9780130887740

Argumentation Inquiry and Advocacy

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780130887740

  • ISBN10:

    0130887749

  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1996-11-11
  • Publisher: Pearson

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Summary

This book presents a coherent introduction to the fundamental concepts of argumentation and debate, argumentation theory, and critical thinking. As the title suggests, the reader learns how to use argumentation effectively as a means of discovering what is worthy of belief and for gaining the support of others. Now comprised of nineteen in-depth chapters, this best-selling book offers a broad view of argumentation. The first two sections explain the field invariant concepts of critical inquiry. These chapters feature such concepts as propositions, data, inductive and deductive forms of argument, and fallacies. The third section examines the application of argumentation in advocacy situations. Readers will learn about propositions of fact/value and policy, the implication of argument fields and the narrative paradigm on the development and evaluation of argument, and the unique rhetorical challenges involved in communication arguments. The final section offers description and in-depth consideration of affirmative and negative strategies. In addition, the discussion of refutation and cross-examination is comprehensive and useful to both academic debaters and non-debaters.

Table of Contents

Preface vii
PART I Foundations: Argumentation as Inquiry and Advocacy 1(32)
1 A Perspective on Argumentation
3(14)
Argumentation Defined
5(1)
The Relevance of Argumentation
6(3)
The Certainty of Argumentation
9(3)
The Ethics of Argumentation
12(1)
Summary
13(4)
2 Basic Concepts
17(16)
Propositions
17(7)
Presumption
24(2)
Burden of Proof
26(1)
Issues
27(2)
Prima Facie Case
29(1)
Summary
29(4)
PART II Critical Inquiry 33(118)
3 The Nature of Argument
35(16)
Argument Defined
37(1)
Assumption of Uniformity
38(1)
Data
38(3)
Reasoning Processes
41(4)
Conclusions
45(1)
Summary
46(5)
4 Discovering Data
51(28)
Identifying Premises
53(6)
Researching for Evidence
59(15)
Ethical Use of Data
74(1)
Summary
75(4)
5 Testing Data
79(20)
General Tests of Data
81(2)
Specific Tests of Perceptual and Value Premises
83(4)
Specific Tests of Evidence
87(8)
Summary
95(4)
6 Inductive Arguments
99(20)
Argument by Example
101(3)
Argument by Analogy
104(4)
Argument by Causal Correlation
108(6)
Summary
114(5)
7 Deductive Arguments
119(18)
Argument from Causal Generalization
122(2)
Argument from Sign
124(4)
Syllogistic Form of Deductive Arguments
128(6)
Summary
134(3)
8 Fallacies
137(14)
Fallacies Defined
139(1)
Common Fallacies
140(7)
Summary
147(4)
PART III Argumentative Advocacy 151(100)
9 Analysis of Fact/Value Controversies
153(16)
Analysis of the Background of the Controversy
155(4)
Stasis Formula for Fact/Value Propositions
159(6)
Summary
165(4)
10 Analysis of Policy Controversies
169(18)
Analysis of the Background of the Controversy
171(1)
Application of Analytical Formulas
171(11)
Summary
182(5)
11 Organizing and Briefing Arguments
187(20)
Logical Outlining
189(9)
Briefing
198(5)
Summary
203(4)
12 Fields and Forums
207(16)
Argument Fields
209(6)
Advocacy Forums
215(4)
Summary
219(4)
13 Narration
223(12)
The Narrative Paradigm
225(1)
Nature and Purpose of Narration
226(1)
Creating a Narrative
227(5)
Summary
232(3)
14 Communicating Argument
235(16)
Importance of Communication
236(2)
Focusing Critical Arguments
238(5)
Language Choices
243(3)
Oral Delivery
246(2)
Summary
248(3)
PART IV Academic Debate 251(96)
15 Formats for Academic Debate
253(18)
Traditional Educational Debate Formats
254(10)
Alternative Educational Debate Formats
264(4)
Summary
268(3)
16 Refutation
271(18)
The Nature of Refutation
273(1)
Choices in Refutation
273(2)
Presentation of Refutation
275(1)
Note-Taking for Refutation
276(3)
Special Methods of Refutation
279(7)
Summary
286(3)
17 Cross-Examination
289(18)
Direct Examination and Cross-Examination
291(1)
Purposes of Cross-Examination
292(2)
Psychology of Cross-Examination
294(3)
Techniques of the Cross-Examiner
297(4)
Techniques for Respondents
301(2)
Summary
303(4)
18 Affirmative Case Strategies
307(20)
The Nature of Strategies
309(1)
General Principles for Affirmative Strategies
310(1)
Affirmative Case Forms
311(13)
Summary
324(3)
19 Negative Case Strategies
327(20)
The Nature of Negative Case Strategies
329(1)
General Principles for Negative Strategies
330(9)
The Importance of Disadvantages
339(3)
Summary
342(5)
Glossary of Academic Debate Terms 347(6)
Index 353

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