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An Applied Reference Guide to Research Designs; Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Methods



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SAGE Publications, Inc
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The objective of this reference book is to visually present, with consistent terminology, quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods research designs in education and the social and behavioral sciences in a way that students and researchers can readily understand and accurately apply in their own investigations. This book is designed to improve oneĆ s ability to conceptualize, construct, test, problem solve and acquire knowledge, all of which are characteristics of scientific inquiry and the creative process required when conducting research. This book is meant to cover the most practical and common research designs currently used in educational and the social and behavioral sciences.

Table of Contents

List of Tables, Figures, and Diagramsp. xii
Forewordp. xv
Prefacep. xviii
Acknowledgmentsp. xxiii
About the Authorsp. xxiv
The Scientific Method and Relevant Componentsp. 1
Validity and Research Designsp. 3
Internal Validityp. 4
External Validityp. 4
Construct Validityp. 6
Statistical Conclusion Validityp. 6
Design Logicp. 9
Controlp. 10
Design Notationsp. 11
Assignment Techniquesp. 12
Comparison and Control Groupsp. 14
Sampling Strategiesp. 15
Probability Sampling Techniquesp. 16
Nonprobability Sampling Techniquesp. 16
Quantitative Methods For Experimental And Quasi-Experimental Researchp. 19
Between-Subjects Approachp. 24
Pretest and Posttest Designsp. 24
k-Factor Designsp. 25
Posttest Designsp. 32
Regression-Discontinuity Approachp. 39
Within-Subjects Approachp. 44
Repeated-Measures Approachp. 45
Factorial Designsp. 58
Solomon N-Group Designp. 74
Single-Case Approachp. 83
Quantitative Methods For Nonexperimental Researchp. 95
Ex Post Facto and Posttest-Only Designsp. 98
Observational Approachp. 102
Explanatory Designp. 103
Predictive Designp. 103
Survey Approachp. 107
Cross-Sectional Designp. 108
Longitudinal Designp. 108
Qualitative Methodsp. 111
Grounded Theory Approach115
Systematic Designp. 116
Emerging Designp. 116
Constructivist Designp. 116
When to Use Grounded Theoryp. 116
Ethnographic Approachp. 122
Realist Designp. 122
Critical Designp. 123
Case Study Designp. 123
When to Use Ethnographyp. 124
Narrative Approachp. 129
Descriptive Designp. 130
Explanatory Designp. 130
Critical Designp. 130
When to Use Narrative Inquiryp. 131
PhenomenologicalApproachp. 136
Existential Designp. 136
Transcendental Designp. 137
Hermeneutic Designp. 137
Case Study Designp. 137
When to Use Phenomenologyp. 138
Mixed Methodsp. 145
Convergent-Parallel Approachp. 149
Parallel-Databases Designp. 150
Data-Transformation Designp. 150
Data-Validauon Designp. 150
Multilevel Designp. 150
Embedded Approachp. 157
Embedded-Experiment Designp. 158
Embedded-Correlational Designp. 158
Embedded Case Study Designp. 158
Explanatory-Sequential Approachp. 163
Follow-Up Explanations Designp. 164
Participant-Selection Designp. 164
Exploratory-Sequential Approachp. 167
Instrument-Development Designp. 168
Theory-Development Designp. 168
Treatment-Development Designp. 168
Mixed Methods, Case Studies, and Single-Case Approachesp. 173
Mixed-Method A-B-A Designsp. 174
Conclusionp. 177
Research Questionsp. 177
Evaluation Approachesp. 178
Philosophical Tenetsp. 179
Data Analyticsp. 180
Final Remarksp. 180
Less Common Designs for Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Researchp. 182
Types of Case Study Designsp. 188
Five Types of Mixed Methods Designsp. 190
Referencesp. 191
Author Indexp. 202
Subject Indexp. 206
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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