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Architectural Drafting and Design

by
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780766815469

ISBN10:
0766815463
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
8/7/2000
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
List Price: $216.03

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This is the 4th edition with a publication date of 8/7/2000.
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Summary

Recognized by many as the authoritative source of how-to and reference information for students and beginning professionals, Architectural Drafting & Design, 4th Edition - available in full-color for the very first time - details step-by-step methods for the design and layout of each type of drawing required for a complete set of architectural plans. To enable you to make optimal use of one of today's popular design tools - AutoCAD 2000 - this comprehensive handbook also contains a "try & die" copy of the AutoCAD 2000 software and .dwg files of selected plans in the book, supplemented by expanded coverage of CADD and freehand sketching techniques. As they work through Architectural Drafting & Design, 4th Edition, readers are challenged to think through and solve numerous design problems while adhering to the latest International Building Code; meeting requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act; taking into account the latest NDS wood design standards; and considering the growing popularity of engineered lumber and steel construction. Keywords: Architectural Drafting and Design

Table of Contents

Preface xi
Acknowledgments xvii
SECTION 1 INTRODUCTION TO ARCHITECTURAL DRAFTING 1(108)
Professional Architectural Careers, Office Practice, and Opportunities
2(26)
Drafter
2(1)
Designer
3(1)
Architect
4(1)
Engineer
5(1)
Related Fields
6(1)
Design Basics
7(21)
Architectural Drafting Equipment
28(16)
Drafting Supplies
28(1)
Drafting Furniture
28(1)
Drafting Pencils and Leads
29(1)
Technical Pens and Accessories
29(1)
Eraser and Accessories
30(1)
Drafting Instruments
31(3)
Drafting Machines
34(3)
Scales
37(2)
Protractors
39(5)
Drafting Media and Reproduction Methods
44(9)
Papers and Films
44(1)
Sheet Sizes, Title Blocks, and Borders
45(1)
How to Fold Prints
46(2)
Diazo Reproduction
48(2)
Photocopy Reproduction
50(1)
Microfilm
50(3)
Sketching and Orthographic Projection
53(16)
Tools and Materials
53(1)
Sketching Straight Lines
53(1)
Sketching Circular Lines
54(1)
Measurement Lines and Proportions
55(3)
Multiview Sketches
58(1)
Isometric Sketches
59(2)
Orthographic Projection
61(1)
Multiview Projection
61(3)
Projection of Features from an Inclined Plane
64(5)
Architectural Lines and Lettering
69(18)
Types of Lines
69(4)
Line Techniques
73(4)
Lettering
77(10)
Computer-Aided Design and Drafting in Architecture
87(22)
Terminology of Computer-Aided Design and Drafting
87(1)
Designing
88(2)
The CADD Workstation
90(6)
Mobile Computers
96(1)
Ergonomics
96(3)
Architectural CADD Symbols
99(3)
Drawing on CADD Layers
102(4)
Web-Based Architectural Collaboration
106(3)
SECTION 2 RESIDENTIAL DESIGN 109(88)
Building Codes and Interior Design
110(15)
National Codes
110(1)
International Building Code
110(2)
Choosing the Right Code
112(1)
Basic Design Criteria for Building Planning
112(11)
Climatic and Geographic Design Criteria
123(2)
Room Relationships and Sizes
125(30)
The Floor Plan
125(1)
Living Area
125(10)
Sleeping Area
135(2)
Service Area
137(10)
Traffic Patterns
147(4)
Providing Universal Accessibility
151(4)
Exterior Design Factors
155(15)
Site Considerations
155(1)
Elements of Design
156(3)
Principles of Design
159(1)
Floor Plan Styles
160(2)
Exterior Styles
162(8)
Conservation and Environmental Design and Construction
170(18)
Energy-Efficient Design
170(1)
Energy Codes
170(1)
Energy-Efficient Construction
171(4)
Solar Energy Design
175(9)
Hydroelectric Power
184(1)
Healthy Architectural Design and Construction
184(4)
Site Orientation
188(9)
Terrain Orientation
188(1)
View Orientation
188(2)
Solar Orientation
190(2)
Wind Orientation
192(2)
Sound Orientation
194(3)
SECTION 3 SITE PLAN 197(38)
Legal Descriptions and Site Plan Requirements
198(16)
Legal Descriptions
198(4)
Site Plan Requirements
202(2)
Site Plans
204(2)
Grading Plan
206(3)
Subdivision Plans
209(2)
Planned Unit Development
211(3)
Site Plan Layout
214(21)
Site Design Considerations
215(1)
Property Lines
216(2)
Site Plan Drawing Checklist
218(1)
Drawing Contour Lines
218(3)
Drawing the Grading Plan
221(14)
SECTION 4 FLOOR PLAN 235(98)
Floor-Plan Symbols
236(41)
Wall Symbols
236(7)
Door Symbols
243(2)
Window Symbols
245(2)
Schedules
247(3)
Cabinets, Fixtures, and Appliances
250(5)
Commons Sizes of Architectural Features
255(2)
Floor-Plan Materials
257(2)
Stairs
259(5)
Hallways
264(1)
Fireplaces
264(3)
Solid Fuel-Burning Appliances
267(1)
Room Titles
268(1)
Other Floor-Plan Symbols
268(9)
Floor-Plan Dimensions and Notes
277(15)
Aligned Dimensions
277(1)
Floor-Plan Dimensions
277(3)
Common Sizes of Architectural Features
280(2)
Dimensioning Floor-Plan Features
282(2)
Notes and Specifications
284(1)
Using Metric
285(7)
Floor-Plan Layout
292(41)
Layout Out a Floor Plan
292(9)
Second-Floor Plan Layout
301(1)
Basement-Plan Layout
301(3)
Floor-Plan Drawing Checklist
304(29)
SECTION 5 SUPPLEMENTAL FLOOR PLAN DRAWINGS 333(76)
Electrical Plans
334(20)
Electrical Terms and Definitions
334(1)
Electrical Circuit Design
335(1)
Energy Conservation
336(1)
Home Automation
336(1)
Electrical Design Considerations
337(1)
Universal Electrical Installations
338(1)
Electrical Symbols
339(1)
Electrical Wiring Specifications
339(2)
Metrics in Electrical Installations
341(1)
Steps in Drawing the Electrical Plan
341(5)
Electrical Plan Drawing Checklist
346(8)
Plumbing Plans
354(20)
Plumbing Terms and Definitions
354(2)
Sizing of Plumbing Piping
356(1)
Energy Conservation
356(1)
Universal Plumbing Installations
357(1)
Plumbing Schedules
358(1)
Plumbing Drawings
358(1)
Water Systems
358(3)
Drainage and Vent Systems
361(1)
Isometric Plumbing Drawings
361(2)
Solar Hot Water
363(1)
Sewage Disposal
364(1)
Metrics in Plumbing
365(1)
Adding Plumbing Information to the Floor Plan
366(1)
Commercial Plumbing Drawings
366(1)
Plumbing Plan Drawing Checklist
367(7)
Heating, Ventilating, and Air-Conditioning
374(35)
The Boca National Energy Conservation Code Requirements
374(1)
Central Forced-Air Systems
375(3)
Hot Water Systems
378(1)
Heat Pump Systems
378(1)
Zone Control Systems
379(1)
Radiant Heat
380(1)
Thermostats
380(1)
Heat Recovery and Ventilation
380(2)
Central Vacuum Systems
382(1)
HVAC Symbols
382(2)
Universal HVAC Design
384(1)
Thermal Calculations for Heating/Cooling
385(7)
HVAC Drawings
392(17)
SECTION 6 ROOF PLANS 409(30)
Roof Plan Components
410(16)
Types of Roof Plans
410(1)
Roof Pitches
411(1)
Roof Shapes
412(9)
Roofing Materials
421(3)
Roof Ventilation and Access
424(2)
Roof Plan Layout
426(13)
Roof Shape
426(4)
Structural Material
430(1)
Nonstructural Material
430(2)
Dimensions
432(1)
Notes
432(1)
Drawing Gable Roof Plans
432(1)
Drawing Hip Roof Plans
433(2)
Drawing Dutch Hip Roof Plans
435(4)
SECTION 7 ELEVATIONS 439(58)
Introduction to Elevations
440(20)
Required Elevations
440(2)
Types of Elevations
442(2)
Elevation Scales
444(1)
Elevation Placement
444(1)
Surface Materials in Elevation
445(12)
CADD Elevation Symbols
457(3)
Evaluation Layout and Drawing Techniques
460(14)
Layout
460(4)
Drawing Finished-Quality Lines
464(1)
Lettering
465(1)
Alternative Elevations
466(1)
Drawing Roof Intersections
467(2)
Drawing Irregular Shapes
469(1)
Projecting Grades
469(5)
Millwork and Cabinet Technology, Cabinet Elevations, and Layout
474(23)
Types of Millwork
474(4)
Cabinets
478(4)
Cabinet Elevations and Layout
482(15)
SECTION 8 FRAMING METHODS AND PLANS 497(128)
Framing Methods
498(15)
Balloon Framing
498(1)
Platform Framing
499(3)
Post-and-Beam Framing
502(2)
Timber Construction
504(1)
Steel Framing
505(1)
Concrete Masonry Construction
505(2)
Solid Masonry Construction
507(2)
Masonry Veneer
509(1)
Insulated Concrete Form Construction
509(1)
Modular Framing Methods
510(3)
Structural Components
513(30)
Floor Construction
513(10)
Framed Wall Construction
523(4)
Roof Construction
527(9)
Metal Hangers
536(2)
Environmentally Friendly Design and Construction
538(5)
Design Criteria for Structural Loading
543(8)
Types of Loads
543(3)
Load Design
546(1)
Load Distribution
547(4)
Sizing Joists and Rafters Using Span Tables
551(14)
Determining Wood Characteristics
551(1)
Determining Size and Span
551(7)
Working with Engineered Lumber
558(7)
Determining Simple Beams
565(27)
Loading and Support Patterns of Beams
565(1)
Structural Lumber
565(3)
Loading Reactions of Wood Members
568(1)
Methods of Beam Design
569(2)
Notations for Formulas
571(1)
Sizing Wood Beams
571(6)
Review
577(1)
Wood Adjustment Factors
578(1)
Span Tables
579(7)
Simple Beam with a Load Concentrated at the Center
586(1)
Simple Beam with a Load Concentrated at Any Point
587(1)
Cantilevered Beam with a Uniform Load
587(1)
Cantilevered Beam with a Point Load at the Free End
587(5)
Drawing Framing Plans
592(33)
Framing Plans
592(15)
Completing a Framing Plan
607(1)
Roof Framing Plans
608(6)
Floor Framing Plans
614(11)
SECTION 9 FOUNDATION PLANS 625(74)
Foundation Systems
626(28)
Soil Considerations
626(3)
Types of Foundations
629(21)
Dimensioning Foundation Components
650(4)
Floor Systems and Foundation Support
654(23)
On-Grade Foundations
654(10)
Crawl Space Floor Systems
664(13)
Foundation Plan Layout
677(22)
Concrete Slab Foundation Layout
677(4)
Foundation Plan with Joist Construction
681(4)
Standard Foundation with Post-and-Beam Floor System
685(2)
Combination Slab and Crawl Space Plans for a Partial Basement
687(6)
Full Basement
693(6)
SECTION 10 WALL SECTIONS AND DETAILS 699(66)
Sectioning Basics
700(7)
Types of Sections
700(2)
Scale
702(2)
Section Alignment
704(3)
Section Layout
707(12)
Evaluate Needs
707(1)
Lay Out the Section
707(2)
Finished-Quality Lines-Structural Members Only
709(4)
Drawing Finishing Materials
713(1)
Dimensioning
713(1)
Lettering Notes
714(2)
Evaluate Your Work
716(3)
Alternative Layout Techniques
719(20)
Floor Joist/Foundation
719(3)
Post-and-Beam Foundations
722(2)
Basement with Concrete Slab
724(5)
Conventional (Stick) Roof Framing
729(6)
Garage/Residence Section
735(4)
Stair Construction and Layout
739(12)
Stair Terminology
739(1)
Determining Rise and Run
739(2)
Straight Stair Layout
741(3)
Open Stairway Layout
744(2)
U-Shaped Stairs
746(1)
Exterior Stairs
747(4)
Fireplace Construction and Layout
751(14)
Fireplace Terms
751(5)
Goals of Energy-Efficient Fireplaces
756(1)
Chimney Reinforcements
757(1)
Drawing the Fireplace Section
758(2)
Fireplace Elevations
760(5)
SECTION 11 ARCHITECTURAL RENDERING 765(44)
Presentation Drawings
766(15)
Types of Presentation Drawings
766(2)
Methods of Presentation
768(3)
Rendering Procedure for Drawing
771(10)
Perspective Drawing Techniques
781(16)
Types of Perspective Drawings
781(1)
Perspective Terms
782(6)
Two-Point Perspective
788(2)
One-Point Perspective
790(7)
Rendering Methods for Perspective Drawings
797(12)
Presenting Depth
797(1)
Shadows
797(3)
Reflections
800(1)
Texture
801(1)
Entourage
802(2)
Planning the Drawing
804(1)
Two-Point Perspective Rendering
804(1)
One-Point Perspective Rendering
805(4)
SECTION 12 GENERAL CONSTRUCTION SPECIFICATIONS 809(10)
Construction Specifications
810(3)
Specifications for Commercial Construction
810(1)
Construction Documents
811(2)
Construction Supervision Procedures
813(6)
Loan Applications
813(1)
Individual Appraisal Requirements
813(1)
Master Appraisal Requirements
814(1)
Change Orders
814(1)
Building Permits
814(1)
Contracts
814(1)
Completion Notice
815(1)
Bids
815(1)
Construction Inspections
815(4)
SECTION 13 COMMERCIAL DRAFTING 819(91)
Building Codes and Commercial Design
820(15)
Exploring Building Codes
820(1)
Determining Design Categories
820(13)
Using the Codes
833(2)
Common Commercial Construction Materials
835(31)
Wood
835(4)
Concrete Block
839(5)
Poured Concrete
844(6)
Steel Construction
850(5)
Common Connection Methods
855(11)
Commercial Construction Project Drawings
866(24)
Office Practice
866(1)
Types of Drawings
866(24)
Structural Drafting
890(20)
Plan the Drawing
890(1)
Procedure-From Calculations to Working Drawings
890(1)
Detail Coordination
891(1)
Lettering
891(1)
Order of Precedence
891(1)
Occupancy
891(19)
Appendix A 910(2)
Appendix B 912(1)
Appendix C 913(6)
Abbreviations 919(6)
Glossary 925(12)
Index 937


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