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Arts and Culture: An Introduction to the Humanities, Volume II,9780131899131
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Arts and Culture: An Introduction to the Humanities, Volume II

by ;
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780131899131

ISBN10:
0131899139
Format:
Paperback w/CD
Pub. Date:
1/1/2005
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
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Summary

For one-/two-semester courses in Introduction to Humanities and Cultural Studies. Volumes I and II contain literature selections at the end of each chapter; the Combined volume does not contain literature selections. This text is richly illustrated, beautifully designed, and engaging. It offers an exploration of Western and World civilization's cultural heritage. Students move chronologically through major periods and styles to gain insight into the achievements and ideas in painting, sculpture, architecture, literature, philosophy, religion, and music. Divided into 12 chapters, the text provides students with a historical political, economic, and social framework to contextualize these achievements within a specific time and place, from the Early Renaissance in Italy to 20th-century America. Timelines, maps, four-color and two-color illustrations, and a variety of unique "interrelationship" boxes help students make important interdisciplinary and cross-cultural connections, and help them relate the richness and meaning of the past to their own lives in the present.

Table of Contents

Preface xv
Introduction xviii
The Humanities and the Arts xviii
Enlightenment and Revolution xviii
The Role of the Artist xviii
Critical Thinking and Evaluation of the Arts xix
Form and Content Distinctions xix
Starter Kit xx
Commonalities xx
Style xx
Functions and Genres xx
The Visual Arts xx
Formal Analysis xxi
Components of the Visual Arts xxii
Sculputure xxiii
Architecture xxiii
Literature xxiii
Speech, Writing, and Literature xxiii
Literacy and Literature xxiv
Forms of Literature xxiv
Music xxvi
Social and Ritual Roles xxvi
Instruments xxvii
Musical Qualities and Structure xxviii
Non-Western Music xxvii
History and Philosophy xxviii
History xxviii
Religion and Philosophy xxviii
The Renaissance and Mannerism in Italy
3(56)
The Early Renaissance
5(17)
The Medicis' Florence
5(1)
Cosimo de' Medici
5(1)
Lorenzo the Magnificent
6(1)
The Humanist Spirit
7(1)
Box Cross Currents / Montezuma's Tenochtitlan
7(1)
The Platonic Academy of Philosophy
8(1)
Marsilio Ficino
8(1)
Pico Della Mirandola
8(1)
Architecture
8(1)
Filippo Brunelleschi
8(1)
Leon Battista Alberti
9(1)
Michelozzo di Bartolommeo
10(1)
Sculpture
11(1)
Lorenzo Ghiberti
11(1)
Donatello
12(2)
Painting
14(1)
Masaccio
14(1)
Piero della Francesca
15(1)
Fra Angelico
16(2)
Sandro Botticelli
18(1)
Early Renaissance Music
19(1)
Guillaume Dufay
20(1)
Motets
20(1)
Word Painting
20(1)
Box Connections / Mathematical Proportions: Brunelleschi and Dufay
21(1)
Literature
21(1)
Petrarch
21(1)
The Petrarchan Sonnet
22(1)
The High Renaissance
22(15)
Painting
23(1)
Leonardo da Vinci
23(2)
The Reinvention of Rome
25(1)
The New Vatican
25(1)
Painting and Sculpture
26(1)
Raphael
26(1)
Michelangelo
27(6)
Architecture
33(1)
Donato Bramante
33(1)
The New St. Peter's Basilica, Rome
33(1)
Michelangelo's St. Peter's
34(1)
Venice
34(1)
Venetian Oil Painting
34(1)
Giorgione and Titian
34(1)
Music
35(1)
Josquin des Pres
35(1)
Palestrina
36(1)
Literature
36(1)
Baldassare Castiglione
36(1)
Niccolo Machiavelli
36(1)
Mannerism
37(9)
Painting
38(1)
Parmigianino
38(1)
Bronzino
38(1)
Tintoretto
39(1)
El Greco
39(1)
Sculpture
40(1)
Benvenuto Cellini
40(1)
The Autobiography of Benvenuto Cellini
41(1)
Architecture
42(2)
Box Then & Now / The Venice Ghetto
44(1)
Box Cultural Impact
45(1)
Readings
46(13)
Pico della Mirandola, Oration on the Dignity of Man
46(1)
Petrarch, Sonnet 159
47(1)
Vittoria da Colonna, ``I Live on This Depraved and Lonely Cliff''
48(1)
Baldassare Castiglione, from the Book of the Courtier
48(3)
Niccolo Machiavelli, from The Prince
51(3)
Benvenuto Cellini, from The Autobiography
54(5)
The Renaissance in Northern Europe
59(54)
The Early Renaissance in Northern Europe
61(6)
Ghent and Bruges
61(1)
Flemish Oil Painting
61(1)
Robert Campin
61(1)
Jan van Eyck
62(2)
Hieronymus Bosch
64(3)
The High Renaissance in Northern Europe
67(17)
The Habsburg Patronage
67(1)
Erasmus and Northern Humanism
67(1)
Box Then & Now / Iconoclasm and the Attack on the Arts
68(1)
Martin Luther and the Reformation
68(2)
John Calvin and the Institutes of the Christian Religion
70(1)
Box Cross Currents / Durer Describes Mexican Treasures
71(1)
Iconoclasm
71(1)
The Age of Discovery
72(1)
Renaissance Explorers
72(1)
Nicolas Copernicus
72(1)
The New Scientists
73(1)
Painting and Printmaking
73(1)
Albrecht Durer
73(2)
Hans Holbein the Younger
75(1)
Pieter Bruegel the Elder
75(1)
Architecture
76(1)
Chateau of Chambord
76(2)
Hardwick Hall
78(1)
Secular Music
78(1)
Thomas Weelkes
78(1)
Thomas Morley
79(1)
Literature
79(1)
Michel de Montaigne
79(1)
William Shakespeare
80(1)
Box Connections / Shakespeare and Music
81(2)
Box Cultural Impact
83(1)
Readings
84(29)
Desiderius Erasmus, from The Praise of Folly
84(3)
Martin Luther, Ninety-Five Theses; or, Disputation on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences
87(3)
Louise Labe, Sonnet ``Kiss Me Again, Rekiss Me, Kiss Me, More''
90(1)
Queen Elizabeth I, Speech to the English Troops at Tilbury
90(1)
Michel De Montaigne, Of Cannibals
90(5)
William Shakespeare, from Hamlet
95(9)
William Shakespeare, from Macbeth
104(9)
The Baroque Age
113(62)
The Baroque in Italy
114(11)
The Counter-Reformation in Rome
115(1)
The Oratorians
115(1)
The Jesuits
115(1)
Architecture and Sculpture in Rome
116(1)
St. Peter's
116(1)
Gianlorenzo Bernini
116(2)
Francesco Borromini
118(1)
Painting in Italy
118(1)
Caravaggio
118(3)
Artemisia Gentileschi
121(1)
Annibale Carracci
122(1)
Fra Andrea Pozzo
122(2)
Music in Italy
124(1)
Claudio Monteverdi and Early Opera
124(1)
Antonio Vivaldi and the Concerto Grosso
124(1)
The Baroque Outside Italy
125(25)
Painting in Holland
125(1)
Pieter de Hooch
125(1)
Frans Hals
126(5)
Box Connections / Vermeer and the Origins of Photography
131
Judith Leyster
126(1)
Rembrandt van Rijn
126(3)
Jan Vermeer
129(1)
Painting in the Royal Collections
129(1)
Peter Paul Rubens
129(3)
Anthony van Dyck
132(1)
Diego Velazquez
132(1)
Claude Lorrain and Nicolas Poussin
133(3)
The French Academy
136(1)
Architecture
137(1)
The Louvre
137(1)
The Palace of Versailles
138(1)
St. Paul's Cathedral
138(2)
Baroque Music Outside Italy
140(1)
Handel and the Oratorio
140(1)
Johann Sebastian Bach
141(1)
Box Cross Currents / The Baroque in Mexico
142(1)
The Science of Observation
142(1)
Anton van Leeuwenboek
142(1)
Johannes Kepler
142(1)
Galileo Galilei
143(1)
Philosophy
143(1)
Rene Descartes
143(1)
Thomas Hobbes
144(1)
John Locke
145(1)
Literature
145(1)
Moliere and the Baroque Stage
145(1)
Box Then & Now / The Telescope
146(1)
John Donne
146(1)
Anne Bradstreet
147(1)
John Milton
147(1)
Miguel de Cervantes
148(1)
Box Cultural Impact
149(1)
Readings
150(25)
Ignatius Loyola, from The Spiritual Exercises
150(1)
Rene Descartes, from The Meditations
150(1)
Miguel Cervantes, Don Quixote
151(7)
Moliere, from Tartuffe
158(2)
John Donne, ``The Flea''
160(1)
Anne Bradstreet, ``A Letter to Her Husband, Absent upon Public Employment''
160(1)
Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan
160(3)
John Locke, ``Second Treatise of Civil Government''
163(2)
John Milton, from Paradise Lost
165(10)
The Eighteenth Century
175(52)
Enlightenment and Revolution
176(2)
The Enlightenment
177(1)
The Philosophes
177(1)
Rational Humanism
177(1)
The Industrial Revolution
177(1)
The Birth of the Factory
177(1)
Adam Smith
178(1)
The Scientific Revolution
178(1)
Isaac Newton
178(1)
Denis Diderot and Carolus Linnaeus
178(1)
The Rococo
178(9)
The French Rococo
178(1)
Music
178(1)
French Painting
179(1)
Jean-Antoine Watteau
179(1)
Francois Boucher
179(1)
Jean-Honore Fragonard
179(1)
Marie-Louise-Elisabeth Vigee-Lebrun
180(1)
The New Hotels
181(2)
Box Connections / Diderot as Art Critic
183(1)
English Painting
183(1)
William Hogarth
183(1)
Sir Joshua Reynolds
184(1)
Thomas Gainsborough
185(1)
Literature
186(1)
Samuel Johnson ``Club''
186(1)
Alexander Pope
186(1)
Jonathan Swift
186(1)
Voltaire's Philosophy of Cynicism
187(1)
The French Revolution
187(3)
The National Assembly
188(1)
The Demise of the Monarchy
188(1)
Box Then & Now / The Rights of Women
189(1)
Napoleon Bonaparte
190(1)
Neoclassicism
190(10)
Painting
191(1)
Jacques-Louis David
191(2)
Angelica Kauffmann
193(1)
John Singleton Copley
193(1)
Sculpture
194(1)
Jean-Antoine Houdon
194(1)
Architecture
195(1)
Chiswick House
195(1)
La Madeleine
195(1)
Monticello
196(1)
Gardens
197(1)
Literature
198(1)
The Novel
198(1)
Jane Austen
198(1)
Classical Music
199(1)
The Symphony
199(1)
Franz Joseph Haydn
199(1)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
200(1)
Toward Romanticism
200(4)
Beethoven: From Classical to Romantic
200(1)
Box Cross Currents / Turkish Military Music and Viennese Composers
201(1)
The Three Periods of Beethoven's Music
201(1)
Symphony no. 5 in C minor, op. 67
201(2)
Box Cultural Impact
203(1)
Readings
204(23)
Alexander Pope, from An Essay on Man
204(2)
Jonathan Swift, from Gulliver's Travels
206(3)
Jonathan Swift, A Modest Proposal
209(3)
Voltaire, from Candide
212(5)
Thomas Jefferson, ``Declaration of Independence''
217(2)
``Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen''
219(1)
Jane Austen, from Pride and Prejudice
219(3)
Mary Wollstonecraft (1759--1797), from A Vindication of the Rights of Women
222(5)
Romanticism and Realism
227(46)
Romanticism
229(21)
Painting
229(1)
Francisco Goya
229(2)
Theodore Gericault
231(1)
Eugene Delacroix
232(1)
The July Monarchy
233(1)
Delacroix's Liberty Leading the People
234(1)
John Constable
235(1)
Jean-Auguste-Dominque Ingres
235(1)
J. M. W. Turner
236(1)
Thomas Cole
237(1)
Box Then & Now / America's National Parks
238(1)
Sculpture
238(1)
Architecture
239(1)
Philosophy
239(1)
Jean-Jacques Rousseau and the Concept of Self
239(2)
Hegel and Historical Change
241(1)
Ralph Waldo Emerson and Transcendentalism
241(1)
Henry David Thoreau
241(1)
Literature
241(1)
William Blake
241(1)
William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge
242(1)
John Keats
242(1)
Lord Byron
243(1)
Emily Bronte
243(1)
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
243(1)
Walt Whitman
244(1)
Emily Dickinson
244(1)
Music
244(1)
Program Music
245(1)
Hector Berlioz
245(1)
Franz Schubert and Johannes Brahms
245(1)
Chopin and the Piano
246(1)
Giuseppe Verdi and Grand Opera
246(1)
Richard Wagner
246(1)
Box Connections / Goethe and Schubert: Poetry and Song
247(1)
Music in Russia
248(1)
Modest Mussorgsky
249(1)
Peter Tchaikovsky
249(1)
Realism
250(12)
Honore Daumier
250(1)
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels
250(1)
The Painters of Modern Life
250(1)
Rosa Bonheur
250(1)
Gustave Courbet
251(2)
Edouard Manet
253(1)
American Painting
254(1)
Winslow Homer
254(1)
Thomas Eakins
254(1)
The Rise of Photography
255(1)
The Daguerreotype
256(1)
Mathew B. Brady
256(1)
Eadweard Muybridge
256(1)
Architecture and Sculpture
256(1)
The Crystal Palace
257(1)
The Statue of Liberty
257(2)
Box Then & Now / Emerson, Thoreau, and the American Environment
259
Literature
258(1)
Honore de Balzac
258(1)
Gustave Flaubert
258(1)
Emile Zola
258(1)
Realist Writing
258(1)
Literature
259(1)
Fyodor Dostoyevsky
259(1)
Leo Tolstoy
260(1)
The New Sciences: Pasteur and Darwin
260(1)
Box Cultural Impact
261(1)
Readings
262(11)
Jean-Jacques Rousseau, from Confessions
262(1)
William Wordsworth, ``I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud''
263(1)
William Blake, ``The Chimney Sweeper''
263(1)
John Keats, ``Ode to a Nightingale''
263(1)
Walt Whitman, from Song of Myself
264(2)
Emily Dickinson, Five Poems
266(1)
Charles Darwin, from The Descent of Man
267(1)
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, from The Communist Manifesto
268(1)
Fyodor Dostoyevsky, from The Brothers Karamazov
269(1)
Leo Tolstoy, from Anna Karenina
270(3)
Belle Epoque: Impressionism and Post-Impressionism
273(38)
Impressionism
274(7)
Painting
275(1)
Claude Monet
275(1)
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
276(1)
Berthe Morisot
277(1)
Edgar Degas
278(1)
Mary Cassatt
278(1)
James Abbott McNeill Whistler
279(1)
Literature
280(1)
The Symbolists
280(1)
Box Connections / Debussy and Mallarme: Impressionist and Symbolist
280(1)
Naturalism
280(1)
Music
281(1)
Debussy's Musical Impressionism
281(1)
The Fin De Siecle
281(9)
New Science and New Technologies
282(1)
The Theory of Relativity
282(1)
The Atom
283(1)
Philosophy at the Turn of the Century
283(1)
Friedrich Nietzsche
283(1)
Sigmund Freud
283(1)
Post-Impressionist Painting
283(1)
Paul Cezanne
283(1)
Georges Seurat
284(1)
Vincent van Gogh
284(1)
Box Then & Now / Pointillism and Television
285(1)
Box Cross Currents / Japanese Prints and Western Painters
286(1)
Paul Gauguin
287(1)
New Directions in Sculpture and Architecture
288(1)
Auguste Rodin
288(1)
American Architecture
288(1)
Art Nouveau
288(2)
The Avant-Garde
290(10)
Fauvism
291(1)
Henri Matisse
291(1)
Cubism
292(1)
Pablo Picasso
293(2)
Georges Braque
295(1)
Futurism
295(1)
Gino Severini
296(1)
German Expressionism
296(1)
Emil Nolde
296(1)
Vassily Kandinsky
296(2)
Music
298(1)
Igor Stravinsky
298(1)
The Rite of Spring
298(1)
Box Cultural Impact
299(1)
Readings
300(11)
Charles Baudelaire, ``Correspondences''
300(1)
Stephane Mallarme, ``The Afternoon of a Faun''
300(1)
Kate Chopin, ``The Storm''
301(1)
Henrik Ibsen, from A Doll House
302(4)
Friedrich Nietzsche, from The Birth of Tragedy
306(1)
Friedrich Nietzsche, from Beyond Good and Evil
307(4)
Chinese Civilization after the Thirteenth Century
311(14)
Later Chinese Culture
312(10)
Literati Painting
313(1)
Shen Zhou
313(1)
Shitao
314(1)
Zhu Da
314(1)
Calligraphy
315(1)
Architecture: City Planning
315(2)
Box Then and Now / Hong Kong
317(1)
Literature
317(1)
Traditional Poetry
317(1)
Yuan Hong-dao
318(1)
Cao Xuequin's Dream of the Red Chamber
318(1)
Modern Chinese Poetry
318(1)
Music
318(1)
Chinese Theater Music
318(1)
Beijing Opera
319(1)
Box Connections / Kangxi and Qianlong: Chinese Rulers, Writers, and Scholars
319(2)
Box Cultural Impact
321(1)
Readings
322(3)
Yuan Hong-Dao
322(1)
Cao Xuequin, Poems, from The Dream of the Red Chamber
322(3)
Japanese Culture After the Fifteenth Century
325(16)
Later Japanese Culture
327(11)
The Shinto Revival
327(1)
Landscape Painting
327(1)
Sesshu
327(1)
Hakuin Ekaku and Zen
328(1)
Woodblock Prints
328(1)
Utamaro Kitagawa
329(1)
Hokusai Katsushika
329(1)
Architecture
330(1)
The Temple of the Golden Pavilion (Kinkakuji)
330(1)
Himeji Castle
330(1)
The Japanese Garden
331(1)
Box Cross Currents / East Meets West: Takemitsu Toru
332(1)
Literature
333(1)
Saikaku Ihara
333(1)
Box Then & Now / The Samurai code
333(1)
Haiku
333(1)
Basho Matsuo
333(1)
Mosa Buson and Kobayashi Issa
334(1)
Modern Fiction
334(1)
Box Connections / Bunraku: Japanese Puppet Theater
335(1)
Theater
335(1)
Nob
335(1)
Kabuki
335(1)
Contemporary Music
336(1)
Oe Hikari
336(1)
Box Cultural Impact
337(1)
Readings
338(3)
Hakuin Ekaku, Song of Meditation
338(1)
Saikaku Ibara, from Five Women Who Loved Love
338(3)
The Age of Anxiety: World War I and After
341(38)
The Great War and After
343(15)
World War I
343(1)
The Dada Movement
344(1)
Marcel Duchamp
344(1)
The Surrealists
345(1)
Joan Miro
346(1)
Salvador Dali
346(1)
The De Stijl Movement
347(1)
Piet Mondrian
347(1)
Abstraction in Sculpture
348(1)
Constantin Brancusi
348(1)
Barbara Hepworth
348(1)
Henry Moore
348(1)
Alexander Calder
349(1)
Isamu Noguchi
349(2)
Box Cross Currents / Russia & The West: The Ballets Russes
351(1)
American Modernism
351(1)
Alfred Stieglitz
351(1)
Georgia O'Keeffe
351(1)
Box Connections / Graham and Noguchi: The Sculpture of Dance
352(2)
Charles Demuth
354(1)
Russian Film
354(1)
Modernist Literature
354(1)
Ezra Pound and T.S. Eliot
355(1)
James Joyce
356(1)
Virginia Woolf
356(1)
Ernest Hemingway
356(1)
Box Then & Now / Robin Hood at the Movies
357(1)
Franz Kafka
357(1)
Modern Music
357(1)
Arnold Schoenberg
358(1)
Repression and Depression: The Thirties
358(12)
Fascism in Europe
358(1)
Benito Mussolini
358(1)
Adolf Hitler
358(1)
Francisco Franco
359(1)
Franklin Delano Roosevelt and the New Deal
360(1)
Photography and the FSA
361(1)
Dorothea Lange
361(1)
Walker Evans
361(1)
Margaret Bourke-White
361(1)
Regionalism in American Painting
362(1)
Edward Hopper
362(1)
Thomas Hart Benton
362(1)
Jacob Lawrence
363(1)
Southern Regionalist Writing
364(1)
William Faulkner
364(1)
Flannery O'Connor
365(1)
The American Sound
365(1)
Box Connections / Art As Politics
366(1)
Box Cross Currents / Diego Rivera and the Detroit Murals
367
Charles Ives
365(1)
Aaron Copland
366(1)
George Gershwin
367(1)
The Jazz Age
367(1)
Scott Joplin
368(1)
Louis Armstrong
368(1)
Duke Ellington
368(1)
Box Cultural Impact
369(1)
Readings
370(9)
T.S. Eliot, ``The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock''
370(1)
Langston Hughes, ``I, Too, Sing America''
371(1)
Virginia Woolf, from To the Lighthouse
371(2)
Ernest Hemingway, ``Hills Like White Elephants''
373(1)
James Joyce, Araby
374(2)
William Butler Yeats, Sailing to Byzantium
376(1)
Rainer Maria Rilke, Poems
377(2)
Modern Africa and Latin America
379(32)
Modern Africa
381(15)
The Scramble for Africa and Colonial Rule
381(1)
Varieties of Colonial Rule
382(1)
Colonialism and Culture
383(1)
Religion
383(1)
Nationalism
383(1)
Independent Africa
384(1)
Sculpture
384(2)
Box Cross Currents / The Mask as Dance
386(1)
Music
386(1)
Literature
387(1)
Chinua Achebe
387(1)
Wole Soyinka
387(1)
John Maxwell Coetzee
387(1)
Box Then & Now / Twins
388
Modern Latin America
387(1)
Painting
388(1)
Colonial Art
388(1)
The Mexican Mural Movement
388(1)
Frida Kahlo
389(3)
Wilfredo Lam
392(1)
Fernando Botero
392(1)
Music
392(1)
Box Cross Currents / Bach in Brazil
393(1)
Literature
394(1)
Jorge Luis Borges
394(1)
Gabriel Garcia Marquez
394(1)
Isabel Allende
394(1)
Box Cultural Impact
395(1)
Readings
396(15)
Chinua Achebe, from Things Fall Apart
396(1)
Jorge Luis Borges, ``The Garden of Forking Paths''
397(4)
Gabriel Garcia Marquez, from One Hundred Years of Solitude
401(5)
J. M. Coetzee, from Disgrace
406(5)
The Age of Affluence: World War II and After
411(32)
World War II and After
413(11)
Cold War and Economic Recovery
414(1)
The Philosophy of Existentialism
414(1)
Jean-Paul Sartre
414(2)
Simone de Beauvoir
416(1)
Abstraction in American Art
416(1)
Jackson Pollock
416(1)
Willem de Kooning
417(1)
Mark Rothko
417(1)
Helen Frankenthaler
418(1)
Contemporary Architecture
418(1)
Box Cross Currents / Abstract Expressionism in Japan
419
Walter Gropius
418(2)
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
420(1)
Le Corbusier
420(1)
Frank Lloyd Wright
421(1)
Modern Drama
422(2)
Pop Culture
424(10)
Box Then & Now / Coffee: The Bean that Wakes Up the World
424(1)
Artists of the Everyday
424(1)
Robert Rauschenberg
424(1)
Louise Nevelson
425(1)
Andy Warhol
426(1)
Roy Lichtenstein
426(1)
Claes Oldenburg
427(1)
The Happening
427(1)
Minimal and Conceptual Art
427(1)
Box Connections / Rauschenberg, Cage, and Cunnigham
428
Donald Judd
427(1)
Sol LeWitt
428(1)
Bridget Riley
428(1)
Christo and Jeanne-Claude
429(1)
Architecture
430(1)
Frank Gehry
430(1)
Literature: The Beats
430(1)
Jack Kerouac
430(1)
Allen Ginsberg
431(1)
The Popularization of Classical Music
432(1)
The Boston Pops
432(1)
Musical Theater
432(1)
Leonard Bernstein
432(1)
Late Modern Music
432(1)
Rock and Roll
432(1)
Box Cultural Impact
433(1)
Readings
434(9)
Jean-Paul Sartre, from Existentialism and Humanism
434(2)
Allen Ginsberg, Howl
436(2)
Eugene Ionesco, from The Gap
438(3)
Wislawa Symborska, Poems
441(2)
Diversity in Contemporary Life
443(25)
Diversity in the United States
444(10)
Postmodernism
444(1)
Painting and Sculpture
445(1)
Judy Chicago
445(1)
Guerrilla Girls
446(1)
Eleanor Antin
447(1)
Susan Rothenberg
447(1)
Betye Saar
447(1)
Jean-Michel Basquiat
448(1)
Judith F. Baca
448(1)
Lisa Fifield
449(1)
Maya Lin and the Vietnam Veterans' Memorial
449(1)
Architecture
450(1)
Structuralism and Deconstruction
451(1)
The Diversity of American Voices
451(1)
Adrienne Rich
451(1)
Box Cross Currents / The Sculpture of Wen-Ying Tsai
452
Maxine Hong Kingston
451(1)
Toni Morrison
452(1)
Judith Ortiz Cofer
452(1)
Leslie Marmon Silko
453(1)
Oscar Hijuelos
453(1)
N. Scott Momaday
453(1)
Box Connections / Vaclav Havel, Playwright and Politician
453(1)
Box Then & Now / Navigating the Web
454(1)
The Global Village
454(4)
Magicians of the Earth
454(1)
The Example of Australian Aboriginal Painting
454(3)
Box Cultural Impact
457(1)
Readings
458(10)
Adrienne Rich, ``XIII (Dedications)''
458(1)
Maxine Hong Kingston, from The Woman Warrior
458(4)
N. Scott Momaday, from The Way to Rainy Mountain
462(2)
Leslie Silko, Yellow Woman
464(4)
Glossary 468(6)
Picture Credits and Further Information 474(1)
Literature and Music Credits 475(2)
Index 477

Excerpts

As in our First Edition ofArts and Culture,we provide in this Second Edition an introduction to the world's major civilizations--to their artistic achievements, their history, and their cultures. Through an integrated approach to the humanities,Arts and Cultureoffers an opportunity to view works of art, listen to music, and read literature in historical and cultural contexts. Works of art from different cultures reveal common human experiences of birth and death, love and loss, pleasure and pain, hope and frustration, elation and despair. Study of the humanities--literature, philosophy, history, religion, and the arts--reveals what others value and believe, inviting each of us to consider our personal, social, and cultural values in relation to those of others. In studying the humanities, we focus our attention on works of art that reflect and embody the central values and beliefs of particular cultures and specific historical moments. In our approach we consider the following questions: What kind of artwork is it? To what artistic category does it belong?These questions lead us to consider a work's type. Why was the artwork made? What was its function, purpose, or use? Who was responsible for producing it? Who paid for or commissioned it?These questions lead us to consider the context of a work. What does the work express or convey? What does it reveal about its creator? What does it reveal about its historical and social context?These questions lead us to considerations of a work's meaning. How was the artwork made or constructed?This question leads us to consider technique. What are the parts or elements of a work of art? How are these parts related to create a unified artwork?These questions lead us to considerations of formal analysis, understanding the ways the artwork satisfies aesthetically. What social, cultural, and moral values does the work express, reflect, or embody?This question leads us to consider the social, cultural, and moral values of an artwork. InArts and Culture,we highlight the individual artistic qualities of numerous works, always in view of the cultural worlds in which they were created. We discuss each work's significance in conjunction with the social attitudes and cultural values it embodies, without losing sight of its individual expression and artistic achievement. Two important questions underlie our choice of works inArts and Culture:(1) What makes a work a masterpiece of its type? (2) What qualities of a work of art enable it to be appreciated over time? These questions imply that certain qualities appeal to something fundamental and universal in all of us, no matter where or when we may live. There are the aesthetic principles and predilections that link all of us together. MAKING CONNECTIONS We believe that a study of the humanities involves more than an examination of the artistic monuments of civilizations past and present. In our view, it also involves a consideration of how forms of human achievement in many times and places echo and reinforce, alter and modify each other. An important aspect of humanities study involves seeing connections among the arts of a given culture and discovering relationships between the arts of different cultures. We have highlighted three forms of connections that are especially important: Interdisciplinary connectionsamong artworks of an individual culture Cross currentsamong artworks of different cultures Transhistorical links between past and present,then and now These forms of connection invite our readers to locate relationships among various humanities disciplines and to identify links between the achievements of diverse cultures. Discovering such connections can be intellectually stimulating and emotion


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