectancy.
6. Long Live . . . Us, Mark Bennett, Terre Haute Tribune-Star, March 27, 2011
The author points out how much life expectancy in the United States has increased by the year 2009; moreover, how much difference there was in the life expectancy of men in comparison to women. Reasons for the increasing life expectancy of the U.S. population as well as the reasons why women have a longer life expectancy than men are presented.
UNIT 2: The Quality of Later Life
7. Age-Proof Your Brain, Beth Howard, AARP The Magazine, February/March 2012
This article points out the ten steps persons can take to direct their lives and activities in such a way to reduce any risk of developing dementia or Alzheimer's Disease.
8. The U-bend of Life: Why, Beyond Middle Age, People Get Happier as They Get Older, The Economist, December 18, 2010
The article on the U-bend of life points out why older people are happier than younger people once they pass through the middle years. The most unhappy people are seen as those in their 40s and 50s. After these middle years, the happiness and life satisfaction of the individual rises as their age increases. Possible reasons why this change in outlook occurs in later life are discussed.
9. Poll: Obesity Hits More Boomers in U.S., Associated Press, Washington, Terre Haute Tribune-Star, July 19, 2011
The current baby boomer born between 1946 and 1965 are now approaching and gradually moving into their retirement years. The current boomers are more obese than earlier generations of older persons.
10. The Myths of Living Longer, Howard S. Friedman, PhD and Leslie R. Martin, PhD, Parade, February 20, 2011
The authors examine six popular beliefs about how to live a longer life to determine their accuracy. A number of questions are raised about the reliability of these popular beliefs about life style patterns and longevity.
UNIT 3: Societal Attitudes toward Old Age
11. Society Fears the Aging Process, Mary Pipher, An Aging Population, 2002
The author contends that young and healthy adults often avoid spending time with old persons because it reminds them that someday they too are going to get old and die. Moreover, she contends that negative views of the aging process are portrayed in the media and expressed through the use of pejorative words to describe the elderly.
12. We Need to Fight Age Bias, Jack Gross, AARP Bulletin, vol. 51, no. 7, September 2010
When the Farm Bureau Financial Group in Iowa merged with the Kansas Farm Bureau, all the claims employees were offered a buyout or a demotion. Jack Gross was 54 and demoted after 13 years of performing this job. He sued the company for age discrimination. The results of this case going through a federal jury, an 8th circuit court jury, and the U.S. Supreme Court are presented and discussed in this article.
13. Friendships, Family Relationships Get Better with Age Thanks to Forgiveness, Stereotypes, Amy Patterson Neubert, Terre Haute Tribune-Star, July 20, 2010
The author points out how older adults perceive the quality of their marriages, their friendships, and their relationships with children and siblings. Further, she examined whether older adults were more or less confrontational in difficult interpersonal situations.
14. How Old Do You Feel Inside? Alexia Elejalde-Ruiz, Tribune Newspapers, October 12, 2011
The article points out how older people feel internally about themselves and their capabilities which determines a great deal about their behavior and approach to aging. The author points out the advantages to men and women over 50 who have more positive self-perceptions of aging in terms of their health and behavior.
UNIT 4: Problems and Potentials of Aging
15. Never Have a Heart Attack, Gina Kolata, AARP The Magazine, January/February 2010
The author points out the risk factors that are most likely to cause a person to have a heart attack. She then outlines and discusses the six steps that an individual could take to significantly reduce the chance of ever having a heart attack.
16. The Worst Place to Be If You're Sick, Katharine Greider, AARP Bulletin, March 2012
The author points out the number of persons who die in the hospital each year from preventable medical mistakes. Further, a report on Medicare patients in hospitals found that the hospital staff did not report a very large number of the mistakes causing harm to patients. The current methods of identifying and reporting hospital mistakes were presented as well as Medicare's step of restricting payment for the entire cost associated with 10 hospital acquired conditions.
17. Poll: Upbeat Baby Boomers Say They're Not Old Yet, Associated Press, Washington, Terre Haute Tribune-Star, July 21, 2011
The article examines the current baby boomers who are now approaching the retirement years to determine their view of aging, what age they consider to be the start of old age, and how they are viewing their forthcoming retirement years.
18. Never Too Late: Exercise Helps Late Starters, Harvard Men's Health Watch, vol. 15, no. 8, March 2011
The article reviews a number of different European and American studies of how much subjects improved their chances of avoiding illness and death by starting and maintaining a regular exercise program throughout their later life. Subjects age 50 and older who started and followed a regular exercise program throughout their older years were compared with a group of same aged persons who remained sedentary. The benefits in terms of better health and a lower death rate for older persons who exercised on a systematic and regular basis are presented.
UNIT 5: Retirement: American Dream or Dilemma?
19. Live For Today, Save For Tomorrow, Carla A. Fried, AARP The Magazine, December 2011/January 2012
The author presents the advantages to the individual of continuing to work in their 60s and beyond their anticipated retirement age. She points out that the longer you work in the 60s and 70s the less you have to have saved for retirement prior to that time. Moreover she observes the greater the number of years you delay retiring and drawing from your accumulated retirement funds the larger your retirement savings is going to grow.
20. Do-It-Yourself Financial Freedom, Jane Bryant Quinn, AARP Bulletin, April 2010
The author lists and describes 12 easy steps that a person needs to take throughout his/her life to ensure an adequate income.
21. Top 25 Social Security Questions, Stan Hinden, AARP Bulletin, vol. 51, no. 10, December 2010
The article addresses the numerous questions and answers the public has concerning the social security program. Many are concerned about their qualifications for receiving the program's benefits, the best time to start withdrawing funds from the program, and what characteristics and qualifications will bring them the greatest returns. These and a host of other questions are discussed in this article.
22. Paying for Retirement: Sex Differences in Inclusion in Employer-Provided Retirement Plans, Rosemary Wright, MBA, MA, The Gerontologist, Vol. 52, No. 2, April 2012
This study examines sex differences among Baby Boomer workers in the likelihood of their being covered by an employer-provided retirement plan. The author attempted to replicate as closely as possible two 1995 studies of retired workers and employer-provided pension plans.
23. Work/Retirement Choices and Lifestyle Patterns of Older Americans, Harold Cox et al., Journal of Applied Sociology, no. 1, 2001
This article reviews six different patterns of work, retirement, and leisure from which people of retirement age may choose. Measures of life satisfaction are given to participants in each of the six groups to determine who are most satisfied with their lives.
UNIT 6: The Experience of Dying
24. A Longitudinal Analysis of Social Engagement in Late-Life Widowhood, Linda M. Isherwood, Debra S. King, Mary A. Luszcz, International Journal of Aging and Human Development, vol. 74(3), 2012
The article examined the extent to which social engagement contributed to the adjustment of bereaved family members following the death of a spouse. Frequency of phone contacts with children and participation in social activities were examined to see if their frequency increased or decreased for widows following the death of their spouse.
25. The Grieving Process, Michael R. Leming and George E. Dickinson, Understanding Dying, Death, and Bereavement, 2007
The authors outline and describe the stages of grief that the individual goes through after experiencing the death of a loved one.
26. End-of-Life Concerns and Care Preferences: Congruence among Terminally Ill Elders and Their Family Caregivers, Daniel S. Gardner, PhD and Betty J. Kramer, PhD, Omega, vol. 60, no. 3, 2009–2010
The authors examined end-of-life concerns and care preferences of terminally ill older persons and their family caregivers.
27. The Myriad Strategies for Seeking Control in the Dying Process, Tracy A. Schroepfer, Hyunjin Noh, and Melinda Kavanaugh, The Gerontologist, vol. 49, no. 6, 2009
The authors examined the control strategies and means used by dying persons to maintain the control of their lives during the final stages of life. The authors highlight the importance of terminally ill older persons having the opportunity to exercise control of the dying process.
UNIT 7: Living Environment in Later Life
28. A Little Help Can Go a Long Way, David Crary, Terre Haute Tribune-Star, November 21, 2011
The author points out what services are necessary for an older person to be able to age in place and remain in their current home. Moreover, he identifies the percent of the older population that would prefer to remain in their current home indefinitely even though for some this may not be possible.
29. Happy Together, Sally Abrahms, AARP Bulletin, vol. 52, no. 3, April 2011
The author points out that as the baby boomers reach their retirement age, they are dismayed by the thought of moving into assisted living or nursing home facilities. The common denominator of emerging and still to be created models of residential senior citizen communities are the desires for common interest, values, and resources where neighbors know and care about one another and will assist them as they age. The variety of neighborhood and communities that are emerging for senior residents are presented in this article.
30. City Governments and Aging in Place: Community Design, Transportation and Housing Innovation Adoption, Amanda J. Lehning, PhD, The Gerontologist, Vol. 52, No. 3, June 2012
The article discussed what characteristics of community design, housing and transportation innovations that city government could adopt that would benefit older adults who want to continue living in the city.
31. The Real Social Network, Martha Thomas, AARP The Magazine, May/June 2011
The author describes an emerging neighborhood concept for the residence of older persons called villages. The advantages of living in one of the villages emerging across the country for senior citizens are outlined and described in detail.
UNIT 8: Social Policies, Programs, and Services for Older Americans
32. Let's Restore the Middle Class, A. Barry Rand, AARP Bulletin, October 2011
The article points out how the middle class incomes and style of life has been pulled down for the last generation by stagnant wages that have not met their family burdens associated with child care and aging parents. The middle class's diverse means of coping with their loss of income and meeting their basic human needs are presented. A four part strategy for restoring prosperity to the middle class and improving the overall economy are presented.
33. Social Security: Fears vs. Facts: What Social Security Critics Keep Getting Wrong, Liz Weston, AARP The Magazine, July/August 2011
The article addresses the myths that exist in the minds of much of the American public regarding the solvency and future of the Social Security program. The author attempts to dispel these fears that exist in the minds of many of the American public regarding the future of the program.
34. Social Security Heading for Insolvency Even Faster, Associated Press, Washington, Terre Haute Tribune-Star, April 24, 2012
The article identifies the years when the Social Security and Medicare hospital insurance fund will run out of money at their current rate of expenditures. The effect of these programs running out of money will have on the economy and the lifestyle of older Americans are presented. The lawmakers not addressing any program changes needed to correct these problems were discussed.
35. Keep the Health Care Act, A. Barry Rand, AARP Bulletin, vol. 52, no. 2, March 2011
The author outlines what he believes are the major benefits to the American public for keeping the recently passed Health Care Act.
36. Medicare May Soon Take New Shape, Robert Pear, Sarasota Herald-Tribune, April 13, 2011
The author discusses ways to shore up medical care services and to reduce costs. The different views of Republicans and Democrats are presented regarding what is the best way to continue medical services and reduce costs.
37. Time for a Tune-Up, Jonathan Peterson, AARP Bulletin, June 2012
The author believes that in 21 years Social Security will only be able to pay three-fourths of its promised benefits. The author outlines 10 options now on the policy table in Washington to avoid any future shortfall in Social Security funds available to the public.
38. Protect Social Security, A. Barry Rand, AARP Bulletin, vol. 51, no. 6, July/August 2010
The author points out where a person's income comes from at age 65 and older and what percentage of this income is provided by Social Security. He further points out that the Social Security program is financially solvent and has not contributed anything to the federal deficit. He outlines what basic principles should be followed to protect and guarantee Social Security benefits for future retiring persons and recipients of the various programs.
39. Retooling Medicare, Patricia Barry, AARP Bulletin, June 2012
The article points out that politicians are eyeing Medicare as a spending program that is ripe for cuts to reduce the national deficit. Moreover Medicare looms as a key battleground issue in the 2012 election. Older Americans are viewed as a large group of voters who see Medicare as in their best interest. The proposed ways of saving Medicare likely to be discussed by the politicians during the 2012 election campaigns and beyond are presented in this article.