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The Annual Editions series is designed to provide convenient, inexpensive access to a wide range of current articles from some of the most respected magazines, newspapers, and journals published today. Annual Editions are updated on a regular basis through a continuous monitoring of over 300 periodical sources. The articles selected are authored by prominent scholars, researchers, and commentators writing for a general audience. Annual Editions volumes have a number of organizational features designed to make them especially valuable for classroom use: a general introduction; an annotated table of contents; a topic guide; an annotated listing of supporting World Wide Web sites; Learning Outcomes and a brief overview at the beginning of each unit; and a Critical Thinking section at the end of each article. Each volume also offers an online Instructor's Resource Guide with testing materials. Using Annual Editions in the Classroom is a general guide that provides a number of interesting and functional ideas for using Annual Editions readers in the classroom. Visit www.mhhe.com/annualeditions for more details.
Table of Contents
Preliminary Table of Contents
Annual Editions: Global Issues, 29e
UNIT 1: Global Issues in the Twenty-First Century: An Overview
1. Global Trends 2025: A Transformed World: Executive Summary, U.S. National Intelligence Council, November 2008
This widely quoted report examines important change factors transforming the international political system from the structure established following WWII. The executive summary of the report is presented here.
2. The New Geopolitics of Food, Lester R. Brown, Foreign Policy, May/June 2011
Lester Brown argues that both farmers and foreign ministers need to get ready for a new era of world food scarcity. He describes the reasons why the era of abundant food supplies has ended.
3. The End of Easy Everything, Michael T. Klare, Current History, January 2012
The author argues that the transition from an easy to a tough natural resource era will come at a high price, both in economic and environmental costs as well as social upheaval and political strife.
4. China's Search for a Grand Strategy, Wang Jisi, Foreign Affairs, March/April 2011
The author, who is dean of the School of International Studies at Peking University, discusses China's growing influence in global affairs. Devising an effective foreign policy will not be easy for China as it simultaneously protects its core interests while pursuing rapid economic development.
5. Why the World Needs America, Robert Kagan, The Wall Street Journal, February 11–12, 2012
The author argues there is little reason to believe that a return to multipolarity will bring greater peace than in the past. The era of American predominance has shown there is no better recipe for great-power peace.
UNIT 2: Population and Food Production
6. The New Population Bomb: The Four Megatrends That Will Change the World, Jack A. Goldstone, Foreign Affairs, January/February 2010
Over the next forty years, the relative demographic weight of the world's developed countries will significantly drop as their workforce ages and numerically declines. Most of the world's population growth will be concentrated in the poorest countries. At the same time most of the world's population will become urbanized. These four trends have significant political and economic consequences.
7. Population and Sustainability, Robert Engelman, Scientific American, Summer 2009
Reversing the increase in human population is the most overlooked and essential strategy for achieving long-term balance with the environment. Contrary to widespread opinion, it does not require population control.
8. The Best Story in Development, The Economist, May 19, 2012
This case study of Africa describes the biggest decline in child mortality ever recorded. A major factor contributing to this decline is the increased use of treated bed nets in areas where malaria is endemic.
9. Virus Hunter, Bryan Walsh, Time, November 7, 2011
Many major infectious diseases in humans begin in primates. In a world where airlines act like bloodlines, global health faces new challenges. The use of new technology is described along with efforts to identify deadly animal pathogens before they migrate to humans.
10. The Blue Food Revolution, Sarah Simpson, Scientific American, February 2011
Offshore fish farming and cleaner near-shore operations could provide the world with an adequate supply of protein-rich food according to the author. Global meat consumption is rising as wild fisheries decline. Meat production, however, has significant pollution problems. A comparison of the sustainability and cost effectiveness of offshore aquaculture with meat production is provided.
UNIT 3: The Global Environment and Natural Resources Utilization
11. Climate Change, Bill McKibben, Foreign Policy, January/February 2009
McKibben responds to the arguments that the underlying dynamics of climate change remain unclear and public policy options as a result are uncertain. He asserts that the science is settled, and the only real issue is whether we will stop playing political games and commit to the limited options remaining if we are to avert a climate catastrophe.
12. The Other Climate Changers, Jessica Seddon Wallack and Veerabhadran Ramanathan, Foreign Affairs, September/October 2009
The most frequently discussed proposals to slow global warming focus on reducing carbon dioxide emissions. Little attention is given to reducing "black carbon" even though doing so would be easier and cheaper and have an immediate effect.
13. The Melting North, The Economist, June 16, 2012
In the past few years the arctic has emerged as a powerful symbol of the challenges in reconciling economic opportunities and ecological changes. The cause of the melting ice is global pollution and the risks it carries are also global.
14. The Sorrow Beneath the Sea, Callum Roberts, Newsweek, May 31, 2012
With an accelerating tide of human impacts, the seas have changed more in the last 30 years than in all of human history. This article assesses human impacts on fisheries and predicts that unless human activity changes, the seas will be transformed into a slime dominated by jellyfish.
UNIT 4: Political Economy
Part A. Globalization Debate
15. Go Glocal, Rana Foroohar, Time, August 20, 2012
Globalization used to be a one-way street that led manufacturing jobs away from the US. High energy prices, political risk, and technological shifts are bringing opportunity back home. Welcome to the era of localnomics.
16. Innovation's Long March, Joshua Kurlantzick, Bloomberg Businessweek, July 2, 2012
The rise of innovative state capitalists presents a formidable challenge to US and European businesses. It could push multinational corporations out of some markets. In oil and gas, state companies already control most of the world's reserves. Unlike Brazil and China, aging, indebted nations are in no position to pour resources into companies.
17. Why the World Isn't Flat, Pankaj Ghemawat, Foreign Policy, March/April 2007
The concept of globalization has defined much of the debate about international economic activity for the past twenty years. The author critically examines the basic assumptions of those that argue that this trend is dominant, and concludes that "the champions of globalization are describing a world that doesn't exist."
18. From Millennium Development Goals to Sustainable Development Goals, Jeffrey D. Sachs, Lancet, June 9, 2012
The author, an important voice in promoting the United Nation's Millennium Development Goals, argues the time has come to evolve a new set of sustainable development goals. These would focus on economic development, environmental sustainability, social inclusion, and good government.
19. The Future of History, Francis Fukuyama, Foreign Affairs, January/February 2012
This article examines the rise of China, inequality in the United States, and the Tea Party populist movement. The author questions why the political Left has lacked an effective ideology and doctrine in response to the on-going aftershocks of the 2008 financial crisis.
20. Who Will Rule the World?, Daron Acemoglu and James A. Robinson, NPQ: New Perspectives Quarterly,. Summer 2012
The authors assess political and economic institutions in China and the US to determine which country is likely to dominate the global economy in the coming decades.
Part B. General Case Studies
21. Mafia States, Moisés Naim, Foreign Affairs, May/June 2012
The global economic crisis has been a boon for transnational criminals. The author examines the penetration of governments by organized crime, including the fusion of some governments and criminal groups.
22. Bearish on Brazil, Ruchir Sharma, Foreign Affairs, May/June 2012
This article describes the problems Brazil's economy will likely face due to its commodities-based market and compares the policy strategies the Brazilian government has pursued in comparison to those of China.
23. Tech's Tragic Secret, Cam Simpson, Bloomberg Businessweek, August 27, 2012
This case study illustrates the evolving political economy of scarce natural resources. The world's most sophisticated smartphones and tablets start in the dangerous, open-pit mines of Bangka Island in Indonesia
24. Africa's Hopeful Economies, The Economist, December 3, 2011
This article provides a broad overview of the positive changes in the varied economies of the countries of Africa along with a brief analysis of the political changes stimulating this growth.
25. Women and Work: Here's to the Next Half-Century, The Economist, November 26, 2011
The status of women in business and government is described along with the obstacles they face.
Part C. Global Energy Case Studies
26. It's Still the One, Daniel Yergin, Foreign Policy, September/October 2009
The Pulitzer Prize–winning author and chairman of the Cambridge Energy Research Associates describes the contemporary political economy of oil and the major trends likely to shape its supply and cost in the foreseeable future.
27. Seven Myths about Alternative Energy, Michael Grunwald, Foreign Policy, September/October 2009
As the search for alternatives to oil intensifies, energy sources such as biofuels, solar, and nuclear seem to be the answer, but the author argues they are not. Changes in consumer behavior in the developed world ultimately will be necessary.
28. King Coal's Comeback, Bryan Walsh, Time, June 11, 2012
This case study of the international political economy of American coal illustrates the cross pressures of environmental protection, economic growth, and politics at the local, national and international levels.
29. Coming Soon to a Terminal Near You, The Economist, August 6, 2011
The article is a case study of the rapidly changing political economy of shale gas. Included is a discussion of the environmental impacts of this cleaner burning fuel.
30. Nuclear Energy: The Dream That Failed, The Economist, March 10, 2012
This article provides a broad overview of the history and future prospects of nuclear energy. Politics, not economics, likely will be the major determining factor in determining the future of this energy source.
UNIT 5: Conflict
31. The Revenge of Geography, Robert D. Kaplan, Foreign Policy, May/June 2009
The author revisits an old idea: People and ideas influence events, but geography largely determines them. To understand twenty-first century conflicts, Kaplan argues it is time to dust off the Victorian thinkers who knew the physical world best.
32. Unfinished Mideast Revolts, Jonathan Broder, The National Interest, May/June 2012
The author provides a broad historical overview of the changing political order in the Middle East. He offers reasons for the region's lag in economic development and considers prospects for the future.
33. Living with a Nuclear Iran, Robert D. Kaplan, The Atlantic, September 2010
The prospect of Iran obtaining nuclear weapons is a central issue in the long-term stability of the Middle East. A course of action laid out in the 1950s by Henry Kissinger proposes that the U.S. check revolutionary powers with a credible willingness to engage them in limited war. Kaplan reviews this containment policy as developed in the context of the Cold War and its implications for the world's major military powers as they deal with Iran.
34. America's Nuclear Meltdown Towards "Global Zero", Lavina Lee, USA Today, May 2011
Russia and the United States recently agreed to further reductions of deployed nuclear warheads. It is not likely that India, Pakistan, and China will join in arms reductions talks any time soon. The strategic issues between these three nuclear powers are described within the context of both existing international agreements and the growing momentum for eliminating all nuclear weapons.
35. Peacekeepers at War, Christopher Rhoads, The Wall Street Journal, June 23–24, 2012
A United Nations peacekeeping force is in the middle of one of the world's bloodiest conflicts in central Africa. This article describes the complex and often contradictory role of the UN forces.
36. War in the Fifth Domain, The Economist, July 3, 2010
In addition to land, sea, air and space, warfare has entered the fifth domain: cyberspace. Growing connectivity over the insecure internet multiplies the avenues of e-attacks by criminals, terrorists and hostile governments. The scope of the problem and efforts to combat it are described.
UNIT 6: Cooperation
37. The Healing Fields, Mark Jenkins, National Geographic, January 2012
Millions of landmines are buried in nearly 80 countries and regions of the world. Land mines once crippled a war-ravaged Cambodia. Today the nation is a model for how to recover from this scourge as a result of cooperative efforts between governments and non-profit organizations.
38. Geneva Conventions, Steven R. Ratner, Foreign Policy, March/April 2008
The author discusses the international law governing the treatment of soldiers and civilians during war with a focus on twenty-first-century issues, including the War on Terror.
39. Africa: MCC and Coca-Cola's Shared Commitment to Water, allAfrica.com, March 21, 2012
This case study illustrates collaboration between the corporate, government and non-profit sectors of the global economy to address the serious problem of polluted water.
40. Comprehensive Response, Marc Dubois and Vickie Hawkins, The World Today, March 2011
The authors, officials in Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors Without Borders), respond to criticisms that the neutrality of humanitarian aid organizations has been co-opted by the political agendas of military combatants. They describe the strategy of MSF to maintain its neutrality and contrast their approach with the so-called comprehensive approach of governments.
UNIT 7: Values and Visions
41. Gene Sharp: A Dictator's Worst Nightmare, Mairi Mackay, CNN.com, June 25, 2012
This article profiles Gene Sharp, a proponent of nonviolent action to overthrow dictators. His work has been translated into many languages, and his non-violent strategies have been successfully used around the world.
42. Power of the iMob, Andrew Marshall, The World Today, April and May 2012
Dot-orgs are now global players, mobilizing millions and changing political debate through tech-savvy marketing techniques. The author analyses their rise, impact, and future prospects.
43. UN Women's Head Michelle Bachelet: A New Superhero? Jane Martinson, The Guardian, April 22, 2011
Michelle Bachelet was Chile's first woman president. This article provides a profile of her career, including her new leadership role in the UN which focuses on the empowerment of women.
44. The End of Men, Hanna Rosin, Atlantic Monthly, July/August 2010
Rosin argues that patriarchy has always been civilization's basic organizing principle with only a few exceptions. For the first time in human history, this is now rapidly changing, for the modern economy is becoming the place where women have a distinct advantage over men.
45. Humanity's Common Values: Seeking a Positive Future, Wendell Bell, The Futurist, September/October 2004
The author argues that, "there is an emerging global ethic, a set of shared values." These have evolved and now shape and constrain behavior. Specific principles along with behavior that supports the development of legal and ethical norms necessary for a positive global future are described here.