9781405175326

Annual Plant Reviews, Molecular Aspects of Plant Disease Resistance

by
  • ISBN13:

    9781405175326

  • ISBN10:

    140517532X

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2008-11-10
  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
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Summary

In recent years, our understanding of the mechanisms involved in a plant's resistance to attack by disease, has seen major advances. This important new title, part of Blackwell Publishing's Annual Plant Reviews Series, provides cutting edge reviews of each of the major aspects of the subject . Edited by Dr Jane Parker from the Max-Planck Institute, Molecular Aspects of Plant Disease Resistance includes contributions from many of the world's leading researcher in the area. Coverage includes the evolution of plant-virus interactions and plant resistance loci, the role of plant secondary metabolites, plant systemic resistance, oomycete genomics, intracellular immune receptors, transcriptional reprogramming, fungal biotrophy, chemical ecology of plant-insect interactions, bacterial Type III effectors and host perception of PAMPs This exciting book is essential reading for all those involved in plant-pathogen interactions including plant and agricultural scientists, molecular biologists and microbiologists.

Author Biography

Dr Jane Parker is a Group Leader in the Department of Plant-Microbe Interactions at The Max-Planck Institute of Plant Breeding Research, Cologne and Associate Professor at The Institute of Genetics, University of Cologne, Germany.

Table of Contents

List of contributorsp. x
Prefacep. xiii
A personal perspective of the last 40 years of plant pathology: emerging themes, paradigm shifts and future promisep. 1
Introductionp. 2
The hypersensitive responsep. 2
The gene-for-gene hypothesisp. 5
Host versus non-host resistancep. 7
Future promisep. 8
Pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMP) and PAMP-triggered immunityp. 16
The concept of plant immunityp. 16
Pathogen-associated molecular patternsp. 19
Damage-associated molecular patternsp. 24
Pathogen-derived toxinsp. 25
PRRs in plant immunityp. 28
Intracellular signal transduction in PTIp. 32
Suppression of PTI by bacterial effectorsp. 36
Concluding remarksp. 37
Pseudomonas syringae type III-secreted proteins and their activities and effects on plant innate immunityp. 48
Introductionp. 49
P. syringae type III-secreted helper proteinsp. 51
The plant innate immune systemp. 53
Enzymatic activities and plant targets of P. syringae type III effectorsp. 58
Influence of type III effectors on plant hormonesp. 65
Concluding remarksp. 66
Fungal and oomycete biotrophyp. 77
Introductionp. 77
Penetration and establishment of infection structuresp. 78
Dealing with plant defence responsesp. 83
Contribution of the host to infectionp. 87
Acquiring nutrients from the hostp. 89
Outlookp. 94
Genome biology cracks enigmas of oomycete plant pathogensp. 102
Introductionp. 103
Biology and pathology of oomycetesp. 103
Genomic resourcesp. 109
The impact of genomics on gene discoveryp. 112
The secretomep. 117
Future perspectivesp. 125
Plant-virus interactions: defence and counter-defencep. 134
The unique challenge posed by viruses to plantsp. 134
Virus infection and propagation through susceptible host plantsp. 135
'Classical' or genetically predetermined resistancep. 137
RNA silencingp. 144
Viral suppressors of RNA silencingp. 152
Concluding remarksp. 160
Marshalling the troops: intracellular dynamics in plant pathogen defensep. 177
Introductionp. 178
The front line - exocytosis, endocytosis and vesicle transportp. 180
At headquarters - nucleocytoplasmic trafficking in plant immunityp. 190
Conclusionsp. 206
Role of plant secondary metabolites at the host-pathogen interfacep. 220
Introductionp. 220
Classification of defence-related plant secondary metabolitesp. 221
Biological activity of plant secondary metabolitesp. 229
Dynamic induction and targeting of secondary metabolites to the pathogen interfacep. 234
Genetic approaches to validate defensive functions of plant secondary metabolitesp. 241
Successful pathogensp. 247
Concluding remarksp. 250
Chemical ecology of plant-insect interactionsp. 261
Introductionp. 262
Recognition and signallingp. 262
Defence strategiesp. 271
The cost of defence to plantsp. 277
Airborne communicationp. 278
Priming and manipulations to enhance pest resistancep. 280
Lipid signals in plant-pathogen interactionsp. 292
Introductionp. 292
Epidermal surface lipids influence plant-pathogen interactionsp. 293
Elicitation of plant defenses by microbial lipidsp. 294
Lipid modification of defense signaling components and pathogen-derived elicitorsp. 296
Signaling function of plant lipids and lipid-derived factorsp. 298
Lipases in plant-pathogen interactionp. 312
Lipid-transfer proteins in plant-pathogen interactionp. 316
Concluding remarksp. 318
Induced resistance - orchestrating defence mechanisms through crosstalk and primingp. 334
Introductionp. 335
Induced resistance signallingp. 338
Crosstalk between defence signalling pathwaysp. 348
Priming for enhanced defencep. 354
Concluding remarksp. 358
Indexp. 371
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