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Introduction | p. 1 |
The History of Antennas | p. 1 |
What Is an Antenna and When Is it Used? | p. 10 |
How Antennas Radiate | p. 13 |
The Four Antenna Types | p. 17 |
References | p. 21 |
Problems | p. 22 |
Antenna Fundamentals | p. 23 |
Fundamentals of Electromagnetics | p. 23 |
Solution of Maxwell's Equations for Radiation Problems | p. 27 |
The Ideal Dipole | p. 32 |
Radiation Patterns | p. 36 |
Directivity and Gain | p. 50 |
Antenna Impedance | p. 56 |
Radiation Efficiency | p. 60 |
Antenna Polarization | p. 61 |
References | p. 66 |
Problems | p. 66 |
Simple Radiating Systems | p. 70 |
Electrically Small Dipoles | p. 70 |
Half-Wave Dipoles | p. 73 |
Monopoles and Image Theory | p. 75 |
Small Loop Antennas and Duality | p. 81 |
Two-Element Arrays | p. 89 |
References | p. 97 |
Problems | p. 97 |
System Applications for Antennas | p. 100 |
Introduction | p. 100 |
Receiving Properties of Antennas | p. 100 |
Antenna Noise and Radiometry | p. 103 |
Antennas in Communication Systems | p. 107 |
Antennas In Wireless Communication Systems | p. 116 |
Antennas in Radar System | p. 122 |
Antennas As Unintentional Radiators | p. 123 |
References | p. 125 |
Problems | p. 125 |
Line Sources | p. 128 |
The Uniform Line Source | p. 128 |
Tapered Line Sources | p. 137 |
Fourier Transform Relations Between the Far-Field Pattern and the Source Distribution | p. 142 |
Fast Wave And Slow Wave Distributions | p. 143 |
Superdirective Line Sources | p. 145 |
References | p. 148 |
Problems | p. 148 |
Wire Antennas | p. 151 |
Dipole Antennas | p. 151 |
Straight Wire Dipoles | p. 152 |
The Vee Dipole | p. 160 |
Folded Dipole Antennas | p. 161 |
Yagi-Uda Antennas | p. 166 |
Feeding Wire Antennas | p. 175 |
Loaded Wire Antennas | p. 186 |
Ground Plane Backed Wire Antennas | p. 190 |
Wire Antennas Above an Imperfect Ground Plane | p. 198 |
Large Loop Antennas | p. 205 |
References | p. 211 |
Problems | p. 212 |
Broadband Antennas | p. 218 |
Introduction | p. 218 |
Traveling-Wave Wire Antennas | p. 220 |
Helical Antennas | p. 225 |
Biconical Antennas | p. 233 |
Sleeve Antennas | p. 239 |
Principles of Frequency-Independent Antennas | p. 243 |
Spiral Antennas | p. 245 |
Log-Periodic Antennas | p. 251 |
Wideband EMC Antennas | p. 261 |
Ultra-Wideband Antennas | p. 264 |
References | p. 266 |
Problems | p. 268 |
Array Antennas | p. 271 |
Introduction | p. 271 |
The Array Factor for Linear Arrays | p. 272 |
Uniformly Excited, Equally Spaced Linear Arrays | p. 278 |
The Complete Array Pattern - Pattern Multiplication | p. 286 |
Directivity of Uniformly Excited, Equally Spaced Linear Arrays | p. 293 |
Nonuniformly Excited, Equally Spaced Linear Arrays | p. 298 |
Mutual Coupling in Arrays | p. 303 |
Multidimensional Arrays | p. 311 |
Phased Arrays and Array Feeding Techniques | p. 314 |
Elements for Arrays | p. 327 |
Wideband Phased Arrays | p. 332 |
References | p. 336 |
Problems | p. 338 |
Aperture Antennas | p. 344 |
Radiation from apertures and huygens' principle | p. 344 |
Rectangular Apertures | p. 353 |
Techniques for Evaluating Gain | p. 360 |
Rectangular Horn Antennas | p. 368 |
Circular Apertures | p. 385 |
Reflector Antennas | p. 391 |
Feed Antennas for Reflectors | p. 416 |
Lens Antennas | p. 424 |
References | p. 425 |
Problems | p. 427 |
Antenna Synthesis | p. 433 |
The Antenna Synthesis Problem | p. 433 |
Line-Source Shaped Beam Synthesis Methods | p. 437 |
Linear Array Shaped Beam Synthesis Methods | p. 440 |
Low Side Lobe, Narrow Main Beam Synthesis Methods | p. 446 |
The Iterative Sampling Method | p. 459 |
References | p. 461 |
Problems | p. 461 |
Low-Profile Antennas and Personal Communication Antennas | p. 465 |
Introduction | p. 465 |
Microstrip Antenna Elements | p. 466 |
Microstrip Arrays | p. 478 |
Microstrip Leaky Wave Antennas | p. 481 |
Fundamental Limits on Antenna Size | p. 488 |
Antennas for Compact Devices | p. 498 |
Dielectric Resonator Antennas | p. 512 |
Near Fields of Electrically Large Antennas | p. 519 |
Human Body Effects on Antenna Performance | p. 523 |
Radiation Hazards | p. 526 |
References | p. 531 |
Problems | p. 533 |
Terminal and Base Station Antennas for Wireless Applications | p. 536 |
Satellite Terminal Antennas | p. 537 |
Base Station Antennas | p. 538 |
Mobile Terminal Antennas | p. 545 |
Smart Antennas | p. 549 |
Adaptive and Spatial Filtering Antennas | p. 553 |
References | p. 557 |
Problems | p. 557 |
Antenna Measurements | p. 559 |
Reciprocity and Antenna Measurements | p. 559 |
Pattern Measurement and Antenna Ranges | p. 564 |
Gain Measurement | p. 571 |
Polarization Measurement | p. 576 |
Field Intensity Measurement | p. 580 |
Mobile Radio Antenna Measurements | p. 582 |
Rules for Experimental Investigations | p. 583 |
References | p. 584 |
Problems | p. 584 |
CEM for Antennas: The Method of Moments | p. 587 |
General Introduction to Cem | p. 587 |
Introduction to The Method of Moments | p. 590 |
Pocklington's Integral Equation | p. 591 |
Integral Equations and Kirchhoff's Network Equations | p. 594 |
Source Modeling | p. 596 |
Weighted Residuals And The Method Of Moments | p. 601 |
Two Alternative Approaches To The Method Of Moments | p. 606 |
Formulation and Computational Considerations | p. 610 |
Calculation of Antenna and Scatterer Characteristics | p. 618 |
The Wire Antenna or Scatterer as an N-Port Network | p. 621 |
Antenna Arrays | p. 625 |
Radar Cross Section of Antennas | p. 631 |
Modeling of Solid Surfaces | p. 636 |
Summary | p. 645 |
References | p. 646 |
Problems | p. 647 |
CEM for Antennas: Finite Difference Time Domain Method | p. 652 |
Maxwell's Equations for the FDTD Method | p. 654 |
Finite Differences and the Yee Algorithm | p. 657 |
Cell Size, Numerical Stability, and Dispersion | p. 664 |
Computer Algorithm and FDTD Implementation | p. 667 |
Absorbing Boundary Conditions | p. 670 |
Source Conditions | p. 674 |
Near Fields and Far Fields | p. 681 |
A Two-Dimensional Example: An E-Plane Sectoral Horn Antenna | p. 682 |
Antenna Analysis and Applications | p. 689 |
Summary | p. 697 |
References | p. 697 |
Problems | p. 698 |
CEM for Antennas: High-Frequency Methods | p. 700 |
Geometrical Optics | p. 701 |
Wedge Diffraction Theory | p. 707 |
The Ray-Fixed Coordinate System | p. 716 |
A Uniform Theory of Wedge Diffraction | p. 718 |
E-Plane Analysis of Horn Antennas | p. 722 |
Cylindrical Parabolic Antenna | p. 725 |
Radiation by a Slot on a Finite Ground Plane | p. 727 |
Radiation by a Monopole on a Finite Ground Plane | p. 730 |
Equivalent Current Concepts | p. 732 |
A Multiple Diffraction Formulation | p. 735 |
Diffraction by Curved Surfaces | p. 737 |
Application of UTD to Wireless Mobile Propagation | p. 742 |
Extension of Moments Method Using the UTD | p. 745 |
Physical Optics | p. 750 |
Frequency Dependence of First-Order Scattering Sources | p. 757 |
Method of Stationary Phase | p. 760 |
Physical Theory of Diffraction | p. 763 |
Cylindrical Parabolic Reflector Antenna-PTD | p. 769 |
Summary | p. 771 |
References | p. 771 |
Problems | p. 773 |
Frequency Bands | p. 781 |
Radio Frequency Bands | p. 781 |
Television Channel Frequencies (in North America) | p. 781 |
Cellular Telephone Bands | p. 782 |
Radar Bands | p. 782 |
Material Data and Constants | p. 783 |
Conductivities of Good Conductors | p. 783 |
Wire Data | p. 783 |
Dielectric Constant: Permittivity | p. 784 |
Permeability | p. 784 |
Velocity of Light | p. 784 |
Imtrinsic Impedance of Free Space | p. 784 |
Coordinate Systems and Vectors | p. 785 |
The Coordinate Systems and Unit Vectors | p. 785 |
Vector Identities | p. 786 |
Vector Differential Operators | p. 787 |
Trigonometric Relations | p. 789 |
Hyperbolic Relations | p. 791 |
Mathematical Relations | p. 792 |
Dirac Delta Function | p. 792 |
Binomial Theorem | p. 792 |
Bessel Functions | p. 792 |
Some Useful Integrals | p. 793 |
Computing Tools | p. 794 |
Wire Antenna Simulation Packages | p. 794 |
Parabolic Reflector Antenna Simulation Packages | p. 795 |
Web Sites with Antenna Calculation and Modeling Tools | p. 795 |
Book List | p. 796 |
Introduction | p. 796 |
Antenna Definitions | p. 796 |
Fundamental Books on Antennas | p. 796 |
Books on Antennas with Propagation | p. 798 |
Books On Antennas With Other Topics | p. 798 |
Handbooks and General Reference Books on Antennas | p. 798 |
Books on Antenna Measurements | p. 799 |
Books on Specific Antenna Topics | p. 800 |
Books on Antennas For Specific Applications | p. 804 |
Books on Computational Methods for Antennas | p. 806 |
Books on Topics Closely Related to Antennas | p. 808 |
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