Introduction | p. 1 |

The History of Antennas | p. 1 |

What Is an Antenna and When Is it Used? | p. 10 |

How Antennas Radiate | p. 13 |

The Four Antenna Types | p. 17 |

References | p. 21 |

Problems | p. 22 |

Antenna Fundamentals | p. 23 |

Fundamentals of Electromagnetics | p. 23 |

Solution of Maxwell's Equations for Radiation Problems | p. 27 |

The Ideal Dipole | p. 32 |

Radiation Patterns | p. 36 |

Directivity and Gain | p. 50 |

Antenna Impedance | p. 56 |

Radiation Efficiency | p. 60 |

Antenna Polarization | p. 61 |

References | p. 66 |

Problems | p. 66 |

Simple Radiating Systems | p. 70 |

Electrically Small Dipoles | p. 70 |

Half-Wave Dipoles | p. 73 |

Monopoles and Image Theory | p. 75 |

Small Loop Antennas and Duality | p. 81 |

Two-Element Arrays | p. 89 |

References | p. 97 |

Problems | p. 97 |

System Applications for Antennas | p. 100 |

Introduction | p. 100 |

Receiving Properties of Antennas | p. 100 |

Antenna Noise and Radiometry | p. 103 |

Antennas in Communication Systems | p. 107 |

Antennas In Wireless Communication Systems | p. 116 |

Antennas in Radar System | p. 122 |

Antennas As Unintentional Radiators | p. 123 |

References | p. 125 |

Problems | p. 125 |

Line Sources | p. 128 |

The Uniform Line Source | p. 128 |

Tapered Line Sources | p. 137 |

Fourier Transform Relations Between the Far-Field Pattern and the Source Distribution | p. 142 |

Fast Wave And Slow Wave Distributions | p. 143 |

Superdirective Line Sources | p. 145 |

References | p. 148 |

Problems | p. 148 |

Wire Antennas | p. 151 |

Dipole Antennas | p. 151 |

Straight Wire Dipoles | p. 152 |

The Vee Dipole | p. 160 |

Folded Dipole Antennas | p. 161 |

Yagi-Uda Antennas | p. 166 |

Feeding Wire Antennas | p. 175 |

Loaded Wire Antennas | p. 186 |

Ground Plane Backed Wire Antennas | p. 190 |

Wire Antennas Above an Imperfect Ground Plane | p. 198 |

Large Loop Antennas | p. 205 |

References | p. 211 |

Problems | p. 212 |

Broadband Antennas | p. 218 |

Introduction | p. 218 |

Traveling-Wave Wire Antennas | p. 220 |

Helical Antennas | p. 225 |

Biconical Antennas | p. 233 |

Sleeve Antennas | p. 239 |

Principles of Frequency-Independent Antennas | p. 243 |

Spiral Antennas | p. 245 |

Log-Periodic Antennas | p. 251 |

Wideband EMC Antennas | p. 261 |

Ultra-Wideband Antennas | p. 264 |

References | p. 266 |

Problems | p. 268 |

Array Antennas | p. 271 |

Introduction | p. 271 |

The Array Factor for Linear Arrays | p. 272 |

Uniformly Excited, Equally Spaced Linear Arrays | p. 278 |

The Complete Array Pattern - Pattern Multiplication | p. 286 |

Directivity of Uniformly Excited, Equally Spaced Linear Arrays | p. 293 |

Nonuniformly Excited, Equally Spaced Linear Arrays | p. 298 |

Mutual Coupling in Arrays | p. 303 |

Multidimensional Arrays | p. 311 |

Phased Arrays and Array Feeding Techniques | p. 314 |

Elements for Arrays | p. 327 |

Wideband Phased Arrays | p. 332 |

References | p. 336 |

Problems | p. 338 |

Aperture Antennas | p. 344 |

Radiation from apertures and huygens' principle | p. 344 |

Rectangular Apertures | p. 353 |

Techniques for Evaluating Gain | p. 360 |

Rectangular Horn Antennas | p. 368 |

Circular Apertures | p. 385 |

Reflector Antennas | p. 391 |

Feed Antennas for Reflectors | p. 416 |

Lens Antennas | p. 424 |

References | p. 425 |

Problems | p. 427 |

Antenna Synthesis | p. 433 |

The Antenna Synthesis Problem | p. 433 |

Line-Source Shaped Beam Synthesis Methods | p. 437 |

Linear Array Shaped Beam Synthesis Methods | p. 440 |

Low Side Lobe, Narrow Main Beam Synthesis Methods | p. 446 |

The Iterative Sampling Method | p. 459 |

References | p. 461 |

Problems | p. 461 |

Low-Profile Antennas and Personal Communication Antennas | p. 465 |

Introduction | p. 465 |

Microstrip Antenna Elements | p. 466 |

Microstrip Arrays | p. 478 |

Microstrip Leaky Wave Antennas | p. 481 |

Fundamental Limits on Antenna Size | p. 488 |

Antennas for Compact Devices | p. 498 |

Dielectric Resonator Antennas | p. 512 |

Near Fields of Electrically Large Antennas | p. 519 |

Human Body Effects on Antenna Performance | p. 523 |

Radiation Hazards | p. 526 |

References | p. 531 |

Problems | p. 533 |

Terminal and Base Station Antennas for Wireless Applications | p. 536 |

Satellite Terminal Antennas | p. 537 |

Base Station Antennas | p. 538 |

Mobile Terminal Antennas | p. 545 |

Smart Antennas | p. 549 |

Adaptive and Spatial Filtering Antennas | p. 553 |

References | p. 557 |

Problems | p. 557 |

Antenna Measurements | p. 559 |

Reciprocity and Antenna Measurements | p. 559 |

Pattern Measurement and Antenna Ranges | p. 564 |

Gain Measurement | p. 571 |

Polarization Measurement | p. 576 |

Field Intensity Measurement | p. 580 |

Mobile Radio Antenna Measurements | p. 582 |

Rules for Experimental Investigations | p. 583 |

References | p. 584 |

Problems | p. 584 |

CEM for Antennas: The Method of Moments | p. 587 |

General Introduction to Cem | p. 587 |

Introduction to The Method of Moments | p. 590 |

Pocklington's Integral Equation | p. 591 |

Integral Equations and Kirchhoff's Network Equations | p. 594 |

Source Modeling | p. 596 |

Weighted Residuals And The Method Of Moments | p. 601 |

Two Alternative Approaches To The Method Of Moments | p. 606 |

Formulation and Computational Considerations | p. 610 |

Calculation of Antenna and Scatterer Characteristics | p. 618 |

The Wire Antenna or Scatterer as an N-Port Network | p. 621 |

Antenna Arrays | p. 625 |

Radar Cross Section of Antennas | p. 631 |

Modeling of Solid Surfaces | p. 636 |

Summary | p. 645 |

References | p. 646 |

Problems | p. 647 |

CEM for Antennas: Finite Difference Time Domain Method | p. 652 |

Maxwell's Equations for the FDTD Method | p. 654 |

Finite Differences and the Yee Algorithm | p. 657 |

Cell Size, Numerical Stability, and Dispersion | p. 664 |

Computer Algorithm and FDTD Implementation | p. 667 |

Absorbing Boundary Conditions | p. 670 |

Source Conditions | p. 674 |

Near Fields and Far Fields | p. 681 |

A Two-Dimensional Example: An E-Plane Sectoral Horn Antenna | p. 682 |

Antenna Analysis and Applications | p. 689 |

Summary | p. 697 |

References | p. 697 |

Problems | p. 698 |

CEM for Antennas: High-Frequency Methods | p. 700 |

Geometrical Optics | p. 701 |

Wedge Diffraction Theory | p. 707 |

The Ray-Fixed Coordinate System | p. 716 |

A Uniform Theory of Wedge Diffraction | p. 718 |

E-Plane Analysis of Horn Antennas | p. 722 |

Cylindrical Parabolic Antenna | p. 725 |

Radiation by a Slot on a Finite Ground Plane | p. 727 |

Radiation by a Monopole on a Finite Ground Plane | p. 730 |

Equivalent Current Concepts | p. 732 |

A Multiple Diffraction Formulation | p. 735 |

Diffraction by Curved Surfaces | p. 737 |

Application of UTD to Wireless Mobile Propagation | p. 742 |

Extension of Moments Method Using the UTD | p. 745 |

Physical Optics | p. 750 |

Frequency Dependence of First-Order Scattering Sources | p. 757 |

Method of Stationary Phase | p. 760 |

Physical Theory of Diffraction | p. 763 |

Cylindrical Parabolic Reflector Antenna-PTD | p. 769 |

Summary | p. 771 |

References | p. 771 |

Problems | p. 773 |

Frequency Bands | p. 781 |

Radio Frequency Bands | p. 781 |

Television Channel Frequencies (in North America) | p. 781 |

Cellular Telephone Bands | p. 782 |

Radar Bands | p. 782 |

Material Data and Constants | p. 783 |

Conductivities of Good Conductors | p. 783 |

Wire Data | p. 783 |

Dielectric Constant: Permittivity | p. 784 |

Permeability | p. 784 |

Velocity of Light | p. 784 |

Imtrinsic Impedance of Free Space | p. 784 |

Coordinate Systems and Vectors | p. 785 |

The Coordinate Systems and Unit Vectors | p. 785 |

Vector Identities | p. 786 |

Vector Differential Operators | p. 787 |

Trigonometric Relations | p. 789 |

Hyperbolic Relations | p. 791 |

Mathematical Relations | p. 792 |

Dirac Delta Function | p. 792 |

Binomial Theorem | p. 792 |

Bessel Functions | p. 792 |

Some Useful Integrals | p. 793 |

Computing Tools | p. 794 |

Wire Antenna Simulation Packages | p. 794 |

Parabolic Reflector Antenna Simulation Packages | p. 795 |

Web Sites with Antenna Calculation and Modeling Tools | p. 795 |

Book List | p. 796 |

Introduction | p. 796 |

Antenna Definitions | p. 796 |

Fundamental Books on Antennas | p. 796 |

Books on Antennas with Propagation | p. 798 |

Books On Antennas With Other Topics | p. 798 |

Handbooks and General Reference Books on Antennas | p. 798 |

Books on Antenna Measurements | p. 799 |

Books on Specific Antenna Topics | p. 800 |

Books on Antennas For Specific Applications | p. 804 |

Books on Computational Methods for Antennas | p. 806 |

Books on Topics Closely Related to Antennas | p. 808 |

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