9780874807530

The Archaeology of Settlement Abandonment in Middle America

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780874807530

  • ISBN10:

    0874807530

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2003-07-18
  • Publisher: Univ of Utah Pr
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Summary

Mesoamerican archaeologists have long been interested in the collapse of political systems or civilizations but have been slow to undertake detailed abandonment analyses of specific settlements. The Archaeology of Settlement Abandonment in Middle Americaexplores some of the old questions in Middle American archaeology in light of the newer theoretical approach provided by abandonment studies. Unlike much of the abandonment work previously done in the American Southwest, a number of contributions to this volume examine relatively large population centers. Among the original contributions in this collection is the discovery that deposits resulting from termination rituals are more common than previously thought. Several chapters point out that structures and places can continue to serve ritual functions even after abandonment. Another finding is that the causes of abandonment-warfare, economic marginalization, or natural cataclysm-are likely to have varied effects on different social groups, which in turn sheds light on occupational histories in specific sites preceding major abandonments.

Table of Contents

List of Figures vii
List of Tables ix
Foreword xi
MICHAEL BRIAN SCHIFFER
Preface xv
1. Archaeological Studies of Abandonment in Middle America
TAKESHI INOMATA AND RONALD W. WEBB
I. Rapid Abandonment
2. From Episodic to Permanent Abandonment: Responses to Volcanic Hazards at Tetimpa, Puebla, Mexico
13(16)
PATRICIA PLUNKET AND GABRIELA ÜRUÑUELA
3. Xochicalco, Morelos: The Abandonment of Households at an Epiclassic Urban Center
29(14)
RONALD W. WEBB AND KENNETH G. HIRTH
4. War, Destruction, and Abandonment: The Fall of the Classic Maya Center of Aguateca, Guatemala
43(18)
TAKESHI INOMATA
5. Volcanic Activity and Abandonment Processes: Cerén and the Zapotitan Valley of El Salvador
61(16)
BRIAN R. MCKEE AND PAYSON SHEETS
II. Gradual Abandonment
6. A Place of Continued Importance: The Abandonment of Epiclassic La Quemada
77(14)
BEN A. NELSON
7. The Abandonment of Teotihuacan
91(12)
LINDA MANZANILLA
8. Monte Albán and Late Classic Site Abandonment in Highland Oaxaca
103(18)
MARCUS WINTER
9. Social Status and Differential Processes of Abandonment at the Classic Maya Center of Dos Pilas, Peten, Guatemala
121(14)
JOEL W. PALKA
10. The Tale End of Two Cities: Tikal, Yaxuna, and Abandonment Contexts in the Lowland Maya Archaeological Record
135(14)
CHARLES SUHLER AND DAVID FREIDEL
11. Abandonment and Nonabandonment at Baking Pot, Belize
149(14)
JAMES J. AIMERS
III. Regional Approaches
12. The Tuxtlas as Volcanic Hazard: Volcanism and Its Effects on Site Founding and Abandonment in the Tuxtla Mountains, Southern Veracruz, Mexico
163(18)
ROBERT S. SANTLEY
13. Push-Pull Archaeological Abandonment Behaviors in Lower Central America
181(12)
FREDERICK W. LANGE
IV. Commentary and Discussion
14. Collapse and Abandonment in Middle America
193(10)
WILLIAM T. SANDERS
15. A Consideration of Abandonment from Beyond Middle America
203(8)
CATHERINE M. CAMERON
References 211(32)
Contributors 243(2)
Index 245

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