9780291398307

Applied Cognitive Task Analysis in Aviation

by ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780291398307

  • ISBN10:

    0291398308

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 1997-05-01
  • Publisher: Ashgate Pub Co

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  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.
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Summary

The first and only book on cognitive task analysis, useful to practitioners and researchers. It provides a comprehensive overview and analysis of cognitive task analyses to date in aviation, key methods of data collection and analysis and provides specific recommendations for designing and conducting cognitive analysis for instructional design and systems development in aviation.

Table of Contents

Figures and tables
ix(7)
Preface xvi(2)
Foreword xviii(6)
Captain Neil Johnston
List of abbreviations xxiv
Part I Introduction to cognitive task analysis 1(84)
1. Introduction
3(17)
1.1 Definition of cognitive task analysis (CTA)
4(3)
1.2 The cognitive view of learning and expertise
7(1)
1.3 CTA methods
8(1)
1.4 Recent applications of CTA in aviation
9(5)
1.5 When to use CTA
14(2)
1.6 Combining CTA with traditional task analysis
16(1)
1.7 This book
17(1)
1.8 Chapter 1 Key points
18(2)
2. When to use cognitive task analysis
20(23)
2.1 Types of tasks that may require CTA
21(4)
2.2 CTA and expert performance
25(5)
2.3 Training design
30(4)
2.4 System design
34(4)
2.5 Human resource management
38(4)
2.6 Chapter 2 key points
42(1)
3. Designing cognitive task analysis
43(20)
3.1 Resource requirements
45(4)
3.2 Data collection
49(5)
3.3 Data analysis
54(3)
3.4 Validation considerations
57(4)
3.5 Chapter 3 key points
61(2)
4. Methods of cognitive task analysis
63(22)
4.1 Multiple CTA methods
64(1)
4.2 Considerations for selecting CTA methods
65(3)
4.3 CTA methods
68(8)
4.4 CTA techniques
76(6)
4.5 Chapter 4 key points
82(3)
Part II Cognitive task analysis methods in context 85(142)
5. Determining aviation knowledge
87(25)
5.1 Types of aviation knowledge
88(2)
5.2 CTA methods and knowledge analysis
90(4)
5.3 Knowledge analysis methods
94(3)
5.4 Steps for knowledge sorting and rating methods
97(6)
5.5 Example: Analysis of structural knowledge in crew assessment
103(7)
5.6 Chapter 5 key points
110(2)
6. Determining automated skills
112(23)
6.1 Types of aviation skills
113(2)
6.2 Automated skills
115(4)
6.3 Automated skills methods
119(4)
6.4 Steps in consistent component method
123(5)
6.5 Example of automated skills analysis
128(5)
6.6 Chapter 6 key points
133(2)
7. Determining procedural skills
135(21)
7.1 Aviation skills and procedural skills
136(3)
7.2 Procedural skills methods
139(4)
7.3 Steps in a simplified PARI method
143(5)
7.4 Example of procedural skills analysis
148(7)
7.5 Chapter 7 key points
155(1)
8. Determining representational skills
156(22)
8.1 Forms of representational skills
157(3)
8.2 Representational skills methods
160(4)
8.3 Steps in the rating method
164(6)
8.4 Example of skilled representation analysis
170(6)
8.5 Chapter 8 key points
176(2)
9. Determining decision making skills
178(26)
9.1 Introduction
178(5)
9.2 The critical decision method
183(5)
9.3 Analysis of airport security personnel
188(7)
9.4 Analysis of en route air traffic control
195(8)
9.5 Chapter 9 key points
203(1)
10. Determining high level strategies
204(23)
10.1 Metacognition defined
204(1)
10.2 Task management
205(9)
10.3 Time horizon
214(4)
10.4 Team performance
218(2)
10.5 Steps in analyzing team communication
220(2)
10.6 Example of team skills analysis
222(4)
10.7 Chapter 10 key points
226(1)
Part III Using cognitive task analysis results 227(74)
11. The cognitive task analysis report
229(19)
11.1 CTA objectives
230(4)
11.2 Job and task overview
234(2)
11.3 Description of methods
236(5)
11.4 Reporting results
241(5)
11.5 Stating conclusions
246(1)
11.6 Chapter 11 key points
247(1)
12. Training design
248(18)
12.1 Application to training design
249(3)
12.2 Front-end analysis
252(4)
12.3 Curriculum design
256(4)
12.4 Selection of instructional techniques
260(4)
12.5 Chapter 12 key points
264(2)
13. System design
266(17)
13.1 Introduction to cognitive design
267(1)
13.2 Approach to cognitive design
268(2)
13.3 Using CTA results for systems design
270(1)
13.4 The design and development process
271(2)
13.5 First example of a design requirement
273(1)
13.6 Second example of a design requirement
274(1)
13.7 Third example of a design requirement
274(4)
13.8 Iterative formative evaluations
278(2)
13.9 Usability testing
280(1)
13.10 Product deployment
281(1)
13.11 Chapter 13 key points
282(1)
14. Human resource management
283(15)
14.1 Application to human resource management
284(2)
14.2 Design tests for selection
286(4)
14.3 Assess cognitive performance
290(3)
14.4 Assess program effectiveness
293(3)
14.5 Chapter 14 key points
296(2)
15. Challenges and future directions for cognitive task analysis in aviation
298(3)
Glossary of selected terms 301(18)
References 319(11)
Index 330

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