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Argument!

by ;
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780073384016

ISBN10:
0073384011
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/8/2010
Publisher(s):
McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages
List Price: $92.48

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    Argument!




Summary

ARGUMENT!marries solid instruction in critical reading and analysis, argument, and research strategies with a visually engaging and dynamic design.ARGUMENT!teaches students how to read with a critical eye, how to think about and respond to the ideas of others, and ultimately how to craft their own effective, relevant, and engaging arguments. WithARGUMENT!students will learn how to acknowledge and respond to the complex arguments (both visual and textual) that exist all around them in addition to entering debates with their own strong and thoughtful voice.

Table of Contents

[reading arguments critically]
Reading Arguments with a Critical Eyep. 2
Responding Critically to the Arguments of Othersp. 22
[writing arguments]
The Basics of Argumentp. 46
Writing Effective Argumentsp. 66
More about Argument: Induction, Deduction, Analogy, and Logical Fallaciesp. 86
The Refutation Essayp. 104
The Position Essayp. 118
The Causal Essayp. 134
The Problem/Solution Essayp. 150
[writing a researched argument]
Planning the Researched Argumentp. 162
Evaluating and Utilizing Sourcesp. 186
Drafting and Revising the Researched Argumentp. 200
Documenting Sources (MLA, APA, and More)p. 224
[an anthology of contemporary arguments]
The Myth and Reality of the Image in American Consumer Culturep. 254
The Challenges of Living in a High-Tech, Multimedia Worldp. 270
Violent Media or Violent Society?p. 288
America in the Age of Obamap. 302
Students, Teachers, and Schools in the 21st Centuryp. 320
Freedom of Expression in the 21st Centuryp. 336
Enduring Controversies in a New Age: Abortion, Animal Rights, Capital Punishment, and Health Carep. 354
Marriage and Gender Roles: Changing Attitudes vs. Traditional Valuesp. 372
Arguing About Science: Policy, Politics, and Culturep. 386
Competing Perspectives on the American Economic and Financial Crisisp. 400
Reading Arguments with a Critical Eye
What Does an Argument Look Like?p. 4
Recognizing Purpose in Everyday Argumentsp. 4
Understanding Audience in Everyday Argumentsp. 5
Why You Need to Learn to Read and Write Arguments. Right Nowp. 6
“Young Workers: U Nd 2 Improve Ur Writing Skills”p. 7
What You Can Expect from Your Writing Assignmentsp. 8
Why Read and Respond to the Work of Others?p. 8
Critical Reading and the Contexts of Argumentp. 8
Active Reading: Use Your Mind!p. 9
Understanding the Arguments of Othersp. 9
Editorial: “Music Piracy: A New Tune”p. 11
Examining the Context of an Argumentp. 12
Who Is the Author?p. 12
Who Is the Audience?p. 12
What Is the Author’s Purpose?p. 13
What Are the Writer’s Sources of Information?p. 13
Understanding an Author’s Attitude and Tonep. 14
Denotative and Connotative Word Choicep. 14
Recognizing Tonep. 16
Analyzing an Author’s Tonep. 16
Analyzing for Tone: Word Choicep. 16
Analyzing for Tone: Sentence Structurep. 17
Analyzing for Tone: Metaphorsp. 18
Analyzing for Tone: Organization and Examplesp. 18
Analyzing for Tone: Repetitionp. 19
Analyzing for Tone: Hyperbole, Understatement, and Ironyp. 19
Analyzing for Tone: Visualsp. 19
Responding Critically to the Arguments of Others
Responding to Argumentsp. 24
Responding to Content: What Does It Say?p. 24
Writing Summariesp. 24
“The Gettysburg Address”p. 24
“In Praise of a Snail’s Pace”p. 26
Writing Paraphrasesp. 28
From “A Free Man’s Worship”p. 29
The Analytic Response: How Is It Written?p. 29
Understanding Purpose and Audience in a Style Analysisp. 30
“In a Battle of Wits with Kitchen Appliances, I’m Toast”p. 31
Planning a Style Analysisp. 32
Drafting a Style Analysisp. 32
“Choosing Our Families”p. 33
Student Essay: “Goodman’s Feast of Style”p. 35
The Evaluation Response: Does It Achieve Its Purpose?p. 36
Combining Summary, Analysis, and Evaluation: The Critique or Reviewp. 36
Knowing Your Audiencep. 37
Understanding Your Purposep. 37
Establishing a General Planp. 38
Drafting the Critique or Reviewp. 38
The Research Response: How Does It Help Me Understand Other Works, Ideas, and Events?p. 38
“Chance and Circumstance”p. 39
Medical News Today
“Grim Warning for America’s Fast Food Consumers
Offered by ‘Supersize Me’ Mice Research”p. 42
“Beware of Facebook Danger”p. 43
[writing arguments]
The Basics of Argument
Characteristics of Argumentp. 48
Argument Is Conversation with a Goalp. 48
Argument Takes a Stand on an Arguable Issuep. 49
Argument Uses Reasons and Evidencep. 49
Argument Incorporates Valuesp. 50
Argument Recognizes the Topic’s Complexityp. 50
The Shape of Argumentp. 50
The Aristotelian Modelp. 50
The Toulmin Modelp. 52
The Language of Claims and Supportp. 53
Types of Claimsp. 53
Support for Claimsp. 56
“Paradise Lost”p. 58
Using Toulmin’s Terms to Analyze Argumentsp. 61
“Let the Zoo’s Elephants Go”p. 62
Writing Effective Arguments
Inaugural Addressp. 68
Know Your Audiencep. 69
Who Is My Audience?p. 69
What Will My Audience Already Know about My Topic?p. 69
Where Does My Audience Stand on the Issue?p. 71
How Should I Speak to My Audience?p. 72
Understand Your Writing Purposep. 74
Move from Topic to Claim to Possible Supportp. 74
Selecting a Topicp. 74
Drafting a Claim or Thesisp. 75
Listing Possible Groundsp. 75
Listing Grounds for the Other Side or Another Perspectivep. 75
Considering the Rogerian or Conciliatory Argumentp. 76
Planning Your Approachp. 77
Organizing and Drafting Your Argumentp. 78
Revising Your Draftp. 78
Editingp. 80
Word Choice and Tonep. 80
Proofreadingp. 81
“We Need Higher Quality Outrage”p. 84
More about Argument: Induction, Deduction, Analogy, SLIPPERY SLOPE and Logical Fallacies Inductionp. 88
Deductionp. 89
Analogyp. 90
Arguments That Do Not Work: Logical Fallaciesp. 91
Causes of Illogicp. 92
Fallacies That Result from Oversimplifyingp. 93
“Why Teens Are Lousy at Chores”p. 94
Fallacies That Result from Ignoring the Issuep. 97
“To Murder Victims’ Families, Executing Killers Is Justice”p. 98
Letter: “Legalization of Drugs Would Solve Many
Problems for Government”p. 102
Letter: “Better Things to Worry about Than Smoking”p. 103
The Refutation Essay
What Is a Refutation Essay?p. 106
Guidelines for Writing a Refutation Essayp. 107
“Gender Games”p. 107
Using Research in Refutation Argumentsp. 110
“The Case for Legal Late-Term Abortions”p. 110
“You Can’t Fight Terrorism with Racism”p. 114
The Position Essay
Characteristics of a Position Argumentp. 120
Writing a Position Essayp. 120
Planning and Organizing the Position Essayp. 120
Counterarguments and Finding Common Groundp. 121
Editorial: “Ultimately We Control Our Own Privacy Levels on Facebook”p. 125
Drafting the Position Essayp. 126
“Brain-Enhancing Drugs: Legalize ’Em, Scientists Say”p. 131
The Causal Essay
What Is a Causal Essay?p. 136
Characteristics of Causal Argumentsp. 137
Recognizing Relationships in Causal Argumentsp. 137
Mill’s Methods for Investigating Causesp. 138
Planning and Drafting a Causal Argumentp. 139
Planning the Causal Argumentp. 139
Using Visuals in the Causal Essayp. 141
Drafting the Causal Argumentp. 141
Counterarguments in Causal Essaysp. 142
A Checklist for Revisionp. 142
“TV Really Might Cause Autism”p. 143
Guidelines for Analyzing Causal Argumentsp. 145
“A Specious ‘Experiment’ ”p. 147
The Problem/Solution Essay
Characteristics of Problem/Solution Argumentsp. 152
Planning and Writing a Problem/Solution Argumentp. 154
Draftingp. 155
A Checklist for Revisionp. 156
Editorial: “Reviewing Criminal Justice”p. 157
Guidelines for Analyzing Problem/Solution Argumentsp. 158
“A New Strategy for the War on Drugs”p. 160
[writing a researched argument]
Planning the Researched Argument
Finding a Workable and Manageable Topicp. 164
Who Is My Audience?p. 164
What Are the Assignment’s Time and Length Constraints?p. 167
What Kinds of Topics Should I Avoid?p. 167
How Can I Select a Good Topic?p. 168
Writing a Tentative Claim or Research Proposalp. 169
Locating Effective Print and Online Sourcesp. 170
Preparing a Working Bibliographyp. 171
Basic Form for Booksp. 172
Basic Form for Articlesp. 172
Knowing Your Libraryp. 172
Locating Booksp. 173
Using the Reference Collectionp. 174
Basic Reference Toolsp. 174
Using Indexes to Periodicals: In Print and Onlinep. 175
Using Indexes to Academic Journals: In Print and Onlinep. 179
Searching the Internetp. 180
Conducting Field Researchp. 180
Federal, State, and Local Government Documentsp. 180
Correspondencep. 182
Interviewsp. 183
Lecturesp. 183
Films, Tapes, Television, Online Multimedia Sourcesp. 183
Surveys, Questionnaires, and Original Researchp. 183
Evaluating and Utilizing Sources
Finding Sourcesp. 188
Evaluating Sources and Maintaining Credibilityp. 189
Documenting Sources to Avoid Plagiarismp. 192
What Is Common Knowledge?p. 194
Taking Notes on Sourcesp. 194
Using “Tags” or “Signal Phrases” to Avoid Misleading Documentationp. 196
Drafting and Revising the Researched Argument
Organizing the Paperp. 202
The Formal Outlinep. 203
Drafting the Paperp. 204
Plan Your Timep. 204
Handle Documentation As You Draftp. 204
Choose and Maintain an Appropriate Writing Stylep. 204
Avoid Ineffective Openingsp. 205
Write Effective Openingsp. 206
Compose Solid, Uniż ed Paragraphsp. 207
Provide Unity and Coherencep. 207
Guide Readers through Source Materialp. 209
Synthesize Source Material and Your Own Ideasp. 210
Avoid Ineffective Conclusionsp. 212
Write Effective Conclusionsp. 212
Choose an Effective Titlep. 213
The Completed Paperp. 213
Revising the Paper: A Checklistp. 213
Rewritingp. 214
Editingp. 214
Proofreadingp. 214
Documenting Sources (MLA, APA, and More)
MLA Stylep. 226
MLA In-Text (Parenthetical) Documentationp. 226
Preparing MLA Citations for a “Works Cited” Pagep. 228
Author/Year or APA Stylep. 235
APA Style: In-Text Citationsp. 235
APA Style: Preparing a List of Referencesp. 238
Sample Student Essay in APA Stylep. 241
Footnote or Endnote Stylep. 250
In-Text Citationsp. 250
Footnote/Endnote Form: First (Primary) Referencep. 250
Sample Footnotes/Endnotesp. 251
Footnote/Endnote Form: Short Formsp. 252
Sample Bibliographyp. 253
[an anthology of contemporary arguments]
The Myth and Reality of the Image in American Consumer Culture
“The End of Consumer Culture?”p. 256
“Turning Goys Into Girls”p. 260
Nissan Advertisementp. 264
“Social Lubricant: How a Marketing Campaign Became the Catalyst for a Societal Debate”p. 265
Product Placement: Mcdonald’S Ad in 30 Rockp. 267
“Why the Music Industry Hates Guitar Hero”p. 268
The Challenges of Living in a High-Tech, Multimedia World
“Accident” Advertisement From Apple (MAC VS. PC)p. 273
“PowerPoint: Killer App?”p. 274
“Obama: ‘It is unacceptable that the United States ranks 5th in the world in broadband adoption’ ”p. 276
“Out of the Woods: Today’s Kids Can’t See the Forest for the MTV”p. 277
“Society Is Dead: We Have Retreated Into the iWorld”p. 279
“Is MySpace Good for Society? A Freakonomics Quorum”p. 281
“On Facebook, Biggest Threat to Your Private Data May Be You”p. 285
Violent Media or Violent Society?
“Supremacy Crimes”p. 290
Kids, Guns, and Televisionp. 293
Editorial cartoonp. 294
“What’s Up Doc? A Bloody Outrage, That’s What”p. 295
The Boondocksp. 298
“How Hip-Hop Music Lost Its Way and Betrayed Its Fans”p. 299
America in the Age of Obama
Meet the Press Transcript, Tom Brokaw and Colin Powellp. 304
Political cartoon on Barack Obamap. 310
“What Obama’s Election Really Means to Black America”p. 311
Time Magazine Coverp. 313
“The Age of Obama: Obama Will Need the Spirits of Kennedy, FDR and Lincoln, and Also a Patient Public”p. 314
The Amazing Spider-Man, Inaugural Day editionp. 318
Students, Teachers, and Schools in the 21st Century
National Education Association Web Sitep. 322
Political cartoon on standardized testingp. 325
Editorial cartoon about educationp. 326
“Left Behind, Way Behind”p. 327
“Education Funding: Follow the Money”p. 328
“The Digital Library Plan: Riches We Must Share”p. 331
“The Digital Library Plan: But Not at Writers’ Expense”p. 332
Freedom of Expression in the 21st Century
“The Schools Are Destroying Freedom of Speech”p. 338
“Why the First Amendment (and Journalism) Might Be in Trouble”p. 340
“A Little Civility, Please”p. 343
“What Limits Should Campus Networks Place on Pornography?”p. 344
“A Perfect Storm: Privacy. Neutrality. Free Expression”p. 347
Free Speech Coalition, Inc. Web Sitep. 349
Photo of “Bong Hits 4 Jesus” Bannerp. 351
Political cartoon on free speechp. 352
Enduring Controversies in a New Age: Abortion, Animal Rights, Capital Punishment, and Health Care
Photo About Rescinding Mexico City Policyp. 357
Photo of Animal Rights Protestp. 358
Stop Aerial Wolf Hunting in Alaska Web Sitep. 359
Illustration about the death penaltyp. 360
Political cartoon on race and the death penaltyp. 361
Youtube Video About the Death Penaltyp. 362
“Elizabeth Edwards: Favors Clinton’s Health Plan, Says Obama’s ‘Not Universal,’ Slams McCain’s as Ineffective”p. 363
“Is Health Care a Right?”p. 365
“The Right Vision of Health Care”p. 368
Marriage and Gender Roles: Changing Attitudes vs. Traditional Values
Graph by Todd Trumbull, San Francisco Chroniclep. 374
“Gay Rights in California”p. 375
Protect Marriage: Vote “Yes” on Proposition 8 Web Sitep. 376
“My Daughters Have No Mother”p. 378
Political cartoon on gay marriagep. 380
“The Worst Thing About Gay Marriage”p. 381
Arguing About Science: Policy, Politics, and Culture
“The Challenge for the Obama Administration Science Team”p. 388
An Inconvenient Truth Web Sitep. 391
“Trouble Ahead for Science”p. 393
“Florida’s Darwinian Interlude”p. 395
“Censoring Science Won’t Make Us Any Safer”p. 396
Competing Perspectives on the American Economic and Financial Crisis
“Behind the Curve”p. 402
“Bailout Politics”p. 404
Americans United For Change Advertisementsp. 406
Political cartoon on Barack Obamap. 407
“The Real Scandal of AIG”p. 408
Youtube Video of Jim Cramer on the Today Showp. 409
“The Shadow of Depression”p. 410
Creditsp. 413
Indexp. 419
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.


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