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Asian Philosophies,9780131951839
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Asian Philosophies

by
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780131951839

ISBN10:
0131951831
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2007
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $87.60
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Summary

This book carefully introduces and analyzes the basic philosophical ideas, theories, and arguments of the most important philosophers of China, Japan, and Indiafrom ancient times to the present. It provides insights into the different ways in which fundamental philosophical questions have been considered in Asia, and the basic ideas and values that enable us to understand the life and culture of the people who inhabit it.Three-part coverage looks at the historical perspectivesand much moreof Indian, Buddhist, and Chinese philosophies.For individuals interested in Asian philosophy and theology.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
Introduction xv
PART I SOUTH ASIAN PHILOSOPHIES
Historical Perspectives
4(11)
Historical Overview
4(4)
Dominant Features
8(5)
Review Questions
13(1)
Further Reading
13(2)
Vedas and Upanishads
15(15)
Indus Culture
15(1)
Vedic Thought
16(2)
Origins of Existence
18(3)
The Upanishads
21(1)
Quest for Brahman
22(1)
Quest for the Ultimate Self (Atman)
23(4)
Tat Tvam Asi
27(1)
Review Questions
28(1)
Further Reading
28(2)
The Jain Vision
30(15)
Overview
30(1)
Mahavira
31(1)
Karmic Bondage
31(1)
Reality
32(2)
Kinds of Karma
34(1)
Way of Liberation
35(3)
Knowledge
38(1)
Faith
39(1)
Conduct
40(2)
Impact of Jain Thought
42(1)
Review Questions
43(1)
Further Reading
43(1)
Notes
44(1)
Buddhism: The Basic Teachings
45(19)
Overview
46(1)
The Buddha
47(3)
Quest for Enlightenment
50(1)
Enlightenment
51(2)
The Noble Fourfold Truth
53(1)
The First Noble Truth
53(3)
The Second Noble Truth
56(1)
The Third Noble Truth
57(1)
The Fourth Truth: The Noble Eightfold Path
58(4)
Review Questions
62(1)
Further Reading
62(1)
Notes
63(1)
Interdependent Arising and the Development of Mahayana
64(24)
Conditioned Existence
64(8)
Mindfulness
72(5)
Perfection of Wisdom and Rise of Mahayana
77(1)
Reading the Texts
77(3)
Diamond Sutra
80(2)
Heart Sutra
82(3)
Review Questions
85(1)
Further Reading
85(1)
Notes
86(2)
Madhyamaka and Yogacara
88(21)
Overview of Madhyamaka: The Middle Way Tradition
88(1)
Nagarjuna's Method
89(7)
Yogacara
96(1)
Nature and Function of Consciousness
97(5)
Knowledge of Reality
102(4)
Review Questions
106(1)
Further Reading
106(1)
Notes
107(2)
Society and the Individual
109(9)
Bhagavad Gita
109(2)
Human Aims
111(3)
Social Classes
114(2)
Life-Stages
116(1)
Review Questions
116(1)
Further Reading
117(1)
Notes
117(1)
Self and the World: Sankhya-Yoga
118(13)
Causality
119(2)
Evolution of the World
121(3)
Yoga: The Way of Discipline
124(1)
Forces of Bondage
125(1)
Techniques of Yoga
126(3)
Review Questions
129(1)
Further Reading
129(1)
Notes
130(1)
Knowledge and Reality: Nyaya-Vaisheshika
131(11)
The Problem of Knowledge
131(1)
Perceptual Knowledge
132(2)
Inference
134(2)
Comparison
136(1)
Testimony
137(1)
Objects of Knowledge: The Vaisheshika Categories
137(3)
The Knower
140(1)
Review Questions
140(1)
Further Reading
141(1)
Self and Reality: Mimamsa and Vedanta
142(16)
Mimamsa
142(3)
Vedanta
145(1)
Shankara's Nondualism
146(2)
Appearance and Reality
148(5)
The Qualified Nondualism of Ramanuja
153(2)
The Dualistic Vedanta of Madhva
155(1)
Review Questions
156(1)
Further Reading
156(1)
Notes
157(1)
Theistic Developments
158(12)
Vishnu
159(2)
Krishna
161(2)
Kali
163(2)
Shiva
165(3)
Review Questions
168(1)
Further Reading
168(2)
Islam
170(16)
Introduction
170(1)
Basic Teachings of Islam
171(2)
Development of Sufi Thought
173(4)
The Sufi Path
177(1)
Interaction Between Muslims and Hindus
178(4)
Religion and Politics
182(1)
Review Questions
183(1)
Further Reading
184(1)
Notes
185(1)
Tradition and Modernity
186(16)
Gandhi
187(1)
Aurobindo
188(3)
Iqbal
191(2)
Radhakrishnan
193(2)
Review Questions
195(1)
Further Reading
196(1)
Notes
197(5)
PART II PHILOSOPHIES OF EAST ASIA
Historical Overview of East Asian Philosophies
202(15)
Pre-Confucian China
203(1)
Confucianism
203(2)
Daoism
205(1)
Moism
205(1)
School of Names
206(1)
Divination and Cosmology
206(2)
Legalism
208(1)
Synthesis
208(1)
Buddhism
209(1)
Korean Philosophy
210(1)
Japanese Philosophy
211(1)
Neo-Confucianism
212(1)
Basic Characteristics
213(2)
Review Questions
215(1)
Further Reading
215(2)
Confucianism: The Thought of Confucius
217(14)
Confucius
217(3)
Human-heartedness (Ren)
220(1)
Propriety (Li)
221(2)
Filiality (Xiao)
223(1)
Rightness (Yi)
223(1)
Rectification of Names (Zheng Ming)
224(1)
Governing by Virtue
224(5)
Review Questions
229(1)
Further Reading
229(1)
Notes
230(1)
Development of Confucianism: Mengzi, Xunzi, and Dong Zhongshu
231(12)
Challenges to Confucian Thought
231(2)
Mengzi
233(4)
Xunzi
237(2)
Dong Zhongshu and a New Form of Confucianism
239(2)
Review Questions
241(1)
Further Reading
241(1)
Notes
242(1)
Daoism: The Daodejing
243(9)
Laozi
243(4)
The Dao and Its Functions
247(3)
Review Questions
250(1)
Further Reading
251(1)
Zhuangzi's Daoism
252(12)
Zhuangzi
252(2)
Relativity of Distinctions
254(3)
Complementariness of Opposites
257(1)
Argument from Perspectives
258(1)
Argument from Skepticism
259(3)
Review Questions
262(1)
Further Reading
262(1)
Notes
263(1)
Chinese Buddhism
264(14)
Introduction from Central Asia and India
265(1)
Translations and Interpretations
266(3)
Tiantai
269(2)
Huayan
271(2)
Chan
273(1)
Pure Land (Jingtu)
274(2)
Review Questions
276(1)
Further Reading
276(1)
Notes
277(1)
Neo-Confucianism: The Grand Harmony
278(21)
The Buddhist Challenge
278(1)
Neo-Confucian Beginnings
279(2)
Zhou Dunyi
281(2)
Cheng Hao and Cheng Yi
283(4)
Zhu Xi
287(4)
The Idealism of Lu Xiangshan and Wang Yangming
291(1)
Wang Yangming
292(3)
Dai Zhen
295(1)
Review Questions
296(1)
Further Reading
296(1)
Notes
297(2)
Korean Philosophy
299(10)
Introduction
299(1)
Wonhyo
300(1)
Chinul
301(3)
Korean Neo-Confucianism
304(1)
YiT'oegye
305(1)
Yi Yulgok
306(2)
Review Questions
308(1)
Further Reading
308(1)
Notes
308(1)
Japanese Philosophy
309(26)
Overview
309(1)
Tendai
310(1)
Pure Land
311(1)
Zen
312(1)
Dogen
313(1)
Indian and Chinese Foundations
314(2)
Daoist Influences
316(1)
Aims of Zen
317(2)
Zazen
319(3)
Koan Practice
322(2)
Zen Teachings
324(1)
Ox-Herding: Stages of Practice
325(7)
Review Questions
332(1)
Further Reading
332(1)
Notes
333(2)
Recent Thought
335(18)
Kang Youwei
336(2)
Zhang Dongsun
338(1)
Xiong Shili
339(3)
Fung Yu-lan
342(3)
Nishida Kitaro
345(2)
Post-Mao Thought
347(3)
Review Questions
350(1)
Further Reading
351(1)
Notes
352(1)
Glossary 353(4)
Pronunciation Guide 357(3)
Index 360


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