9780802865984

Apocalypse Against Empire : Theologies of Resistance in Early Judaism

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780802865984

  • ISBN10:

    0802865984

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2010-12-15
  • Publisher: Eerdmans Pub Co
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Table of Contents

Forewordp. xii
Prefacep. xiv
Abbreviationsp. xviii
Introductionp. xxi
Theorizing Resistance
Theorizing Resistancep. 3
Theology or Theologies of Resistance?p. 3
Conceptualizing Resistancep. 5
Forms of Resistancep. 5
In Search of a Definitionp. 6
Resistance Limits Powerp. 6
Intentions and Actionsp. 8
Contesting Hegemony and Dominationp. 9
Summaryp. 10
Hegemony and Domination: The Conditions and Objects of Resistancep. 11
Hegemonyp. 11
Domination and dominiop. 23
Resistance to the Hellenistic Empires: Key Studiesp. 27
James C. Scott, the Hidden Transcript, and Apocalyptic Pseudonymityp. 31
Practice versus Belief?p. 35
Anonymity or Pseudonymityp. 37
Scott on Anonymityp. 37
Pseudonymity and Contingencyp. 41
Conclusionp. 44
Seleucid Domination in Judea
Hellenistic Rule in Judea: Setting the Stage for Resistancep. 49
The Beginnings of Hellenistic Rulep. 49
Alexander, the Successors, and the Ideology of Conquestp. 49
Caught in the Battle for Dominationp. 54
The Transition to Seleucid Rulep. 55
The Letter to Ptolemyp. 55
The Programmap. 57
Peaceful Coexistence?p. 62
Stressors and Divisionsp. 63
Ancestral Laws, Scripture, and Invented Traditionp. 73
Interaction and Identity in Seleucid Judea: 188-173 BCEp. 78
The Broader Context: The Seleucid Empire under Roman Hegemonyp. 78
Domination and Interaction in Seleucid Judeap. 79
The Heliodorus Stelep. 80
Heliodorus's Incursion into the Jerusalem Temple: 2 Maccabees 3:1-4:6p. 86
Reading the Sources Togetherp. 89
Judaism versus Hellenism?p. 91
Jason's Hellenizing Reformsp. 93
Cultural Encounter in the Hellenistic Empiresp. 103
Distinctive Identitiesp. 108
Asserting a Threatened Identityp. 112
Re-creating the Empire: The Sixth Syrian War, Jason's Revolt, and the Reconquest of Jerusalemp. 115
Preparing for Warp. 117
The Akrap. 122
Sacrilege and Riotp. 124
Civil War and Revoltp. 126
Antiochus IV, Rome, and the Plan of Godp. 130
The Evidence of Polybiusp. 130
The Evidence of Danielp. 134
Revolt and the Re-creation of Empirep. 136
Seleucid State Terrorp. 140
The Logic of State Terrorp. 141
Massacrep. 143
Murder in the Homep. 145
Abductionp. 147
Plundering the Templep. 150
Jerusalem's Shamep. 155
Apollonius's Missionp. 158
Parade Turned Massacrep. 162
Exposing the Spectacle, Answering Terrorp. 168
Into the Wildernessp. 168
The Monstrosity of Imperial Rulep. 170
Divine Justicep. 172
Speaking the Unspeakablep. 172
Time, Memory, and Languagep. 173
Conclusionp. 174
The Edict of Antiochus: Persecution and the Unmaking of the Judean Worldp. 176
Danielp. 178
1 and 2 Maccabeesp. 185
Loss of Autonomiap. 186
Aims of the Edict and Persecutionp. 191
Prohibitionsp. 193
Compulsory Practicesp. 195
Resistancep. 210
Conclusionp. 215
Apocalyptic Theologies of Resistance
Introduction to Part Threep. 217
Danielp. 223
The People Who Know Their God Will Stand Strong and Act: Strength, Knowledge, and Faithfulnessp. 235
Prayer and Penitencep. 243
To Teach, to Fall, and to Make Righteousp. 254
Daniel 1, 3, and 6: Stories of Faithfulnessp. 258
Waiting for the Endp. 262
Reading and Writing Scripture: Creative Reinterpretation and New Revelationp. 265
Studying the Scrolls: Seventy Weeks of Yearsp. 267
Suffering Servantsp. 272
Commissioning the Readerp. 276
Conclusionp. 277
Enochic Authorityp. 280
Distinctive Features of the Early Enochic Literaturep. 285
Astronomical Concernsp. 286
Alternative Cosmologyp. 287
Alternative Epistemologyp. 291
Elevated Role of Enochp. 292
Enochic Authority in the Hellenistic Imperial Contextp. 294
Who Were They?p. 307
Languagesp. 310
The Apocalypse of Weeks: Witness and Transformationp. 313
The Righteousp. 324
The Seventh Week: Witness, Uproot, Enact Justicep. 328
A Sword to Execute Righteous Judgmentp. 337
Beyond Resistance: Righteous Economy, Temple, and the Kingdom of the Great Onep. 340
Conclusionp. 345
The Book of Dreams: See and Cry Outp. 346
Interpreting the Present through the Pastp. 352
The First Dream Vision: Supplicationp. 353
The Second Dream Vision: The Animal Apocalypsep. 363
They Began to Open Their Eyes and to Seep. 363
... And to Cry Out to the Sheepp. 368
Horns Came Out on Those Lambsp. 372
They Lamented and Cried Outp. 374
War Traditionsp. 376
Conclusionp. 379
Conclusionp. 382
Epiloguep. 390
Bibliographyp. 401
Index of Modern Authorsp. 439
Index of Subjectsp. 442
Index of Ancient Sourcesp. 450
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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