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The Anthropology of Latin America and the Caribbean,9780205380992
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The Anthropology of Latin America and the Caribbean

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780205380992

ISBN10:
0205380999
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
11/7/2006
Publisher(s):
Pearson
List Price: $95.00

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Summary

The text provides broad and historically informed coverage of Latin American and Caribbean societies, their cultural and historical development, as well as the role of power and inequality in this development. Book jacket.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments and Thanks xii
Preface xiii
Analytical Approach xiv
Strengths and Features xv
Organization and Themes xv
Anthropology, Latin America, and the Caribbean
1(16)
Why Study the Anthropology of Latin America and the Caribbean?
1(5)
Doing Cultural Anthropology and Documenting Everyday Life
6(1)
Controversies: The Culture of Poverty and Perspectives on the Poor
7(8)
Oscar Lewis and the ``Culture of Poverty''
8(2)
Dying and Weeping in Brazilian Favelas
10(5)
Summary
15(1)
Issues and Questions
15(1)
Key Terms and Concepts
15(1)
Endnotes
16(1)
Introducing Latin America and the Caribbean
17(33)
Delimiting and Imagining Latin America: Ideas, Spaces, and Places
17(5)
Countries and Population
22(2)
Migration and Cities
24(1)
Languages
25(2)
Landscapes, Culture, and Society
27(1)
Major Landscapes
28(15)
Structural Zones
29(3)
Physiographic Regions
32(1)
South America
32(7)
Mexico
39(3)
Central America
42(1)
Caribbean
43(1)
Landscape Transformations Before and After the Europeans
43(2)
Controversies: Is the Culture Area Concept Still Useful?
45(2)
Summary
47(1)
Issues and Questions
48(1)
Key Terms and Concepts
48(1)
Endnotes
49(1)
Society and Culture Before the Europeans
50(26)
Anthropological Perspectives on the Evolution of Social Complexity
50(2)
Phases in the Emergence of Societal Complexity in Latin America and the Caribbean
52(13)
Paleo-Indian
53(2)
Archaic
55(6)
Formative
61(2)
Horizon
63(2)
The Inca and Aztec States
65(5)
The Andean and Mesoamerican Highlands: Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries
65(1)
The Inca and Aztec Expansions
66(4)
Controversies: The Peopling of the Americas
70(4)
Summary
74(1)
Issues and Questions
74(1)
Key Terms and Concepts
74(1)
Endnote
75(1)
Conquest, Colonialism, and Resistance
76(34)
The European Conquests
76(9)
Voyages, Exploration, and Expenditions
76(2)
How Did (and Could) It Happen?
78(6)
The Columbian Exchange
84(1)
The Colonial Period
85(14)
Mechanisms of Rule
86(1)
Encomiendas, Repartimientos, and Tribute
86(1)
Reducciones
87(1)
Expansion of the State Bureaucracy
88(1)
Local Elites as Power and Cultural Brokers
89(2)
Rituals and Ceremonies
91(1)
Pillars of the Colonial Economy: Haciendas, Plantations, and Mines
92(1)
Haciendas
92(1)
Plantations and Slavery
93(1)
Mines
94(1)
Resisting the Colonial Order
95(1)
Rebellions
95(2)
Evasive, ``Everyday'' Forms of Resistance
97(2)
Ethnogenesis
99(3)
Colonial Legacies, Independence, and the Coalescence of Nation-States
102(2)
Controversies: The Quincentennial, or Remembering Columbus
104(3)
Summary
107(1)
Issues and Questions
108(1)
Key Terms and Concepts
108(1)
Endnotes
109(1)
Cultural Politics of Race and Ethnicity
110(36)
Racial Categories and Racial Fluidity in Latin America
110(4)
Colonialism, Empire, and the Invention of Race
114(11)
Marriage and Race in the Eighteenth Through Early Twentieth Centuries
115(3)
Scientific Racisms of the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries
118(2)
Culture and Race
120(2)
Decency, Hygiene, and Race
122(3)
Mestizos and Mestizaje: Class, Race, and Nation
125(5)
The Rise of Ethnicity and Ethnic Movements
130(7)
Indian versus Indigenous
130(2)
Ethnicity, Culture, and Class
132(1)
Indigenous Movements and the Politics of Difference
133(2)
Land, Ethnicity, and Indianness
135(2)
Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Gender
137(2)
Nationalism
137(2)
Gender
139(1)
Controversies: Intellectual Property Rights and Indigenous Peoples
139(2)
In the United States: Race and Respect in the Streets of New York City
141(3)
Summary
144(1)
Issues and Questions
145(1)
Key Terms and Concepts
145(1)
Cultural Constructions of Gender and Sexuality
146(35)
Pre-European Gender Systems
146(4)
Sexuality, Parallelism, and Complementarity
147(1)
Gender and State Expansion
148(2)
The Conquest and Colonial Period
150(1)
Gender and the Consolidation of Nation-States
151(1)
Femininity and Masculinity: Rethinking Marianismo and Machismo
152(16)
Contesting Marianismo: Women and Gender in Revolutionary Settings
153(1)
Cuba
153(1)
Chile
154(1)
Nicaragua
155(1)
Contesting Marianismo: Sexuality and Female-Headed Households
156(1)
Sexuality
156(3)
Matrifocality: Female-Headed Households
159(2)
Real ``Machos'' or Contingent Masculinities?
161(4)
Contesting Machismo: Alcohol and Fatherhood
165(1)
Alcohol
165(1)
Fathering
165(2)
Models of Behavior or Lived Experience?
167(1)
Shifting Contours of Masculinity, Femininity, and Sexual Identities
168(4)
Controversies: Gender, Masculinity, and Violence in Amazonian Societies
172(4)
In the United States: Courtship, Sexuality, and Love Across the Border
176(3)
Summary
179(1)
Issues and Questions
180(1)
Key Terms and Concepts
180(1)
Religion and Everyday Life
181(33)
Popular Catholicism
181(15)
Major Attributes of Popular Catholicism
183(3)
Facets of Popular Catholicism
186(1)
The Virgin Mary
186(4)
Working with the Devil
190(2)
Todos Santos: The Days of the Dead
192(4)
The Spread of Protestantism
196(5)
Maya Women in Mexico
197(3)
Andean Villagers in Highland Ecuador
200(1)
The African Heritage: Candomble, Santeria, and Vodou
201(6)
Controversies: Mesoamerican Civil--Religious Cargo Systems
207(4)
In the United States: Re-Creating Vodou in Brooklyn
211(1)
Summary
212(1)
Issues and Questions
213(1)
Key Terms and Concepts
213(1)
Striving for Health and Coping with Illness
214(36)
Medical Anthropology
214(1)
The Poor Health of Latin America and the Caribbean
215(14)
Mortality, Access to Biomedicine, and Malnutrition
215(3)
Poverty, Inequality, and Disease
218(2)
Tuberculosis
220(4)
AIDS
224(4)
Gender and Health
228(1)
Folk Illnesses: Susto, Mal de Ojo, and Nervios
229(3)
The Expressive and Healthy Body
232(4)
Bodies, Communities, and Mountains in the Andes
233(1)
Body and Knowledge in Lowland South America
234(1)
Jamaican Bodies: Health, Sexuality, and Gender
234(2)
Religion and Healing
236(5)
Shamanism, Ritual Poetics, and Hallucinogenic Healing
236(4)
Medicine and Religious Pluralism
240(1)
Controversies: Marijuana and Coca, Health and Politics
241(6)
Marijuana in Jamaica and Costa Rica
242(3)
Coca in the Andes
245(2)
In the United States: Susto and Mal de Ojo Among Florida Framworkers
247(2)
Summary
249(1)
Issues and Questions
249(1)
Key Terms and Concepts
249(1)
Food, Cuisine, and Cultural Expression
250(31)
Food and Culture
250(4)
Historical and Cultural Sketch of Latin American Food
254(6)
Food, Consumption, and Ritual
260(4)
Guinea Pigs and Ritual in the Andes
260(2)
Juthaa: Sharing Polluting Food in Trinidad
262(2)
Communicating Gender and Sexuality Through Food
264(6)
Highland Ecuador
265(2)
Jamaica
267(2)
Brazil
269(1)
Cuisine, Cookbooks, and Nation-Building
270(4)
Globalization and National Cuisine in Belize
270(2)
Cookbooks, Tamales, and Mexican Nation-Building
272(2)
Controversies: ``Hot'' and ``Cold'' Foods
274(3)
In the United States: Tamales, Gender, and Survival
277(2)
Summary
279(1)
Issues and Questions
280(1)
Key Terms and Concepts
280(1)
Endnotes
280(1)
Perspectives on Globalization
281(33)
Globalization
281(2)
Tourism, Crafts, and Cultural Authenticity
283(5)
In Search of the ``Authentic'' and the Timeless
284(1)
Producing ``Ethnic'' Handicrafts
285(3)
Transnational Production and Labor
288(10)
The North American Free Trade Agreement
290(2)
Transnational Migrants in the United States and Canada
292(1)
Labor and Gender in Mexican and Guatemalan Maquilas
293(4)
Lurking Danger on the Borderlands: Women, Maquilas, and Death
297(1)
Global Interests and the Environment
298(7)
Sustainable Development and Bioprospecting
299(2)
Deforestation and Degradation
301(2)
The Amazon
303(1)
Central America
304(1)
Controversies: Global Interests and Ethnographic Representations in the Amazon
305(4)
In the United States: Domestic Workers in the Midst of Affluence
309(3)
Summary
312(1)
Issues and Questions
312(1)
Key Terms and Concepts
313(1)
Endnote
313(1)
Manifestations of Popular Culture
314(37)
What Is Popular Culture?
314(2)
Sports
316(7)
Soccer
316(1)
The Central American Soccer War
317(1)
Nationalism, Masculinity, and Party Politics in Argentine Soccer
318(1)
Popular Discontent and Soccer in Urban Chile
319(1)
Baseball
320(1)
The Dominician Republic
320(2)
Cuba
322(1)
Carnaval and Popular Celebrations
323(9)
The Origins of Carnaval
323(1)
Understanding Carnaval
324(3)
Tourism and Violence in Brazilian Carnaval
327(3)
Fertility, Community, and the Supernatural in Bolivian Carnaval
330(2)
Music and Dance
332(7)
Tango
332(3)
Salsa
335(2)
Reggae
337(2)
Television and Telenovelas
339(5)
Why Are Telenovelas so Popular?
340(2)
The Cultural Impact of Telenovelas and Television Programming
342(2)
Controversies: Tango and Sexuality
344(3)
In the United States: Quinceaneras, Gender, and Tradition
347(2)
Summary
349(1)
Issues and Questions
350(1)
Key Terms and Concepts
350(1)
Endnote
350(1)
Violence, Memory, and Striving for a Just World
351(35)
Violence and Memory
351(2)
The Central American Civil Wars
353(8)
Nicaragua and El Salvador
355(1)
Nicaragua
355(1)
El Salvador
356(1)
Guatemala's Despotic State
357(4)
Chile's Pinochet
361(3)
Argentina's Dirty War
364(4)
Colombia's Violencia
368(3)
Mexico's Zapatistas
371(3)
Peru's Shining Path
374(4)
Controversies: Rigoberta Menchu, and the Politics of Memory and Culture
378(3)
In the United States: Fleeing War and Reconstituting New Lives
381(3)
Summary
384(1)
Issues and Questions
385(1)
Key Terms and Concepts
385(1)
Bibliography 386(31)
Glossary 417(6)
Index 423


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