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Applied Ethics : A Multicultural Approach,9780130923844
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Applied Ethics : A Multicultural Approach

by ; ;
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780130923844

ISBN10:
0130923842
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2002
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall

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Summary

Unlike any other anthologies in applied ethics, this anthology integrates multicultural perspectives throughout each section as it considers contemporary ethical problems and dilemmas. All of the standard topics for an introductory ethics course are present, but this new edition is the only anthology to devote an entire section to the ethics of radically new technologies. Classic readings, as well as compelling contemporary essays, are brought together to provide instructors and students with the best introduction to applied ethics on the market.

Features:

  • Integrated moral perspectives, drawn from diverse global traditions, for each ethical topic
  • Introductory chapter on the nature of morality, including capsule summaries of major Western and non-Western ethical perspectives
  • Classic and contemporary readings on all ethical topics, representing differences of gender, ethnicity and race
  • Extended introductions to sections and essays to aid in student comprehension

New to this edition:

  • Entirely new section on technology and ethics, with essays on genetics, artificial intelligence, and mind-altering drugs
  • Completely revised section on race, including new essays representing diverse ethnic American voices
  • New essay which clarifies common misperceptions about the ethical position of "cultural relativism"
  • New essays on reproductive rights issues, environmental issues, and the problems of hunger and poverty

Table of Contents

Preface.
Introduction.
Lawrence A. Blum, Antiracism, Multiculturalism, and Interracial Community: Three Educational Values for a Multicultural Society.
Martha Nussbaum, Judging Other Cultures: The Case of Genital Mutilation.

I. Human Rights and Justice.
United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism.
Onora O'Neill, A Simplified Account of Kant's Ethics.
Ronald Dworkin, Taking Rights Seriously.
Charlotte Bunch, Women's Rights as Human Rights: Toward a Re-Vision of Human Rights.
Abdullahi Ahmed An-Na'im, Islam, Islamic Law, and the Dilemma of Cultural Legitimacy for Universal Human Rights.
Claude Ake, The African Context of Human Rights.
Roger T. Ames, Rites as Rights: The Confucian Alternative.
Kenneth Inada, A Buddhist Response to the Nature of Human Rights.


II. Environmental Ethics.
Aldo Leopold, The Land Ethic.
William Baxter, A “Good” Environment: Just One of a Set of Human Objectives.
Gregory Cajete, Look to the Mountain: Reflections on Indigenous Ecology.
Chung-ying Cheng, On the Environmental Ethics of the Tao and the Ch'i.
Shari Collins-Chobanian, Environmental Racism, American Indians, and Monitored Retrieval Storage Sites for Radioactive Waste.
Vandana Shiva, Development, Ecology and Women.

III. Hunger and Poverty.
Garrett Hardin, Carrying Capacity as an Ethical Concept.
Amartya Sen, Population: Delusion and Reality.
Peter Singer, Famine, Affluence, and Morality.
John Arthur, Rights and the Duty to Bring Aid.
Carlo Filice, On the Obligation to Keep Informed about Distant Atrocities.
Deane Curtin, Making Peace with the Earth: Indigenous Agriculture and the Green Revolution.

IV. War and Violence.
Douglas P. Lackey, Just War Theory.
Mohandas K. Gandhi, The Practice of Satyagraha.
Haig Khatchadourian, Terrorism and Morality.
Burleigh Wilkins, Can Terrorism Be Justified?
Sara Ruddick, A Women's Politics of Resistance.
Martin Luther King, Jr., Letter from the Birmingham City Jail.
Howard McGary, Psychological Violence, Physical Violence, and Racial Oppression.

V. Gender Roles and Morality.
Carol Gilligan, Images of Relationship.
David Blankenhorn, The Unnecessary Father.
Joel Anderson, Is Equality Tearing Families Apart?
Angela Bolte, Do Wedding Dresses Come in Lavender? The Prospects and Implications of Same-Sex Marriage.
Lila Abu-Lughod, A Community of Secrets: The Separate World of Bedouin Women.
M. Annette Jaimes and Theresa Halsey, American Indian Women at the Center of Indigenous Resistance in Contemporary North America.

VI. Racial and Ethnic Discrimination.
Joseph L. Graves, Jr., Last Battlefield: Biological Theories of Race and the Future of American Society.
Peggy McIntosh, White and Male Privilege: A Personal Account of Coming to See Correspondences Through Work in Women's Studies.
Bernard Boxill, The Color-Blind Principle.
Shelby Steele, Affirmative Action: The Price of Preference.
Gloria Holguín Cuádraz, Stories of Access and 'Luck': Chicana/os, Higher Education, and the Politics of Incorporation.
Kwame Anthony Appiah, Racisms.
Larry May, Shared Responsibility for Racism.

VII. Abortion.
John T. Noonan, Jr., An Almost Absolute Value in History.
Mary Anne Warren, On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion.
Don Marquis, Why Abortion Is Immoral.
Christine Overall, Selective Termination of Pregnancy and Women's Reproductive Autonomy.
Kathleen Dixon, Professional Responsibility, Reproductive Choice, and the Limits of Appropriate Intervention: The Battle over RU-486.
Ren-Zong Qiu, Chun-Zhi Wang, and Yuan Gu, Can Late Abortion be Ethically Justified?
William LaFleur, Contestation and Consensus: The Morality of Abortion in Japan.

VIII. Euthanasia and Sustaining Life.
James Rachels, Active and Passive Euthanasia.
Bonnie Steinbock, The Intentional Termination of Life.
Stephen G. Potts, Objections to the Institution of Euthanasia.
Margaret Battin, Euthanasia: The Way We Do it, The Way They Do It.
Susan M. Wolf, Gender, Feminism, and Death: Physician-Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia.
Carl B. Becker, Buddhist Views of Suicide and Euthanasia.
John Harris, The Survival Lottery.
John F. Kilner, Who Shall Be Saved? An African Answer.

IX. Technology, Ethics, And The Remaking Of The Self.
Peter Kramer, Listening to Prozac: A Psychiatrist Explores Antidepressant Drugs and the Remaking of Self.
Sara Goering, Gene Therapies and the Pursuit of a Better Human.
Kathinka Evers, The Identity of Clones.
Soren Holm, A Life in the Shadow: One Reason Why We Should Not Clone Humans.
Patrick Hopkins, The Movements You Never Imagined: Civil Rights for Computers, Cyborgs, and Clones.



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