9780199207084

The Architecture of the Mind

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780199207084

  • ISBN10:

    0199207089

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2006-11-30
  • Publisher: Clarendon Pr
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Summary

Peter Carruthers, a leading philosopher of mind, provides a comprehensive development and defense of one of the guiding assumptions of evolutionary psychology: that the human mind is composed of a large number of semi-independent modules. Written with unusual clarity and directness, and surveying an extensive range of research in cognitive science, it will be essential reading for anyone with an interest in the nature and organization of the mind.

Author Biography

Peter Carruthers is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Maryland, College Park.

Table of Contents

List of Figures x
Preface xi
Acknowledgments xvi
1 The Case for Massively Modular Models of Mind 1(64)
1. Introduction: On Modularity
1(6)
2. What Massive Modularity could not be
7(5)
3. The Argument from Design
12(17)
4. The Argument from Animals
29(7)
5. In Defense of Evolutionary Psychology
36(8)
6. The Argument from Computational Tractability
44(9)
7. What does Computational Frugality Really Require?
53(9)
8. Conclusion
62(3)
2 The Architecture of Animal Minds 65(85)
1. Invertebrate Psychology
65(18)
2. Dual Visual Systems in Mammals (and others)
83(12)
3. Multiple Belief-Generating Modules
95(15)
4. The Case Against General Learning
110(3)
5. Multiple Motivational Modules
113(7)
6. Multiple Memory Systems
120(11)
7. The Fragmentation of Action-Control
131(6)
8. Mental Rehearsal and Practical Reason
137(11)
9. Conclusion
148(2)
3 Modules of the Human Mind 150(61)
1. Against the 'One Major New Adaptation' Hypothesis
151(16)
2. Physics, Biology, Psychology, and Statistics
167(7)
3. Mind-Reading and Mental Architecture
174(12)
4. Language in Mind
186(2)
5. Imitation and Cultural Accumulation
188(5)
6. Human Motivational Modules
193(10)
7. Normative Reasoning and Motivation
203(7)
8. Conclusion
210(1)
4 Modularity and Flexibility: The First Steps 211(66)
1. The Challenges
212(18)
2. Stimulus Independence and Inner Speech
230(9)
3. Language as Content-Integrator
239(3)
4. The Reorientation Data
242(5)
5. Alternative Theories of Content Flexibility
247(7)
6. Inner Speech and the Flexibility of Reasoning
254(9)
7. What the Thesis is and Isn't
263(13)
8. Conclusion
276(1)
5 Creative Cognition in a Modular Mind 277(58)
1. Introduction: Constraints on Theorizing
278(11)
2. The Creative-Action Theory of Creativity
289(15)
3. Creativity and Inner Speech
304(8)
4. Autism and the Evolutionary Functions of Pretence
312(5)
5. A Contrasting Theory of Pretence and Creativity
317(7)
6. Creativity and Metaphor
324(3)
7. Scaling up: Creativity in Adulthood
327(7)
8. Conclusion
334(1)
6 The Cognitive Basis of Science 335(49)
1. What does it take to be a Scientist?
336(5)
2. The Hunter as Scientist
341(7)
3. The Child as Scientist?
348(6)
4. System 2 Reasoning and Science
354(2)
5. Fodor on Abductive Reason
356(7)
6. The Anatomy of Abduction
363(11)
7. Two Kinds of System 2 Belief-Formation
374(8)
8. Conclusion
382(2)
7 Distinctively Human Practical Reason 384(34)
1. The Challenges
384(3)
2. Normative Modules Again
387(2)
3. Theoretical Reasoning about Desires and Goods
389(4)
4. Two Kinds of Practical Reasoning and Intention
393(4)
5. Desires Versus Reasons
397(9)
6. The Illusion of Conscious Will
406(7)
7. Conclusion
413(1)
8 Conclusion to the Volume
414(4)
References 418(31)
Index of Names 449(10)
Index of Subjects 459

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