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Anthology of World Scriptures,9780534541934

Anthology of World Scriptures

by
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780534541934

ISBN10:
0534541933
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/19/1999
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing
List Price: $46.33
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Summary

ANTHOLOGY OF WORLD SCRIPTURES is a collection of the most notable and instructive scriptures of the major living religions of the world: Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism, Confucianism, Taoism, Shinto, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. It is a comprehensive and pedagogically sound access to the sacred literature of the world.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xiv
Acknowledgmentsp. xvi
Scripture Among the World's Religionsp. 1
A Brief History of Scripture Scholarshipp. 2
The Nature and Definition of Scripturep. 4
The Uses of Scripturep. 10
Advantages and Disadvantagesp. 12
World Scriptures and Modern Scholarshipp. 15
Scriptures and the World Wide Webp. 17
The Plan of This Bookp. 18
A Guide to Pronunciationp. 19
Suggestions on How to Read Scripturesp. 20
Glossaryp. 22
Questions for Study and Discussionp. 23
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 23
Hinduismp. 25
Introductionp. 25
Overview of Structurep. 25
Origin and Developmentp. 28
Usep. 30
Teachingp. 32
Aditi and the Birth of the Gods (Rig-Veda 10.72)p. 32
The Creation Hymn (Rig-Veda 10.129)p. 32
Creation from Brahman (Brihad-Aranyaka Upanishad 1.4.1-7)p. 33
The God Indra (Rig-Veda 2.12)p. 34
The God Shiva (Shvetashvatara Upanishad 3.1-13)p. 35
"That You Are" (Chandogya Upanishad 6.1-2, 9-11)p. 36
Organizationp. 37
The Creation of the Caste System (Rig-Veda 10.90)p. 37
The Four Castes (Institutes of Vishnu 2.1-17)p. 38
Ethicsp. 39
Sin and Forgiveness (Rig-Veda 7.86)p. 39
The Way of Asceticism (Mundaka Upanishad 2.1-3, 5-8, 10-13)p. 39
Stages of Life for a Twice-Born Man (Laws of Manu 2.69-74, 191-201; 3.1-19; 6.1-9, 33-49)p. 40
The Life of Women (Laws of Manu 3.55-60; 5.147-165)p. 43
Ritual and Meditationp. 45
The Gayatri Mantra (Rig-Veda 3.62.10)p. 45
Hymn to Agni (Rig-Veda 1.1)p. 45
The Meaning of the Agnihotra Sacrifice (Agni-Brahmana 1.1-19)p. 45
Soma (Rig-Veda 8.48)p. 46
Marriage (Rig-Veda 10.85.20-47)p. 47
Cremation (Rig-Veda 10.16)p. 49
Charms and Spells (Atharva-Veda 6.20; 7.70; 6.9; 3.16)p. 50
Chanting of Om (Chandogya Upanishad 1.1.1-10)p. 51
The Practice of Yoga (Shvetashvatara Upanishad 2.8-15)p. 51
Selections from the Bhagavad-Gitap. 52
Non-Sanskrit Sources (Two Tamil Poets)p. 63
Glossaryp. 64
Questions for Study and Discussionp. 65
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 65
Buddhismp. 69
Introductionp. 69
Overview of Structurep. 69
Origin and Developmentp. 73
Usep. 74
Historyp. 75
The Past Lives of Gotama Buddha (Jataka 190)p. 75
The Life of Gotama Buddha (Selections from the Buddhacarita)p. 77
The Death of Gotama Buddha (Mahaparinibbana Sutta 6.1-14, 31-35, 45-48)p. 82
Teachingp. 84
The Sermon on the Four Noble Truths (Dhammacakkapparattana Sutta, 1-8)p. 84
The Skandhas and the Chain of Causation (Buddhacarita 16.1, 28-50)p. 85
The Essence of Buddhism (The Heart Sutra)p. 86
A Mahayana View of the Buddha (Saddharma-pundarika Sutra 2.36; 10.1)p. 87
Ethicsp. 89
Conduct of the Monk (Dhammapada 25.360-382)p. 89
Admonition to Laity (Cullavagga, Dhammikasutta 18-29)p. 90
The Wisdom of the Buddha (Dhammapada 1-20, 157-166)p. 91
Organizationp. 92
Founding of the Order (Mahavagga 1.6.10, 11-16, 27-30, 32, 34, 37)p. 92
The Rules of Defeat (Patimokkha, Parajika Dhamma 1-4)p. 94
Rules Requiring Formal Meetings (Patimokkha, Samghadisesa Dhamma 1-13)p. 95
The Order of Nuns (Cullavagga 10.1.1-6)p. 96
Ritual and Meditationp. 98
The Relics of the Buddha (Mahaparinibbana Sutta 6.58-60)p. 98
Mindfulness in Meditation (Majjhima-Nikaya, Satipatthanasutta 10.1-9)p. 99
The Merit of Making Images (Taisho Shinshu Daizokyo, 16, no. 694)p. 101
Scripture to Guide the Soul After Death (Bardo Thodol 1.1-2)p. 104
Glossaryp. 105
Questions for Study and Discussionp. 105
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 106
Jainismp. 109
Introductionp. 109
Overview of Structurep. 109
Origin, Development, and Usep. 110
Historyp. 111
The Life of Mahavira (Acaranga Sutra 2.15.6-9, 14, 16-20, 22-25, 27)p. 111
Teachingp. 114
The Causes of Sin (Acaranga Sutra 1.1-2)p. 114
The Road to Final Deliverance (Uttaradhyayana 28)p. 115
Organizationp. 117
The Five Great Vows (Acaranga Sutra 2.15.i-v)p. 117
Ethicsp. 118
Ahimsa (Sutrakritanga 1.7.1-9)p. 118
Rules for Monastic Life (Uttaradhyayana 35)p. 118
The True Monk (Uttaradhyayana 15.1-16)p. 119
Glossaryp. 120
Questions for Study and Discussionp. 121
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 121
Sikhismp. 123
Introductionp. 123
Overview of Structurep. 123
Origin and Developmentp. 124
Usep. 125
Teachingp. 126
Selections from the Japji (1-3, 5-6, 9-10, 12-13, 15, 17-18, 20-22, 25, 28-29, 33, 37-Epilogue)p. 126
Remembering God (Gauri Sukhmani, M. 5)p. 131
Creation of the World (Asa Ki Var, M. 1)p. 132
Dancing for Krisna (Rag Gurji, M. 3)p. 132
The Hindu Thread (Asa Ki Var, M. 1)p. 133
Ethicsp. 134
Prayer for Forgiveness (Rag Bihagra, M. 5)p. 134
Against the Use of Wine (Rag Bihagra, M. 1)p. 135
Ritualp. 135
Hymn for the Installation of the Guru Granth (Rag Devgandhari, M. 5)p. 135
A Marriage Hymn (Rag Asa, M. 5)p. 135
Organizationp. 136
The Guru (Rag Gauri, M. 3)p. 136
God's Power in the Sikh Community (Rag Gauri, M. 5)p. 137
Selections from the Dasam Granthp. 137
Guru Gobind Singh's Story (Vichitar Natak, 6)p. 137
God as the Holy Sword (Vichitar Natak, 1)p. 139
Glossaryp. 139
Questions for Study and Discussionp. 140
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 140
Confucianismp. 143
Introductionp. 143
Overview of Structurep. 143
Origin and Developmentp. 145
Usep. 146
Historyp. 147
The Character of Confucius (Analects 2.4; 7.1-9, 19-24; 10.1-4, 8-12)p. 147
Ethicsp. 149
The Virtues of the Superior Man (Analects 1.1-4, 6-9, 14; 15.17-23)p. 149
Benevolence (Analects 4.1-6)p. 150
The Actions of Filiality (Classic of Rites, 10.1, 4, 7, 10-11, 13-15)p. 151
The Attitude of Filiality (Analects 2.5-8; 4.18-21; 13.18)p. 152
Propriety (Analects 3.3-4, 8-9, 12-15, 17-19)p. 153
The Way (Analects 16.2)p. 154
The Love of Learning (Analects 17.8-9, 12)p. 154
The Goodness of Human Nature (Mencius 6.1.1-4, 6)p. 155
The Basis of Good Government (The Great Learning 1-7; 9.1, 3-9)p. 157
The Ruler as Example to the People (Analects 2.18-20; 12.11, 17, 19; 13.5-6)p. 158
Confidence and Prosperity in Government (Mencius 4.3, 9; 1.6.20-24)p. 159
Ritualp. 160
Divination (Classic of Changes 1, 47, 54)p. 160
Songs for Sacrifice (Classic of Poetry, Shang 1; Kau 7; Minor Odes 10.1, 3, 5)p. 162
Music and Morality (Classic of Rites 17.2.10-11, 15-18, 20-21)p. 164
Glossaryp. 166
Questions for Study and Discussionp. 166
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 166
Taoismp. 169
Introductionp. 169
Overview of Structurep. 169
Origin, Development, and Usep. 170
Teachingp. 171
The Nature of the Tao (Tao Te Ching, 1, 6, 25, 34; Chuang-tzu 29)p. 171
The World (Tao Te Ching 7, 42, 52)p. 172
Ethicsp. 173
Non-action (Chuang-tzu, book 7)p. 173
Individual Life in Harmony with the Tao (Tao Te Ching 16, 22, 33, 44)p. 174
The Superior Man (Chuang-tzu, book 12)p. 175
Government (Tao Te Ching 3, 18, 57, 64)p. 176
On Death (Chuang-tzu, book 18)p. 177
Reward and Retribution (T'ai-Shang, book 1)p. 177
Ritualp. 179
Methods of Prolonging Life (Pao-p'u tzu 15.6b-7a; 19.6b-7a)p. 179
Glossaryp. 180
Questions for Study and Discussionp. 180
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 181
Shintop. 183
Introductionp. 183
The Kojikip. 183
The Nihongip. 184
Selections from the Kojikip. 184
Preface to the Kojikip. 184
The Creation of Japan (Kojiki, Chapters 1-5, 11, 33)p. 187
Emperor Yuryaku and the Story of the Woman Akawi-ko (Kojiki 154)p. 190
Glossaryp. 191
Questions for Study and Discussionp. 191
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 191
Zoroastrianismp. 193
Introductionp. 193
Overview of Structurep. 193
Origin and Developmentp. 194
Usep. 195
Historyp. 196
The Call of Zarathushtra (Yasna 29)p. 196
A Hymn of Praise to Zarathushtra (Yasht 24: 87b-94)p. 197
Teachingp. 198
Hymn to Ahura and the Purifying Fire (Yasna 36)p. 198
Hymn to Ahura Mazda the Creator (Yasna 37:1-5)p. 198
The Doctrine of Dualism (Yasna 30)p. 199
Worship and Ritualp. 200
The Place of the Gathas (Yasna 55:1-3)p. 200
The Zoroastrian Confession (Yasna 12)p. 200
The Four Great Prayers (From the Yasna)p. 201
Disposal of the Dead (Vendidad, Fargard 6, section 5, 44-51)p. 202
Glossaryp. 202
Questions for Study and Discussionp. 203
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 203
Judaismp. 205
Introductionp. 205
Namesp. 206
Overview of Structurep. 206
Origin and Developmentp. 208
Usep. 211
Historyp. 213
The Call of Abraham (Genesis 12:1-9)p. 213
The Call of Moses (Exodus 3:1-20)p. 214
Crossing the Red Sea (Exodus 14:1-31)p. 215
The Covenant with Israel (Exodus 19:1-8)p. 216
A Psalm for David (Psalm 132)p. 216
Ezra's Enforcement of Torah Observance (Ezra 9:1-7, 13-15; 10:1-12)p. 217
Teachingp. 218
The Oneness of God (Deuteronomy 6:1-9)p. 218
God as the Divine Shepherd (Psalm 23)p. 219
God's Creation of the World (Genesis 1:1-31; 2:1-9, 15-25)p. 219
The Revolt of Humanity (Genesis 3:1-24)p. 221
Prayer for Divine Deliverance (Psalm 5)p. 222
A Light to the Nations (Isaiah 42:1-7)p. 223
The Messianic King (Isaiah 11:1-9)p. 224
The Final Judgment of the World (Daniel 7:1-14)p. 224
Resurrection of the Dead (Daniel 12:1-3)p. 225
Ethicsp. 226
The Ten Commandments (Exodus 20:1-14)p. 226
Laws on Slaves, Violence, Property (Exodus 21:1-36; 22:15-26)p. 226
Justice for All (Exodus 23:1-9)p. 228
Holy War (Deuteronomy 20:1-20)p. 228
Sexual Love (Song of Songs 1:1-2:17)p. 229
God's Call to an Unfaithful People (Amos 4:1-13)p. 231
Two Views of Wisdom (Proverbs 1:1-33; Ecclesiastes 1:1-9)p. 232
The Virtuous Wife (Proverbs 31:10-31)p. 234
Organizationp. 234
The Ordination of Priests (Exodus 29:1-37)p. 234
A Call to Be a Prophet (Isaiah 6:1-13)p. 236
Women as Judges and Prophets (Judges 4:4-10, 14-16; II Kings 22:11-20)p. 237
Ritualp. 238
The Establishment of Circumcision (Genesis 17:9-14, 23-27)p. 238
The Establishment of the Passover (Exodus 12:1-19, 24-27)p. 238
The Observance of the Sabbath (Exodus 31:12-17)p. 239
Offerings for the Forgiveness of Sin (Leviticus 4:27--5:10)p. 240
The Day of Atonement (Leviticus 16:1-5, 11-19, 29-34)p. 241
Kosher and Nonkosher Foods (Leviticus 11:1-31, 41-47)p. 242
Selections from the Mishnah and Talmudp. 243
The Sayings of the Fathers (Mishnah, Aboth 1.1-18)p. 243
The Duty to Marry and Have Children (Babylonian Talmud, Yebamoth 61b-63)p. 245
Praising God in Bad Times (Babylonian Talmud, Berakoth 5)p. 246
Glossaryp. 247
Questions for Study and Discussionp. 247
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 248
Christianityp. 251
Introductionp. 251
Namesp. 251
Overview of Structurep. 252
Origin and Developmentp. 254
Usep. 256
Historyp. 258
The Birth of Jesus the Messiah (Matthew 1:18-25)p. 258
Jesus Denounces Pharisees and Lawyers (Luke 11:37-54)p. 258
Jesus' Miracles (Luke 8:26-56)p. 259
The Arrest, Trial, and Death of Jesus (Mark 14:43-50, 53-65; 15:1-41)p. 260
The Resurrection of Jesus (Mark 16:1-8)p. 262
The Ascension of Jesus (Acts 1:6-11)p. 263
The Coming of the Holy Spirit (Acts 2:1-21)p. 263
Persecution of the Apostles (Acts 5:27-42)p. 264
The Council at Jerusalem (Acts 15:1-21)p. 265
Teachingp. 266
The Parables of Jesus (Mark 4:1-34)p. 266
The Word Became Human (John 1:1-18)p. 267
Nicodemus Visits Jesus (John 3:1-21)p. 268
A Sinful Woman Forgiven (Luke 7:36-50)p. 268
Results of Justification (Romans 5:1-11)p. 269
The Resurrection of Christ and the Believer (I Corinthians 15:1-11, 35-58)p. 270
The End of Time (Matthew 25:31-46; Revelation 20:1-21:4)p. 271
Ethicsp. 272
The Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5-7)p. 272
Directions Concerning Marriage (I Corinthians 7:1-16, 25-40)p. 276
Love (I Corinthians 13:1-13)p. 277
Ethics in the Christian Household (Ephesians 5:21-6:9)p. 278
Being Subject to Authorities (Romans 13:1-10)p. 278
The Fall of Rome (Revelation 17:1-18:5)p. 279
Organizationp. 280
The Twelve Apostles and Their Mission (Matthew 10:1-15)p. 280
Matthew's Church Order (Matthew 18:1-22)p. 281
Peter as the Rock (Matthew 16:13-20)p. 282
Qualifications of Bishops and Deacons (I Timothy 3:1-13)p. 282
Women in the Early Church (Luke 10:38-42; I Corinthians 11:2-16; Galatians 3:27-28; I Timothy 2:8-15)p. 283
Ritualp. 284
The Eucharist (Matthew 26:17-29; John 6:22-59)p. 284
Baptism (Matthew 28:16-20; Romans 6:1-14)p. 286
Confession and Anointing (James 5:13-18)p. 287
Glossaryp. 287
Questions for Study and Discussionp. 288
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 288
Islamp. 291
Introductionp. 291
Namep. 292
Overview of Structurep. 292
Origin and Developmentp. 294
Usep. 296
Historyp. 297
The Call of Muhammad (96; 53:1-18)p. 297
The Mission of Muhammad (11:1-16; 93)p. 298
Opposition to Muhammad (52:30-49; 63)p. 299
The Night Journey (17:1-2)p. 300
The Flight to Medina (9:40)p. 301
The Wives of Muhammad (33:28-40, 48-49)p. 301
The Death of Muhammad (21:34-37)p. 302
Teachingp. 302
God's Absolute Oneness (6:100-103; 112)p. 302
God's Names (59:22-24)p. 303
God's Power (24:41-46; 6:95-99)p. 303
God's Predestination (42:8-13; 7:177-182)p. 304
Jinn (72:1-15)p. 305
Creation (15:16-48; 16:1-17)p. 305
Adam, Eve, and the Fall (2:28-37)p. 307
The Holy Quran (42:50-53; 46:1-11; 2:81-85)p. 308
Abraham and Relations to Judaism (37:82-110)p. 309
Mary and Jesus, Relations to Christianity (3:38-50)p. 310
Unbelievers, Jews, and Christians (9:1-7; 2:111-121, 132-137)p. 311
Resurrection and Judgment (75:1-15; 69:14-35)p. 312
Heaven and Hell (76:1-22; 56:1-39; 77:1-39)p. 313
Ethicsp. 315
The Conduct of Believers (17:23-39)p. 315
Women (4:19-22, 34-39; 2:220-223, 227-233)p. 316
Against Evil Magic (113; 114)p. 317
Holy War (48:11-21; 2:190-194, 216-218)p. 318
Law Codes (4:1-10)p. 319
Worship and Ritualp. 320
The Opening of the Quran (1)p. 320
Confession of Faith (57:1-7; 37:32-39)p. 320
Prayer (2:142-149)p. 321
Alms (107; 9:53-60)p. 322
The Fast (2:183-186)p. 322
Pilgrimage (2:124-130; 106; 2:196-199)p. 323
The Mosque (24:36-38; 9:15-18)p. 324
Selections from the Hadithp. 325
On Innovationsp. 325
On Ritual Washingsp. 325
On Prayerp. 325
On Almsp. 326
On Godp. 326
On the Power of Reading the Quranp. 326
On Judgmentp. 327
On Obeying Muhammad and the Rulerp. 327
On the Martyr in Holy Warp. 327
Glossaryp. 327
Questions for Study and Discussionp. 328
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 328
Indexp. 330
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