9781259343988

Annual Editions: Global Issues, 31/e

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  • ISBN13:

    9781259343988

  • ISBN10:

    1259343987

  • Edition: 31st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2015-02-27
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education
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Summary

The Annual Editions series is designed to provide convenient, inexpensive access to a wide range of current articles from some of the most respected magazines, newspapers, and journals published today. Annual Editions are updated on a regular basis through a continuous monitoring of over 300 periodical sources. The articles selected are authored by prominent scholars, researchers, and commentators writing for a general audience. Each Annual Editions volume has a number of features designed to make them especially valuable for classroom use: an annotated Table of Contents, a Topic Guide, an annotated listing of supporting websites, Learning Outcomes and a brief overview for each unit, and Critical Thinking questions at the end of each article. Go to the McGraw-Hill Create™ Annual Editions Article Collection at www.mcgrawhillcreate.com/annualeditions to browse the entire collection. Select individual Annual Editions articles to enhance your course, or access and select the entire Weiner: Annual Editions: Global Issues, 31/e ExpressBook for an easy, pre-built teaching resource by clicking here. An online Instructor’s Resource Guide with testing material is available for each Annual Editions volume. Using Annual Editions in the Classroom is also an excellent instructor resource. Visit the Create Central Online Learning Center at www.mhhe.com/createcentral for more details.

Table of Contents

Annual Editions: Global Issues, 31/e

Preface

Correlation Guide

Topic Guide

UNIT

Unit Overview

1. Global Trends 2030: Alternative Worlds, U.S. Intelligence Council, Global Trends, 2012.
This widely quoted report identifies four megatrends transforming the international political system. The report offers six potential “game-changers” and concludes with four alternative scenarios of the future.
2. The Revenge of Geography, Robert D. Kaplan, Foreign Policy, 2009.
The author revisits an old idea: People and ideas influence events, but geography largely determines them. To understand 21st century conflicts, Kaplan argues it is time to dust off the Victorian thinkers who knew the physical world best.
3. The End of Easy Everything, Michael T. Klare, Current History, 2012.
The author argues that the transition from an easy to a tough natural resource era will come at a high price, both in economic and environmental costs as well as in social upheaval and political strife.
4. Not Always with Us, The Economist, 2013.
If extreme poverty could be halved in the past twenty years, why should the other half not be eliminated in the next twenty years? The reasons for an optimistic response to this question are offered.
5. Why the World Needs America, Robert Kagan, Wall Street Journal, 2012.
The author argues there is little reason to believe that a return to multipolarity will bring greater peace than in the past. The era of American predominance has shown there is no better recipe for great-power peace.
6. A Kinder, Gentler Immigration Policy: Forget Comprehensive Reform--Let the States Compete, Jagdish Bhagwati and Francisco Rivera-Batiz , Foreign Affairs, 2013.
Immigration reform will not eliminate illegal immigration and strict border controls will not stop the flow. Conseqently, states should take steps to ease the lives of illegal immigrants.
7. The Information Revolution and Power, Joseph S. Nye, Jr., Current History, 2014.
The author writes that there are two major power shifts in the 21st century. A "horizontal transition" from East to West and "a vertical diffusion of power from states to NGOs" which is being brought about by the information revolution.
8. The New Population Bomb: The Four Megatrends That Will Change the World, Jack A. Goldstone, Foreign Affairs, 2010.
Over the next forty years, the relative demographic weight of the world’s developed countries will significantly drop as their workforce ages and numerically declines. Most of the world’s population growth will be concentrated in the poorest countries. At the same time most of the world’s population will become urbanized. These four trends have significant political and economic consequences.
9. African Child Mortality: The Best Story in Development, The Economist, 2012.
This case study of Africa describes the biggest decline in child mortality ever recorded. A major factor contributing to this decline is the increased use of treated bed nets in areas where malaria is endemic.
10. Climate Change, Bill McKibben, Foreign Policy, 2009.
McKibben responds to the arguments that the underlying dynamics of climate change remain unclear and public policy options as a result are uncertain. He asserts that the science is settled, and the only real issue is whether we will stop playing political games and commit to the limited options remaining if we are to avert a climate catastrophe.
11. First-World Problems—Oil's New Frontier: Wealthy Nations, Justin Scheck, Wall Street Journal, 2014.
Large energy companies are now shifting their focus to wealthy developed countries, such as New Zealand in the quest for oil and natural gas.
12. Welcome to the Revolution: Why Shale Is the Next Shale, Edward L. Morse , Foreign Affairs, 2014.
The author predicts that the use of shale oil by the United States will make it the world's largest oil producer with profound geopolitical implications.
13. Think Again: Climate Treaties, David Schorr, Foreign Policy, 2014.
Idealized multilateralism via a climate treaty does not work because countries should not be allowed to override environmental imperatives.
14. Think Again: European Decline, Mark Leonard and Hans Kundnani, Foreign Policy, 2013.
It may appear that Europe is down and out, but on closer examination prospects for the economic future are far better than they look. The reasons for this optimistic assessment are provided.
15. Broken BRICs, Ruchir Sharma, Foreign Affairs, 2012.
One of the most talked-about trends in the global economy has been the rapid economic growth of Brazil, Russia, India, and China—the so-called BRIC countries. After the financial crisis of 2008, the pace of growth in these countries has slowed. Forecasts that they would overtake the developed countries’ economies were premature. The author describes the significant differences among these four countries as well as problems with long-range economic forecasts.
16. The Future of History: Can Liberal Democracy Survive the Decline of the Middle Class? , Francis Fukuyama, Foreign Affairs, 2012.
This article examines the rise of China, inequality in the United States, and the Tea Party populist movement. The author questions why the political left has lacked an effective ideology and doctrine in response to the on-going aftershocks of the 2008 financial crisis.
17. Think Again: Working Women, Kay Hymowitz, Foreign Policy, 2013.
The article looks at the position of women the United States, focusing on women’s advancement in the world of work and politics. Women’s achievement levels in the United States are compared to other developed countries.
18. The Roadblock: If the West Doesn't Shape Up, the Rest of the World Will Just Go Around It., Mohamed A. El-Erian, Foreign Policy, 2013.
Developing countries are wired into a volatile international and economic financial controlled by the West.
19. New World Order: Labor, Captial, and Ideas in the Power Law Economy, Erik Brynjolfsson, Andrew McAffee, and Michael Spence, Foreign Affairs, 2014.
Emphasis is on the importance of digital technology as creating innovation and entrepreneurship in the era of globalization.
20. Marx is Back: The Global Working Class Is Starting to Unite--and That's a Good Thing, Charles Kenney , Foreign Policy, 2014.
The rise of incomes in the developing world will create a global middle class by 2030 that will engage in a middle class revolution against wealthy elites.
21. As Objects Go Online: The Promise (and Pitfalls) of the Internet of Things, Neil Gershenfeld and J.P. Vasseur, Foreign Affairs, 2014.
There will be profound implications for linking the digital and physical worlds, where the Internet will transmit actual things.
22. Britain and Europe: The End of the Affair?, Matthew Matthijs, Current History, 2014.
Britain is the closest to leaving the European Union than it has ever been since joining it in 1973.
23. Africa's Hopeful Economies: The Sun Shines Bright, The Economist, 2011.
This article provides a broad overview of the positive changes in the varied economies of the countries of Africa along with a brief analysis of the political changes stimulating this growth.
24. Can Africa Turn from Recovery to Development?, Thandika Mkandawire, Current History, 2014.
The Washington consensus was inappropriate for Africa, but in the post-Washington era, African states need to move from recovery to accelerated development.
25. The Early Days of the Group of 77, Karl P. Sauvant, UN Chronicle, 2014.
The author writes that the G-77 became an integral part of UNCTAD and was one of the most important agents for the specialization of the developing countries on matters relating to the international political economy.
26. The Mobile-Finance Revolution: How Cell Phones Can Spur Development, Jake Kendall and Rodger Voorhies, Foreign Affairs, 2014.
Mobile cell phones have spread to 90% of the world's poor and can help to eliminate poverty via the extension of micro-credit and banking services and the promotion of entrepreneurial activity.
27. Africa's Sovereign-Debt Boom Starts to Wane, Matt Day, Wall Street Journal, 2014.
African states may have been recently experiencing remarkable economic growth, but investors may now be pulling back from buying their bonds in the international market.
28. China's Search for a Grand Strategy, Wang Jisi, Foreign Affairs, 2011.
The author, who is dean of the School of International Studies at Peking University, discusses China’s growing influence in global affairs. Devising an effective foreign policy will not be easy for China as it simultaneously protects its core interests while pursuing rapid economic development.
29. The Growing Threat of Maritime Conflict, Michael T. Klare, Current History, 2013.
Prospects for conflict over disputed borders has declined, but conflict over maritime boundaries is growing. A major reason for these conflicts is energy consumers are increasingly reliant on offshore oil and gas deposits.
30. Ending the War in Afghanistan: How to Avoid Failure on the Installment Plan, Stephen Biddle , Foreign Affairs, 2013.
Given the prospects of a stalemated war with the withdrawal of the United States, a negotiated settlement with the participation of the Taliban seems to be the best option.
31. Water Wars: A Surprisingly Rare Source of Conflict, Gregory Dunn, Harvard International Review, 2013.
Competition for access to the increasingly scarce resource of freshwater has surprisingly been mostly resolved through peaceful means via negotiated treaties.
32. Iraq Faces the Brink Again, Kenneth M. Pollack, Current History, 2013.
The U.S. withdrawal in 2011 was followed by a breakdown in the democratic process resulting in Syrian spill-over of Sunni violence.
33. Taiwan's Dire Straits, John J. Mearsheimer, The National Interest, 2014.
The rise of China in the international system will upset the balance of power in Beijing's favor, with profound implications for Taiwan.China will attempt to dominate Asia as a regional hegemon.
34. Why 1914 Still Matters, Norman Friedman, United States Naval Institute, 2014.
There is a similarity in the outbreak of war between the United Kingdom and Germany in 1914 and the possibility of war between the United States and China given that both cases involved a naval arms race that challenged the trading hegemon.
35. Russia's Latest Land Grab: How Putin Won Crimea and Lost Ukraine, Jeffrey Mankoff, Foreign Affairs, 2014.
Russian annexation of Crimea follows a pattern used in Georgia, Moldova, and Azerbaijan that is designed to promote its strategic interests.
36. The Utility of Cyberpower, Kevin L. Parker, Military Review, 2014.
The focus is on the relationship between cyberpower and cyberspace as the military seeks to defend the national security of the United States against cyberattacks.
37. U.N. Treaty Is First Aimed at Regulating Global Arms Sales, Neil MacFarquhar, The New York Times, 2013.
The General Assembly approved a treaty aimed at regulating the global trade in conventional weapons. The opinions of both proponents and opponents of the treaty are described.
38. Water Cooperation to Cope with 21st Century Challenges, Blanca Jiméniz-Cisneros, Siegfried Demuth, and Ani Mishra, UN Chronicle, 2013.
Tremendous changes will occur in the uses of freshwater that will reduce access to clean and safe water increase water stress, and require increased cooperation led by UNESCO.
39. Towards Cyberpeace: Managing Cyberwar Through International Cooperation, Anna-Maria Talihärm, UN Chronicle, 2013.
International cooperation, especially between international organizations is the key to effectively dealing with global cyberthreats.
40. Ethicists to Weigh Use of Experimental Ebola Drugs, Dennis Brady and Lenny Bernstein , The Washington Post, 2014.
As the Ebola virus spread through West Africa in 2014, the question was who would be responsible for the use of experimental drugs if they did more harm than good.
41. Power of the iMob, Andrew Marshall, The World Today, 2012.
Dot-orgs are now global players, mobilizing millions and changing political debate through tech-savvy marketing techniques. The author analyzes their rise, impact, and future prospects.
42. The Surveillance State and Its Discontents, Anonymous, Foreign Policy, 2013.
There is a struggle between those who wish to use information "to harness the web in the name of national security, those working to bring it under the letter of the law, and those hoping to liberate it in the name of human freedom."
43. The End of Men, Hanna Rosin, The Atlantic, 2010.
Rosin argues that patriarchy has always been civilization’s basic organizing principle with only a few exceptions. For the first time in human history, this is now rapidly changing, because the modern economy is becoming the place where women have a distinct advantage over men.
44. Humanity’s Common Values: Seeking a Positive Future, Wendell Bell, The Futurist, 2004.
The author argues that “there is an emerging global ethic, a set of shared values.” These have evolved and now shape and constrain behavior. Specific principles along with behavior that supports the development of legal and ethical norms necessary for a positive global future are described here.

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