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Architectural Drawing and Light Construction,9780130271587
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Architectural Drawing and Light Construction

by ; ;
Edition:
6th
ISBN13:

9780130271587

ISBN10:
0130271586
Media:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2002
Publisher(s):
PRENTICE HALL
List Price: $103.00
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Summary

For courses in Architectural Drawing and Design, Construction Materials and Methods, and Residential Design and Construction. Using clear, concise explanations and numerous illustrations, the Sixth Edition of this text retains the thorough approach of the previous edition to introduce the basics of architectural design and practice along with construction documentation and practice. It combines the best examples of manually drawn graphics and computer generated graphics along with up-to-date information on the latest building codes and construction materials.

Table of Contents

Drafting Equipment and Its Uses
3(22)
A List of Necessary Equipment
3(1)
Drawing Boards and Tables
4(1)
Board Covers and Drafting Surfaces
4(1)
Parallel Bars and Drafting Machines
5(1)
Pencils, Leads, and Pointers
6(1)
Triangles
7(1)
Adjustable Triangles
7(1)
Erasers
8(1)
Electric Erasing Machines
8(1)
Erasing Shield
8(1)
Protractor
9(1)
Irregular Curves
9(1)
The Architect's Scale
9(1)
The Civil Engineer's Scale
10(2)
Drafting Templates
12(1)
Case Instruments
12(1)
Drafting (Dusting) Brush
13(1)
Drafting Tape and Dots
13(1)
Drawing Papers and Film
13(1)
Technical Drafting Pens
14(1)
Optional Equipment
15(1)
Lighting and Light Fixtures
16(1)
Reproduction of Drawings
16(1)
Drawing Lines
17(8)
Exercises
18(4)
Review Questions
22(3)
Computer-Aided Drafting and Design
25(28)
Historical Overview
25(1)
System Components
26(2)
Operating Systems
28(2)
Computer Hardware
30(6)
Software
36(2)
The Internet
38(1)
Future Developments
39(2)
Key Graphic Principles for CAD
41(1)
Basic Computer-Aided Drafting
42(11)
Home Design of the Future: Computer Integration
48(2)
Review Questions
50(1)
Bibliography
50(1)
References
50(3)
Lettering
53(18)
Lettering Skill
53(1)
Alphabet Classifications
53(2)
Uppercase and Lowercase Letters
55(1)
Basic Lettering Practice
55(1)
Guidelines
56(1)
Height of Letters on Working Drawings
56(1)
Letter Proportion
57(1)
Lettering Technique
58(1)
Spacing of Letters and Words
58(1)
Inclined Lettering
59(1)
Lettering with a Triangle
59(1)
Lettering Titles
59(1)
Symmetrical Titles
60(1)
Laying Out Large Titles
60(1)
Lettering with Ink
61(1)
Lettering Machines
61(1)
Notes
62(1)
Title Blocks
62(1)
Laying Out Similar Title Blocks on Continuous Sheets
63(1)
Developing an Architectural Style
63(8)
Cadd Text
67(1)
Exercises
68(1)
Review Questions
69(2)
Drafting Expression
71(22)
Vary Line Weights According to Their Importance
71(1)
Learn to Make Crisp-Looking Broken Lines
71(2)
Make the Dimensions Easy to Read
73(2)
Place Dimensions for Obvious Association with Their Features
75(1)
Line Up Dimensions in Series for Simplicity
75(1)
Do Not Duplicate Dimensions
76(1)
Use Leaders to Avoid Overcrowding
76(1)
Use Notes Sparingly on a Drawing
76(2)
Abbreviations Save Time, But They Are Often Confusing
78(1)
Indicate Materials and Features with Symbols
78(5)
Avoid Unnecessary Repetition of Symbol Hatching
83(1)
Use a Drafting Template for Difficult Symbols
83(1)
Avoid Smudged Pencil Linework
83(1)
Use Schedules to Organize Extensive Information
84(9)
Cadd Standards: Lineweights
88(2)
Exercises
90(1)
Review Questions
91(2)
Modular and Metric Drafting
93(16)
The Principles of Modular Drafting
93(8)
The Metric System of Measurement
101(1)
Systeme International
102(1)
Dimensions on Drawings
103(1)
Modular Coordination
103(2)
Preferred Sizes for Building Components
105(4)
Review Questions
106(1)
References
107(2)
Basic Technical Drawing
109(24)
Multiview Two-Dimensional Drawings
109(4)
Sectioning
113(7)
Auxiliary Views
120(2)
Geometric Construction
122(11)
Exercises
129(1)
Review Questions
130(3)
Axonometric and Oblique Pictorial Drawings
133(20)
Axonometric Drawings
134(3)
Constructing a Pictorial Drawing
137(2)
Pictorial Section Views
139(1)
Oblique Drawings
140(1)
Elevation Oblique Drawings
141(1)
Plan Oblique Drawings
142(1)
Planometric Drawings
143(2)
Pictorial Dimensioning
145(8)
Exercises
149(2)
Review Questions
151(2)
Freehand Sketching
153(18)
Sketching Materials
153(1)
Beginning Line Exercises
154(1)
Dividing Lines and Areas Equally
155(1)
Sketching Angles
156(1)
Sketching Circles and Arcs
156(1)
Developing Good Proportion
157(3)
Acquiring Good Line Technique
160(1)
Sketching Plans and Elevations
161(4)
Axonometric, Isometric, and Oblique Sketching
165(6)
Exercises
167(2)
Review Questions
169(2)
Perspective Drawings
171(34)
Theory and Nomenclature
171(4)
Perspective Variables
175(2)
Types of Perspectives
177(1)
Sketching a Quick Perspective
178(3)
Drawing a 2-Point Angular Perspective of an Exterior Using the Office Method
181(4)
Drawing a 2-Point Angular Perspective of an Interior Using the Office Method
185(1)
The Perspective-Plan Method and Measuring Lines
185(7)
Drawing a 1-Point Parallel Perspective Using the Office Method
192(2)
A Professional Method of Drawing Perspectives
194(4)
Time-Saving Suggestions
198(7)
Exercises
200(3)
Review Questions
203(2)
Shades and Shadows
205(16)
Shades and Shadows
205(7)
Shading Pictorial Sketches
212(9)
Exercises
215(4)
Review Questions
219(2)
Presentation Drawings and Renderings
221(30)
Types of Presentation Drawings
221(5)
Presentation Paper or Board
226(1)
Composition
226(2)
Rendering in Pencil
228(11)
Rendering in Ink
239(2)
Rendering with Color
241(4)
Sketching with the Felt-Tip Pen
245(6)
Exercises
248(1)
Review Questions
248(3)
Principles of Light Construction
251(138)
Developing a Background in Light Construction Methods
251(2)
Construction Terminology
253(1)
Footings and Foundations
253(31)
Conventional Wood Frame Construction
284(37)
Plank-and-Beam Frame Construction
321(6)
Brick and Stone Veneer Construction
327(3)
Solid Masonry and Cavity Wall Construction
330(3)
Steel Frame Construction
333(8)
Insulating Concrete Form (ICF) Systems
341(3)
Autoclaved, Aerated Concrete Block
344(1)
Straw Bale Construction
345(2)
Roof Types and Roof Coverings
347(16)
Exterior Finish Materials
363(6)
Interior Finishes and Trim
369(2)
Insulation and Moisture Considerations in Frame Structures
371(5)
Construction Strategies
376(13)
Exercises
381(1)
Review Questions
382(1)
Product Research Using Computers
383(6)
Structural Member Selection
389(30)
Stresses in Members
389(2)
Moisture Content
391(1)
Local Codes
392(1)
First Determine the Loads
392(16)
Plank-and-Beam Framing
408(11)
Exercises
413(1)
Review Questions
413(6)
Typical Architectural Details
419(66)
Selecting the Correct Scale for Details
419(1)
Drawing Typical Wall Details
420(5)
Indicating Roof Pitches on Drawings
425(2)
Windows and Their Representation
427(6)
Doors and Their Representation
433(5)
Fireplace Design and Details
438(9)
Stair Design and Layout
447(8)
New Construction Systems and Materials
455(30)
The 21st Century Townhouses: The NAHB Research Home Program
456(27)
Exercises
483(1)
Review Questions
483(2)
Basic Residential Planning
485(56)
Use a Planning Checklist
485(1)
Building Codes
486(1)
Review the Restrictions and Legal Aspects of the Lot
487(4)
Prepare a Site Analysis
491(2)
Plan the House to Fit the Site
493(5)
Utilize Solar Planning to Reduce Energy Costs
498(4)
Choose the Most Appropriate Basic Structure
502(2)
Use a Matrix to Analyze Space Relationships
504(3)
Plan the Interior Spaces to Reflect the Life Style of the Occupants
507(14)
Make the Elevations Express the Spirit of the Interior
521(5)
Combine Exterior Design Elements That Are in Keeping with Accepted Home Styles
526(15)
Exercises
528(3)
Review Questions
531(1)
Green Building Design
532(9)
Building Models
541(16)
Types of Models
541(5)
Model-Building Tools
546(1)
Constructing Architectural Models
546(3)
Constructing Structural Models
549(8)
Review Questions
555(2)
Writing Specifications
557(24)
Relationship of Drawings to the Specifications and Other Written Documents
557(2)
Types of Projects
559(1)
The Project Manual Concept
559(1)
Who Writes Specifications
560(1)
Specification Material Sources
560(1)
Specification Arrangement
561(4)
Division 1: General Requirements
565(1)
General Points for Preparing Specifications
566(1)
Methods of Specifying
567(1)
Allowances, Alternates, and Unit Prices
568(1)
Product Evaluation
568(1)
Master Specifications
568(1)
Today and Tomorrow
569(12)
Review Questions
569(1)
Computerized Specification Writing
570(11)
Working Drawings of Small Homes
581(28)
Start with the Floor Plan
582(16)
Develop the Second-Floor Plan over the First-Floor Plan
598(1)
Use the First-Floor Plan to Develop the Foundation (Basement) Plan
598(2)
Project Elevations from the Floor Plan
600(2)
Select Scales Suitable to the Details
602(1)
Drawing Transverse and Longitudinal Sections
603(1)
Drawing the Kitchen Details (Interior Elevations)
603(1)
Drawing the Bathroom Details (Interior Elevations)
603(1)
Drawing Fixed-Glass Details
604(1)
The Site Plan Orients the House to the Lot
604(5)
Exercises
605(1)
Review Questions
606(3)
Residential Mechanical and Electrical Systems
609(40)
Planning the Heating and Cooling Systems
610(1)
Architectural Considerations for Heating and Cooling
610(1)
Current Residential Heating Systems
610(10)
Air-Conditioning Methods
620(1)
Residential Ventilating Fans
621(1)
Loan Calculation and Sizing of Heating Equipment
622(1)
Sizing Cooling Equipment
623(1)
Location of Outlets in Room
624(1)
Solar Equipment
625(7)
Drawing the Heating and/or Cooling Plan
632(2)
Plumbing Systems and Drawings
634(2)
Basic Requirements of the Water Supply System
636(1)
Basic Requirements of the Discharge System
637(1)
Domestic Water Heaters
637(1)
Private Disposal Systems
638(1)
Drawing the Plumbing Plan
639(1)
Home Electrical Systems
639(8)
Drawing the Electrical Plan
647(2)
Review Questions
647(2)
Drawing a Small Commercial Building
649(56)
Planning the Drawing Layout
650(1)
Drawing the Plan (Fig. 20--1 through 20--5)
650(1)
Drawing the Elevations (Figs. 20--7 and 20--8)
650(1)
Drawing the Full Sections (Fig. 20--9)
650(1)
Drawing the Details (Figs. 20--10 through 20--13)
651(1)
Integrating Drawings
651(1)
Civil Drawings
651(1)
Structural Drawings (Figs. 20--14 through 20--20)
651(1)
Mechanical Drawings (Figs. 20--21 through 20--32)
651(1)
Electrical Drawings (Figs. 20--33 through 20--40)
652(1)
Drawing the Reflected Ceiling Plan
652(1)
Drawing the Roof Plan (Fig. 20--6)
652(53)
The Southface Energy and Environmental Resource Center
652(50)
Exercises
702(1)
Review Questions
703(2)
APPENDICES 705(74)
A Abbreviations Used in Architectural Drawings
705(8)
B Modular Vertical Brick Coursing
713(1)
C The Metric System in Construction
714(16)
D Tables from the Uniform Building Code
730(16)
E Span Tables for Wood Structural Members
746(21)
F Heat Loss/Gain Calculation Examples
767(12)
Glossary of Construction Terms 779(8)
Index 787


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