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Approaches to Peace: A Reader in Peace Studies, Third Edition, provides a unique and interdisciplinary sampling of key articles focusing on the diverse facets of peace and conflict studies. Featuring both classic and contemporary work, it enables students to read highly influential articles while also introducing them to the most current perspectives in the field. Timeless classics from Leo Tolstoy, Martin Luther King, Jr., Gandhi, and Henry David Thoreau are included alongside contemporary pieces. Updated to address current concerns, the third edition incorporates fourteen newreadings.
Ideal on its own as a foundation text in any introductory peace studies course, Approaches to Peace, Third Edition, is also compact enough to use as a supplement with more specialized readings. Each selection is prefaced by a short introduction highlighting the author's background, the work's historical context, and the selection's significance in terms of the "big picture." Study questions and a list of suggested readings at the end of each chapter also provide useful resources for students.
David P. Barash is Professor of Psychology at the University of Washington. He is the author of more than twenty books, including Peace and Conflict Studies (2010), Natural Selections: Honest Liars, Selfish Altruists, and Other Realities of Evolution (2007), Understanding Violence (2000), and more than 200 journal articles. A longtime scholar and peace activist, Dr. Barash has been instrumental in establishing Peace Studies as a legitimate academic discipline.
Table of Contents
*=New to this edition Each chapter ends with Study Questions and Suggestions for Further Reading. Preface Introduction: Approaches to Approaches to Peace Chapter 1: Understanding War 1. Why War?, Sigmund Freud 2. On Aggression, Konrad Z. Lorenz 3. Warfare Is Only an Invention--Not a Biological Necessity, Margaret Mead 4. War Is a Force that Gives Us Meaning, Chris Hedges 5. War and Other Essays, William Graham Sumner 6. Victims of Groupthink, Irving Janis 7. The Causes of War, Michael Howard 8. National Images and International Systems, Kenneth Boulding 9. The Clash of Civilizations, Samuel Huntington * 10. Resource Competition in the 21st Century, Michael T. Klare * 11. Battlefields of the Future and Do Drones Undermine Democracy?, Peter Singer * 12. The Revisionist Imperative: Rethinking Twentieth-Century Wars, Andrew J. Bacevich Chapter 2: Building "Negative Peace" 1. The Moral Equivalent of War, William James 2. Getting to Yes, Roger Fisher, William Ury, and Bruce Patton 3. Disarmament Demands GRIT, Charles Osgood 4. Ten Nuclear Myths, David Krieger and Angela McCrackien 5. A World Free of Nuclear Weapons, George P. Shultz, William J. Perry, Henry A. Kissinger, and Sam Nunn 6. A Powerful Peace, Jonathan Schell * 7. Nuclear Proliferation: History and Lessons, Volha Charnysh * 8. Transforming the War Economy into the Peacekeeping Economy: Using Economic Relationships to Build a More Peaceful, Prosperous, and Secure World, Lloyd J. Dumas 9. International Law, David P. Barash * 10. Just War Doctrine, from Catholic Answers 11. An Insider's Guide to the UN, Linda Fasulo * 12. World Government?, David P. Barash * 13. Violence Vanquished, Steven Pinker * 14. Life Without War, Douglas P. Fry Chapter 3: Responding to Terrorism 1. Terrorism Past and Present, RAND Corporation * 2. The Evil Scourge of Terrorism: Reality, Construction, Remedy, Noam Chomsky 3. Terrorism: Theirs and Ours, Eqbal Ahmad * 4. The U.S. Response to Terrorism, Haviland Smith 5. Dying to Win: The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism, Robert Pape 6. Clarifying the Meaning of Jihad, Ali Gomaa Chapter 4: Building "Positive Peace" 1. The Land Ethic, Aldo Leopold 2. Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech, Al Gore 3. The Pedagogy of the Oppressed, Paulo Freire 4. Global Economic Solidarity, Jeffrey Sachs 5. Letter from a Birmingham Jail, Martin Luther King, Jr. 6. Human Rights, David P. Barash Chapter 5: Nonviolence 1. Civil Disobedience, Henry David Thoreau 2. Letter to Ernest Howard Crosby, Leo Tolstoy 3. Conscientious Objector, Edna St. Vincent Millay 4. Neither Victims Nor Executioners, Albert Camus 5. Ahimsa, or the Way of Nonviolence, Mohandas Gandhi * 6. Seeking a Solution to the Problem of War, Gene Sharp * 7. Soft Power, Joseph S. Nye, Jr. Chapter 6: Peace Movements, Transformation, and the Future 1. On Humane Governance, Richard Falk 2. Sexism and the War System, Betty Reardon 3. A Human Approach to World Peace, Dalai Lama 4. Empire v. Democracy: Why Nemesis is at Our Door, Chalmers Johnson 5. No Future Without Forgiveness, Desmond Tutu * 6. Vision: Revolution Is as Unpredictable and Beautiful as Spring, Rebecca Solnit 7. Antiwar Activists, Where Are You?, Victoria Bonney Index